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chapel was erected. Mr. Meadows, ningtree. In the evening, a serious however, had not laboured here long, and useful sermon was preached by the before it was found necessary to enlarge Rev. Mr. Notcutt, of Ipswich. the place of worship ; and in September

RECENT DEATHS. last this place was re-opened, when

December 5, 1828, the Rev. HANSON sermons were preached by the Rev. J. Anderson. of Dorchester: the Rev. T.

Evison, pastor of the Congregational

Church, Clapton. Crump, and the Rev. J. Hoby, of Wey

He succeeded the mouth. Much good has been done. A

Rev. T. Kidd, the first pastor of that Christian church, on Congregational prin

church, and like him was cut off by ciples has been formed, and it is hoped

“ pining sickness” in the morning of his

days. that he who has said, " Surely the isles

On the 7th of December, the Rev. Joshall wait for me,” will continue to bless his word, that the present pleasing pros

SEPH SHRIMPTON BROOKSBANK, pastor pect may be abundantly realized.

of the Congregational Church at TottenOn Tuesday, November the 18th, the

ham and Ēdmonton Chapel. Like his Rev. Henry March, late Chaplain to the

respected father, the Rev. Joseph Dissenters’ Grammar School, Mill Hill,

Brooksbank, of Haberdashers' Hall, he was publicly recognised as the Pastor

was educated at Homerton College, and of the Congregational Church at Col

was ordained to the pastoral office Nochester, vacant by the resignation of

vember 7, 1821. But an insidious conthe Rev. J. Savill. The service was in

sumption terminated his earthly course, troduced by the Rev. R. Robinson, of

at the early age of thirty-five years. Witham, who read the Scriptures, and

. On the 30th of July. at Tananarivo, offered an introductory prayer.

the capital of the Island of Madagascar,

The Rev. W. Ward, of Stowmarket, then

the Rev. DANIEL TYERMAN, formerly delivered an able discourse on the

of Newport, Isle of Wight; but for the grounds of dissent from the Established

last eight years employed in connexion Church. The usual questions to the

with G. Bennet, Esq. in the honourable minister were then put by the Rev. N.

but hazardous task of visiting the prinKemp, of Tarling, who, in early life,

cipal stations of the London Missionary had been thirteen years assistant

Society. After having more than cirpreacher to the congregation. In re

cumnavigated the globe, and escaped

fron perils by land and water, he sunk plying to the questions, Mr. March gave a statement of the reasons which had

under what is supposed to have been induced him to accept the vacant charge,

an apoplectic seizure, in the fifty-fourth and of the principles which he intended

year of his age. His premature death

is no ordinary calamity to the Society to advocate and exemplify, in a very

ery which had deputed him, and were clear and decisive manner. Mr. Kemp then offered the benedictory prayer.

P anxiously expecting the return of their A sermon was next addressed by the

brethren, in whose judgment, on various Rev. T. Craig, of Bocking, to the mi

weighty matters, they were ready to

confide. nister and the people, on their reciprocal

NOTICE. duties, from 2 Cor. ii. 10. “ Our sufficiency is of God.” The solemn services We are informed that measures are in of the occasion were concluded by progress for removing the Western Acaprayer by the Rev. J. Robinson, of Man- demy from Axminster to Exeter.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS AND MINOR CORRESPONDENCE. COMMUNICATIONS have been received during the past month from the Reverend

Dr. J. P. Smith, Rev. Messrs. Wm. Davis --A. Tidman -- Robert Halley --Charles Scholl - John Hoppus -- Benj. Hobson-J. Bounsell --Robt. Ashton--H. J. RuperThos. Lewis -- John Thornton--R. H. Shepherd -- T.J. Guyer--W. Copley – Thos.

Keyworth - J. Jerard --J. Arundel -- John Anderson ---John Cockin. Also from Messrs. Wm. Shrubsole-Wm. Carpenter--S. Brown-Thos. Parkin-

J. Baker--and W. Walker --Amicus A.--Ź, Z.-M. R. N.-Zeta--Aliquis-Civis --X.-- Rogator -- J. M. S.-- A Constant Reader.

Our subscribers will perceive, that we have given an extra half-sheet in the present number, which we regret has been insufficient to contain several valuable communications, which we have reluctantly deterred till our next.

“ The Stanzas” on Dr. Good, though not destitute of poetic and pious feeling, are yet disfigured by so many inaccuracies, as to preclude their publication in our pages.

