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missionary life, render it important that this day to pursue my inquiries. Are the man who engages in it, possesses my babits such as would render it good health. In this respect Providence suitable for me to go to the heathen, has been to me peculiarly propitious. such as would afford a prospect of My constitution has never been impaired success? In early life I was habiby sickness; my limbs and my faculties tuated to manual labour. This, inhave never been injured by accident; deed, was my almost constant employmy strength remains firm; my sight, ment till I was seventeen or eighteen bearing, voice, and lungs are unimpaired; years old,--was continued at intervals and my whole constitution seems fitted during my college-life, and has never for the fatigues of a mission. True, my been entirely discontinued. health and life may fail; that I leave “I was early fond of study, and dewith him in whose hands they are.
voted to it my leisure hours and days. I “ Talents. From the difficult and re- have at some times applied myself closely sponsible work the missionary has to per- to study, so much so that I can safely say, form, we may infer the necessity of su- there is nothing in my habits invincibly perior talents. It is comforting, how- opposed to close application. Horne ever, to one who is conscious that he is says, the missionary's habits should be not distinguished by native talent, to rather active than sedentary. This enfind that God employs the weak things courages me. I love to study, but I of the world to confound the things that love still more to be engaged in active are mighty. The representatioas of employments. Scripture, which teach us that the work "I have been in the habit of instructis to be accomplished not by might, nor ing schools, of teaching individuals, by power, but by the Spirit of the Lord, families, and classes, the Holy Scriptures, may encourage those who, but for these of conversing and exhorting in religious representations, would never dare engage meetings, and of visịting families. in the sacred office. But since the chief " In 1815, I spent nine months in of the Apostles was chosen to go to the preaching. At that time I acquired a gentiles, and since the work requires so habit of writing sermons with facility, of much prudence and skill, it becomes an sketching plans, and of preaching exteminquiry, whether my talents direct to pore, which I still retain. I have often pagan lands, or to Christendom, as the had intercourse with men of erroneous field of my labours.
principles, and have become, in some “ It is exceedingly difficult for one to degree, familiar with their objections, form a correct opinion of his own talents. arguments, and cavils. And I have had When honour or reward is to be ob occasion to converse much with inquiring tained, we are likely to put ourselves too sinners. My habits of living have always high on the list; when duty calls, espe- been plain and simple. I was brought cially some trying, unpleasant duty, we up in a farmer's family, and from childoften plead inability. It is no part of hood have been altogether upacquainted genuine bumility to underrate our talents, with the luxuries of fashionable life. and no part of faithfulness to take á Without friends to lend me pecuniary place for which we are not qualified. I aid, I have from necessity acquired am blest with a good memory, and tole- habits of industry and economy. But rably quick perceptions; though I have whether these are so firmly fixed, as not not that depth of thought, or originality to yield to trials, I dare not affirm. of genius, which many possess. My 66 While I have been led by my situtalents are rather of the ready kind ; and ation in life to form many active habits, this, I hope, would be favourable for the in respect to those of a passive nature I missionary work. I must depend, how- fear I'am deficient; I have had but little ever, very much on the advice of others affliction to bear, but few disappointin this particular. I trust it will not be ments to encounter. I have pot yet presumption in me to offer myself, if learnt patience. How I should endure nothing lie in the way but want of the fatigues and the disappointments of talents.
a missionary life, after the successful “The history of the herdsman of course of my early years, I cannot deTekoa, of the Shepherds of Galilee, of termine. On this point' I have many some successful illiterate preachers of fears, and can hope for support only the Gospel in former ages, of the Mora- from a divine arm. "May divine strength vian missionaries, and of many ministers be perfect in my weakness. in our own country, encourages me to "There is such a thing as a habit of think, that, with the talents I have, I self-government and self-possession. Here may be usefully employed in preaching again I am deficient, having never exerto the heathen.
