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IV. That the conscience should be developed, on the first dawning of reason, and cherished and strengthened, by constant use. V. That this may be done by a suitable mode of
questioning on the reading lessons, and on the occurrences in the school and neighborhood.
VI. That a Daily Record for self-examination, with an appropriate series of questions, would be highly useful.
VII. That every school ought to be provided with a Tabular Catalogue of the Virtues and their opposite Vices, with suitable explanations, to which constant reference should be made by the pupils.
VIII. That the teacher ought daily to ask himself, whether he has performed all his duties towards his school.
The following quotation, from Mrs. Austin's Preface to her translation from Cousin's Report on Education in Prussia, forms an appropriate close to the whole subject.
“ It seems to me, that we are guilty of great inconsistency, as to the ends and objects of education. How industriously have not its most able and most zealous champions been continually instilling into the minds of the people, that education is the way to advancement, that knowledge is power ;' that a man cannot better himself ' without some learning! And then we complain, that education will set them above their station, disgust them with labor, make them ambitious, envious, dissatisfied ! We must reap as we sow. We set before their eyes objects the most tempting to the desires of the most uncultivated men ; we urge them on to the acquirement of knowledge, by holding out the hope that knowledge will enable them to grasp these objects : if their minds are corrupted by the nature of the aim, and embittered by the
failure which must be the lot of the mass, who is to blame?
“ If, instead of nurturing expectations which cannot be fulfilled, and turning the mind on a track which must lead to a sense of continual disappointment, and thence of wrong, we were to hold out the appropriate and attainable, nay, unfailing, ends of a good education; the gentle and kindly sympathies ; the sense of self-respect, and of the respect of fellow-men ; the free exercise of the intellectual faculties; the gratification of a curiosity that
grows by what it feeds on,' and yet finds food for ever ; the power of regulating the habits and the business of life, so as to extract the greatest possible portion of comfort out of small means ; the refining and tranquillizing enjoyment of the beautiful in Nature and art, and the kindred perception of the beauty and nobility of virtue; the strengthening consciousness of duty fulfilled ; and, to crown all, the peace that passeth all understanding ;' if we directed their aspirations this way, it is probable that we should not have to complain of being disappointed, nor they of having been deceived. Who can say, that wealth can purchase better things than these and who can say, that they are not within the reach of every man, of sound body and mind, who, by labor not destructive of either, can procure for himself and his family, food, clothing, and habitation ?
In our country, if a young man take a single step beyond a common English education, it is considered as a matter of course that he is preparing himself for one of what are called the learned professions ; as if
general knowledge and well-disciplined minds were totally unnecessary for farmers, mechanics, and tradesmen ! Go, little book! if thou shouldst succeed, in any degree, in undeceiving the community of this grievous error, in demonstrating the practicability and necessity of a thorough education for all, my time will have been well spent, my labors will have met with an ample reward.
LIST OF BOOKS FOR A DISTRICT SCHOOL LIBRARY ;
AND FOR A LIBRARY FOR AN AGRICULTURAL TOWN, OR A CENTRAL SCHOOL.
1.-For the District School.
Parley's Magazine, published the Children about the Whalemonthly
fishery and Polar Seas, 2 vols. Parley's Tales about Europe.
about the Asia.
Trees of America.
with Young America.
to Read. Alexander Selkirk, the real Robat School.
inson Crusoe. at Vacation, Goodrich's Life of Columbus. at Work.
Franklin. at Play.
Mrs. Barbauld's Prose Hymns.
Poems for Infant Minds, by the
Miss Edgeworth’s Frank.
S Parent's Assist-
ant. - the Country:
Popular Tales. The Garden, by S. G. Goodrich.
S Tales of FashLife of Washington, by do.
ionable Life. Child's History of the United
Moral Tales. States, by Charles A. Goodrich. Mrs. Barbauld's Lessons for ChilUncle Philip's Conversations with dren.
Mrs. Child's Biographical Sketch-|| Weems' Life of Penn.