Mr. Baker's communication is important, but more adapted for a medical journal than our work.

CONGREGATIONAL MAGAZINE.

FEBRUARY, 1829.

BIOGRAPHICAL REVIEW.

MEMOIR OF LORD VISCOUNT BARRINGTON.* Few comparatively of the learned found among the Dissenters from or noble of this world have in Established Churches. Whether any age been genuine members of this fact tells most in favour of the Christian community. This the spirituality of Dissenters, or does not arise from the insuffi- of the secularity of Established ciency of the Christian evidence Churches, we will leave our readers to satisfy such persons, or from to determine. On any other its want of adaptation as a medi- grounds than those which belong cinal system to their condition, to the good of such individuals In those respects, as it is ad- themselves, and the interests of dressed “ to all,” so is it adapted religion, we have no regrets to to all, without any difference. feel or to express. “The kingThe fact is to be accounted for dom of God cometh not with in a very different way, and re- observation.”_" It is not of this flects no discredit either on the world.” The pomp of rank, the nature of the Gospel, or on the power of riches, the aggrandisecharacter of its testimony. The ment of the world, add nothing circumstances of such persons, in to its real glory and efficacy, and ten thousand ways obstruct the ought never, therefore, to be obreception, and injure the full in. jects of painful solicitude on the fluence of a spiritual and holy part of the disciples of Christ. dispensation - hy fostering the During a former period in the pride of life-blunting the moral history of Nonconformity not a feelings of our nature and sur- few, speaking comparatively, of rounding them with an atmosphere, the titled members of our commuwhich, while it conduces to the nity belonged to the Dissenters. growth and prosperity of earth, Into the causes of this, and of is most inimical to all the in- the change which has since taken terests of heaven.

place, we do not at present inquire. If few persons of elevated rank We only remark in passing, that have been numbered among the to the Nonconformists then, genufaithful, a still smaller portion ine and decided religion was alof this class of society has been most exclusively confined, and

* The Theological Works of the First Viscount Barrington, including the Miscellanea Sacra, the Essay on the Disper-ations, and his Correspondence with Dr. Lardner, never before published. To which are prefixed, a Life of the Author, with a Brief Memoir of his Son, Shute Barrington, the late Bishop of Durham. By the Rev. George Townsend, M. A. Prebendary of Durham, and Vicar of Northallerton. In 3 vols. Price £1. 11s. 6d. London: C. and J. Rivington. 1828. N. S. NO. 50, VOL. XII.

K

therefore Lords and Ladies who Mr. Caryll, and which on his felt the power of the Gospel, death united with the church unwere from necessity shut up to der Dr. Owen, it appears that associate chiefly with them. Benjamin Shute, the father of

Among the titled Dissenters who Lord Barrington, belonged to that made a considerable figure about church. He died on the 26th of the beginning of last century, the June, 1681. There were also in it nobleman, whose works and life Mr. Samuel Shute, the brother we are now before us, claims distin- suppose of Benjamin, Mrs. Mary guished consideration. He was Shute, and Mrs. Ann Shute ; a man of more talent, more learn- the one probably the mother, and ing, more political influence, and the other the sister-in-law of the more theological information than Viscount. They all died while any other individual of his own members of the church. class. He has conferred greater The mother of his Lordship was benefits on the general theological a daughter of Joseph Caryll, of inquirer, than any noble Lord, whom we should have been glad whose writings are known to us; had Mr. Townsend stated somewhile his exertions on behalf of thing more than merely the anthe Dissenters entitle him to an nunciation of the fact. He was a honourable and lasting memorial learned, a pious, and an able among them. This is the third man. time which his theological works

"At the age of sixteen, Mr. Shute have appeared; but the first time

was sent to the university of Utrecht, in which an account appears of where he distinguished himself greatly their author. This is furnished by by his academical exercises, which have the Rev. Prebendary of Durham, not only been printed, but have been who has executed it, on the whole,

hole cited with great commendation by some

eminent writers on the Civil Law. After with a commendable portion of passing four vears at Utrecht, he returncandour and liberality. We shall ed to England, and applied himself with extract from it the principal facts diligence to the study of the common in the life of Lord Barrington,

law at the Inner Temple. In 1701 he

began to write in favour of the Proteswith occasional observations of

tant Dissenters, to which body he beour own.