cised over myself that rigid discipline “ February 24. Habits. I set apart which is requisite in a missionary; nor have I acquired such perfect command ings again. Generally, when I have had of myself, that trifles or unexpected the most lively views of spiritual things, events never disturb me.
and the most comforting religious exer“ Fixed habits of prayer and self cises, my love for the heathen, and my denial are of indispensable importance. desire to go among them, have been the But I tremble to come to this part of most ardent. This leads me to hope that the inquiry. I hope, however, my right the Holy Spirit excites this desire, and affections, and attention to religious at the same time it admonishes me to be duties, have become more habitual than watchful. For if I am here subject to they were some years ago. My state of declensions which shake my resolution, mind has probably been more equable what must I expect, when far removed than is common. I mean, that I have from Christian society and the means of probably had less than is common of grace. peculiar raptures and oppressions, sen- “I know there are many hardships and sible conflicts and victories. From year trials to be endured, many dangers to be to year my religious feelings have been encountered, many temptations to be renearly the same, though circumstances sisted. I know I must leave my dear have varied. One thing encourages me; friends, my beloved country, the enjoywhen my situation and circumstances ments of civilized society, and risk have changed, I have generally found my life, my happiness, and my repumy feelings, attachments, desires, and tation; but still I desire to trust in my sources of enjoyment have experienced a Saviour, and go. In his strength I hope corresponding change. May I not hence I shall be enabled to stand firm, to keep hope that in Asia, or Owhyhee, or the under my body, and bring it into subwestern wilderness, I shall find myself jection, and to continue to the end, contented and happy in doing good to faithful in my Master's service. In the those around me?
strength of my Almighty Saviour, I feel “ Have I the feelings of the mis. that I can meet all the dangers to which sionary? I have felt niuch on the sub- I may be exposed, and perform the selfject of missions, but my great anxiety denying task of the missionary. has been to know, whether my feelings “My connexions in life are such as are such as characterize the true mis will not forbid, if they do not encourage, sionary. My solicitude to be a mis- my proposed mission. My mother is not sionary, my desire for the conversion and living. I have no friends who are desalvation of the heathen, and my love to pendent on me for support. My father missionaries, have been almost uniformly has consented to my doing what I think ardent for several years. I have often to be my duty. All my friends feel tenasked myself the question,- Could any derly on the subject, but will not oppose thing make me contented to give up the me in following where duty calls. I love object?" The inducements of various my friends; but the claims of the heathen kinds, that have been presented, have have too strong a hold on my heart, to be not even produced hesitation. Should counteracted by natural attachments. circumstances obviously point out ano- My dear friends, my father, my brothers, ther course as duty, I hope I should have my sisters, it is not because I do not love a heart to pursue it. But I think the your society, that I leave you. You hindrances must be absolutely insur- know I love you, but souls are perishmountable, or the call most plainly an ing. I must go and tell them the way to intimation of the divine will; otherwise glory. You cannot, you will not object; if I act according to the bent of my for you too have hearts to feel for your feelings, I shall go to the heathen. La fellow beings who are living in spiritual bours among them have seemed most darkness. Then farewell -- the Lord bless desirable; my whole heart has some you and keep you, be gracious to you, times been engaged for them. At other and cause his face to shine upon you."times my desires have been more lan- pp. 66--74. guid, and my affections more cold. At times, I have, for a moment, felt such a He sailed for Smyrna on the relish for Christian society, or such a 3d of November, 1819. We shall desire to be a minister in this country, as has made me half ready to wish that
here furnish an interesting extract, something might render it obviously my which breathes the spirit, and duty to remain at liome. This, however, shows the feelings of a genuine has always been momentary; and the
missionary in such circumstances thought of relinquishing the object has not only been unpleasant, but has more as those to which it directs our than any thing else roused up my feel attention. It relates to his last
visit to his paternal abode, and his seen. This prospect brings eternity farewell sermon at Boston, the near. It excites solicitude respecting conclusion of which is given:
that meeting, which shall be an eternal
meeting, or a prelude to eternal sepa. “ His time was short, but profitably ration.”- pp. 91, 92. spént, while at home. He wished to
In November following, Mr. F. meet once more, his acquaintance, and former companions in his native place, visited the places where once flonand a meeting was accordingly appointed rished the seven churches of Asia. on the last Tuesday of October. He de- To the mind of a Christian, the livered an affectionate and solemn fare
scene which those places present, well address, and took leaye of the people, expecting to see their faces no
is one of melancholy interest. We more. The scene was one of over- shall insert his account of a Lord's whelming interest, and will long be re- Day, which he spent at Sardis, membered by those present. The fol
and the observations which he lowing morning he left the paternal roof, the scenes of his youthful days, and
made on the ruins of Ephesus, as a venerable widowed father, bending they furnish a specimen of his reunder the infirmities of years; and, fined taste, pious reflexions, and being accompanied by his brother, he proceeded to Boston.
