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You say, “ We would have our Christ ?" and if he would say it fellow-Christians well guarded to a solitary rebel against God, against the cant of revivals," by why should he not say it to a which rather exceptionable term collection of sinful churches ! you denominate is the flash of But the secret of this doctrine temporary excitement.” But allow comes out a little further on, me to ask, whether there is not when the writer adds, “ After all, abroad another kind of cant on it may become a question whether this subject-I mean that which we are to expect so extraordinary allows ministers to preach, and an effusion of the Holy Spirit for hearers to approve, sermons on such a purpose." This sentence the desirableness of revivals, while seems to me the centre around in private companies, both parties which all the reviewer's arguare prepared to qualify the term ments, cautions, and wishes reto a degree almost equal to dis- volve, and to which they contiavowal. Such, I am afraid, has nually tend. He contrives to been the case with respect to the associate, in connection with the American revivals, and, I think, expectation of an extraordinary a little of this leaven has been out-pouring of the Spirit, “ visible mixed up in your late Review, symbols,” extraordinary gifts,
In that article the reviewer in- « supralapsarian theology," « the timates, that reformation must pre- cry of te kaivov, and I know not cede revival—that we must first what besides, and then concludes re-model the clay, before God by wishing rather to see, (what no can make it a living soul. Now, doubt every Christian desires,) it seems to me, that the American "a work, deep, broad, and lastchurches rather expect a revival ing, that shall not need reviving.” to produce reformation, than re- In strict consistency with these formation to bring about revival. principles, without attempting to And this, precisely on the same contradict any document, he apprinciple that we consider no pre- pears anxious to pass by the vious qualification requisite for United States; where he concoming to Christ, knowing that fesses “ revivals are attended by the very act of believing on him such signs as to be denominated is the seed which alone can pro- an extraordinary out-pouring of duce that tree from which are to the spirit," and refers to the be gathered all the fruits of righ- Islands of the South Seas, as exteousness.
hibiting a kind of revival he seems After stating the condition in to desire. Now I would be the which a Christian church ought last to undervalue the labours of to be, the reviewer asks, “ Are those devoted men who have spent we then to do nothing but pray their strength in the holy enterand wait ?” and immediately an- prise of converting these wretched swers in the negative, referring idolaters. I love the Missionary us to the first churches. Allow work. But I am not, therefore, me then to ask the writer of that prepared to allow that the change article, whether he would preach which has taken place among the tbus to sinners ? Is there nothing inbabitants of the South Seas, is else which can be said to sinners, satisfactory to the same extent besides « pray and wait God's as that produced on the minds time,” or “ pray and improve your of some of the Backwoodsmen works ?” Would he not rather of America. To say nothing of say, “ Believe on the Lord Jesus the increased difficulty which must exist in deciding upon the fact But it is by no means equally of a change of heart having taken clear, that spirituality of mind, place in a savage, or of the degree deadness to the world, or experiof evidence which ought, in such mental religion in any shape, has a case, to be expected, (a sub- been generally prevalent in our ject well worthy of discussion,) churches; and as to the revival it should be remembered, that in of religion amongst us during the the Islands of the Pacific the last forty years, unless it can be nations became Christian under shown that in the earlier parts the influence (in part at least) of of this period, Christians immersed their chiefs, and, consequently, themselves in business and worldly great numbers among them can excitement more deeply than they only be regarded as nominal Chris- do now-that tradesmen violated tians.
the claims of truth, and justice, It would occupy too much of and conscience more flagrantly your Magazine to criticise the than they do now--that servants reviewer's account of the North- and dependants were more entirely ampton revival. It is liable to shut out from all the means of many very serious objections. grace than they are now, I must Why revivals generally, or why be excused from believing that those which took place under any thing amounting to a general President Edwards, should be revival of religion has hitherto made responsible for the unhappy been apparent amongst us. consequences which resulted from In conclusion, allow me to sugDr. Stoddard's upscriptural no- gest one main cause which may tion, that unconverted persons, as contribute to impede any thing such, were admissible to the Lord's like a revival amongst us. It Table, I, for one, cannot divine. is our refined taste. The fact is, Does he mean to say, that such “ We are idolaters of taste.” Many is the practice now in America ? persons have long ago ceased to If he does, evidence to the con- think any thing of a sermon which trary shall speedily be adduced. does not possess some merit as a
I have only one more remark literary composition; the famito make on the sentiments ad- liarity, and plainness, and boldvanced in this Review, and that ness of Edwards or of Whitefield, relates to the actual state of reli- would be unwelcome to many gion amongst us. The writer tells congregations, and equally un us, that “ Religion is becoming welcome would be one of their more and more the great and revivals. We wish for a revival, absorbing topic of general atten- but then it is a quiet revival tion;" and, in another place, “In which would not offend against a our judgment, revival has been refined taste. We do not wish to thus enjoyed in this country, as be ranked as enthusiasts, or to be well as in others, during a period shunned as fanatical by our reof forty years.” If these be the spectable worldly connections. If sentiments of those who have ap- it be asked, then, what kind of repointed days of humiliation and vival I desire, I would reply, fasting, no wonder that so little such an one as is described by effect has been produced. That the presbytery of Albany,* such religion, in the abstract, and reli- as were experienced by Edwards gious societies, occupy the attention of what is termed “the Re.
