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suitable to one who knows his true interest, and how to pursue it by proper methods.
13, I have in this essay upon discretion, considered it both as an accomplishment and as a virtue, and lave therefore de. fcribed it in its full exteat ; not only as it is conversant about worldly affairs, but as it regards our whole existence; not only as it is the guide of a mortal creature, but as it is in general the director of a reasonable being. It is in this light that difcretion is represented by the wise man, who fometimes mentions it un. der the name of discretion, and sometimes under that of wil. dom.
14. It is indeed ( as described in the latter part of this paper) the greateft wisdom, but at the same time in the power of every one to attain. Its advantages are infinite, but its acquifi. tion easy ; or, to speak of her in the words of the apocryphal writer, “ Wisdom is glorious, and never fadeth away, yet the is eafily feen of them that love her, and found of such as leek here
15. “She preventeth them that defire her, in making her. fe!f first known unto them. He that secketh her early shall have no great travel : for he shall find her fitting at his doors. To think therefore upon her is perfection of wisdom, and who. fo watcheth for her shall quickly be without care.
For The eth about seeking fach as are worthy of her, sheweth herlelf favorable umo them in the ways, and meétell them in every thought." ON CLEANLINESS.
Spe&ator, No. 631. 1 HAD occasion to go a few miles out of town, some days
since, in a stage coach, where I had for my fellow travel. lers, a dirty beau, and a pretty young Quaker woman. Hava ing w inclination to talk much at that time, I placed myself backwarrt
, with a design to survey them, and pick a speculation cut of my two companions. Their different figures were suffi. cient of themselveg to draw my attention.
2. The gentleman was drcffed in a fuit, the ground whercof bad been black, as I perceived from fome few spaces that bad escaped the powder, which was incorporated with the greatest part of his coat ; his perrywig, which cost no small fum, was afier so slovenly a manner cast over his shoulders, that it seems ed not to have been combed fince the year 1712 ; his linen which was not much concealed, was daubed with plain Spanish from the clin to the lowest button, and the diamond upon his
finger (which naturally dreaded the water) put me in mind how it sparkled amidit the rubbish of the mine where it was firft dila covered.
3. On the other hand, the pretty Quaker appeared in all the elegance of cleanliness. Not a speck was to be found on her. A clear, clean, oval face, just edged about with little thin plates of the paret cambris, received great advantages from the Thade of her black hood; as did the whiteness of her arms from that fober-coloured ftuff in which she had cloathed herself. The plainness of her dress was very well suited to the fimplicity of her phrases, all which put together, iho they could not give me. a great opinion of her religion, they did of her innocence.
4. This adventure occafioned me throwing together'a few hints upon cleanliness, which I shall consider as one of the half virtues, as Ariftotle calls them, and hall recommend it under the three following heads : As it is a mark of politeness ; as it produceth love ; and as it bears analogy to purity of mind.
5. Firft, it is a mark of politeness. It is univerfally agreed upon, that no one, unadorned with this virtue, can go into com. pany without giving a manifest offence. The easier or higher any one's fortune is, this duty rises proportionabiy-The differ. ent nations of the world are as much diltinguished by their clean. liness as by their aris and sciences. The more any country is civilized, ilie' more they consult this part of politeness. We need but compare our ideas of a female Hottentot with an Englih beauty, to be satisfied of the irnth of what hath been advanced,
6. In the next place, cleanliness may be faid to be the toit. er mother of love. Beauis, indeed, moft commonly produces that passion in the mind, but cleanliness preserves it. An indif. fereni face and person, kept in a perpetual neatness, hath won many a heart from a pretty Pattern, Age itself is not unamia. ble, while it is preserved clean and unsullied : like a piece of metal constantly kept smooth and bright, we look on it with more pleasure than on a new vefsel that is cankered with ruft.
7. I might observe further, that as cleanliness readers us agreeable to others, so it makes us easy to ourselves ; that it is an excelent preservation of health ; and that several vices de. Atructive both to mind and body, are inconsistent with the habit. of it. But these reflections I shall leave to the leisure of my readers, and Mall observe in the third place, that it bears a great analogy to purity of mind, and naturally inspires refined lenti ments and paffions,
8. We find, from experience, that thro the prevalence of custom, the most vicious adions lose their horror, by being made familiar to us. On the contrary, those who live in the neighborkood of good example, fly from the first appearances of what is shocking. It fares with us much after the fame manner as our ideas. Our senses, which are the inlets to all the images conveyed to the mind, can only transmit the impression of fiich things as usually surround them ; so that pure and unsullied thoughts are naturally suggested to the mind, by those objects that perpetually encompass us when they are beautiful and elegant in their kind,
9. In the East, where the warmth of the climate makes cleanliness more immediately necessary than in colder countries, it is made one part of their religion : the Jewish law (and the Mahometan, which, in some things, copies after it) is filled with bathings, purifications and other rites of the like nature. Tho there is in the above named covenant reasons to be aflign. ed for these ceremonies, the chief intention undoubtedly was to typify inward purity and cleanliness of heart by tho outward washings.
10. We read several injunctions of this kind in the book of Deuteronomy, which confirm this truth, and which are but ill accounted for by saying, as some do, that they were only inti. tuted for convenience in the desert, which otherwise could not have been habitual for so many years.
11. I shall conclude this essay with a story which I have fumewhere read, in an account of Mahometan fuperftition, A Dervise, of great sandtity, one morning had the misfortune, as he took up a cryftal.cup which was confecrated to the prophet, 10 let it fall upon the ground, and dafh it in pieces, His son coming in some time after, he stretched out his hand to bless him, as his manner was every morning ; but the youth going out, itumbled over the threshold, and broke his arm. As the old man wondered at these events, a caravan passed by in its way from Mecca. The Dervise approached it to beg a blessing but as he stroked one of the holy camels, he received a kick from the beast, that forely bruised him. His forrow and a. mazement increased upon him, till he recollected, that through hurry and inadvertency, hie had that morning come abroad with out washing his hands,
C Ο Ν Τ Ε Ν Τ S.
PAGE. ULES for Speaking,
3 General directions for expressing the passions, 6
, Examples for illastrating do.
8 Select Sentences for forming the Morals,
13 The Cobler and his Son,
2+ Honesty rewarded, Story of Perin and Lucetta, Character of Sophia, a young Lady,
28 Agathocles and Calista,
29 Story of La Roche, Mirror,
32 Funeral of General Frazer, Burgoyne,
43 Story of Lady Harriet Ackland, do.
43 Adventures of General Putnam, Humphrey,
46 The faithful American Dog,
51 Volcanoes of Iceland, Encyclopediu,
52 Extract from Dawe's Oration,
54 General Washington's Resignation at the close of
56 Signal instance of Patriotism, lume,
57 Address to the inhabitants of New Hampshire, Belknap,
61 Conjugal Affection, Haller, Story of Logan, a Mingo Chief, Jefferson,
66 Speech of a Scythian Ambassador to Alexander, 68 Putnam and the Wolf, Humphrey,
69 The aged Prisoner released from the Bastile, Mercier, 70 Description of the Falls of Niagara, Ellicott, 73 The Captivity of Mrs. Howe, Gay, The Whistle, Franklin,
83 History of Pocahontas, Chastelleau.r,.
LESSONS IN SPEAKING.
Declaration of the American Congress, July 4,