missionary feelings : “Sabbath eyening, October 31, he “ After our morning devotions, we preached to a numerous and deeply in took some tracts and a Testament, and terested congregation in the Old South went to a mill near us, where three or Church, from Acts xx. 22. “And now, four Greeks live. Found one of them behold, I go up bound in the spirit untó grinding grain. Another soon came in. Jerusalem, not knowing the things that Both were able to read, We read to shall befal me there. In concluding this them the address to the church in Sardis, sermon, Mr. Fisk observes, “Whether and then the account of the day of we shall be buried in a watery tomb; judgment, Matt. xxv. Conversed with whether disease shall bring us to an early them about what we read, and then spoke grave; whether the suspicion of govern of the Lord's day, and endeavoured to ment, or the bigotry of false religion explain its design, and gave them some shall shut the door against us; or whe Tracts, We had our usual forenoon ther a great and effectual door shall be service in the upper part of the mill; opened before us, and the word of the and could not refrain from weeping, Lord have free course and be glorified, while we sung the 74th Psalm, and prayed as it is with you; whether we shall spend among the ruins of Sardis. Here were. a long life in labours, and die, having once a few names which had not defiled only sown the seed from which others their garments; and they are now walkmay reap the harvest, or whether we ing with their Redeemer in white. But, shall see the truths prevail, and die sur, alas! the church as a body had only a rounded by converts from error, who name to live, while they were in reality may soothe the bed of death, and weep dead ; and they did not hear the voice over our tomb; these are points to be of merciful admonition, and did not decided, not by human sagacity, but by strengthen the things which were ready him, whose Providence calls us, whom to die. Wherefore the candlestick ha's we would cheerfully obey, and in whom been removed out of its place. In the we would trust the future. The time has afternoon we walked out and enjoyed a arrived, when we are called by the Pro- season of social worship in the field, vidence of God, if its language is not This has been a solemn, and we trust a altogether misunderstood, to leave the profitable Sabbath to us. Our own situscenes of our childhood, and the country ation, and the scenery around us, have that is blessed beyond any other country conspired to give a pensive melancholy under heaven, with civil and religious turn to our thoughts. Our eye bas privileges : not to find other privileges affected our hearts, while we beheld and friends like them in another land ; around us the ruins of this once splendid but to meet the uncertainties and diffi- city, with nothing now to be seen but a culties attendant on a Christian mission few mud huts, inhabited by ignorant, among Turks and Jews. If any circum- stupid, filthy Turks, and the only men stances can affect the mind in health, as who bear the Christian name, at work all it is affected by a near prospect of death, day in their mill. Every thing seems, as it is, perhaps, thus affected with the pros: if God had cursed the place, and left it pect of leaving for life all who have ever to the dominion of Satan."--pp. 124 þeen known, and all that has ever been 125. N. $. NO, 54.
Speaking of the ruins of Ephe. been seen in all their glory, and here the sus, he says:
event has sliown their transitory nature.