* See Appendix to Pastoral Discourses, ligious World," nobody doubts. by the Rev. H. F. Burder.
and by Whitefield. I have no human infirmity. Give me any expectation of receiving such a thing rather than death. Give me blessing without some admixture the most objectionable revival of human infirmity. I am not that ever was experienced, rather quite sure whether such would than Laodicean torpor and lukebe desirable. Perhaps it is, for warmness. Give me but somewise purposes, permitted by God, thing that shall awaken heartfelt that such awakenings should dis- emotion — something that shall play some alloy of human extra. make ministers to weep between vagance. They then become a the porch and the altar-something test by which we are able to see that shall make them “ travail as how far men are prepared to exer- in birth" for souls-something that cise Christian discrimination, and shall make them spend whole how far they are prepared to bear nights in tears and prayer for ridicule and reproach for Christ. the people of their charge. Give At all events, I pray that a re- me but this, and I will trust to vival may come, although accom- God to preserve me from extrapanied by many indications of vagance.
ORIGINAL LETTER OF DR. DODDRIDGE.
Northampton, July 2, 1743. a much longer continuance in this REV. AND DEAR SIR-I cannot warfare, yet, for the sake of the let my good friend, Mr. Parmin- church, I cannot forbear wishing ter, return into the West without you may be spared, and earnestly bringing you one line for me, to pray, that whether your contiassure you that I entertain a nuance be shorter or longer, you most affectionate and respectful may see the work of God reremembrance of you, and of the viving about you, as well as hear obliging hospitality with which comfortably of its advancement in you received me last summer. other parts of the world, and parI never think of you but it is ticularly in our kingdom. with real veneration and love, and comfortable tidings, I bless I fail not frequently, at such times, God, I do receive from various to lift up my heart to God for parts, which encourages me to you, in most affectionate wishes hope that, degenerate as we are, and prayers, that he may still both in principles and practice, be with you, and warm your heart God will not utterly depart from even in these chilling years, with us; while you are continued a lively sense of his love in among us, I am sensible you Christ, and the continual joys of will be interceding for us, and his salvation. I greatly rejoice, your prayers have been dear to honoured Sir, to hear, that when God before most of us were born. so many of my fathers and bre. I beseech you that you would thren in the ministry, most of them sometimes favour me with a share your juniors, are laid aside, God in them, who certainly have this is continuing your health and to recommend me to them, that vigour, and giving you that cheer- my work is very great and various, fulness and vivacity of spirits and my infirmities many, though which I am informed you still I bless God, as for bodily health, have. It may seem a little bar. I enjoy a very good state of it, barous, after you have so long and often find myself refreshed, been Miles Emeritus, to wish you rather than fatigued, by my la
bours. I should take it as a if God had fixed the bounds of favour, some time or another, our habitations so that I might to receive a few lines from your have received my apostolical good hand, which I shall lay up friend and father, Mr. Ball, here. as a valuable relique : may God I do not despair of another ingive us more and more of that terview with you at Honiton, but spirit which is in you, and I ques- depend I much more, not only tion not but we shall see his on an interview, but an abode to-work revive: I bless God the in- gether in our Father's house. In terest here continues in good heart, the mean time, may our views of and I apprehend that it has been it daily grow brighter, and may for some years gaining, rather our souls be refined to greater than losing ground, though God degrees of preparation for it. I was pleased to strip us almost am, with the sincerest respect and at once, between the years 36 and affection, 40, of those who, humanly speak Honoured and Dear Sir, ing, were our greatest supports; Your faithful and obliged Servant removing the most valuable of our
and Son, ministers in the midst of their use.
