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Aug. 28.

But as for me, a Frenchless grub,

The R-g-t's brains could we transfer At congress never born to stammer,

To some robust man-milliner, Nor learn like thee, my lord, to snub

The shop, the shears, the lace, and ribbon Fal’n monarchs, out of Chambaud's gram. Would go, I doubt not, quite as glib on:

And, vice versa, take the pains Bless you, you do not, cannot know

To give the P-ce the shopman's brains, How far a liule French will go;

One only change from thence would flow, For all one's stock, one need but draw

Ribbons would not be wasted so! On some half dozen words like these

« 'Twas thus I ponder'd on, my lord; Comme cor-par--la-basah ha! They'll take you all through France with ease. And, e'en at night, when laid in bed,

I found myself, before I snor'd, " Your lordship's praises of the scraps

Thus chopping, swopping head for head. I sent you from my Journal lately,

Al length I thought, fantastic elf!

How such a change would suit myself. (Enveloping a few lac'd caps For lady C.) delight me greatly.

'Twixt sleep and waking, one by one, Her flattering speech what pretty things

With various pericraniums saddled, One finds in Mr. Fudge's pages

At last I tried your lordship's on, Is praise which (as some poet sings)

And then I grew completely addledWould pay one for the joils of ages,

Forgot all other heads, od rot 'em !

And slept, and dreamt that I was-Bottom! " Thus flatter'd, I presume to send A few more extracts by a friend

«Read at a stall, (for oft one pops And I should hope they'll be no less

On Something at these stalls and shops, Approv'd of than my last MS.

That does to quote, and gives one's book The former ones, I fear, were creas'd,

A classical and knowing look. As Biddy round the caps would pin them; Indeed I've found, in Latin lately, But these will come to hand, at least

A course of stalls improves me greatly.) Unrumpled, for-there's nothing in them. 'Twas thus I read, that, in the East,

A monarch's fat's a serious matter ;
" Extract from Mr. Fudge's Journal, addressed And once in every year, at least,
to lord C.

He's weighed—to see if he gets fatter:*
Aug. 10.

Then, if a pound or two he be 66 Went to the mad-house-saw the man,

Increas'd, there's quite a jubilee !! Who thinks, poor wretch, that, while the fiend Suppose, my lord, -and far from me Of Discord here full riot ran,

To treat such things with levityHe, like the rest, was guillotin'd ;

But just suppose the R-ga-nt's weight But that when, under Boney's reign,

Were made thus an affair of state; ,(A more discreet, though quite as strong one) And, ev'ry sessions, at the close, The heads were all restor'd again,

'Stead of a speech, which, all can see, is He, in the scramble, got a wrong one.

Heavy and dull enough, God knowsAccordingly, he still cries out

We were to try how heavy he is. This strange head fits him most unpleasantly; Much would it glad all hearts to hear And always runs, poor dev’l about,

That, while the nation's revenue Inquiring for his own incessantly!

Loses so many pounds a year,
While to his case a tear I dropt,

The Pe, God bless him! gains a few.
And saunter'd home, thought I-ye gods! « With bales of muslin, chintzes, spices,
I low many heads might thus be swopp'd

I see the Easterns weigh their kings;
And, after all, not make much odds!

But, for the R-g—, my advice is, For instance, there's V-s-t's head

We should throw in much heavier things: (* Tam carum't it may well be said)

For instance

-'s quarto volumes, If by some curious chance it came

Which, though not spices, serve to wrap them; To settle on Bill Soames'st shoulders,

Dominie St-dd-t's daily columns, Th' effect would turn out much the same

· Prodigious!'-in, of course, we'd clap them On all respectable cash-holders :

Letters that C-rtw-t's pen indites, Except that while, in its new socket,

In which with logical confusion, The head was planning schemes to win

The Major like a Minor writes, A zig-zag way into one's pocket,

And never comes to a Conclusion :The hands would plunge directly in.

