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Transactions of the American Lyceum.
TRANSACTIONS OF THE AMERICAN LYCEUM.
Fifth Annual Meeting of the American Lyceum.
The anniversary of this National Society was opened in the District Court Room of the United States, in the city of New York, on the Bih of May, 1835.
The meeting was called to order by President Duer; and Robert G. Rankin, in the absence of the Recording Secretary, was appointed Secretary pro tempore.
Credentials were presented from the following Lyceums and Societies:
1. The Massachusetts Lyceum.-2. New York City Lyceum.-3. United States Naval Lyceum.—4. Brooklyn Lyceum.-5. Faculty of Yale College.—6. New Bedford Lyceum.-7. Hamilton Literary Association of Brooklyn
And subsequently frorn the following& Hempstead Lyceum, L. Island.-9. Newark Young Men's Society.
The following Committee was appointed to examine credentials; Judge Peter J. Radcliff, Professor Dewey and Dr. Russ, who reported the following gentlemen as duly authorized to seats as members of the Lyceum:
Delegates from the Massachusetts Lyceum :-Rev. Chester Dewey, Hon. Alexander H. Everett, and Frederick Emerson, Esq.
From the New York City Lyceum :- Hon. James Tallmadge, D. D. Field, W. P. Lander, William B. Lawrence, J. C. Brant, Samuel Ward, H. W. Havens, and Robert G. Rankin.
From the United States Naval Lyceum :-Rev, Charles Stewart, Mr. Handy, and Lieutenant Sands.
From the Brooklyn Lyceum:-Hon. Peter W. Radcliff, Rev. Mr. Johnson, Theodore Eames, George Brinckerhoff, and Lieut. W. L. Hudson.
From the Faculty of Yale College :- Elias Loomis.
From the New Bedford Lyceum:—Samuel Rodman, Jr., John Wil. liams, Jr.
From the Hamilton Literary Association of Brooklyn :- Alexander Hadden, Jr., M. Van Cott, and H. G. Hadden.
From the Newark Young Men's Society:-Samuel H. Pennington, Stephen Conger, Amzi_Armstrong, Silas Merchant, David A. Hays, Frederick B. Betts, and Eneas M. Leonard.
The following additions were subsequently reported : Members presented on invitation of the Executive Committee and Lyceum :- The Prussian Envoy, Mr. Christopher Oscanean from Constantinople, Mr. Sheldon of Ohio, Mr. Howell of New Jersey, Professor Dennison Olmsted, member of the ex-committee, from New Haven, Rev. Austin Dickinson, President Haskell of Brooklyn, Mr. James Cole,
Mr. William Dunlap, Mr. Edgar, Rev. Eleazer P. Wells of Boston, Professor Millington of Virginia. Delegate from the Hempstead, (L. I.) Lyceum, Alden J. Spooner.
A communication was received from Mr. Lorenzo de Zavala, late Mexican Minister to France, who regretted that ill health prevented him from attending the annual meeting. He consented to furnish a communication on a subject interesting to the Lyceum.
The following committee was appointed to report the order of business :-Mr. Dwight, Lieut. Hudson, and Lieut. Sands, who made the following report, which was adopted :
ORDER OF BUSINESS.
The sessions shall open at 10, A. M. with prayer, and at 5, P. M., except when otherwise ordered.
The business shall be arranged as follows:
2. Reports from Lyceums, and other societies, schools, &c. to be in order half an hour after the opening.
3. Essays in order one hour after the opening.
4. Discussions of régular questions, in order one hour and a half after the opening.
5. Resolutions in order two hours and a half after the opening. 6. Resolutions may be offered at any time on leave.
7. The Essays on the Fine Arts shall be read ou such evenings as shall be designated by the Lyceum.
The same committee proposed the following as the questions for discussion, which were accepted :
1. Should Natural History be taught in common schools ?
2. Ought the principles of the Christian Religion to be made a regular part of common instruction ?
3. By what means may a taste for the Fine Arts be generally cultivated among all classes ?
4. What improvements are necessary in the laws of the State of New York, in relation to common schools ?
5. How may our thinly settled districts be best supplied with the means of education ?
6. Ought more female teachers to be employed in common schools?
7. Ought corporul punishments to form a regular part of cominon school discipline?
8. How niny the application of science to the arts of life, be best taught in common schools ?
9. Ought Political Economy to be taught as a branch of common education?
The Corresponding Secretary stated, that besides an unusual number of letters, essays had been received from Miss Catherine E. Beecher, and Messrs. Dewey, Dunlap, Cole, and Frazer, as well as several reports and other communications,
The Corresponding Secretary presented his annual report, but suggested that it might be better to postpone the reading of it till another day, which was agreed to.
The President then called for information, from members present, concerning lyceums, schools, &c., in the order of the States, when Mr. Dewey made a verbal report on the condition of the Lenox Lyceum, and the Pittsfield Young Men's Society, Mass.
In consequence of several members being unprepared to make reports, letters were presented and read by the Corresponding Secretary, from a number of friends of education in different parts of the country-Henry R. Schoolcraft of Mackinaw, P. S. Duponceau of Philadelphia, John Pickering of Boston, President Fisk of Middletown, President Wayland of Providence, Alexander H. Everett of Boston, Miss Catherine E. Beecher of Ohio, Charles Frazer of Charleston, J. C. Neagle of Philadelphia.