P. DODDRIDGE. fulness. Adored be bis goodness,
Mr. Parminter is one of the that there is a seed to serve him
most excellent youths I have ever who are accounted to the Lord
known, or probably shall know. for a generation. You will, I hope, dear Sir, often lift up your
Were all students for the ministry
Lyou like him, I should expect that prayers for the remnant that is
Cbrist was about to erect his kingleft; I heartily recommend both
dom among us with a glory hitheryou and your pious consort to the
to unknown, I hope, Sir, it is in distinguished blessings of Provi. dence, and join my thanks to you
part, under God, owing to your
labours and prayers. both for the friendly reception you gave me, and should really To the Reo. Mr. Ball, have esteemed it a great honour, in Honiton, Devon.
“ He best can paint it, who has felt it most.”—Pope. MY MOTHER ! soul arousing sound, But, ah ! that voice I hear no more, Surpassing every other
Which taught my soul to love her; But, ah! thou art no longer found
That eye of fire, which blaz'd before, To cheer my heart-my Mother.
Is closed for aye-- my Mother! Nature instinctive clings to thee,
Onr union is not sever'd quite, Nor time itself can smother,
By dissolution riven ; Nor all I hear, nor all I see,
Although thy sainted spirit's flight, My love to thee-my Mother!
Has wing'd its way to heaven. Quenchless, as when first reason's ray Unfelt by sense, by light unseen,
Made my young heart revere thee, Nor reason can discover, Burns my soul's flame without decay, Thy airy form ; and yet I ween, As when I saw thee near me.
Thou hoverest near-my Mother! Oh! never can my heart forget
And art thou gone! for ever gone! Thy love, or in another,
Torn from thy child for ever? Expect those varied rays to meet, Oh, no! that breast I hung upon, Which met in thee-my Mother!
From me not death can sever. Thine eye spoke deep intelligence, Death cannot pierce affection throughWith softest pity blended;
Though clods thy lov'd form cover: Thy voice was music sounds, and thence The path thou trod'st, I will pursue, Praises and pray'r ascended !
And meet again-my Mother!
REVIEW OF BOOKS.
Natural History of Enthusiasm. London: scription. We are disposed to
Holdsworth and Ball. pp. 311. 8vo. think the title is logically unobPrice Ss.
jectionable, because the phrase We are much mistaken if this stands for the description of the volume be not the production of essential element, and specific prosome writer of established cele- perties of a thing; for an exhibrity. Though anonymous, it bition, in short, of what it is, and certainly cannot be considered as not for an account of what it has a literary adventure. It is not passed through. the effort of one who is trying his The work consists of a series of strength, but of one who knows it. Essays on Enthusiasm, describing Every page displays the hand of a its nature, and presenting it to master. There pervades the book observation under a variety of that perfect freedom, both of com- aspects; it does this, however, position and of thought, which can not with a constant relation to only distinguish the productions time; it attempts not to give a of those who have acquired the regular view of the manner in first by long habits of writing, and which it has appeared in the difdiscover the second from a sort of ferent ages of the world ; the sucinstinctive consciousness of supe- cessive phases and diversified rior power; a consciousness with effects it may have exhibited in which, in the present instance, the the annals of the species; this reader so entirely sympathizes, would have been its history ; but, that he never, for one moment, attempting first to ascertain in associates it with that of the vainly what it consists, it proceeds to deconfident; but with that, which, velop and illustrate its operain one form or other, always be- tions; to describe the way in longs to minds of the first order, which it displays itself in human and which is perfectly consistent characters, acting in relation to with the proverbial modesty of different objects, but upon the true genius.
common and unchangeable prinWe have heard the title of the ciples of human nature; this is work objected to. It does not, its natural history. perhaps, convey instantaneously, We feel that it would be unjust to any reader, and not at all to to our readers to occupy much superficial ones, a very distinct space by voluntary disquisition ; idea of its object. The term and yet we never experienced so “ history” is so associated in most strong a disposition to indulge it. minds with accounts of the rise, For once, we find that the converse progress, and vicissitudes of its of the Greek proverb may be true, subject, throughout some period "a little book is a great evil; its of time more or less extended, narrow columns, and confined that they forget the fact of its space compel us to put a forcible being capable of another appli- restraint upon the excited energy cation; they forget that, when of our own minds. It is the prequalified by the epithet “natural," rogative of genius that its producit is used to signify not so much tions seem to inspire the reader consecutive detail, as general de- with a portion of its own power;