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ster is considered as a builder, and 5. Persevering and earnest, warned to take heed what kind of mate
prayer for the influences of the rials he uses. Should he add hay and stubble, instead of precious stones, he is Holy Spirit. assured that his work shall be in 'vain ; Mr. James's “ Pastoral Letter" for it shall be tried by fire, nay more, is intended as a precursor to a that whosoever defiles the temple of distinct treatise on the subject beGod, him will God destroy."-pp. 20, 21.
fore us, and which may shortly
be expected from his pen. The All that follows on this point is
fervour, the fidelity, and the point worthy of being carefully perused.
of Mr. James's compositions will 2. Unity among the members
always recommend them to general in affection and effort. :
perusal. This tract is in his usual “ Unity of exertion naturally results
manner, and is well calculated to from unity of heart. Ah, my brethren,
stir up attention to the subject. what might not be effected for the pros He puts many pungent and searchperity of our churches by the cordial
ing questions, and urges several and united exertions of many? Could
most necessary and all-important I present to you all the Baptist churches in this happy land, united in their con
duties. He seems to have kept gregational assemblies by Christian love, continually in view the first and to each other as churches by the Northampton revival under Mr. common bond of brotherhood, all anxious Edwards : at least its commenceto unite their energies for the cause of Christ. I could show you a power that ment and early progress : the conmight move the world. No longer should clusion he has not noticed ; that we see indigent churches struggling with will, doubtless, be reserved for the pecuniary difficulties too mighty for them larger work, which may be exto contend with. No longer should we meet the pastors of these churches strol
pected to discuss the great topic ling from town to town, in the character with more extent and accuracy of beggars, soliciting a scanty assistance than can possibly be done in a from a comparatively uninterested peo- pastoral letter. We believe Mr. ple. Christian benevolence, from such a united and powerful body, would spon
James would be as far as ourselves taneously pour its contributions into the from encouraging a mere meteoric common treasury; and the abundance revival ; and, therefore, while we of the rich would be a supply for the perceive that he proposes the wants of the poor. Then could I show you a power, that would remove many of Northampton revivals, as a model our chiapels from the obscure lanes and for our churches, we are quite alleys, where they are shrouded from sure he would be as solicitous as the public view, and place them in the
ourselves to guard against any most inviting situations. The church of Christ is a light for the benefit of the
causes which might have operated world ; and should it be covered with a in that case, to produce the melanbushel ? It is a city not to be placed in choly catastrophe with which it a valley but on the summit of a hill, that closed. In proof of our convicthe world may behold its glory, and desire to enjoy its privileges. Wisdom
tion, we quote the conclusion of takes her stand in the chief place of
and in the chief place of his Letter. concourse, in the openings of the gates,
“Permit me then, my dear friends, to and invites sinners to Jesus. Do we
call your most anxious attention to this then desire prosperity on a large scale,
great, comprehensive, and important sublet onr numerous churches be united in
ject. You have been the witnesses of love and exertion.”-- pp. 28, 29.
my solicitude in reference to it. Like
many of my brethren, I have called you 3. Greater holiness in indivi to special meetings for prayer, to implore duals.
a more copious effusion of the Divine 4. An efficient and faithful mi
Spirit: these meetings are multiplying pistry, including both“ bishops and it is a good sign : but I am afraid
themselves in all parts of the country; and deacons.”
that the matter will rest here; I am
afraid that many will think their obliga- can Revivals. The whole volume tions and their efforts at an end, when bears the character of that prethey quit the prayer-meeting. I am jealous over you with a godly jealousy,
cision, accuracy, and good taste, lest you should satisfy yourselves with by v these associated and public exertions, in- are distinguished; and, superstead of entering each one into his own added to these recommendations, soul, and conscience, and life, with the it forcibly presents to our view desire and the determination, by God's grace, to seek after personal improve the great subject of revival as ment. If this be the case, we deserve worthy of our highest and best all the ridicule and contempt which regard. By extending the inthe ignorance, profanity, and malignity quiry to personal, domestic, and of many, are ever ready to cast upon 1 the professors of evangelical religion. social religion, all the most im. Remember, I beseech you, that we are portant points of the subject are commanded, not only to ask and to knock, comprehended. The whole is but TO SEEK. We must combine means.
