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everlasting infamy. The style of had been once married, previous to her the book is in admirable keeping marriage with his father: but of her with its subject.

first husband we know nothing, save It is written in his name and occupation. He was John the very spirit of Laud himself; Robinson, an eminent clothier and merand did we believe in the doctrine chant in Reading, by whom she had of metempsychosis, we should several sons and daughters, all of them have been convinced that the soul

i respectably connected in after life. A

younger son entered into holy orders, of the Archbishop had taken up and was Prebendary of Westminster its residence in the body of his and Archdeacon of Nottingham, and biographer. Mr. Lawson evi- two of the daughters were married to dently possesses all his zeal for the church.”- pp. 1, 2.

Si clergymen of considerable reputation in the trumpery of forms and cere. monies-all his penebant for the

The meanness and obscurity old harlot-all his narrow-minded of an individual's origin ought bigotry and hatred of the men never to be regarded as his diswho presume to differ from him. grace, provided that in bis exalHis qualifications as a historian tation he does not entirely forget and a reasoner are another affair. them himself. But if, when raised It shall not be our fault if our rea- by accidental circumstances, which ders do not duly appreciate them, is frequently the case, both in and bestow on their Reverend Church and State, he possessor the meed of praise “Forgets the dunghill where he grew, which justly belongs to him. And thinks himself one knows not who,” Should our extracts call forth a it is not surprising that others relarger portion of animadversion mind him of it. This was the than we usually employ in these true reason why Laud was reintroductory articles, the nature minded of his plebeian parentage ; of the case will furnish our apo- though Mr. Lawson can account logy. Had Laud only been cele- for these reminiscences only from brated in these volumes, we should " the disposition of the party," probably have allowed them to and " the low and scurriloits enjoy at once the slumber to falsehoods retailed by the Puriwhich assuredly they are shortly tans.” This is a specimen of Mr. destined. But as Mr. Lawson, Lawson's opinion of the Puritans to vindicate bis hero, has, in a and of his mode of speaking of manner the most unjustifiable and them, so early as page third of his outrageous, abused men and prin- work. ciples that are dear to us as life

“ During his infancy, Laud was suband liberty and religion, he has ject to illness, to such a degree that he no right to complain if we expose was not expected to live. Having re. his ignorance and his malignity. covered, he received the rudiments of

his education at the free-school of his “ William Laud was born on the 7th native town, at which he continued till day of October, 1573, in the parish of he was sixteen years of age. It is re. St. Lawrence, Reading, a town of con- corded, that, while he was at school, siderable importance in Berkshire, plea- he gave so many indications of his future santly situated on the river Kennet, eminence, that his master frequently and famous for its magnificent abbey, said to him, that he hoped he would renow in ruins, founded by Henry I. in member Reading School when he be1126, and dedicated to St. James the came a great man. Little, however, is Apostle. He was the only son of William known of his juvenile years. In the Laud, by profession a clothier, and Lucy month of July, 1589, he was sent to the Webb, sister to Sir William Webb, of the University of Oxford, when only sixteen same county, of an ancient and respec- years of age, and was admitted a comtable family, who filled the office of Lord moner of St. John's College, at that Mayor of London in 1591. His mother time under the superintendence of Joho

Buckeridge, afterwards its President, As a specimen of our author's and successively Bishop of Rochester 'mo and Ely. This distinguished prelate

ter mode of reasoning, and getting was born at Draycot, near Marlborough, rid of representations of Laud's in Wiltshire, and was the son of Wil character, furnished even by his liam Buckeridge, and Elizabeth, daugh- friends and partisans, we extract ter of a gentleman named Keblewhyte, the following passage. It is also of Baseldon, and cousin to Sir Thomas White, founder of St. John's College,

a favourable illustration of his Oxtord. He was educated at Merchant style of speaking of the parties Taylors' School, and in 1578 became with whom it is plain he cannot scholar of St. John's, Oxford, and

contend in argument, however he shortly afterwards Fellow of that So. ciety. It was, perhaps, among the most may overmatch them in the lanfortunate events of Laud's early life, guage of abuse. that he was under the direction of this eminent man. Buckeridge was distin “Respecting Laud's general conduct guished for his zealous attachment to while at the University, we are informed the Church of England, particularly in by Wood, that he was ' at that tinje opposition to the Puritans, who, not. esteemed by all that knew him, (being withstanding the dislike entertained to- little in stature) a very forward, confi-, wards them by Queen Elizabeth, and dent, and zealous person. It is not at the severity which she felt it necessary all improbable, that he felt much of that to exercise, had already broached that

rashness and buoyancy natural to youth, wild enthusiasm which was destined to which would be

which would be more particularly liable break out with violence in the succeed

to excitement on account of the influing century. Laud was not unmindful

ence of the Puritan faction in the Uniof his venerable and learned preceptor

versity, whose enthusiasm it was imin the days of his elevation, and Bishop

possible not to despise. But it does not Buckeridge has left behind him most

follow, though his enemies, who eagerly honourable memorials of his zeal for

caught at every thing to suit their purapostolical and primitive truth.”-pp. 7

pose, endeavoured afterwards to make -9.