Lord S-m-rs, pamplet mor his head,

(Ah that were worth its weight in lead!) " Good viscount S--dm--h, too, instead of his own grave, respected head,

*"• The 3d day of the feast the king causeth Miglit wear (for aught I see that bars)

himself to be weighed with great care.'-F. Old lady Wilhelmina Frump's

Bernier's Voyage to Surat, &r. So while the hand sign'd Circulars,

7". I remember,' says Bernier,' that all the The head might lisp out 'What is trumps? - Omrahs expressed great joy that the king weigh

ed two pounds more now than the year preced* “ This extraordinary madman is, I believe, in ing. Another author tells us thai, · Fatness, the Bicêtre. lle imagines, exactly as Mr. Fudge as well as a very large head, is considered, states it, that when the heads of those who had throughout India, as one of the most precious been guillotined were restored, he by mistake gisis of heaven. An enormous skull is absolutegot some other person's instead of his own. ly revered, and the happy owner is looked up to 7" Tam cari capitis.-HORAT.

as a superior being. To a prince a joulter head “ A celebrated pickpocket.

is invaluable.'-Oriental Field Sports. .

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Along with which we in may whip, sly, Though 'tis, in Ireland,

said by some, The speeches of sir John C-x H-pp-sly; Your lordship beats Tiberius hollow; That baronet of many words,

Whips, chains--but these are things too serious Who loves so, in the House of Lords,

For me to mention or discuss; To whisper bishops and so nigh

Whene'er your lordship acts Tiberius,
Unto their wigs in whisp’ring goes,

Phil. Fudge's part is Tacitus !"
That you may always know him by
A patch of powder on his nose ! -

We have not room for more. In fact our
If this won't do, we in must cram
The Reasons' of lord B-ck-gh-m;

readers are pretty well possessed, by this (A book his lordship means to write,

time, not only of the

scope, but of the conEntitled • Reasons for my Ratting ;)

tents of the book. The author is evidentOr, should these prove too small and light,

ly a man of extensive reading and a scho. His -'s a host-we'll bundle that in!

lar. His style was meant to be negligent, And, still should all these masses fail To stir the R-g-nt's ponderous scale,

and certainly is so. That he has humour Why then, my lord, in Heaven's name, no one will deny, and though he has too Pitch in, without reserve or stint,

often stooped to puns, and sometimes The whole of R-gl-y's beauteous dame- made indifferent ones, yet they are geneIf that won't raise him, devils' in't!"

rally so happy as to require no extenuaThe entry of Aug. 31, mentions that tion, whilst his failures are amply redeemhe had been looking into Murphy's Taci- ed by his numerous strokes of genuine

wit. tus, and this leads him to run a parallel

The assumed name of Thomas Brown, between Tiberius and lord Sidmouth, and of the same with lord Melville; he hints, the younger, every reader will, of course,

understand to be fictitious. There are too, to lord Castlereagh, that there are some points of resemblance between his many indications that the satire is the lordship and the Roman emperor-but

production of an Irishman, and, in Eng

land, it is confidently ascribed to Thomas " mum

Moore.
This parallel we need not follow;

E. # Rafinesque.

ART. 4. An Index to the Geology of the Northern States, with a transverse Section from the Catskill Mountains to the Atlantic. Prepared for the Geological Classes at William's College, Massachusetts. By Amos EATON, A. M. &c. &c. 8vo. pp. 52. Leicester. 1818.

THE (HE modern science of geology has cessfully cultivated, and attain all the

already acquired teachers and stu- certainty of which it is capable. When dents in our own country ; it is deemed accurate observers will spread them• an essential branch of physical know- selves all over our states, and communiledge in Germany, France, Italy, Great cate the result of their researches, the Britain, &c. and within a short period, a practical benefits likely to arise theredesire appears to prevail with us to keep from, will be more generally felt; then, pace with them, at least in the knowledge and only then, general geologists will beof our own soil. Since the general views come enabled to draw true conclusions, of Volney and Maclure were published, and frame lucid theories. many local labours have appeared, among This remark is enforced upon us by which those of Dr. S. L. Mitchill and the tract which we have undertaken to Dr. Drake, deserve an exalted station; examine, and which somewhat invalidates and now, we have, in the attempt of Mr. the preposterous conclusions of Mr. MaEaton to elucidate the geology of Massa- clure, when he asserted that all the Newchussets, &c. the results of more than England states were of primitive forma1000 miles of travels on foot, the real tion. Mr. E. has been enabled to ascerway to observe with attention, and sur- tain that nearly 18 different varieties of vey minutely. We were acquainted with formations exist between Boston and the Mr. E. already as a competent botanist, Catskill mountains, including nearly all and he now introduces himself before the the classes of formations. If Mr. Maclure public as an attentive geologist. We mcant to tell us that the primitive forshall follow him with pleasure in his new mation of granite, gneiss, slate, soapcapacity, being thoroughly convinced stone, &c. were prevalent in those states, that it is merely by such accurate ob-' at the surface or at a certain depth, he servations and zealous exertions, that the might perhaps be correct in his assertion, science of practical geology can be suc- although we roight ask him if he doubts

