« AnteriorContinuar »
agent was constantly employed by him, Of the work from which we to convey these useful little messengers have extracted our account, we of mercy to prisons, hospitals, and how workhouses."-pp. 175–177.
have to say only a few words. « A Dissenter from conviction, Mr.
Like the amiable subject of whom Townsend had imbibed too much of the it treats, it is a modest and unprespirit of his Master, to allow an attach- tending performance. It is written ment to modes and systems to separate with great simplicity and serioushim from Christians of a different party. With pleasure he united with all, who
ness, and contains, we have no believed in one Lord, one Faith, one doubt, the most important features Baptism. Gentle in points where no in the character and history of Mr. dereliction of principle was involved, he Townsend. It does great credit was inflexible when duty required. His opposition to Lord Sidmouth's Bill, and
to the female pen which has exeMr. Brougham's Education Bill, was both cuted a task which veterans in active and decided. Had he lived in literature of the other sex failed to the sixteenth century, he would pro- accomplish. Our allusion will be bably have ranked with a Lutber and a Melancthon.”- p. 179.
understood. Whether the life of “ When the Patriarch was buried,
Townsend should have appeared there went with him a great company,
as entirely executed by himself, or who mourned with great and sore lamen has been improved in a new vertation. Thus it was with our venerable sion by another, may be matter of friend, at whose interment a tribute of to respect and esteem was exhibited, which
taste or opinion. It is our busiwas almost unparalleled. The carriages ness to speak oury Of
ness to speak only of the book covered a length of road that might have before us; which we very cordiindicated a royal funeral. The volun- ally recommend to our readers, tary homage of thousands, told that the
the and doubt not they will derive poor had lost a friend, the helpless a counsellor, the children a father.”-
from it « edification, exhortation, pp. 182, 183.
MEMOIRS OF THE CONTROVERSY RESPECTING THE THREE
HEAVENLY WITNESSES. 1 John v. 7.
(Continued from page 247.) I HAVE observed, what I had not tensive reading, the patient reattended to before my last paper search, and the great suavity was sent to press, as my copy which distinguish all the proof Mr. Charles Butler's Horæ ductions of one of the oldest and Biblicæ is contained in his Mis most voluminous writers of the cellaneous Works, published in present day 1817, that his “Short Historical This short outline gives a much Outline of the Disputes respecting briefer view of the Controversy the Authenticity of the Verse of than has been presented in these the Three Heavenly Witnesses," papers, and omits many things was first published in 1805 ; some which have been introduced in time before the two works which them. There are also a few inhave already been noticed. It is accuracies which I have noticed, contained in two Letters “ to the though they are not of any maRev. Herbert Marsh,” and con- terial importance. The plan which stitutes the second Appendix to Mr. Butler pursues is the follow the very interesting work of Mr. ing. He gives Butler, which is known to every I. Some account of the state scholar. It illustrates the ex- of the question; II. Of the his
tory of the general admission of Decree of the Council of Trent, The Verse into the printed text; which pronounces the authenticity III. And of the principal dis- and correctness of the Latin Vulputes to which it has given rise; gate. The following passage exIV. An inquiry whether the genè- plains the process by which a ral sense of the text is affected good Catholic may escape from by the omission of The Verse; the anathema of the Council, V. Some account of the argu- though he may dispute the authenment in favour of its authenticity ticity of this verse. Dr. Geddes from prescription; VI. Some ac- would have cut the knot which count of the arguments against it Mr. Butler's reasoning does not from its absence from the Greek unloose. manuscripts; VII. Of the an- “ Here the communicant with swers to those arguments, from the see of Rome takes an higher its supposed existence in the ma- ground. The council of Trent, nuscripts of Valla ; VIII. From Session 4, declared anathema to its supposed existence in the all, who should not receive for manuscripts of the Complutensian holy and canonical, all and every editors; IX. And from its sup- part of the Books of the Old posed existence in the manuscripts and New Testament, as they had used by Robert Stephens; X. been accustomably read in the Some observations on the argu- Catholic Church, and as they ment arising on its not being in- stood in the old vulgate edition :' serted in the Apostolos or Collec- Avd in the sixth session, declared tion of Epistles read in the Greek • the Vulgate to be authentic, and Church; XI. On its not being that no one should, on any preinserted in the oriental versions ; tence, dare or presume to reXII. On its not being inserted ject it.' in the most ancient Latin manu- “Now, when the Council of scripts; - XIII. On the silence Trent made this decree, The of all the Greek fathers respect. Verse had long been accustoming it; XIV. On the silence of ably read in the Catholic church, the most ancient of the Latin and long made a part in the old fathers respccting it; XV. Some vulgate edition; those, therefore, account will then be given of what in communion with the see of has been written respecting its Rome, who now reject The Verse, first introduction into the Greek fall within the council's anathema. and Latin manuscripts.