adorned and recommended by with prayer-efforts with dependance. We must remember that, as rational crea- a spirit of fervent piety, and tures, we are to use means; as feeble zealous concern for the accomcreatures we are to ask for assistance. plishment of the desired end. We must live, walk, pray, in the spirit,
The appendix is highly imporas well as for the spirit; but still we must live, walk, pray.' I 'am delighted to tant, as affording a view of the witness the present attitude of our present state of religion in various churches : I hail this excitement about connexions, on both sides of the an increase of our piety; but I cannot
Atlantic, and more particularly
Atla forget that it is necessary not only to look up to heaven, from whence the among Christians of our own deblessing is to descend, but into our own nomination. Indeed it contains hearts, and houses, and churches, where materials for the gravest and most it is to be received. A revival in religion is a great thing, which neither finds
edifying consideration. Mr. Burnor leaves the subjects of it in a state
der has, for some time, we underof indolent expectation. The first sign stand, been engaged in commuof its approach is increasing personal nication with several American activity; the second sign of its approach
ministers, from whom he has deis still a greater activity; and the nearer it comes, and the more fully it
rived much important information is possessed and enjoyed, the greater respecting the state of religion in and greater is the vigour, and watchful- New England : and we are parness, and self-denial, of individual ticularly
al ticularly obliged to him
hliced to him Christians.
for the Each one is seen stirring up himself, and then seeking to stir very interesting paper drawn up by up his neighbour. Each begins with Dr. Griffin, of William's College. self-improvement, but no one ends there. We think it highly judicious, while There is first an awakening of personal we make that deduction which religion, and then a bright emanation of it, in the way of ardent zeal.” - pp. 38 appears to us requisite, for the -40.
nationality which it displays. Dr. Mr. Burder's volume consists Griffin's statements very much of three discourses on the revival illustrate and confirm the views of personal, domestic, and social which we have candidly offered religion. To these are appended, in the former part of this article. the “ Letter from the Ministers Mr. Burder very properly lays composing the Congregational much stress on the use of suitable Board in London to the Churches means, in dependance on the of their own Denomination;" a blessing of God, for the accomLetter from the Rev. Dr. Peter, plishment of revival among ourrelative to a recent revival in selves. To the manner of conSouth Wales; and certain Facts ducting “ BIBLE CLASSES," and and Documents relative to Ameri- their effects, we are anxious to
direct the attention of ministers, pastors, deacons, churches, “rise students, teachers of schools, and up as one man,” to perform this Christians in general. In the ap- paramount duty toward the rising pendix to this volume, they will generation : then shall“ the temple find suitable directions, as well as of the Lord” be filled with enarguments, for commencing the lightened, spiritual, and holy work. This ancient form of scrip- worshippers. The more speedily tural instruction we have long been and effectually this duty is solicitous to see more generally performed, the sooner will that revived. The most happy effects prophecy be acconiplished, which must arise from the just perform- declares, that “they shall teach no ance of the duty. Those who more every man his neighbour, engage in this service for God, and every man his brother, saying, will find themselves abundantly Know the Lord ; for they shall all repaid in their own pleasure and know me, from the least of them improvement, independently of unto the greatest of them, saith the good done to others; and, the Lord.” in proportion to the study of We are happy, after an interthe Holy Scriptures, shall we en- val of more than seven years,* joy a security against all error to enjoy a more favourable opand fanaticism.
