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city. Maundrel measured the city, and have also each a small convent. The judged it to be two miles and a half in houses are of stone, most of them low circumference. According to Josephus, and irregular, with flat roofs or ters it was 33 furlongs in circumference be- races, in the middle of which usually fore Titus destroyed it. Mount Zion rises a small dome. The windows was then included, and the city seems are small, and those toward the street from his description to have extended have usually strong iron grates for defurther north than it does now. The fence, and then fine wooden grates to wall of the city is high, but not thick. prevent the women from being seen by From counting the rows of stones, we those who pass. The streets are narrow, suppose the height, in different places, and most of them irregular. There are to be 40, 50, and perhaps 60 feet. There but few gardens in the city. is a castle, with two towers, on the west “ Jerusalem is seen to best advantage side, a little south of Jaffa's gate, to from mount Olivet. We, however, see which travellers have given the name of most of the city from the terrace of the Pisan's Tower. For a little distance convent where we lodge. The temple is near the north-east corner, there is a seen to the best advantage from the ter: trench without the wall, but now nearly race of the governor's house. Here is filled up.
seen, not a single mosque, but a col“ In regard to the population of Jerus lection of mosques and oratories The salem, the following estimate seems to two principal buildings are called El Aksa, us as correct probably as any one we and El Sahhara. Around them the vahave heard, viz. Mussulmans, 10,000; cant area is covered with green grass, Jews, 6,000 ; Greeks, 2,000; Catholics; interspersed with paved walks and trees, 1,500 ; Arminians, 500 ; total 20,000. which furnish an agreeable shade to the
** The Jews themselves say, that they loitering Turk. Ali Bey has given a good have only 600 families of Sephartim, or description of the temple, and its variSpanish Jews, and 25 families of Ash- ous buildings, and of the foolish opinions kenasim. or Polish Jews. But some of the Turks concerning them."--pp. think the Jews more numerous than the 258-262.. Mussulmans. They occupy, however, "A little past noon, we walked a much smaller part of the city than the down to the west wall of the temple, Turks and Arabs. The Arminians live on mount Moriah, where the Jews go on in and around their convent on Mount Friday to lament over the destruction of Zion ; the Greeks and Catholics have the temple. The wall where we saw their convents and houses on mount them appeared to be fifty or sixty feet Calvary. The Turks and Arabs occupy high ; in the lower part of it were nine Bezetha, and all the eastern part of the rows of stones, each about three feet and city, and have scattered dwellings in a half thick ; and then sixteen rows of every quarter. The Jews live in the smaller ones. These two parts of the dust between Zion and Moriah. The wall appear to have been built at diffewhole area of the ancient Jewish temple rent times. Probably the lower stones on Moriah, which now encloses the mosque were employed in the second temple ; of Omar, is walled in, and none but for though its walls were thrown down, Mussulmans are allowed to enter it on there is no reason to suppose that all the pain of death. In and near it are four stones were removed. The Jews themminarets. There are two others on Be- selves say that no part of the wall of the zetha, one on Acra, one on Zion, and second temple now exists. The Jews two on Calvary, placed on opposite sides pay annually a certain sum to the Turks of the Holy Sepulchre, like the two for the privilege of visiting this place. thieves, on the right and left of our We found about thirty of them sitting on Lord.
the ground near the wall, and reading 66 The Jews have a number of Syna- from their Hebrew books. It was deepgogues, all connected together, in the ly affecting to see these lineal descendquarter where they live. The church of ants of Abraham, most of them poor and the Holy Sepulchre stands on Calvary. ragged, sitting in the dust, and paying The Catholics have one convent on the for the privilege of weeping, where their same monntain. The Greeks have twelve' fathers sung, and rejoiced, and triumphhere, and one near Zion Gate. The ed ; miserable slaves on the very spot Arminians have three convents on mount where their fathers were mighty kings! Zion, a large one and a small one in the A Jew accompanied us. In the market city, and another a little withont Zion a Turk, too lazy to light his own pipe, gate, where, it is believed, the house of called on the Jew to do it for him. The Caiaphas stood, in which Jesus was ar- Jew refused, and the Turk was rising in rainged, and where Peter denied him. a rage to pursue him, when perceiving The Copts, Syrians, and Abyssinians, that the Jew was accompanying us, he desisted. Soon after this, a Turkish hired to mourn thus. See Jer. ix. 17. peasant, who was carrying a sack of 2 Chron. xxxv. 25. and Amos v. 16. , water, called to the Jew in a very domi- “After taking some refreshment, went neering manner, to assist in emptying to visit the Samaritans, having first sent the water into a vessel. We interfered, to the kohen, or priest, to know if a visit and nothing more was said. Poor Jews! would be agreeable. His name is Shalwhen will they learn the true cause of mar ben Tabiah. His first name he their oppression, and repent and turn to sometimes pronounces Salome. I believe God.”-pp. 284, 285.