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that such a formation exists almost every granitic; and some doubts may be enterwhere at a particular depth ?

tained as to the truth of this supposition, The successive formations through Mas- notwithstanding the observations that are sachussetts, &c. appear to underlay each deemed conclusive. other in the following order of strata, be- The value of this pamphlet, does not, ginning from the surface; 1. Alluvial; 2. however, depend upon the occasional Basalt; 3. Rocksalt; 4. Gypsum; 5. Com- theories assumed, but upon the multitude pact limestone; 6. Breccia; 7. Red sand- of local facts, and the attentive study of stone; 8. Rubblestone; 9. Graywacke the soil, in a progression from east to slate; 10. Argillaceous and silicious slate; west. The observations of the author 11. Metalliferous limestone ; 12. Sienite; deserve to be read and considered by all 13. Calcarious and granular quartz ; 14. those who deem a knowledge of our soil Soapstone ; 15. Micaslate; 16. Gneiss; important, and they throw much light 17. Granular limestone and quartz ; 18. upon the whole geology of New-England, Granite. But they are not always su- and even New-York. It appears that perincumbent on each other, although nearly one-third of the surface of this they never deviate from this numeric al- section, is composed of an alluvial soil, ternative stratification, even when many part of which is river alluvial. stratas are missing ; the granite appears We consider the whole as a good aton the surface of the soil near Hinsdale, tempt towards the requisite knowledge of Chesterfield and Spencer, while it is co- the surface of the soil, in the region obvered with one or more of the above stra- served, certainly a better one than Mr. tifications every where else. Mr. Eaton Maclure's in its local capacity ; but we has come at this result, by an attentive presume that many other perambulations observation of the successive appearance, and excursions, and much research, are and nature of the immediate strata un- yet requisite, before a complete idea of der the soil, in an alternating progress. the soil of New-England can be formed. When, for instance, he has found several A section of a base from New York to successive stratas in the eastern part of Cape Cod, and another across the White the valley of the Connecticut, and Mountains, would be particularly dethen finds them again in an opposite or.

sirable. der, west of the river in the same valley, According to the remark of our author, he is led to believe, with the greatest de- a geological section of a country must gree of probability, that they extend un- always be rather a caricature of it, than der the river in a proportionate succes- a correct delineation : if we were to con. siop and depth. But we regret that, led sider in that light his geological section, too far by the happy result of this disco- we should call it a very clever hypothetivery, he is induced to suppose, that the cal caricature: it is, however, preferable strata found east of the Hudson, are car- to Mr. Maclure's sections of the United ried under it, and under the Catskill- States, although both are defective in a mountains, although he has not observed different light; this last by carryiog the their re-appearance beyond them. This formations perpendicular, as if they radiamounts, at the most, to a plausible hypo- ated from the centre of the earth; while thesis, but not even to a probable theory, Mr. Eaton's section shows the undulations if we consider that this supposition re- and progressions of the strata, but often quires that those strata should extend un- makes them reach a depth to which they der our whole continent, as far, perhaps, are perhaps unknown, or gives thern an as the stony mountains in the west ; while extension, to which we have no proof those fronting the Atlantic, ought to sink that they reach. He divides the differunder the ocean, and appear again in Eu- ent strata, of which the soil of New-Engrope in the same order, which is not the land is composed, into five classes, priri. fact.