How interesting would it be to stand " The ground was covered with among these walls, and have before the high grass or grain, and a very heavy mind a full view of the history of Ephedew rendered the walking rather un sus from its first foundation till now ! pleasant. On the east side of the hill We might observe the idolatrous and we found nothing worthy of notice; no impure rites, and the cruel and bloody appearance of having been occupied for sports of Pagans, succeeded by the buildings. On the north side was the preaching, the prayers, the holy and circus or stadium. Its length, from east peaceable lives of the first Christians to west, is forty rods, or one stadium. these Christians martyred, but their reThe north or lower side was supported ligion still triumphing--pagan rites and by arches which still remain. The area pagan sports abolished, and the simple where the races used to be performed, is worship of Christ instituted in their room. now a field of wheat. At the west end We might see the city conquered and was the gate. The walls adjoining it are reconquered, destroyed and rebuilt, till still standing, and of considerable height finally Christianity, arts, learning, and and strength. North of the stadium, prosperity, all vanish before the pestifeand separated only by a street, is a large rous breath of the only people whose square enclosed with fallen walls, and sole occupation has been to destroy.' filled with the ruins of various edifices. “ The plain of Ephesus is now very A street running north and south divides unhealthy, owing to the fogs and mist this square in the centre. West of the which almost continually rest upon it. stadium is an elevation of ground, level The land, however, is rich, and the suron the top, with an immense pedestal in rounding country is both fertile and the centre of it. What building stood healthy. The adjacent hills would furthere, it is not easy to say. Between nish many delightful situations for vilthis and the stadium was a street passing lages, if the difficulties were removed from the great plain north of Ephesus which are thrown in the way by a desinto the midst of the city.
potic government, oppressive agas, and “I found on the plains of Ephesus wandering banditti."--pp. 130--132. some Greek peasants, men and women, employed in pulling up tares and weeds During this tour, Mr. F. Visited from the wheat. It reminded me of the sites of all the seven churches, Matt. xiii. 28. I addressed them in except that of Laodicea. The Romaic, but found they understood very obient for which he and his col. little of it, as they usually answered me in Turkish. I ascertained, however, that league, Mr. Parsons, had been they all belonged to villages at a distance, sent out, was to establish a misand came there to labour. Not one of sion in Palestine. But circumthem could read, but they said, there stances prevented him from reachwere priests and a school-master in the village to which they belonged, who could ing that country till A pril, 1823. read. I gave them some Tracts, which We leave him to describe his own they promised to give to their priests and impressions, on reaching the once school-master. Tournefort says, that glorious capital of that now dewhen he was at Ephesus there were thirty or forty Greek families there. Chan- graded land: dler found only ten or twelve individuals. “ With feelings not easily described, Now no human being lives near Ephesus; about 4 o'clock we entered JERUSALEM. and in Aiasaluck, which may be considered the scenes and events of 4000 years as Ephesus under another name, though rushed upon our minds ; events, in which not on precisely the same spot of ground, heaven, and earth, and hell, have felt there are merely a few miserable Turkish the deepest interest. This was the place huts. The candlestick is removed ont of selected by the Almighty for his dwellhis place. "How doth the city sit soli- ing, and here his glory was rendered tary that was full of people!
visible. This was the perfection of " While wandering among the ruins, beauty,' and the glory of all lands.' it was impossible not to think, with deep Here David sat and tuned his harp, and interest, of the events which have trans- sang the praises of Jehovah. Hither the pired on this spot. Here has been dis- tribes came up to worship. Here enplayed, from time to time, all the skill raptured prophets saw bright visions of of the architect, the musician, the tra the world above, and received messages gedian, and the orator. Here some of from on high for guilty man. Here our the most splendid works of man have Lord and Saviour came in the form of
a servant, and groaned, and wept, and part of the hill is without the city. poured out his soul unto death, to re- South of the hill is the deep valley of the deem us from sin, and save us from son of Hinnom ; the same valley, turnhell. Here too, the wrath of an incen ing north, bounds Zion likewise on the sed God has been poured out upon his cho- west. The valleys, which separate it in sen people, and has laid waste his heritage. the city from Calvary on the north, and
“JERUSALEM appears, in a general Acra on the north-east, are not deep. view, to be situated on the side of a Moriah has on the east the deep valley mountain, descending toward the east, of Cedron. On the south of it, without where it is divided from mount Olivet by the city, is a little elevation which is the valley of Cedron. The summit of marked on D'Anville's map as Ophel; the mountain is considerably higher than thence the descent is steep, till you come the city, so that in coming from Jaffa, to the fountain of Siloah. The valleys you arrive near Jerusalem before you north and west of Moriah at present are see it.