it is the same as Solomon, which the
Jews in Jerusalem now pronounce ShloHis account of the Samaritans ma. He received us in a neat apartat Sichem is brief, but very inte- ment, and we immediately entered into resting.
conversation. Ten or twelve other mem
bers of the sect soon came in. Our con« At ten left Nazareth for Jerusalem, versation was in Arabic. They represent and in little more than an hour we en- the number of their houses to be 20 or tered the large, beautiful, and fertile 30,-about 60 pay the capitation tax. plain of Esdraelon. Carmel was in sight They say there are no other Samaritans far to the west, and Tabor standing at in this country, but they are quite disposed the north-east part of the plain, and to think they are numerous in other Hermon running into it from the east. parts of the world. In Paris thay supWe were near five hours in riding across pose they were very numerous, until, in the plain to Jenin, where we put up for a time of war between the French and the night. This plain, if properly culti. some other nation, the Samaritans were vated, would no doubt support thirty or dispersed. They enquired whether there forty villages, of two or three thousand are any Samaritans in England, and souls each. Yet in crossing the plain, seemed not at all gratified when we told we could see only four or five miserably them, no. On learning that I was from inhabited, mean villages. It is easy to America, they inquired if there are saimagine what effects would be produced maritans there. I told them no; but here, should the country fall into the they confidently asserted the contrary, hands of a liberal Christian government. and that there are also many in India. Tabor and Hermon would rejoice.
“ They maintain that they are the " In eight hours and a half, rode from lineal descendants of Jacob; the kohen Jenin to Naploos, or Nablous, the Sy- and his sons only, of the tribe of Levi; char, Sichem, or Shechem of Scripture. one family from the tribe of Benjamin; Though we were travelling all day among four or five from Manasseh, and the rest hills, yet our road was not very uneven. from Ephraim. We asked what they We crossed many narrow valleys of very would do for a priest, if the kohen and rich soil, which, with proper cultivation, his sons should die, and thus the tribe would become indeed, '< fat valleys. of Levi become extinct. They replied Owing to the ignorance of our guide, we (hazah ma beseer) this does not hapmissed the site of Samaria. Naploos is pen. They all speak Arabic, but their a large town situated in a valley, which books and public prayers are in Samariruns east and west, and by its groves of tan. They call their language Hebrew, olive trees, producing an abundance of and that which we call Hebrew they call olives and oil, it is rendered a 'fat val. Jewish ; for they say their language is ley. See Isaiah xxiii. Mount Gerizim the true Hebrew in which the law was rises near the town on the south, and given. The difference consists in the mount Ebal on the north.
use of a different alphabet and different “ Just as we were entering the town, pronunciation. They go three times a we learned that the musselim died this year to mount Gerizim to worship, but morning. A company of mourning do not offer sacrifices there now, as they women,' and children at the gate, were did formerly, lest they should be molestshrieking and beating their breasts. ed by the Turks. But they offer their Other companies were doing the same in sacrifices in a more private way in the other parts of the city. Sometimes their city. We understood them to say that screams were very dolorous, and they they have no daily sacrifice. We visited beat their breasts severely. At other their synagogue. It is a small, dark, but times, their music had so much of a neat room, with an altar, but without cheerful air, that, had I not known the seats. We were obliged, before enoccasion of it, I should have taken it for tering, to pull off, not only our over a demonstration of joy rather than of shoes, but also our slippers, which grief; then again succeeded the most are not prohibited, even in mosques ; dolørous shrieks, and violent beat- and MrJowett was obliged to take ings of the breast. These women are off an outer garment which he wears., that is lined with fur. No person rior to him. David was king in Jerusacan approach the altar, except the lem, but not a prophet. We enquired kohen and his sons.