"To these objections the ad.. Under these general topics, versaries of The Verse reply: almost every thing of importance “1st, That, in the times of in the controversy is noticed. which we are now speaking, there Were I to go over them, it would was little of biblical criticism, and be to repeat a great deal of that no works of those times have what has been already stated. reached us, in which such an He gives the evidence pro and objection either would be made, con with great candour and ac- or would be noticed. curacy; but lays more stress on “ 2dly, That, before too great several points that I conceive a stress is laid on its insertior in they will fairly bear. One or two the Vulgate, an accurate notion passages deserve to be quoted should be formed of the edition for the information which they denoted, in these cases, by the contain. As a Catholic, he feels appellation of the Latin Vulgate. himself in some difficulty by the It does not denote the edition, anterior to St. Jerome, which, hence he introduces Bossuet, who from its superior celebrity, was speaks in a much higher tone of called the Ancient Italic; it does authority. not denote the edition published “In this stage of the argument, by St. Jerome; it merely denotes Bossuet takes very high ground, that edition, which, at the time in one of his letters to Leibniz, of the Council of Trent, was ge- published by Mr. Dutens, in his perally in use; and afterwards edition of Leibniz's works; as, served as the ground-work of the in that letter, Bossuet seems to editions published, first by Sixtus place the general acquiescence Quintus, afterwards by Clement of the Roman Catholic Church, the Eighth, and which last edition is in the authenticity of The Verse, the archetype of the modern Vul- among the traditions which the gate: that this edition partook church receives, and the faithful more of the modern, than of an- are therefore bound to adopt. cicnt versions; and, that stand- As every thing, which has fallen ing by itself, it is, in a matter from the pen of that great man, of criticism, of no authority. is important, and the passage in
« 3dly, To suppose, that, the question is little known, it is here Council of Trent pronounced the transcribed at length. Vulgate to be wholly free from "« J'avoue au reste, Monsieur, error, and that no one was at ce que vous dites des anciens liberty to vary from it, in trans- exemplaires Grecs sur le passage, lation or exposition, is going to Tres Sunt, fc. mais vous sçavez an extreme. In declaring it to aussi bien que moi, que l'article be authentic, the Council did not contenu dans ce passage ne doit declare the Vulgate to be inspired pas être pour cela révoqué en or infallible; the Council only doute, étant d'ailleurs établi, nonpronounced it to be inerrant, seulement par la Tradition des where the dogmata of faith or Eglises, mais encore par l'Ecriture morals are concerned. In this très evidemment. Vous sçavez decision, every Roman Catholic aussi sans doute, que ce passage must acquiesce, as he receives se trouve reçu dans tout l'Occithe scripture from the church, dent; ce qui parôit manifeste, under her authority, and with sans même remonter plus haut, her interpretation : but further par la production qu'en fait S. than this, the Council leaves the Fulgence dans ses Ecrits, et même Vulgate in mere matters of cri. dans une excellente Confession de ticism, to the private judgment foi présentée unanimément au Roi of every individual. To this Huneric par toute l'Eglise d'Aeffect, Father Salmeron, who was frique. Ce temoignage produit par one of the ten first disciples of un aussi grand Theologien, et St. Ignatius, and who assisted par cette sçavante Eglise, n'ayant at the Council of Trent in the point été reproché par le héré. character of one of the Pope's tiques, & au contraire étant contheologians, is cited by the Abbé firmé par le sang de tant de marde Vence, to have expressed him- tyrs, et encore par tant de mi. self. in the third of his prologo- racles, dont cette Confession de mena."*
foi fut suivie, est une démonMr. Butler does not seem quite stration de la Tradition, du moins satisfied with this reasoning, and de toute l'Eglise d’Afrique l'une
des plus illustres du monde. On 383–385.
trouve même dans S. Cyprien une N.S. NO. 54.
allusion manifeste a ce passage, to find, in different parts of the qui à passé naturellement dans works of St. Augustin, a suffinotre Vulgate; & confirme la Tra- cient number of quotations, to form dition de tout l'Occident. Je the whole of the first four chapsuis, &c.
ters, and likewise the beginning “J.Benigne, Evêque de Meaux.""* of the fifth. But, when he comes
Tradition is no canon of cri- to the seventh verse, this very ticism, and can therefore prove voluminous father, who wrote not nothing in matters in which parch- less than ten treatises on the ment and ink are the only autho- epistle in question, suddenly derities. Mr. Butler, with his cha- serts him, though immediately racteristic caution, does not give after this critical place, he comes his own opinion on this curious, again to his assistance. This and, to all well informed men, un- chasm, therefore, Sabatier fills. satisfactory mode of reasoning; up by a quotation from Vigilius nor does he give a positive opinion Tapsensis, who wrote at the end on the spuriousness or authenticity of the fifth century.”* of the verse in question. He This fact is, I conceive, of great leaves the reader to guess whether importance. It shows very clearly, he doubts as a critic, but believes that even in the writings of the as a Catholic.
