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Religious and Benevolent Institutions in the

Printing Presses.
United States ( continued.)

Bombay........ ........

Ceylon .................., THE AMERICAN BOARD OF FOREIGN

M alta.................... MISSIONS.—This Society is the leading

Saudwich Islands.......... Missionary Institution of America. Its constitution accords with the Catholic principle of the London Missionary Society. It was incorporated in the year

These presses have printed in nine diffe1812.

rent languages. Upwards of 500,000 coThe Board consists of 68 commis pies of different publications have been sioners, residing in different parts of the issued by them during the last year. Union, of whom 29 are laymen. The THE AMERICAN COLONIZATION So. receipts for 1828, were 102,009 dollars. CIETY.-Domestic slavery is the reproach In support of this Board, there exist, in and the bane of the Western and Sou16 States, 69 auxiliaries, including 830 thern States of the Republic. There are male, and 641 female associations. The two millions of slaves in this land of freemissions under the direction of this So- dom! To lessen this mighty evil, a Socieciety, are :

ty was formed twelve years ago, to esta1. INDIA.—At Bombay, 1 station; blish a colony on the western coast of Ceylon, 5 stations.

Africa, called Liberia, to which emanci2. WESTERN ASIA.Malta, 1 station; pated slaves and free persons of colour Beyroot, near Sidon, 1 station.

might be sent, to form a settlement, where 3. Sandwich ISLANL9.--Six stations their own circumstances might improve, on the Islands of Hawaii, Oahu, Maui, and by which the natives around might bé and Tauai.

civilized and converted. 4. NORTH AMERICAN INDIANS.-- These objects have to a great extent Cherokees, 8 stations ; Chickasaws, 4 sta- been secured. Sufficient territory has tions ; Choctaws, 8 stations; Cherokees been obtained in a healthy and arable of the Arkansas, 2 stations; Osages, soil, public buildings have been com4 stations; Indians in Ohio, 1 station; pleted, and the most ample means of Mackinaw, I station; New Stockbridge, defence, both against the natives in the 1 station; Indians in the State of New interior, and pirates on the coast, have York, 3 stations.

been secured. Sunday and other schools Total nuniber of stations, 46. "

have been established in the colony, an

Agricultural Association is formed, and American Missionary Labourers.

schools for the natives have been comOrdained Ministers... ..... 43

menced amongst the bordering tribes, Licensed Preachers .. .. 4

under the sanction of their chiefs. Catechists ........

During the past year, 457 persons of Other Assistants, Males. . · 48

colour were shipped from the United Females......124

States for the colony There are more

than 600 applicants from free persons of 223

colour to be transported by the Society

to this interesting settlement. Native Assistants, about .......600

A disposition has been excited by this Scholars in Mission Schools. Society, on the part of slave proprietors, Bombay............... 1,499 to emancipate their negroes for the purCeylon................ 4,518 poses of colonization. During the past Sandwich Islands.......26,000 year, 165 have been so manumitted; and Indians ............... 902 a passage is wanted for 200 more. The

Americans celebrate the 4th of July as 32,919 the anniversary of their national inde

pendence, and with good taste have in
Native Members of the Church. many congregations on that day, or the
Ceylon.................. 100 preceding Lord's day, made collections
Western Asia............ 4 for this Institution, which have constitut-
Sandwich Islands......... 86 ed a large portion of its income.
Indians in North America. 333

We have before us the circular of the

New York Auxiliary on this subject, and 523 extract the following sentences. “What

other purpose of benevolence can be

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more interesting to us as Christians, phi. These dissolute habits are speedily sublanthropists, and patriots ? What also can dued. Five or six months, the superinbe done that promises such beneficentre- tendent says, is sufficient for reformasults ? The well known objects of the tion, and in less than a year, many are American Colonization Society are the apprenticed to industrious farmers and moral elevation of the freed black man; mechanics, and behave well. introducing into Africa and spreading These happy results are attributed to the benefits of knowledge, civilization, a system of classification, punctuality, and Christianity; the abolition of thé and moral discipline. Not more than Slave Trade on its western coast, north one in twenty of those who have been and south of Liberia ; and in process of apprenticed, has disappointed the hopes time, in accordance with the spirit of the of its governors. age, with public opinion in the slave- The State Prison of Connecticut, situholding states, and with the interests of ated at Weathersfield, is so conducted, those states to expel slavery from this that beside defraying all its expenses, blessed land The colony has already it yielded last year a profit of more than progressed beyond the hopes and expec- 3.000 dollars to the state. tations of its founders. Coffee, the produce of Liberia, is now selling in this

The State of New York has to record city.” There are about 11 State Auxilia

some extraordinary facts on this subject. ries and 100 others to this Society, which,