Mr. Rodman made a report from the New Bedford Lyceum.
Professor Olmsted on the Franklin Institute, the Mechanics' Society, and the Athenæum of New Haven, &c.
The Secretary read a letter from Mr. James Brewster of that city, on the Franklin Institute, and one from Professor Silliman, on the same subject and the Athenæum.
Mr. Rankin made a report on the history, condition, and prospects of the New York City Lyceum.
Mr. Radcliff, on the Brooklyn Lyceum.
Mr. Stewart read an interesting report from the U. S. Naval Lyceum ; when a resolution was passed, requesting a copy of the report for publication.
Mr. Van Cott made a report on the Hamilton Literary Association of Brooklyn.
The following reports were stated to have been received, and ready when called for by the Lyceum :
1. The report of the committee appointed at the third annual meeting, to inquire, Whether the study of the Greek language is commenced at a proper age, and pursued on the best plan.'
2. The report of the committee appointed at the fourth annual meeting, to inquire, “Whether the Monitorial System, in any form or degree, is appropriate to our common schools.'
Saturday Morning, May 9th, The session was opened with prayer, by the Rev. Austin Dickinson.
The Annual Report was read by the Corresponding Secretary.
President Duer read an Essay on the Education of Female Teachers, by Miss Catherine E. Beecher, of Ohio. It was stated to the Lyceum, that under the authority of the Executive Committee, this Essay was read before a meeting of Ladies, invited at Constitution Hall, on the 29th of April, in order to make it as extensively known as possible ; and that they determined to raise money for its publication. By the favor of a friend of Education, the committee had been enabled to print it without delay.
Mr. Radcliff offered the following resolutions, which were unanimously adopted, after addresses had been made by Messrs. Dewey, Haskell and Johnson, and Professor Millington, of Virginia.
Resolved, That the thanks of the American Lyceum be presented to Miss Catherine E. Beecher, for her Essay on the Education of Female Teachers.
Resolved, That the Lyceum, considering the extensive circulation of this Essay to be well calculated to excite public attention to its object, and the sentiments and facts it contains, particularly important at this time, would recommend it to the public, and request those connected with the popular press, to aid in their promulgation, by publishing extracts.
Resolved, That the subject of Female Education deserves more attention than it has yet received from the American community.
Resolved, That the establishment and liberal endowment of female serninaries of a high order, especially for the education of female teachers, is highly deserving of the benefactions of the intelligent and wealthy of the community, as well as of legislative patronage.
Resolved, That the thanks of the Lyceum be presented to the Ladies who have undertaken to defray the expenses of publishing this address.
A communication was read frorn Mr. Morton, Secretary of the National Academy of the Arts of Design, inviting the officers and members, in the name of the Council, to attend their tenth Exhibition of Paintiny; whereupon it was
Resolved, That the Lyceum accept of the invitation, and will meet the Council of the Academy at the exhibition room in Clinton Hall, on Monday, at two o'clock.
A vocabulary of the Screculeh language was presented to the Lyceum, by a member of the Executive Committee, with a paper relating to the history of that African nation.
An Essay on Books and Apparatus for the Blind, was read by Dr. Russ.
Education in New Grenada.
On motion of the President, it was
Resolved, That it be the duty of the Executive Committee, to select from the Essays, Correspondence and other communications made to this Society, such papers as they may deem generally interesting and useful, and to publish the same from time to time, under the title of “Transactions of the American Lyceum.'
On motion of the Corresponding Secretary, it was
Resolved, That the American Lyceum view with the highest approbation, the exertions of Senor Joaquin Mosquera, in favor of education in New Grenada, and sympathize with bim in the difficulties he has to encounter, in a country which has suffered so long under adverse circumstances.
Resolved, That the exertions made in New Grenada in favor of Female Education, both by the Female College of Bogota, and by the Ladies' Committee of the Elementary Society of Popayan, are worthy of a patriotic government, and of the intelligent daughters of a young and enterprising republic.
A letter was read from Mr. Woodbridge, one of the Corresponding Secretaries, expressing regret at his unexpected detention from the annual meeting, and presenting to the Society two hundred copies of his review of the Address of the Literary and Philosophical Society of South Carolina to the people of that state, on Lyceums. Whereupon it was
Resolved, That the thanks of the Lyceum be returned to Mr. Woodbridge, for the copies of the Review.
The Lyceum then adjourned to meet at 8 o'clock in the Lecture room, in Clinton Hall, to hear the Essay of Mr. Cole, on American Scenery, written at the request of the Society.
Monday Morning, May 11th. The Lyceum met at ten o'clock, Mr. Dewey in the chair, in the absence of President Duer.
A manuscript text and class book on Physiology was received from Boston, through Mr. Woodbridge, to be offered to the Committee on the subject, for the prize of $300 offered by the Society at their third annual meeting.
The following resolution was adopted.
Resolved, That a committee be appointed to ascertain by what means education in New Grenada may be promoted by the American Lyceum, to solicit the friends of knowledge in the United States for funds to be devoted to that purpose, and to em