Latin Fathers, till the fifth cenOn another point a passage of tury, beside being wanting in many some importance occurs, and of the best and oldest MSS., the which has also a bearing on the verse did not exist. critical authority of the received Mr. Butler thinks, that the prinand infallibly ascertained text of cipal argument in favour of the the Vulgate.
verse, which has not been satis“ The adversaries of The Verse factorily answered, is its having a contend that-IT IS WANTING place in the Confession of Faith, IN FORTY OF THE MOST AN- presented by the African Bishops CIENT MANUSCRIPTS OF THE to Huneric. This is part of the LATIN VERSION. This, they controversy between Travis and say, equipoises, if it do not over Porson, in which Mr. Butler balance the authority of those thinks the latter displayed his Latin manuscripts in which it is wit more than his logic or learucontained.
ing. His own argument on that “ In 1743, Sabatier published, passage in the creed, however, at Rheims, his “ Bibliorum sacro- appears to me very inconclusive. rum Latinæ versiones antiquæ, It is full of supposition and hyposeu vetus Italica, et ceteræ quæ- thesis. But as this topic will cunque in codicibus Manuscriptis occur again in our notice of reperiri potuerunt, quæ cum vul. Bishop Burgess's publications, we gatà Latinâ et cum textu Greco shall advert to it no further at comparantur." The object of the present. work, is to restore the text of the ancient Italic, by putting together The valuable work of the late the quotations of the Bible, in Bishop Middleton on the Greek the works of the ancient fathers; Article, which was published in where none can be found, Saba. 1808, contains a long and learned tier supplies the chasm from the note, or rather disquisition, on this Vulgate. He was so fortunate as passage. This volume displays
• Pp. 384, 385.
* Pp. 395, 396.
more profound learning, laborious account for the use of the article investigation, and critical acumen, in the eighth verse cannot be unthan any critical or philological derstood, unless I were to quote, work on the New Testament pub- what is impossible, the whole lished in this country during the dissertation. Nor is it necessary present century. It is impossible I should do so, as Dr. Middleton too highly to estimate its value as himself is unable satisfactorily to an aid to the critical interpretation account for the occurrence of the of the New Testament. Indepen- article in the 8th verse consistently dently of the laboured and phi. with his doctrine, nor can he, on losophical discussion of the doctrine the other hand, satisfactorily get rid of the Article, the application of of it. His own convictions seem, the doctrine to the interpretation on the whole, to have been unfaof many important passages, has vourable to the authority of the enabled the learned author to verse, and yet he thinks the matthrow much light upon them. The ter not yet entirely decided way in which Dr. Middleton was “ In concluding this note," he led into a discussion on the dis- says, “ I think it right to offer puted passage, he thus explains : something towards its vindication.
" It has been insisted, that the I am not ignorant, that in the reomission of the rejected passage jection of the controverted passage rather embarrasses the context: learned and good men are now, Bengel regards the two verses as for the most part, agreed ; and I being connected ' adamantina contemplate with admiration and cohærentiá :' and yet, it must be delight the gigantic exertions of allowed, that among the various intellect, which have established interpretations there are some, this acquiescence: the objection, which will at least endure the however, which has given rise to absence of the seventh verse. But this discussion, I could not conthe difficulty, to which the present sistently with my plan suppress. undertaking has directed my atten- On the whole, I am led to sustion, is of another kind : it re- pect, that though so much labour spects the Article in eis tò êv in and critical acuteness have been the final clause of the eighth verse: bestowed on these celebrated if the seventh verse had not been verses, more is yet to be done, spurious, nothing could have been before the mystery, in which they plainer, than that TO êv of verse 8, are involved, can be wholly devereferred to ev of verse 7: as the loped."* case now stands, I do not per- Much as I respect the learning ceive the force or meaning of the and talents of Bishop Middleton, article; and the same difficulty is I cannot allow that a difficulty, briefly noticed by Wolfius. In which may belong to the use of order to prove, that this is not the article by one of the inspired merely nodum in scirpo quærere, writers, and he by no means inI think it right to examine at variably correct in his Greek some length, what are the occa- phraseology, ought materially to sions, on which before eis the arti- affect our judgment of the readings cle may be inserted."*
on which an accurate test of the The nature of the argument Scriptures must be founded. Such which is pursued, in order to difficulties may be a kind of subsi
* Pp. 633, 634.
Pp. 652, 653.