Marion. Berquin's Children's Friend, 4 || Parley's Poetic Stories. vols.
The Young Emigrants, published Evenings at Home.
by Carter and Hendee. Sandford and Merton.
Fruit and Flowers. Scott's Tales of a Grandfather, 8 Cottagers of Glenburnie, by Mrs. vols.
Hamilton. Miss Sedgwick’s New England Rasselas. Tale.
Love Token for Children, by Miss Illustrations of Lying, by Mrs. Sedgwick. Opie.
Panorama of Professions and Gallaudet's Child's Book on the Trades. Soul.
Sigourney's Olive Buds. Gallaudet’s Natural Theology.
History of Marcus Constance Latimer, with other Aurelius.
Tales, by Mrs. Embury. Dunlap's History of New York. The Palfreys, a Tale.
My Early Days. Conversations of a Father with his || Cook's Voyages. Children.
The Robins, by Mrs. Trimmer. Weems' Life of Washington. Introduction to the Knowledge of Franklin.
Nature, by do.
Ramsay's Universal History, 9 Anacharsis' Travels.
vols. Translations of the following Boswell's Life of Johnson. works :
Tour to the Hebrides. Herodotus.
Marshall's Life of Washington. Thucydides.
History of England, by Sir Jas.
Taylor's (or Moore's) History of
Crowe's History of France.
Bancroft’s History of the United
Guizot’s History of Civilization.
Sparks' Life of Ledyard. Lingard's History of England, 14
American Biography. vols.
Lockhart's Life of Scott, 7 vols. Robertson's Charles V.
Southey’s Life of Cowper.
Mrs. Child's Biography of Lady
Russell and Madame Guyon. India.
Lives of the Signers of the DecHallam's Middle Ages.
laration of Independence. Russell's Modern Europe.
Chipman's Principles of Govern- !| Paul's Letters to his Kinsfolks, ment.
by Sir Walter Scott. Marshall on Federal Constitution. Works of John Milton. Mackintosh on Law of Nature
of James Thomson. and Nations.
Poems of William Cowper. American's Guide, containing all of Wordsworth. the Constitutions, &c.
of Southey. Dr. Humphrey's Tour, 2 vols.
of Bryant. Irving's Tour on the Prairies.
Goldsmith’s Entire Works.
Chaptal's Chemistry applied to
Davy's Elements of Chemical Ware's Smallie's Philosophy of Philosophy. Natural History.
Herschell's Astronomy. Smith's Class Book of Anatomy.
Discourse on Natural Bell's Lessons on the Human Philosophy. Frame.
The Heavens, by Mudie. Abbott's Abercrombie on the In- | The Earth, by do. tellectual Powers.
Library of Entertaining KnowlAbbott's Abercrombie on the Mo- edge. ral Feelings.
The Old Bachelor, 2 vols. Combe, on the Constitution of The British Spy, 2 vols. Man.
Franklin's Works. Mudie, on Man.
Works of Jane Taylor, 3 vols.
Mrs. Opie's Tales, 6 vols.
Pilot. Johnson's Works.
Last of the Mohicans. Dick's Works.
Irving's Tales of a Traveller. Bridgewater Treatises.
Sketch Book. Walton's Lives.
Brown's Arthur Mervyn. Winslow's Young Man's Aid.
Edgar Huntley. Brougham's Discourse on Natural Village Pastor and his Children, 'Theology.
from the German. Abbott's Mother at Ilome. Paul and Virginia. Neal's Charcoal Sketches.
Scottish Chiefs. Sartor Resartus, by Carlyle. Temperance Tales. Humboldt's Travels in South | Permanent Temperance DocuAmerica.
ments. Hall's Voyage to the Eastern Miss Sedgwick's Works. Seas.
Mrs. Sigourney's Works. Lesslie, Jameson, and Murray's | Henry's Mackenzie's Works.
Narrative of Discovery and Ad- | A Good Gazetteer. venture in Africa.
Lavoisne's Atlas of History, &c. Lander's Expedition to the Ni- || American Atlas on the plan of Lager.