The prison at Auburn, with 570 inbeside the direct assistance they afford,

mates, produced en ough by their labour, must diffuse a feeling decidedly unfa.

not only to pay every expense, but 3,336 vourable to the continuance of domestic

dollars profit. Last winter a terrible slavery. The present annual income of

fire occurred in the prison ; 550 convicts the Society is about 14,000 dollars.

were let loose in the yard, from wbich Prison DiscipLINE Society.--The

two avenues were opened to the street. last report of this Society contains some

The criminals assisted voluntarily to curious and interesting facts. In the

extinguish the fire, but not one of them State of New Hampshire, there is a

attempted to escape. Evidence of the restriking paucity of criminals. The num

formation of discharged criminals has ber being only 48, in a population of

been obtained. Of 206 cases, 146 are nearly 300,000. In the State of Ver.

decidedly steady and industrious. The mont, the number of criminals is about

recommitments have diminished. In twice as many as New Hampshire, with

1827, out of 427 prisoners, there were about an equal population. The State

only 19; and in 1828, out of 570, only Prison al Windsor is about to be so

17. altered, as to provide a sufficient num Imprisonment for Debt.--It is estimated ber of dormitories for the entire separa that the number imprisoned for debt in tion of the convicts, and more salutary the United States is 75.000. In more discipline. At Boston, Massachusetts, than half of these cases, the amount of the House of Correction provides a sys debt is less than 20 dollars, and the tem of labour for the convicts. The cost more than half of the original debt, male prisoners broke about 2000 tons of and the value of time lost in prison, stone to macadamize the streets of the reckoning it at 60 cents a-day, more city.

than the whole debt. The proportion The female department has witnessed actually paid by imprisoned debtors is, a great improvement, and the self-denial on an average, about one per cent, of of two ladies, Misses Stevens and Watts, the amount due. In some of the prisons in becoming voluntary residents within of Massachusetts, where pains have the walls of the prison, to spend their been taken to collect facts, it has been days in reforming the degraded members ascertained that about one-third of the of their own sex, is worthy of all praise. debtors are discharged because they have

The House of Reformation for Juvenile nothing to pay, and another third because Delinquents at South Boston, is an in- the creditor will not pay the board of the teresting establishment. The number prisoner, as the law requires. of boys received from August 1826 to We have no room for other inteJanuary 1829, was 192. Of these were resting facts. The income of this Society committel,

does not reach 4,000 dollars, with which For Stealing........ 47

they support a travelling agent, and Vagrancy ...... 29

chaplains for three prisons.
Disobedience ... 49
Indolence :.....

(To be continued.)
Lasciviousness ..



GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH, UNITED STATES. We have peculiar satisfaction in presenting to our readers, by permission of the Congregational Board, copies of two most interesting letters; the one is addressed by them to the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in the United States, and the other is the affectionate, interesting, and eloquent reply of that respectable body to the letter of the London Ministers.

It will be, perhape, necessary to explain, that when the subject of revivals was brought before the Congregational Board, it was resolved that letters should be addressed to certain ecclesiastical bodies in the United States,* which were prepared and forwarded accordingly in the spring of the present year.'

The letter addressed to the General Assembly, arrived at Philadelphia most opportunely, a few days before its Annual Session in that city, in the month of May last. It was presented to that venerable body on the 22d of May, by the Rev. Dr. Ezra Stiles Ely, Stated Clerk; and was ordered to be printed in the Appendix to the Minutes. A Committee of three members, Dr. Leland, Mr. Breckenridge, and Mr. D. W. Lathorp, was appointed to prepare a reply, which they presented on the 3d of June, and being adopted, it was ordered to be signed by the Moderator and Permanent Clerk, and to be forwarded by the Stated Clerk to London.

As the sentiments this letter expresses, are of a most decided and interesting character, it will be important for our readers to understand the constitution and extent of the body from whom they emanate.

The Presbyterian Church of America is divided into 19 Synods, 91 Presbyteries, and about 2000 congregations. Its General Assembly is constituted by a delegation of ministers and elders from the Presbyteries, and is intended to be the judicatory of ultimate appeal, as well as of united counsel and co-operation for their whole body.

From Christian courtesy, and fraternal esteem, they receive delegates from the Congregational Associations of New England, and from the Reformed Dutch and German Churches of the United States, who take their seats as members of the body.

