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vow and put an end to those prac. dress which had been submitted to tices by which the accomplishment the house did not involve an unlimitof that object had been evaded? ed approbation of the conduct of Whether Louis dix-huit had done Government, or support of those that in France which Spain herself measures which it might have in under Ferdinand himself had been contemplation. It was couched in brought or bought to consent to ? language which he thought must be Looking at the manner in which the acceptable to every good subject and admitted law on the subject was suf well-wisher of his country. It was fered to be evaded by France, he con- framed so as to enable them to apceived that as long as that evasion con- proach the throne with a loyal and tinued, it ought to be warmly taken unanimous feeling; but the honourup by this country; and therefore, able gentleman had taken the opthat an allusion to it in the speech portunity which it presented, of arfrom the throne would by no means raigning, with the utmost severity, have been discreditable to that state not only every past but every antidocument. Another omission which cipated measure of the Goverahe could not but regret, was that of not ment. He was surprised that with so noticing the commission for inquir- many and such strong objections to ing into the abuse of public charities. those measures, his honourable reHe had called it a commission for lation had not thought it right to inquiring into the abuses, but he did embody them in the shape of an not know whether it deserved that amendment. The speech of his name; for it was not that which had honourable friend was calculated to been originally called for. It was draw the house into a labyrinth of not that which circumstances bad re- discussion, involving a variety of quired, or the nation desired; but questions, each of which required to that kind of thing which the minis- be solemnly and separately investiters had conceded. He would not, gated. It was too much the custom however, go into the subject at pre- with the party hostile to Ministers, sent; for he knew, that in the course to represent their removal from of of the session it would be fully fice as the first thing necessary, and brought before the house by his ho to join in indiscriminate opposition nourable and learned friend, (Mr of every measure they brought for: Brougham.) Mr Macdonald then ward. It did not appear to him to went over a great variety of to be the best way of benefiting the pics, such as the omission of Mr country, continually to harass those Brougham's name in the commission who were intrusted with the arduous appointed to inquire into the alleged and difficult task of administering its abuses of charitable endowments, affairs; as if, because the Crown the state of the currency, the Ca- could do no.wrong, it was an equally tholic claims, the legal reforms pro- just proposition, that Ministers could jected by Sir Samuel Romilly, the do nothing which was right. Such alleged delegation, in some instances, a doctrine, he apprehended, had as of the prerogative of mercy by the strong a tendency to create unfoundCrown to its Ministers, besides a ed discontent,

as the libels with variety of subordinate matters got which the press unremittingly teemup apparently merely to show some. ed had to pervert the morals and unthing like a front of war.

derstandings of the lower classes of The speech of the honourable society. member was answered by Mr Sin- The address was agreed to, in both clair, who observed, that the ad Houses, nemine contradicente.

1

CHAPTER II.

WINDSOR ESTABLISHMENT.

Custody of the King's person, vested by bill in the Duke of York.Message

from the Prince Regent - Windsor Establishment.Reductions proposed in consequence of the demise of the Queen. Lord Castlereagh moves for a Committee to examine and report on the expenses of the establishment.— Debate on the Report of the Committee.-Resolutions founded on the Report of the Select Committee...Sir A. Hope's motion for continuing the six equerries.- The bill passed the House of Lords.

The death of the Queen having stated his conviction that, if personal rendered it necessary to enter into feelings were to have any weight in new arrangements for the custody facilitating the proposed arrangeof the King's person, the Earl of ment, and he saw no reason why Liverpool, on the 25th of January, they should not, an additional mointroduced into the House of Lords tive might be assigned for the mode a bill for vesting this important trust of conferring this important office; in his Royal Highness the Duke of and that was, that if his Majesty York. In principle this bill coin- were in a condition to inform them cided with that which had, eight in whose hands he would desire this years ago, been laid down by their trust to be placed, it was certain Lordships when called upon to that he would assign it to the illusmake a similar provision, viz. that trious individual named in the bill. the care of his Majesty's person On the second reading of the bill, should be entrusted to one indi- Lord Holland, although he expressvidual, and that that individual should ed his willingness to recognise the not be the person placed at the head principle adopted by Parliament, of the government. At the same that the custody of the King's pertime, although the trust proposed son should be separated from the exeto be vested in the hands of his cutive government, still felt himself Royal Highness was, as heretofore, called upon to state that the bill inundivided, the bill made provision, volved another principle, the estathat the management of that trust blishment of an imperium in imperio, should, as in the case of the Queen, by investing the custos persone with be subject to the advice of a Coun- an extensive patronage, which apcil; and it farther decreed the re- peared to him to require some explaappointment of the Council which nation. To this Lord Liverpool anhad acted under the former bill. In swered, that the question of the exintroducing this bill Lord Liverpool tent of the establisbment was not at