not very deep. Calvary was perhaps " On a nearer view of the city, you only a small elevation on a greater hill, perceive that it is built on several hills, which is now the north-west part of the viz. Zion at the south-west part, Calvary city; but the name is now given to the at the north-west, Moriah at the south- whole hill. Bezetha is separated from east, and Bezetha at the north-east. Calvary by a wide valley; and east of According to the ancient descriptions of Calvary is the dividing valley between the city, it included another hill called Moriah and Bezetha, in which is the Acra. This hill it is not now easy to pool of Bethesda. distinguish ; at least, we see nothing “We have viewed Jerusalem from which corresponds entirely to the de different stations, have walked around scription of it given by Josephus. There it and within it, and have stood on the is a hill between Zion and Moriah, which mount of Olivex, with Josephus' descripcorresponds well to the east part of Acra. tion of it in our hands, trying to discover Josephus says, the valley of the cheese the hills and valleys as laid down by him, mongers, which divided Acra from Zion, near 1,800 years ago ; and after all our went out to Siloam. This applies pre research, we compare Jerusalem to a cisely to the hill in question ; but Jose beautiful person, whom we have not seen phus adds, that Acra was in the form of for many years, and who has passed a crescent. This does not apply to the through a great variety of changes and hill of which we speak. Possibly this misfortunes, which have caused the rose hill may have been anciently connected on her cheeks to fade, her flesh to conwith what is now the west part of Zion, sume away, and her skin to become dry and separated by a small valley from the and withered, and have covered her face city of David. Before Titus besieged with the wrinkles of age; but who still Jerusalem, it had been captured five retains some general features, by which times, and once demolished entirely by we recognize her as the person who used the Babylonians. Titus spared the west to be the delight of the circle in which wall and three towers, but for all the she moved. Such is the present appearrest of the wall, it was so thoroughly laid ance of this Holy City, which was once even with the ground, by those that dug 'the perfection of beauty, the joy of the it up to the foundation, that there was whole earth.' left nothing to make those that came “Jerusalem, as to general form, may thither believe that it had ever been in be called a square, or rather a rhomboid, inhabited. And since the time of Titus, for the north-east and south-west angles Jerusalem has been often plundered, are acute, and the north-west and southand at least partially destroyed. In the east are obtuse. The east wall is nearspace of so many ages, it is to be ex ly straight the whole length. On the pected, that some valleys should be filled north and south sides, the wall makes a up, and some hills levelled. It is also bend outwardly, and on the west side it extremely difficult to trace little ascents makes an inward bend, so that it would and descents in an area covered with build- not be very inaccurate to call the city a ings of various heights. Whether the heptagon. There are, likewise, many west part of what seems now to be Zion, little irregularities in the wall. was formerly a part of Acra or not, it is “ We measured the city by paces, and difficult to decide. The Jews at present the following is the result :-West side, call the whole hill Zion. We shall there 768 paces; south side, 1,149 ; east side, fore speak of it as such, and give the 943; north side, 1,419; total, 4,276 pame Acra to the hill which lies between paces.
“ Allowing five paces to a rood, this “ The south wall passes over mount gives 856 roods, or about two miles and Zion, near its summit, so that a great two thirds, for the circumference of the