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suddenly flew at my leg, and left the mark of his teeth here;"_ saying this, the young Bedouin displayed a raw place in the limb alluded to, which made me shudder again. “This,” continued he, was very annoying, because, apart from the pain, it compelled me to return again to my tent, and secure the dog to a tent-peg; for had he followed me I should inevitably have been detected. Well, the second essay was more fortunate; I succeeded in distancing our encampment, and then I started upon my legs, and never ceased running until I reached the encampment of the Achwalees, where, as you all know, I have two cousins and a brother-in-law under the sheik Zibaide. I took care not to venture within musket-shot, for I once had a narrow escape by such want of precaution; but I shouted loudly for my kinsmen ; by-and-by the guards challenged me; and then they asked who I wanted, and I told them ; five minutes afterwards my kinsmen came out to me, carrying lanterns, and accompanied by half the village. I took them aside and explained what I wanted, and I vowed by my beard if we succeeded to give each of them two demagohus of wine and a rotolo of Latachia tobacco. They returned speedily to their respective tents, and when they came back, they had each of them as much cord again as I had twisted round my body. Two of them came on horseback ; the third and myself occupied our time in knotting the ropes strongly together; then we measured their conjoint length : I found it to extend over nearly two hundred yards. “That will do famously,' said I; and so we gathered up one end and I passed it over and round the wooden pack-saddles of the two horses, leaving a space between each horse of about thirty feet, so as not to impede their progress; and then we all proceeded quietly on foot, followed as quietly by the patient and obedient horses. We had still about a hundred and fifty yards of cord to spare, and with the disengaged end of this we formed a strong noose, to serve how and when as occasion might require. This being ready, we crept on as quietly as possible till we got within about a quarter of a mile of the encampment; here I left my companions, telling them not to attempt to approach until I gave them notice so to do. I got back to my own tent again unobserved ; I then tied two sheepskins over my head and body, which I had previously well singed over a fire, and besmearing my features, and hands, and feet with soot and oil, I crept towards the sheik's tent, where the cheleby was sleeping, and arriving there, my first care was carefully and quietly, one after another, to loosen every peg by which the tent-pole was supported : had a puff of wind or a squall come on about this time, there is no saying how soon the tent may have fallen; and if it fell, the chances are that both guest and host would have sadly complained of sore limbs this morning."
“Well," continued the young Bedouin, “there was no brecze, not even a puff of wind, and so the tent did not fall and nobody was injured ; but I had been so long about loosening the pegs, that my companions had lost all patience, and taking advantage of that early hour of the day, had crept in unperceived to assist me in my work; by their assistance, the horses were led quietly and gently to within a stone's throw of the sheik's tent, and this having been done, that end of the rope in which a noose had been tied was carefully trailed along the ground and securely fastened over the tent. We then drew the noose tight, so that upon any force being used, it would close up the tent just as an umbrella is closed and buttoned. It only wanted about two hours for daylight, and our plans for operations were then mature; but it now remained for us to resort to some artifice which might attract the attention of the stranger, and draw him out of the tent; his being engaged in a scuffle would, I was perfectly aware, rouse all the neighbours, and bring out every one even to the children to his succour. But how to accomplish this, without being entrapped, was the difficulty: first, then, I endeavoured to awake the stranger without rousing any of the household; in this plan, however, I was frustrated by the daughter of the sheik, who, like a careful housewife that she is, was already astir, and whose movements, though her footsteps are noiseless as the gazelle's, proved sufficient to rouse the light slumbers of the stranger. It now required very great tact on my part to evade the suspicions of Ilalwee, the sheik's daughter. So I crept about backwards and forwards, like a dog munching a hard, dry crust, the better to deceive the keen, sharp eyes of the Cette Halwee. I think I was perfectly successful, for she threw many hard words at me, and even harder stones and sticks; but this is just what I wanted, it roused the curiosity and perhaps fear of the stranger, for I watched him grapple his pistol
. I knew, however, that he would never fire so long as the person of the sheik's daughter intervened between us, and consequently I kept prowling about just behind, watching with anxiety and fear the growing restlessness of the stranger ; by-and-by up he jumps, and before I could get to my legs and give him a run, he had grappled the sheepskin that was bound round my back, and his grip was so strong that, do all I could, I could not disentangle myself. I expected every instant to be shot through the head, for, groping about in the dark, I could not discover what had become of the pistol I felt sure that the stranger carried in one of his hands. Suddenly I heard the lock click, and then I knew that life and death depended upon the nerve of my arm: that instant, I threw the Frank over the tightened cord of a tent-pole, which caught his back and flung him upon the ground; at that instant his pistol exploded, and sped unpleasantly close by my skull. A piece of the sheepskin was wrested from my back, that very piece we were looking at this morning, and then I was free; but I took care to drag the stranger with me as far as I could, so as to draw off the attention of those that sought to rescue him. Then I and the friend that was with me fired off our guns and ran in different directions, I towards my tent, where I washed myself, and my other friend back to his village. Meanwhile the two who remained with the horses watched the villagers all fly in the direction where the report of our fire-arms had been heard, and being certain that all attention was centred in that point, they sprung upon their horses, and set off towards home at full gallop : the cord tightened, so did the noose ; a tremendous strain upon the cord closed the tent, which, the pegs being loose, was easily lifted from its site. There was one tremendous check, which nearly threw the horses upon their haunches, but the riders were prepared for this, and the next moment the horses were going full gallop over the plain, trailing the sheik's tent behind them, During this interval I was in utter ignorance as to the success of my plans, having joined the group who were curiously examining the piece of sheepskin, which I suggested might be some part of a bear. When, however, we returned to seek the tent and found it gone, then my cup of bliss was filled to overflowing ; I found time to let Halwee into the secret, and to give her charge of the stranger's double-barrelled pistol : by our laws it ought to remain in her possession; but as the Frouj is Inglese, and moreover a guest, she is willing, at least so she whispers me, to ransom it for thirty-five good silver piastres. Here is the tent, and there is the pistol ; and now, oh! sheik of the Bedouins, let us spend the day in mirth and hilarity, for the bride has been fought for and won by deep cunning, and with great courage."