VOL. XII, PART I.

to your

present before their Lordships ; but Camden appointed to supply the vahe had no difficulty in saying that it cancy in the Council, occasioned by was under consideration, and would the death of Lord Chief-Justice El. soon form the subject of a distinct lenborough, the bill, with its amendproposition in another place. Reduc- ments, was agreed to, and ordered to tions were certainly contemplated, be reported. and the proposition which was to be On the 4th of February, Lord submitted would be founded on the Castlereagh brought down to the principle of reduction; but as to the Commons a message from the Prince details of that reduction, they had no Regent, which the speaker read, to connection whatever with the present the following effect: bill, which went simply to provide “ G. P. R.-His Royal Highness for the proper custody of the King's the Prince Regent, acting for and person. Lord Holland could not a- on behalf of his Majesty, is graciousgree to this view of the matter, and ly pleased to announce still held that the question, whether honourable house, that the L. 58,000, the whole patronage of the Windsor appropriated to the maintenance of establishment ought to be vested in the establishment, and to the supthe individual to whom the care of port of the honour and dignity of the King's person had been assign. the Crown, having, by the lamented ed, should still remain open for demise of the Queen, become appliconsideration ; and that it was irre- cable to the general services of the gular, before their Lordships were civil list, the Prince Regent places informed what the nature of the es. this sum at the disposal of Parliatablishment was to be, to determine ment; at the same time he submits that, great or small, the whole pa- to the consideration of the House tronage should be vested in one in- of Commons, the claims of several dividual. This, however, Lord Li. persons, which he leaves to the verpool maintained to be an erro- justice and liberality of Parliament; neous view of the subject; as the these claims are founded on the establishment could not in any case serviees of persons who were conextend beyond that which was al- nected with her Majesty's depart. ready in existence, and if the Noble ment: and the House will not fail Lord had no objection to the indi. to grant them such allowances as vidual named in the bill having a are usual on occasions of similar af. certain patronage, he already knew Aiction.” the utmost extent to which that pa. An address of thanks to the Prince tronage could be carried.

Regent for his gracious communicaWhen the House bad resolved it. tion having been moved, and agreed self into a Committee on the bill, to, Lord Castlereagh rose and stated, Lord Holland re-urged, at consider- that the House having already conable length his former objections, veyed to the throne their sorrow for and concluded by moving, that the the death of her Majesty, were now clause giving the power of appoint. to take into their consideration the ment and removal to the Duke of measures which necessarily grew York be left out, with the view of out of that severe loss. The meaits being introduced in another bill, sures which appeared to arise from fixing the extent of the Windsor es- that lamented event were of two tablishment. This motion being put kinds: the first regarded the care of and negatived, and the Marquis of his Majesty's person; the second