After these explanations, we beg particularly to direct the attention of our readers to their decided testimony on the subject of revivals, and to their very important declarations respecting National Ecclesiastical Establishments. " To the Moderator and Members of the though many, are one body, so also is General Assembly of the Presbyterian

Christ; and therefore, whether one Church in the United States.

member suffer, all the members should

suffer with it; or one member be ho« Reverend and Christian Brethren, noured, all the members should rejoice From the land of your fathers, influenced with it. by the principles of our common faith, “It is our privilege, beloved brethren, the ministers of the Congregational Board on the present occasion, to rejoice with of London and its vicinity now address you. The report that God has visited you. Though separated by the ocean, and blessed you in a remarkable manner, and holding different views respecting has reached us through various channels, the order and government of the Church though we have not had the pleasure to of Christ, we trust you and we are enjoy any direct communication from united in heart, and holding in common you. The periodical publications, in the one faith and hope of our Lord Jesus which well authenticated statements have Christ, must feel a deep and sacred in- appeared of the revival of religion in terest in each other, and in the state of many of the Presbyteries and churches religion in those countries to which we under your inspection, have been extenrespectively belong. We doubt not but sively circulated in this country, and have you are prepared to adopt with us the awakened very powerful feelings both on beautiful language of the apostle,' as the your and our own behalf. We trust we body is one and hath many members, can say that many thanksgivings have and all the members of that one body, been presented to God on your account,

* Vide Congregational Magazine, Vol. xi. p. 671. N. S. NO. 57.

3 T

and many fervent prayers offered that he be expected. We want more of that would still continue to bless and prosper high-toned experience of the power of you.

religion, and manifestation of its influ“ In these revivals, we bave been called ence, without which no outward profesto mark and adore the sovereign arrange. sion will be productive of extensive or ments of our divine Lord, who now, as at lasting benefit to the world, or of muck the beginning, distributes the influences profit to those who make it. We feel of his Spirit according to his own will, that we need, both as ministers and and teaches his people, that while even people, a larger portion of that unction Paul may plant, and Apollos water, it is from the Holy One, by which alone our God alone who giveth the increase. At persons and services can be hallowed and the same time, we think we have reason accepted. 'We feel that it becomes us to mark the regard which God ever to pray, 'revive thy work, O Lord, in shows to a conscientious and diligent ad-, the midst of the years, in the midst of ministration of his own ordinances, and the years make known, in wrath rehis faithfulness in answering believing, member mercy.' importunate, and persevering prayer. It “Christian brethren, pray for us, that is thus lie encourges us to labour and not the word of the Lord may have free to faint; and when he sends success, to course, and be glorified even as it is with ascribe to him all the glory.

you. We beseech you to implore on our “ In regard to the state of religion in behalf, that some drops of those showers our own country, we have much to be of blessing by which you have been rethankful for, and much to humble us in freshed and watered, may descend on the sight of God. Our civil and reli- our hills of Zion ; - that the soil from gions privileges, as dissenters from the which you sprung may not be visited with national establishment, are not only con- the curse of barrenness; but that it may tinúed, but have lately been increased. be in a still greater degree than ever, a Our opportunities of spiritual improve- garden of the Lord-a vineyard of his 'ment and usefulness, are many and en- own right hand's planting. couraging. Our congregations in ge- Our object in thus addressing you, is neral enjoy peace, and our ministers oc- to convey the most cordial expressions of cupy important fields of usefulness, and, our Christian and fraternal affection; to we trust, are generally disposed to culti- inform you of the interest we feel in vate them with diligence. Our Bible, your joy and prosperity; to strengthen Missionary, Tract, and Sunday School the bonds by which America and England Societies, continue to be supported with are united together, for the purposes of liberality, and conducted with zeal. high, moral, and spiritual importance, and Compared with former years, we trust which, we trust, will be as lasting as they we may say, and we say it with thank are strong and delightful; to invite the fulness, that the cause of Christ, and the interchange of Christian sentiments and number of his faithful disciples, are on feelings, and the reciprocity of prayer the increase.