whether the Samaritans held it lawful to “ They expect a Messiah, who is to be read the books of Christians. They said a prophet and king, but a mere man, to there was no law against it, and we left live 120 years as Moses did, and to reign with them one Testament in Arabic, and at Naploos over all the world. Those another in Hebrew. who do not receive him, are to be de- “At noon left Naploos. A little way stroyed with the sword. The promise from the gate we observed, on our right concerning the woman's seed, does not, hand, a mosque, which I suppose to be they believe, refer to the Messiah; but the one that travellers have mentioned that concerning a prophet like tinto as the place bought by Jacobat the Moses, does refer to him, as does also that band of the children of Hamor.' Gen. concerning Shiloh. Gen. xlix. 10. They xxxiii. 19. Jacob's well is to be seen admit the sense of this passage as given near by, but through the ignorance of in our translation, and try to shew that our guide, we missed it. At six o'clock there is still a sceptre somewhere in the we arrived at Singil, and took lodgings hands of Judah. The Messiah will come with a Greek family, the only Christian when Israel repents. They say the story family in the place. Before our arrival, of the separation between Israel and we were overtaken by a heavy rain” Judah, under Jeroboam and Rehoboam, pp. 319-323. is a lie of the Jews. The city of Luz or After two years and a half, spent Bethel, they say, was on mount Gerizim. Gen. xxviii. 19. Jebus, they say,
in wearisome journies, and other was also on this mount, and that Judges toilsome efforts for the conversion xix. 10. as it stands in our copies, is not of the Jews chiefly, this devoted 'true.
missionary died at Bayroot, a “ Renewed our visit to the Samaritans. We had yesterday requested
town near the foot of Mount Le'to see their ancient copy of the law. banon, on the 23d of October, The kohen objected, but after much 18:25. The period of his conflict persuading, and indirectly presenting was short : but his missionary lathe motive which generally prevails in this country, that is, the offer of money,
bours were far from being unim. he at last consented to show it to us this portant. The field which he enmorning. In order to do it, he said he deavoured to cultivate, is, at must first bathe, and then put on a par- present, one of great barrepness. ticular dress for the occasion. On our arrival at the synagogue, we waited
But the seeds of divine truth, a short time, and he appeared, entered which he was enabled to scatter, the synagogue, approached the altar, were many. And “God is not kneeled and put his face to the floor, uprighteous to forget his work of then opened the little closet which contained the holy book, kneeled and put
faith, and labour of love.” his face to the foor again, then brought Mr. F. possessed many of the out the brass case, which contained the qualifications of a genuine mission: roll, and opened it so as to show us the ary in an eminent degree. His piety manuscript, but we were not allowed to touch it. It is in the Samaritan charac
was elevated; for he habitually ter, and the kohen says it was written by lived near to God. His zeal was Abishua, the grandson of Aaron, thirteen ardent and persevering, his faith years after the death of Moses, and 3,260 lively and strong. He was not years ago. See 1 Chron. vi. 4. Another die brass case stood near this, containing an
discouraged by difficulties. He
u exact copy of the original manrıscript, pursued the path of duty steadsaid to have been made 800 years ago. fastly and undauvtedly, tirmly On a shelf in the synagogue were a con- persuaded, that the cause of siderable number of copies of the Samaritan Pentatuech. We saw also the
Christ must ultimately triumph relic of the Polyglott Bible mentioned over all opposition. His com-by Maundrell. The Bible of the Samari- passion for the souls of perishing tans contains only the five books of men, whether Pagans or MahomeMoses. They have Joshua and Judges, da but in separate books They say that
Tes: dans, Jews or nominal Christians, 'since Joshua, there has been no prophet. was great. For the spiritual inHe was the disciple of Moses, and inte. terests of the natural posterity of