longed. He published in this year, but

without his name, a pamphlet in 4to, " John Shute, first Viscount Barring- entitled, "The Interest of England conton, was born in 1678, at Theobalds in sidered 'in respect of Protestants disHertfordshire. He was the third son of senting from the Established Church.' Benjamin Shute, merchant, who was the This was reprinted two years afterwards youngest son of Francis Shute, Esq. of with considerable alterations and enUpton, in the county of Leicester ; and largements. As he dwells much in this was lineally descended from Robert pamphlet on the rights of the Dissenters to Shute, Esq., who was appointed one of toleration, it was probably the occasion the barons of the exchequer by Queen of his being known to Mr. Locke, who Elizabeth, in the year 1577. His ances, afterwards honoured him with his friendtors were eminent for their virtue, and ship, notwithstanding the great disparity zeal in the cause of liberty; and several of their ages. This circumstance, which of them served the kings of England does the character of Mr. Shute so much with honour as commanders in the wars credit, appears by an ode addressed to of Normandy, when that dutchy was an- John Shute, Esq., in the year 1704, on nexed to the English crown.”-p.i. occasion of the dangerous illness which

terminated in the death of Mr. Locke.” The Shute family seems to have

--pp. ii. iii. been extensively connected with the Dissenters. From a list of The ode referred to, Mr. Townthe church members belonging to send neglects to mention, was the Society first under the care of written by Dr. Watts.

" About two years after he had written They show the services which the the above-mentioned pamphlet, he pub- Dissevters have rendered to the lished another, entitled, The Rights of : Protestant Dissenters,' in two parts,

interests of the country, and the which reached a second edition in 1705. influence which they have had on

"Mr. Shute's character was now so some of its most important affairs. generally known, though only in his 24th year, and his influence with the “In the year 1710, Mr. Barrington reDissenters was so considerable, that he ceived a still more flattering proof of the was sent for by the cabinet council, high and honourable character which he when it had been determined by the bore, in a bequest left him by John Queen's ministry that the important Wildman, Esq. of Becket, in Berkshire, measure of the union of the two king- who adopted him for his son after the doms shonld take place. The Lords Roman custom, leaving him his estate by Somers, Wharton, Halifax, and Sunder- a will dated in 1706, which declared land were at this meeting, the first of that he gave it to him merely because whom opened the design and general he knew no man who was so worthy of it. view which they had in promoting this “How high Mr. Barrington's character great object, and condescended so far, stood in the estimation, not only of the since they designed he should take a part most zealous Whigs, but of those who in it, as to ask his opinion on this head. differed from him most widely in religious Mr. Shute having then expressed him- and political sentiments, appears in the self most warmly with regard to the following extract from a letter of Dr. national advantages to be expected Swift to Archbishop King, dated Nov. from such a close connection between 30, 1708:-“One Mr. Shute is named the two kingdoms, Lord Somers said for secretary to Lord Wharton : he is a that it could not be carried without the young man; but reckoned the shrewdest assistance of the Dissenters in England, head in England, and the person in and of the Presbyterians in Scotland

whom the Presbyterians chiefly confide; for which reason they wished he would and if money be necessary toward the undertake a journey to Scotland for that good work in Ireland, it is reckoned he purpose. Mr. Shute at first declined can command as far as £100,000. from this service, because it was inconsistent the body of Dissenters here. As to his with his professional views -- the study principles, he is truly a moderate man, of the common law-and also because frequenting the church and the meeting he conceived that he could scarcely pre- indifferently.'”-pp. vi, vii. vail with the Presbyterians and Dissenters to promote the Union, unless the

The above paragraph shows corporation and test acts were repealed. To this it was replied, that on account of Swift's opinion of Barrington's tathe sacrifices he would be obliged to lents; but his remark on his going make in foregoing the advantage of pur- to the church and the meeting insuing his professional engageinents, he diff

e differently, is doubtless incorrect. should, on his return from Scotland, have an employment to the amount of he was well known to be a deci£1000. per annum, and that there was ded Dissenter, though he perhaps little doubt that the test act would be re- went occasionally to church, and pealed as soon as the Union took place; though this could not be previously pro

· even communicated with it. The posed to Parliament. Mr. Shute, being next passage which we shall quote encouraged by these assurances, soon affords proof of this, as well as afterwards went to Scotland, where he of the sacrifices he was disposed to was greatly instrumental in promoting mol

make for his principles. the Union, and continued there until it was ratified. After his return to England, he was, in 1708, appointed one of “In 1711, Mr. Barrington was disthe Commissioners of the Customs. placed by the Tory administration from About the same time, Francis Barrington, his office of Commissioner of the CusEsq. of Tofts, in Essex, who had mar- toms; and in 1713 he published a pamried Mr. Shute's first cousin, left him his phlet' entitled, "A Dissuasive against estate in that county, upon condition of Jacobitism ;' for which there was so his taking the name and arms of Bar- great a demand, that it reached a fourth rington.”-pp. iv-vi.

edition.