portunity of urging this duty, We take this opportunity of ear- which we hope is about to be unnestly recommending this mode of dertaken in good earnest. instruction on as extended a scale Such powerful means of revival as possible; and, most especially, as these require the agency of on behalf of youth of both sexes, powerful men; at least in the from the age of fifteen to twenty commencement of the work; and
-a time of life when the greatest we feel it incumbent on us to direct transformation of character is ef- attention to the highly interesting fected; and a time, also, most description of those American lamentably neglected by those ministers who signalise themselves whose duty is, to conduct the in the promotion of religion, as young immortal to maturity of re- given by Mr. Burder in the apligious knowledge and Christian pendix. They are men of " great character. Some are, indeed, personal piety;" of " upwearied awaking to a conviction of these labour;” of “great moral courage;" truths, and are acting on that of " singular simplicity of chaconviction : others need to be racter;" and of 6 vigorous and roused to action. We want, in masculine minds." The times refact, a system of instruction sup- quire such to be the character plementary to that of the Sunday- of all ministers of the Gospelschool; one that shall connect especially of those in more public that invaluable institution more stations; and we trust that, ovv immediately with the church of dew, the times will produce the Christ. At present, there is “a men. yreat gulf” between, in which Many extracts from the work many, many souls are for ever of an author, less known and lost : our duty is to throw a bridge approved than Mr. Burder, should across this gulf of worldly vanity we feel bound to present to the and Satanic malice, that we may notice of our readers. We shall conduct the tender, inexperienced. youth, with all possible care, to a - * See Vol. IV. Review of “ Hooper's place of happy security. Let Addresses to the Young."
therefore content ourselves with extent of the subject, or sets one, commending itself much to forth the sole means to be used; our minds by the sobriety of judg- but as holding up to view one ment displayed by the author on particular class of means too long a subject which, in the warmth neglected, and yet carrying in its of their zeal, has transported bosom an unknown power, viz. men of the best intentions beyond “A habit of personal and indijust and lawful bounds.
vidual effort among the disci
ples of Christ, for the conversion “ By a revival in religion, I under- of the ungodly.” We must do stand the effect of the powerful opera. M
oprino Mr. Hinton the justice to quote
i nt tion of the Holy Spirit, in enlivening and invigorating the principles of the his own views on this point, as spiritual life, where it already exists, expressed in the preface to the and in giving that life to many of the discourse. He says :
dead in trespasses and sins.' In other words, if in any church, or in any dis “ It may perhaps occasion surprise, trict, prosperity of soul becomes the that he should have thought it necessary general characteristic of believers in to dwell on such a topic, in a day which Christ, and there are also very nume- claims to be regarded as pre-eminently rous instances of conversion to God, characterized by Christian exertion. there is unquestionably a revival in reli- The writer is not wholly ignorant of the gion. Now, in order to this, it is not kind or the degree of activity which prenecessary that there should be any sudden vails in the religious world, in which, inor strongly marked impression upon a deed, he has borne some humble part, congregated multitude, in any particular and to which he wishes to do ample jusplace, or at any particular time. A ge- tice; but his deliberate opinion is, that, nuine revival of religion cometh not while, in the kind of activity which always, in the first instance, “ with ob- exists, the degree is far from being just servation.' Much may be passing in the matter of complacency, there is a large heart, which is not indicated by external sphere of obligatory effort criminally and manifestation, or divulged to any human almost totally neglected. He is ready to being. In the state of society in which allow whatever can be justly said of the we live, we are accustomed greatly to pecuniary liberality of the present period; repress and studiously to conceal the he acknowledges the zeal which is shown indications of powerful feeling, and espe- for the maintenance and extension of an cially of religious emotions. The utter- official ministry; and, with still greater ance of the deep-toned language of the pleasure, does he contemplate the inciheart, we are but little prepared to ex- pient labours of those who go into the pect, and still less disposed to indulge. streets and lanes of the city but, to say It is to be presumed, therefore, that the nothing of the very partial and inadecommencement of a revival of the life quate execution of these sacred duties and power of religion, in such a state of and blessed enterprises, what are the society as ours, would have an aspect of professors of religion doing individually to greater tranquillity and less sympathetic save sinners ? Let any man, in a spirit of excitement, than it would be reasonable the most fervent charity, make the into expect under other circumstances, or quiry respecting those whom he perin some other countries."--pp. 15, 16. sonally knows, and with whose general
habits he is well acquainted : in what Let “ Paul plant, and Apollos method, or to what extent, do these water," and let us pray earnestly
persons appear to try to rescue a sonl
from death? The answer to this ques. that God would “ give the in
tion could scarcely be far from the truth, crease.”