A loud shout of enthusiasm greeted the conclusion of this relation. My stiff back, and the tent, and the pistol, had been satisfactorily accounted for; so I promised the sheik to give him the thirty-five piastres when we got to Antioch, for I had not a halfpenny with me, and then regaining possession of the pistol, I fresh lighted my pipe and watched the proceedings, almost as much interested as the father of the bride, in the dances and games that ensued. The father of the future bridegroom brought out his two unmarried daughters, and, flinging his arms round their shoulders, performed a species of patriarchal dance to the loud music of the villagers, and the enthusiasm of all the spectators; whilst wildlooking Arabs unsheathed their swords, and capered about round and round the group, like so many cannibals rejoicing over their pinioned victims. The two jars of wine promised by the young Bedouin to his aiders and abettors in stealing the tent, were duly forthcoming and drained, and then a further supply was produced by the sheik himself. Ah! that was a sad day for domestic poultry and sheep and goats, a very sad day indeed ! for they were slaughtered and roasted wholesale, being stuffed with almonds and raisins and rice, and devoured by a hungry multitude, such as had seldom assembled in those plains.
The sun set upon the feasting and rejoicing of the Bedouins. The affianced bride was taken away to a bath-tent separated from the encampment, and pitched upon the banks of a neighbouring rivulet; here they dyed her nails and her hair a hideous red colour, and they perfumed her garments with many-scented oils and essences. Then they led her back to her father's tent again, where, retreating under a temporary veil, she was doomed to seclusion for a whole fortnight's time : after that she was to be married, and of course the sheik asked me to come to the wedding, which I promised to do, provided no more tents were to be stolen or let fall upon our heads.
The moon shone brilliantly upon the revelry of the villagers, as the sheik and I mounted and quitted the encampment for Antioch, where we arrived just as day was breaking the following morning.
What happened at the Bedouin's wedding I hope at some future time to relate, for the present I think it is quite sufficient to remain twenty-four hours with a Bedouin.
TOBACCO.-No. III. THE MORAL AND SOCIAL EFFECTS OF TOBACCO. In speaking on this branch of the subject, we are aware that we are about to run counter to the opinions and prejudices of a large portion of mankind, who maintain that the pipe and the snuff-box are not only harmless appendages, but that the former is a sedative and incentive to reflection, and the latter useful in enabling a person to collect his ideas, as well as an excellent medium of introduction between strangers. Their praises have been sung by poets, and said by philosophers and divines, in no measured terms. Such elegant sentiments as the following seem to give a sanction to both, as promotive of moral reflections :
“When smoke arises from my pipe,
Thus to myself I say,
Which vanisheth away?
The same ideas just;
Let's mingle dust to dust!'” The enjoyment of the “social circle," meeting at taverns and other places of public resort, for the purpose of smoking, will be urged in proof of the beneficial influence of the pipe, as a promoter of conviviality and good fellowship. Young men feel sociable, when they “get together” to enjoy a cigar. It seems a bond of union, a kind of freemasonry of brotherhood, the want of which they would be at a loss to supply. Old men, who have for years “smoked their evening pipe and drank their glass” at the club, would feel like fish out of water, were they to abandon the habit : they feel so much at home, and so sociable with their old companions. The toil-worn labourer, and the anxious tradesman, when the business of the day is over, do so much enjoy their pipes, and seem so comfortable with them, that their good wives, inured to the endurance of the filthy habit, feel it their duty to promote the comfort of their spouses at the expense of their own.
Alas! that the enjoyment of so many millions of rational beings should depend upon the constant use of a poisonous, stinking weed; upon the habitual, daily, hourly use of what is, at best, a dangerous medicine, when taken or used only occasionally, but, when for a continuance, certainly injurious to all, dangerous to the majority, and fatal to many, whilst not one in a thousand derive any benefit whatsoever from it.
But we have heavy charges of a moral and social nature to bring against the use of tobacco, which we consider as an incentive to drunken habits ; as a waster of time; as a waster of money; as opposed to good manners; as injurious to domestic comfort.
That smoking and chewing incite to habits of intemperance, even when they do not make a man a confirmed drunkard (which they frequently do), is but their natural effect. Anything that