On the accession of George the First, The facts recorded in this para- Mr. Barrington had the honour of an graph deserve to be remembered. audience with his Majesty, the first day

after his arrival in London, in which writings, and it is plain from his theolohe declined the offices of preferment gical works that he was eminently skilled which were graciously made him, be- in them. cause the schism and conformity acts “In 1725 he published, in two vo(which took place in 1712) were yet lumes, 8vo., his Miscellanea Sacra, and unrepealed; and from thence he took the Essay on the Dispensations. A sean opportunity of stating the great cond edition of these works, with large grievance of these statutes to the body additions and corrections. was published of Dissenters. In the fifth year of this 1770, in 3 vols. 8vo., by his son, the late reign those two acts were repealed, Bishop of Durham, then Bishop of after which, in 1717, Mr. Barrington, Llandaff. who continued to be honoured with the “ In this work the noble author has personal confidence of his Majesty, was traced, with great care and judgment, created Baron Barrington of Newcastle, the methods taken by the apostles and and Viscount Barrington of Ardglass; first preachers of the gospel for propaand, at the same time, had a rever- gating Christianity, and explained with sionary grant of the office of the Master great distinctness the several gifts of the of the Rolls in Ireland, which he sur- Spirit, by which they were enabled to rendered the 10th of December, 1731,” discharge that office; these he improved -pp. vii, viii.

into an argument for the truth of the

Christian religion, which is said to have What follows in the memoirs, staggered the infidelity of Mr. Anthony is a long account of the affair of Com

Collins.”—pp. xvii-xix. the Harburgh lottery, for which The Miscellanea Sacra has long Lord Barrington was unjustly beer

Justy been a favourite work with us; censured by his political oppo

and of which we possess both the nents, and expelled the House of

first and second editions. It is a Commons. The statement is

book full of ingenious and origitoo long for us to quote ; but is a

nal discussion, and which will satisfactory justification of his Lordship against the charge of

amply repay the diligent and inimmoral or unprincipled conduct.

" quiring divine in its perusal. We !

to are pleased with the following “Lord Earrington was, on the accession view of his writings by Mr. of George the First, chosen member of Townsend. Parliament for Berwick-upon-Tweed; and, in 1722, he was again returned to “We have said that Lord Barrington Parliament for the same place. His was the friend and disciple of Mr. Locke, Lordship does not appear to have been and from him he derived those ideas of either an eloquent or a frequent speaker. civil and religious liberty which he has so On the 12th of April, 1717, he spoke in forcibly stated and maintained in many favour of the motion for a supply. On of his productions : no one, indeed, who the 7th of January, 1718–19, he spoke is acquainted with the writings of that in support of the bill for strengthening great and illustrious man, can fail to the Protestant succession, as he did also discover in the religious and political on the 17th of June, 1721, in favour of publications of Lord Barrington, the the subsidy to Sweden.

same clearness of ideas, the same close“ He died at Becket, in Berkshire, ness of reasoning, and the same unafter an illness of only seven hours, on adorned perspicuity of style, which the 14th of December, 1734, in the distinguished the works of Mr. Locke. fifty-sixth year of his age. He gene Each indeed of his Lordship's producrally attended divine worship among the tions is strongly marked with all the Dissenters, and for many years received characteristic peculiarities of Mr. Locke's the sacrament at Pinners' Hall, when corresponding treatises : in the tract enDr. Jeremiah Hunt, an eminent and titled Revolution and Anti-Revolution learned Nonconformist divine, was pastor Principles Stated and Compared,' we of the congregation that assembled there. find an able amplification of nearly all i He had formerly been an attendant on the most important positions in the Mr. Thomas Bradbury, but quitted that famous treatise on Government: in the gentleman on account of his bigotted pamphlets on the Corporation and Test zeal for imposing unscriptural terms Acts, we plainly discern the same spirit upon the article of the Trinity. His of civil liberty, and the same arguments Lordship had a high value for the sacred in support of it, which we find in the

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