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being. It has a place, and, in its and that, in respect to the peogeneral principles, is the same, ple, it often fosters feelings, and among unfallen as recovered intel- prompts conduct, which cannot ligence. Thoughts or language be observed without sentiments of that go farther than the definition indignant reprobation. I shall be just given, would seem to be the glad, therefore, Gentlemen, if any offspring either of weakness or of you, or of your friends, will hypocrisy. They coustitute what assist me in endeavouring to aris termed in Scripture a “ voluntary rive at a just and scriptural view humility,”-that is, an uncalled of the subject, that the suspicion for and gratuitous prostration of to which I have adverted may be self,-a disposition which ceases either abandoned as fallacious, or to be a virtue, because inconsis. matured into a definite and settled tent with the facts and circum- opinion. stances of our state or character. That there is a sense in which a In the third place, I remark, that, pastor is ready to be a “ servant" under the influence of these obe to the church collectively, or to servations, all I want to arrive at the meanest inember of it, is at is the true and just apprehension once admitted. He knows little which Scripture sanctions of the of Christian benevolence, and less proposed subject. Whatever this of ministerial anxiety and zeal, who be, it must be important to know, knows not that “ the man of God” because that only is the “ mind of will stoop to any suffering or serthe Spirit.” Imperfect or confused vice to be the instrument of imapprehensions of a truth, may parting to one soul “ some spirisometimes exert as pernicious an tual gift.” But, that the term, in influence as the most virulent its usual acceptation, describes error. In fact, all misconception the pastoral office and character, is error, as it is not the admission that “ a servant to the church,” to the mind of man, of that idea expresses what a minister is, or which the language of the Bible ought to be, as to his actual “stawas intended to convey from the tion" in it,—that it gives a just mind of God; and, so far as it is idea of his relative connection, and not that, it will be something else, consequent duties ;—this is what and that something may, at times, appears to me both to require be of such a nature, as injuriously proof, and to admit of animadverto affect the perception of many sion. other principles, and to diminish A person who fills the “ humble or impede both happiness and vir- station" of a“ servant,” is one who tue. I do not say, that there is is subject to the authority of a sudanger of such extensive mischief perior, - he is under command; in relation to the present subject; submission and obedience belong but I do say, and this I make my to him,--power to his master and fourth remark, that I suspect there mistress. Now, if we take these. is much mischievous misconcep- ideas along with us in reading the tion on the point in question ; that New Testament,we shall wantsome I fear the office of the minister is principle of interpretation for many far from being accurately under passages which refer to the pastoral stood, or its claims to respect function. We shall want that prinscripturally admitted ; and that ciple; and, so long as we retain the term “ servant," as it is fre- these notions of ministerial servi. quently applied to him, is foreign tude, we must continue to want it; from its sense in the word of God; for I see not how any can be found by which they can be re- selves your servants, for Christ's conciled with what appears the sake,” it is very evident, that the obvious import of injunctions like term “ servant" is used in a moral these: “ The flock, (or church) sense, expressive of disposition, over the which the Holy Ghost and not in what we may call a has made you OVERSEERS;'. We technical or logical sense, as a debeseech you, brethren, know them finition of office. This is evident, that are over you in the Lord, because the being so, is represented and ADMONISH you ;' " Obey as a moral act, the effect of the them that HAVE THE RULE OVER operation of a moral motive, You, and SUBMIT yourselves ;" “ your servants for Christ's suke ;" " Those that sin REBUKE;" “ RE- " We who become all things to BUKE them sharply." These are all men, that, by any means, we passages addressed both to the may gain some, are willing to bepastors and the people, and they come this to you, that, through seem distinctly to intimate the re- Him, you may be saved ;” because, lative “ stations” of each, and the as an apostle, the superiority of reciprocal duties flowing neces. Paul's official relation to the sarily from them. Such directions church is acknowledged, and unnever could have been given or questionable. He is seen ordering received in the primitive church, and appointing, and settling mathad the apostolic idea (which is ters in virtue of it,-he is heard the only true one) of the minis- magnifying it,—asserting its imterial office, been the same as that mutable rights and claims, in to which we are adverting. Take connection with their temporary this, and interpret the passages by suspension by himself,—that this it, and it will be seen to involve à may be done that there may be most repulsive absurdity. For in- a display of personal condescenstance,“ rebuke your master and sion and humility, in connection mistress sharply !” “ Know your with the assertion of stational preservant who is over you, and who rogative, we have the highest exadmonishes you!!” “ ()bey your ample to prove. At the very time servant who has the rule over you, when the incarnate Saviour took and submit yourselves to your ser a towel, and girded himself, and vant! !!” Now, can such senti. washed the feet of his disciples, ments as these be attributed to the and appeared among them “ as inspired penmen? Is it to be sup.. one that served,” — at that very posed that all the notions of order time, he taught them how to judge and propriety that regulate social of the appearance, by referring to life, are to be abandoned or re- the real character which he still versed as soon as we enter the sustained, -"Ye call me MASTER sanctuary? And yet such must be and LORD, and ye say well, (or the case, if it be true, that “ dis- rightly,) FOR SO I AM." It was senting ministers willingly take the in this spirit that Paul acted when humble station of servants to the he represented himself as the serchurch.”