and thanksgivings on each other's be“While we desire to bear this testimony to the honour of God, we feel “It will therefore afford us the sindeeply conscious that there is great cerest 'gratification to hear from you, shortcoming, and much cause for shame should our correspondence be acceptable, and humiliation. Our progress in self or deemed consistent with the forms of denial, liberality, and holiness, are far your ecclesiastical polity. Commending from corresponding with our many and you in the meanwhile to the care and long enjoyed advantages. God has ex- blessing of the Great Shepherd and alted us to heaven, in point of privilege, Bishop of Souls, and imploring on our which we have been in danger of forget- behalf an interest in your prayers, ting, or of becoming proud of our eleva. “We are reverend and dear brethren, tion. We want a larger portion of that your affectionate and faithful fellowdevotedness and spirituality which 'many servants, of your and our fathers enjoyed. We “Joun HUMPHRYS, LL. D. Chairman. have to complain of the extent to which “THOMAS HARPER, Secretary. a cold and inoperative profession pre- “London, March 10, 1829.”, vails, of the lukewarmness, worldlymindedness, and carnality which belong " To the Ministers of the Congregational to multitudes among us, who bear the Board of London and its Vicinity. Christian name. The love of ease, con-. formity to the world, unwillingness to “Reverend and beloved brethren,suffer, or to make the sacrifices which The General Assembly of the Presbythe cause of Christ may require, charac- terian Church in the United States of terize many, of whom better things might America, have received, with no ordinary emotions, your truly Christian commu- the spiritual blessings bestowed by such nication, under date of March 10, 1829, special effusions of the Holy Spirit, and and hasten to reciprocate expressions tracing, as we certainly can, all our light of cordial affection. Ever anxious to and privileges, our hopes and consolastrengthen the bonds of union with all tions, to that source, we feel that boasting who profess like precious faith, and are is excluded, and are humbled in the dust engaged in the same blessed cause, we before God, in view of the extent and feel a high gratification at the corre preciousness of those divine influences spondence thus happily opened, with a which have blessed our land. Instead of body to which we feel ourselves united being elated by such distinguished, unby mapy endearing and sacred relations, merited mercies, it becomes us rather to Acknowledging the ties 'of our common tremble at our peculiar responsibility. ancestry ; feeling that the desceudants - “ The means which have been owned of the martyrs and puritans of your and honoured by God in producing and land, and the pilgrim fathers of ours- promoting revivals among us, have been men who suffered the loss of all things the plain and earnest exhibition of the for the sake of truth on earth, and now great truths of the Gospel; urging men rejoice together in heaven-should be to immediate repentance ; warning awaclosely united in heart, and rejoicing in kened, inquiring sinners, of their awthat, stronger affinity which arises from fully increasing guilt and danger, while uvity of doctrinal sentiment and bene- they delay to give up their hearts to volent action, we receive with unfeigned Christ; visiting from house to house, and gladness your friendly salutations, and pressing upon the hearts and consciences 'devoutly. wish you in return, grace, of the worldly and thoughtless, the value mercy, and peace, from God our Father, and danger of the soul, the necessity of and the Lord Jesus Christ.


conversion, and the appalling conse· "We should, indeed, evince little of quences of neglecting or resisting the the spirit of the Gospel, if we did not Holy Spirit; and, above all, fervent imfeel an affectionate interest in those who portunate prayer for those divine indwell among our fathers' sepulchres, who Auences, without which, Paul may plant, are honoured to hold up the standard of and Apollos water in vain. The dangers the cross, where martyrs bled, where glo- of self-deception, and trusting to the rious triumphs of faith have been sudden impulses of temporary exciteachieved, and where such noble enter- ment, have been kept steadily in view, prises of Christian benevolence are now and cautiously guarded against; and á in progress to enlighten and save a pe- thorough examination of motives, cha: rishing world. We enter, therefore, racter, and conduct, has been made, bewith unmingled satisfaction, upon a cor- fore judicious men have admitted the respondence so interesting and gratifying evidence of a saving change. Never in itself, and so eminently conducive to theless, the proofs which press upon us, mutual edification. May it long continue, that our revivals are the glorious displays and prove the means of strengthening of the Redeemer's power and grace, are the bonds of Christian fellowship, and of irresistible and overpowering. Surveying encouraging the Bodies by which it is moral deserts rendered fruitful as the conducted in every good design. · garden of the Lord, hundreds of flou

“ While we would ever cherish a hum- rishing churches planted and nurtured by bling sense of our entire unworthiness, his instrumentality, an army of devoted we are constrained to acknowledge, with pastors and missionaries, and tens of devout gratitude, the rich blessings which thousands of active, engaged, private the great Head of the Church has gra- Christians, gathered into the fold of ciously bestowed upon our country, in Christ in these harvest seasons of mercy; those revivals of religion which have oc- we are constrained thankfully to exclaim, curred during the last thirty years. in reference to these undeniable effects These blessed seasons of refreshing from of divine influence, “it is the Lord's the presence of the Lord, though not doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes.' always exempt from human infirmity and And when such showers of divine grace the wiles of the adversary, have signally have fallen upon our Colleges, Sunday displayed the power of divine grace, and Schools, and Bible Classes, their effects their results have been most glorious. have been thrice blessed, bestowing inesThey have proved the efficient means of timable treasures upon the church and widely extending pure religion in our the world. Our Zion, in beholding the land. Without thein, many large regions thousands of youth thus coming forth in now full of churches, and seasoned with all the ardour and loveliness of early strong, pervading, and most salutary piety, to build up her walls and adorn moral influences, would have remained a her palaces, has arisen and shone, for her dreary desolation. Thus surrounded with light is come, and the glory of the Lord

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