since efforts of such a character are not We have been much impressed easily concealed; but, inasmuch as they with the Sermon by Mr. Hinton,
may be so in part, let every professor entitled, “ The Means of a Re
make the scrutiny perfectly accurate,
by carrying it into his own bosom, and ligious Revival.” With our views seriously asking, What have I ever done, of the close approximation of re- or what am I in the habit of doing, for vival and reformation, we adopt the conversion of ungodly men? The Mr. Hinton's work most cordially:
writer has a strong conviction, that in
comparison with its resources, almost not that we think it reaches the nothing is done in this direction, through
the whole church of Christ. Amidst all words of the Lord to one of his ancient the activity of the age, the direct means servants, “What doest thou here, Elijah ? of conversion are for the most part re- Was it then wrong to pray ? No: but it signed to professional hands, and the will be wrong to content ourselves with care of men's souls almost as completely prayer. The question addressed to the left to the ministers of the Gospel, as prophet was designed to turn him from that of their bodies to the apothecary. his lamentation over the idolatrous state With even the awakened anxiety of the of the Jewish nation, to his duty as its present moment respecting the progress destined reformer; and we need equally of religion, there is associated to a great to be directed from our supplications to extent the mistaken and injurious senti. our labours. We have presented our ment, that the only thing wanting is a petitions at the throne of grace, for the diviné blessing, and that the only means conversion of the world. Here is the to be used is prayer; or that, if any per- answer to them: "YE ARE THE SALT sons are to be more laborious, it is only OF THE EARTH. As though the Lord the ministers. The Lord help his mini - had said, “The conversion of the world sters to be more laborious! We have lies not only with me; it lies in part with all need to be quickened in our work, yourselves. If it is mine to pour out a and no faithful minister wishes to shrink blessing, it is yours to employ the means from it. But this cherished feeling of upon which alone a blessing can rest. exemption on the part of Christians at Depart, therefore, to your labour; and large is a great evil; it is one of the see that you are as faithful to your obligreatest evils of the present age. It lies gations, as you have implored me to be like a mountain on the bosom of the to my promises. Such ought to have church of Christ, and it oppresses the been our spirit and our purpose while heart which would otherwise heave with waiting at his throne ; and if indeed it far mightier throes for the salvation of were not, we could expect little else the world. It stifles her voice ; it para- than to be driven from his presence, lyzes her hands; it induces a sluggish- with the indignant rebuke, Wilt thou ness of the general circulation, and with call this a fast, and an acceptable day to it a morbid want of sensibility, which the Lord ?. Bring no more vain oblarenders it impossible to elicit even the tions; the calling of assemblies I cannot existing signs of life, except by a system away with.'”-pp. 1, 2. of excessive and unhealthy stimulants. Nor can any rational hope be enter
To give an adequate idea of tained of what seems to be so ardently the merits of this Discourse, we longed for, namely, a revival of religion, should be almost guilty of a reuntil this vast slumbering body is aroused
print; and all we can do is to to throw off its incubus, and bend its whole energies to the effort."--pp. viii.
request that every reader of our -X.
pages will endeavour to procure
å sight of it. We hope, indeed, The text is from Matt. v. 13. that few persons will satisfy " Ye are the salt of the earth :” themselves with our account of &c. and we give the former part this, or either of the works at of the exordium, as a most suitable the head of this article. Someperoration to the day of fasting, thing important may be learned humiliation, and prayer, which has from all; and this is not a comlately occurred.
mon subject—not one theoretical
or amusing, but one of deep “ Our attention has lately been di
practical importance, in which rected to the very serious and affecting fact, that the progress of religion, at the every Christian is individually present period, is by no means rapid; concerned. far less so than must be desired, and Of these 'publications we come might be expected. On this account we now to the next in order, but, have engaged in an exercise of extraordinary prayer; an occasion on which your in our estimation, not the least attendance was gratifying, and on which in value: nay, so much to the we are assured that the God of Zion contrary, that we think it really accepted graciously whatever of real crowns the whole. All the preprayer was presented at his footstool.
ceding works have taken up the Ever since that day, however, I have seemed to have ringing in my ears the subject analytically; this takes it