vant of the churches, even while To conceive justly of this sub- he felt and enforced the claims of ject, it seems important to remem- the apostleship, and knew that the ber that there is a distinction be care and government of these tween a personal virtue, and an churches, to a great extent, came official relation. When Paul says, upon him daily. It was an illustra• We preach not ourselves, but tion of one of his own admirable Christ Jesus, the Lord, and our. rules, “ by love serve one another.”

I am aware, that what relates in the church; of those committed to Paul's office, who was an to him, he is the president, the apostle, and even what relates to commander or guide ; to him bethe office of Timothy and Titus, long superintendence and authowho were each of them, apparent- rity ; on the people are enjoined ly, a sort of semi-apostle, or a submission and obedience. temporary “ locum tenens” of an Of course, no one, I expect, apostle ; all of whom, therefore, will misunderstand these terms, were distinct from, and superior to, or need to be informed of the kind simple pastors, or bishops of se- both of authority and obedience parate societies, - I say, I am which are here spoken of;-the aware it may be objected, that one consisting, not in making laws, nothing relating to them, in the but in ministerially interpreting way of official superiority and rule, and enforcing the perfect code can be properly brought to prove given by the Master; and the any thing in the present question, other consisting not in a blind or to bear on the station” of the submission to individual will, but modern minister. I admit this. I in a submission, equally enlightwill admit, if it be required, that ened and humble, to that of the neither of these have left any suc. Lord, explained and acted upon, cessors. I consider, indeed, that by his supposed faithful and acit is not froin what is said of these, credited servant. but from what is said of the bishop, I could add much more in this the presbyter, and the pastor, that paper, on the application of these we are to draw any conclusion principles to the pastorate of a respecting the ministerial function, Christan church, as it exists, or as exercised at present. And it ought to exist, among protestant is upon this principle I would ob- dissenters : how they are, or may serve, that to this office the first be, recognized, in the general three passages quoted above di- discharge of the function; and rectly refer; that others might whether they are consistent or not have been added of a similar im- with that pecuniary matter, in conport; and that, while Paul speaks nection with which the passage, of himself as a servant, to whose which has occasioned these re“ station” it is admitted the term marks, stands in the extract from could not apply, he never does the memoirs : but I forbear, at apply it to the pastors at all; present, occupying further your he never speaks of them, or to attention or your work. I have them, but in a way which demon- something approaching an opinion strates, that to their “ station” al- upon these subjects, but I am not so, it was utterly inapplicable. certain that it is just, and I have

The inference from all New thrown out therefore these “ ScripTestament evidence seems to be tural” hints, not so much for the this,—the minister is the “servant” purpose of expressing a judgment, of Christ, -" He who is head over as of inviting to the question the all things” is his master,- He is attention of abler men. The questhe “ Chief Shepherd,” the Su- tion appears to come to this,-if preme Overseer or “ Bishop of we have given an accurate view souls ;" the minister sustains a si- of what a primitive pastor or milar, but subordinate office; he bishop was,-if that office was to is an “under shepherd,” amenable remain unchanged, and if disto Christ or his Master, but occu- senting ministers sustain that office, pying a “ commanding”: station then, can that office be properly

defined by describing it, as justified in looking, at their “ sta“ the humble station of a servant tion,” as thus defined ? If so, can to the church ?” Do dissenting churches, in which the people and ministers so consider and describe the pastor have so completely themselves? Do the constitution changed places from the Apostolic and customs of their body require model, be Apostolical? this, and admit of nothing else?