tive, transition, secondary, superiocumThis proves the danger of systematising bent, and alluvial. We shall say a few and speculating on insulated facts, what words on the second and fourth of his is true in the valley of the Connecticut classes. The transition formation, which and near Worcester, must not be extend is borrowed from Werner, is totally illued on either side to Europe and Asia ; it sive in name and application : when tranis very possible, and even very probable, sition rocks are crystallized in mass, they that many strata belong to local or limit- belong to the primitive or crystallized fored formations, wherefore they may dis- mation; when they are deposited in thin appear when we should the least expect layers, or thick continued strata, they it." No formation ought to be considered belong to the secondary, or deposited as universal and continued, except the formation; when they are composed of

agglomerated fragments, they belong to induced him to add to his valuable details a subdivision of the same formation which of facts, an appendix under the title of may bear the name of agglomerated. The Conjectures respecting the Formation of the name of superincumbent rocks is given Earth. It is in reality the common, bat to the basalt, greenstone, trap and amyg- deplorable propensity of all geological daloid rocks, which belong to the volcanic writers, to deduce and assume some theoor emitted formation. We must observe retical hypothesis, as soon as they have that he is mistaken, when he gives the observed or collected a few facts, changfollowing definition of volcanic produc- ing thereby gealogy into googony, which tions, viz. “ minerals upon which changes are two different sciences altogether. have been wrought by volcanic fires." The former describes the earth as it is, Since the luminous discoveries of Patrio and no one will venture to deny its conand Davy on volcanic productions, they clusions, since they arise from facts and must be termed, minerals chemically emit- existing causes, while geogony describes ted and combined. The emission of water, the earth as it was, or rather as it is supmud, &c. by igneous volcanoes, the aerial posed to have been, at different periods, volcanoes or volcanic springs, existing or attempting still more, ventures to asevery where, and emitting air, clay, sul sert what it may yet become ; when the phur, hydrogen, &c. with or without heat speculations of geogony are deduced from and fire, the numberless submarine vol- history, records, data, remains, analogies, canoes, yet existing under the sea, and and phenomena, they become a sort of forming there, when compressed by a geological history ; but all those 'which great weight of water, stratas of basalt, emanate from suppositions, conjectures, trap, coal, &c. by means of their smoke, fictions, presumptions, probabilities and ashes and fluids, are evident proofs of the plausible causes, are at best but ingenious emitted or volcanic origin of many of dreams, particularly when they attempt the secondary formations; and it would to embrace the origin and the end of our be difficult to prove that all those secon- globe. Such are in part, the features of dary substances which cannot be held in the conjectures before us : being not even dissolution in air or water, or formed modelled from the actual knowledge of chemically in the sea and the atmosphere, the various parts of the globe, neglecting do not belong to the same volcanic for- more or less the enlarged views, which mation.

late discoveries have revealed, the imWe shall not attempt to confute the mense strata and mountains of organic absurd supposition that the strata, now formation scattered every where, and constituting the Catskill Mountains, and even under other formations, the various the western parts of New York, once ex- volcanic formations covering one third of tended to the Atlantic ocean. This spe- the known soil, the numberless anomalies culative hypothesis, ought at least, to be through the strata, their disferent sucsupported by very strong proofs before it cession, arrangement and configuration is advanced, and we are unacquainted in different parts, and a variety of other with the power that could remove this important considerations ; and they speak, chain of mountains, without disturbing instead of a primordial chaotic mortar, of the regularity of stratification, upon an internal heat of the earth lifting up which this hypothesis is built ; while we the granite, of an antediluvian continent, know very well that similar local causes wbich has sunk and disappeared, &c. may produce here and there, detached mere conjectures indeed, since they may masses of consimilar substances.

be so easily denominated, when we atThe chain of mountains which divide tend to the actual phenomena and forthe waters of the Hudson from those of mations going on before our eyes.

In the Connecticut, are called the Peru · the present improved state of chemical Mountains by Mr. Eaton; we thought knowledge, from which our age has rehitherto, that their name was the Tacko- ceived the appellation of the age of nick Mountains, while the Peru Moun- chemical philosophy, every former contains are a chain in the state of New. jectural theory must shrink before the York, west of lake Champlain, where the chemical theory of the formation of the Hudson takes its rise ; we refer those, earth, until another improvement of phiwho may have any doubt on the subject, losophical knowledge, or till new discoto Spafford's Gazetteer of New-York, veries shall compel us to lay it aside, for and beg leave to ask who is in the wrong, something apparently better, or nearer Mr. Spafford or Mr. Eaton?

to truth, according as our perceptions We regret that the premature geologi- shall permit us to conceive it. cal speculations of Mr. Eaton, should have However, when Mr. E. states physical VOL. III, No. III.