was an inquiry whether any changes adopted for their guide the opinion had become pecessary in the Wind. of Parliament. Acting upon those sor establishment. As to the first, rules, they now placed, by order of they knew that a bill had been his Royal Highness, the L. 100,000, brought into that House from the and the L. 58,000, at the disposal of Lords, and that it had been laid on the House. The entire sum, then, their table for the second reading, to be disposed of was L. 158,000. confiding the sacred trust of taking In order to make the subject quite care of the Royal person, according intelligible, it might be fit to divide to the principles recognised in 1812. it into two branches ; the first reThe second branch naturally required spected the Windsor establishment, more investigation on the part of the to which L. 100,000 had hitherto House. The subject was brought be- been devoted, and the second the fore them in two points of view: first, income of her late Majesty, amountThe income granted to the Queen in ing to L.58,00. In addition to 1812, which formed the subject of these, the House would, no doubt, the Royal message; and, second, The be aware that L. 10,000 had been L. 100,000 granted to the King for allowed to the Queen for certain exlife for his establishment. It was traordinary expenses, which the prebis view on the subject, that it should sent custos would be under the ne. be referred to a Committee of the cessity of incurring, which, theret wbole House. But as there were fore, it would be proper to continue many details in the subject, and as to the Duke of 'York; his Royal the House should have information Highness would be intrusted with as to all those details, he would that considerable powers, and in order bigbt move for a Committee to be to ascertain that those under him appointed as former Committees had fully discharged their duties, his been appointed. The business of presence, at a distance from his rethis Committee would be to report sidence, would often be necessary. what was the nature of the votes, In short, every reason that had inwhat the nature of the proceedings, duced Parliament to grant that sum to come before the House. He had to the Queen, operated to warrant to ask no new grant to the Crown, the House in giving it also to the wbatever might be the report of the Duke of York. Upon the whole Committee. On the contrary, he sum of L. 158,000, the amount saved had the more gratifying task of ap- to the publie was L. 108,000: subplying for power to make reductions ject, however, to such charges as of former grants, and power to make the House might enable the Prince those reductions available to general Regent to incur, for the purpose of purposes. It was, therefore, the in providing for the servants of her tention of his Royal Highness to of- late Majesty who had been thrown fer to the House the L. 100,000 out of employment: those allowgranted to his Majesty for life, the ances would not exceed L. 25,000, savings in which were accounted for so that the entire amount of reduce and applicable to general purposes ; tion at present would be L. 83,000; and the L. 58,000 granted to the and as soon as the annuities to the Queen, with the view of rendering ancient domestics had fallen in, it it available for the revenue. In their would ascend to L. 108,000. With proceedings on this occasion, accord- respect to the L. 100,000 hitherto ing to precedent, as far as precedent allowed for the Windsor establishcould be found to direct, they had ment, that would in future be reduced to L. 50,000, and the saving berlain, Master of the Robes, the would of course be carried to the four Lords and the four Grooms of account of the civil list. During the the Bedchamber, whose salaries alife of the Queen, any question of mounted to L. 5,993 per annum. economy relating to the Windsor He did not apprehend that it would establishment, merely resolved itself be disputed that it was fit that there into a consideration whether a few should be an individual of high rank of the state servants should be re. and responsibility at Windsor to act moved; and by such an interference under the directions of the Duke of on the part of Parliament, a saving York as custos ; he therefore had of only about L. 6,000 could have to propose the continuance of the been accomplished. His Lordship Groom of the Stole, who had so felt that some explanation was due long administered the household duto the House and to the country, ring the life of the Queen: the situawhy he was prepared now to recom- tion of Colonel Stevenson ought also mend a reduction which he should to be kept up; and the six Equerhave opposed at any earlier period; ries, the oldest servants of his Mawhy the

Windsor establishment jesty, and who had always been reshould now be placed upon a nar. quired at Windsor, ought also to be rower basis than at the time when preserved round the person of their the Regency was first under consi- sovereign. The salaries of the vaderation, and when the hope was rious attendants amounted to 17 or indulged that his Majesty, by the L. 18,000, and into the mode in restoration of his health, would be which the rest of the L. 50,000 was enabled, at no very distant period, expended, it was not necessary nor to resume the reins of government. fit to enter on the present occasion, The object had been in the first in- as the various details would be furstance to take care, that should his nished before the Committee. As Majesty fortunately awake from his to the L. 58,000, the income of her affliction, he might find himself sur- late Majesty, he had in truth norounded by those individuals and by thing more to state but that it was a that state to which he had previous- saving to the civil list which the ly been accustomed. The whole crown might at its pleasure apply to subject was, however, now open to its own purposes. In truth the the revision of Parliament, whose Prince Regent, by his own power, duty it became to draw the line bes, might order such allowances as he tween what was due to public eco- thought fit to the late Queen's donomy, and that sacred veneration mestics ; but his Royal Highness which the inhabitants of the empire was convinced that their well-foundcould never cease to feel for the ed claims could not be left in safer person, character, and government hands than those of the House of of their sovereign. The act of 1812 Commons. There was however a had made it imperative upon the material distinction in the preceQueen to maintain all the offices, dents, between providing for the both at Windsor and London; and servants of a Queen consort and of a in case of vacancies, to fill them up. King, on the demise of either : in The question, however, now pre- the former case, the salaries of the sented itself in a different point of various domestics had been uniformview, and it was therefore proposed ly continued for their lives, but in the to abolish the offices of Vice-Cham latter case no such indemnity had been

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