Your obedient servant, Do the people look, and are they




The following letters have been in reference to this individual. addressed to the Editors, upon the What could be Palmer's reason same supposed inaccuracy of for preferring the reading of the Palmer in his Nonconformist's name in the Index to that in the Memorial by Correspondents, text, when he shows us, by the blank who, it is conjectured, are in no under this ejected minister's name, way connected with each other. that he was not acquainted with

As the Editors are anxious that any publication of his, by which this Magazine may become the he could make a correction ? I repository of that mass of fugitive should be glad to be informed if information respecting Noncon- any of your correspondents have formists which still remains un- ever met with a printed volume, edited, they cheerfully insert these of which they have reason to susletters, and will be happy occa. pect that this Vicar of Budworth sionally to devote a few pages of was the author; and which would their work to similar communi. afford proof that the excellent cations.

Palmer is wrong in both instances,

in the orthography of his name, To the Editors. In 'Palmer's and wrong also, in intimating Nonconformist's Memorial;' • Art. that he published no work. Ministers ejected in Cheshire ;' he

AN INQUIRER. gives in the body of the work the October, 1828. name of MR. Leveley, as ejected from BUDWORTH Vicarage. But To the Editors. I have in in the Index, he gives Mr. Levesly, my possession a duodecimo volume in Italic; at the head of which of Sermons, which I am inclined Index, he informs us, that, when to think may be of service to rethe name is in Italic, it shows store to its proper orthography, that there is no account of the the name, and to shed light upon person. He also affixes to the the history, of one of the ministers name of Mr. Levesly in Italic, ejected in Cheshire, referred to by this mark t, whch he tells us being Mr. Palmer in his “Noncon• affixed to the name, signifies formist's Memorial.' Mr. Palmer's that there is some mistake or typo- work having deservedly become graphical error, which is cor- a standard book of reference rected in the Index.' I should feel amongst us, it is desirable that it obliged to any of your corre- should be rendered as accurate as spondents, who could inform me, possible, and every genuine nonwhether there be any means of as- conformist must feel deeply intecertaining the accuracy of Palmer, rested in every correction which

may occasionally be made of its was the author of the excellent inaccuracies ; when, therefore, a Sermons in my possession, it will volume falls into the hands of appear that our Memorialist spells a ininister or layman, which ena- his name inaccurately, both in the bles him to suggest any correc- body of his work and in the Index ; tions, to what work can he so and also, that he was unacquainted appropriately communicate his with the fact of his being an author. discoveries, as to the Congrega- I transcribe the title-page of the tional Magazine, a work hap- volume referred to: 'IINEYMATpily devoted to the interests of AIOAOTIA. Or, an APOLOGY nonconformity, and in whose for the Power and Liberty of the pages these corrections being col. SPIRIT ; as at first to give a lected together, the future Editors Being to, so still to give a Blessing of Palmer's admirable production by his Ordinances. In Threc will receive invaluable assistance ? SERMONS, preacht at Great Bud

In the “Nonconformist's Me- WORTH, to some persons of Homorial;' Art. MINISTERS EJECT- nour, and several of the Clergy ED IN CheshIRE, the name of then present to communicate in MR. LEVELEY, occurs in the body reference to the late Act. By of the work, as that of a minister James LIVESEY, A. M. and Vicar ejected from BUDWORTH VICA- of Budworth. London, printed RAGE, but in the Index, it is by A. M. for Robert Clavel, in printed Levesly in Italic letters, at Little Britain, 1674. . the head of which Index Mr. Probably, Gentlemen, this Palmer informs us, that when the volume may be in many libraries, name is in Italic, it shows that though I have never heard it there is no account of the person. mentioned, but should this be the He also affixes to the name of case, it has not, that I am aware Levesly in Italic, this mark + which of, been referred to for the purpose he observes, being • affixed to the which I have in view in calling name, signifies that there is some your attention to it, and on this mistake or typographical error,' account, I presume that this com(i. e, in the body of the work) munication respecting it, will not which is corrected in the Index. be unacceptable. Now, Gentlemen, should it

I am, Gentlemen, be found that I am right in sup

Yours respectfully, posing that the Vicar of Bud

J. E. worth, mentioned by Mr. Palmer, Clare, Suffolk, May, 1829.


REV. JOHN HOWE To the Editors.-I NOTICE the fers was set up, and sent round for remarks of “a Member of the the examination of the Committee, Hinckford Hundred Auxiliary it simply contained the name of . Tract Society” in your last num- the venerated author, without the ber. I observe the friendly tone addition, to which your corresponin which he conveys his hints, and, dent has objected. One of the with the same kind feelings I beg proofs was sent to the minister to give him and your readers the who recommended the tract: he is following explanation, which, on one of the most aged and esteeminquiry, he will find to be correct. ed CONGREGATIONAL ministers,

When the tract to which he re- whose writings will be a lasting N.S. NO. 54.

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