23

or historical data, such as the deviation which, those who inay happen to be acof the pendulum, the progressive succes- quainted with the late radical Hebrew sion of organized beings, the late com- translation of the first chapters of Geneparative period of human existence, &c. sis, by the learned Olivet, may improve we find him in the true line of logical into a demonstration, against those who geogony. When he attempts to show hold the doctrine of their literal translathat the geogony of Moses and bis ac- tion and explanation. The prejudices count of the flood, do not in the least con- which ignorance or sectarian tenets, had tradict the facts which experience has thrown over geological studies, as soon as revealed, when he proves that the days of they became involved or blended with the creation bave been periods of time, geogony, may thereby, we trust, subside as many learned divines have asserted, entirely ; their removal is certainly deand every geogonist believes; we find sirable, and cannot fail to become actim engaged in a desirable act of con- ceptable to all the friends of inental union ciliation between science and religion ; and peace.

C. S. R.

ART. 5.

Women ; or, Pour et Contre. A Tale. By the Author of " Bertram," &c. 2 voks. 12mo. pp. 492. New-York. Kirk & Mercein.

WIT

ITII our opinion of the former writ- post-chaise drove past him. He imagined

ings of the Rev. Mr. Maturin, our che shriek, to proceed from it, and inreaders are already acquainted. It was stantly set off in pursuit, on foot. The with no little satisfaction that we read the stumbling of one of the horses enabled preface to these volumes, in which the him to overtake it. He found his conjecauthor acknowledges the mistaken taste ture right, and attempted to rescue the which prompted his previous prose pro- damsel, but was repulsed by the outriders. ductions, and professes bis willingness to The driver plied his horses effectually rest the merits of this tale, which, he with the lash; and the equipage was soon admonishes us, contains few characters out of sight. Nevertheless, De Courcy and incidents, upon the comparative pro- followed, and by inquiry traced it to a bability of these, and the closer resem- lone but. The coach had disappeared blance to real life of those. Encouraged but he boldly entered the cabin, where by so candid an avowal of past errors, he found no one but a strange figure of a and such fair promise of amendment, we woman, as mad and as ominous as Meg ventured upon the perusal of this novel Merilies. Convinced that this was not and inuch we regret to say, that we have the object of his search, he penetrated found it one of the most extravagant ab. into an interior apartment, where he saw surditics, which the teeming imagination stretched on a pallet, a delicate female of the reverend author has given birth to. form, apparently lifeless. He immediWe speak of it as a whole-for in the atcly raised her in his arms, and maugre midst of a mass of folly, there are irre- the maledictions and resistance of the sistible evidences of genius,-bursts of naniac, bore her off in triumph; and afeloquence images highly'impressive and ter running sorne mile or two, with the poetical and able and lucid arguments; lovely burthen, gained a place of safety and some of the minor characters are and sent to Dublin for a chaise. Mr. drawn with fidelity from pice and discri- Wentworth, the uncle of the redeemed minating observation. But the story— fair one, who had now recovered her rewe hardly know how to tell it with gra- collection, met De Courcy's messenger vity, melancholy as it is. We will, bow - brought him back, and took De Courcy ever, make the effort.

and his niece to town. He was a very The hero, Charles De Courcy, an or- solemn, formal personage, and hardly phan, and heir to a large fortune, is in- condescended to thank our hero for his troduced to us, at the age of seventeen, prowess, much less did he invite him to on his way to Dublin, to enter hiinself at his house. De Courcy's wonderful exthe university. Just before he reached ertions very naturally brought on a fever, the city, the stage-coach broke down. and fever superinduced delirium, and deIt was evening, but he resolved to walk lirium obliterated from his mind every the few miles which yet remained of his remembrance of the occurrences of this journey. He was alone, and as he crossed eventful evening, save a vague impresthe canal bridge, he heard the cries of a sion of the beauteous unknown. Wbilst female in distress. At this moment a convalescent, however, he accompanied

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