it appear, since he was uniformly the

same man from his birth to his death, Of Buckeridge's zeal for “ Apos- that he gave any extraordinary signs of tolical and primitive truth," and haughty demeanour. It is to be rehis capacity for defending them, marked, that the testimony now before

us is on the authority of the Puritans, a ludicrous instance is furnished

and of those violent supralapsarians in the sermon which he preached, whom he afterwards so successfully opby royal appointment, for the posed; who themselves were not too conversion of Andrew Melville, scrupulous in veracity, either in public

or private, as is notorious to every one and his Scottish associates. It

who knows any thing of the crafty and was designed to prove the royal designing methods which they adopted supremacy in ecclesiastical mat to accomplish their own ends; and it ters. It was chiefly taken from will be much more apparent to him who

impartially peruses the volumes of Neal, Bilson's book on that subject,

the Puritan historian, or any of those and confounded the doctrine of the contradictions repeated by Messrs. Bogue Presbyterians with that of the Pa- and Bennet, in their history of Dissen. pists. The parties for whose bene- ters. Nevertheless, it may have so

of it happened that Laud did conduct himfit it was preached insisted that it

self haughtily (at least reservedly) toshould be printed, that they might wards the Puritan faction in the Unianswer it; which was accordingly versity, nor am I at all inclined to exdone. But when they were pre

hibit him as destitute of any of the

failings of humanity, or superior to the paring to reply, they were ordered

sallies of youth, before his mind was to separate, and made prisoners

matured by experience and reflection. with the bishops. Yet Mr. Law- But it is unfair to allow sectarian preson, who had this fact before judice so completely to obscure common

sense, as to seize on the slightest pecuhim, has the assurance to say,

Jiarities of youth, and fasten them on “He completely vanquished the the actions

the actions of maturer years, as indicaScotch Presbyterians.”

tions of what some men choose to cal tyranny, and others popery. And thus by his disciples both in England and much must be said of Laud, while only Scotland, in the sixteenth and sevena private member of the University, that teenth centuries; by which the frenzy he then laid the foundation of his future of a stern republicanism overthrew the eminence; that he was held in no small government of the land, and, even after estimation; and that the fame which he it was re-established, involved the acquired in all his public appearances is northern part of the island in rebellion honourable to his genius, his industry, and bloodshed. The opinions he taught, and his learning."--pp. 12, 13.

as he conceived them to be derived

from the Scriptures, require other proof We do not know where a tissue than that which he furnishes : and those

do greatly err, who believe them to be of greater absurdity and misre.

the doctrines of the Church of England. presentation is to be found than in That church, it is consolatory to know, the following passage, which the takes a much higher authority, and by author seems to intend as an apo

the holy Scriptures it stands or falls.” – logy for calling names, and pro- PP

pp. 26, 27. pagating slander.

So Mr. Lawson's readers must

understand, that when he bandies “ Elizabeth was now in the decline of throughout his pages the opprolife, and the death of the unfortunate Essex had reduced her vigorous mind

brious epithets of " fanatics, liars, to a state of imbecility. Enthusiasm enthusiasts, hypocrites, and a was, in consequence, making rapid pro- long tribe of et ceteras, he means gress at the accession of James. The not men, but systems ! Alas, Calvinism of Geneva had disgusted that monarch in Scotland, insolently as it

poor gentleman, the horror of was advocated by the Melvilles and their Presbyterianism and Calvinism associates. It was highly necessary, seem fairly to have robbed him therefore, that James should take mea- of his wits. Whenever they pre. sures, on his accession to the English

sent themselves before him, he throne, to oppose that insolent fanaticism which had been secretly kindling seems seized by the furies, and in the minds of the people for half a storms and raves like a maniac. century, and disturbing the peace of But let us hear this learned the church by every new importation of divine settling zealots from the school of Geneva. Nor,

divine settling the doctrine of the while thus speaking of the dogmas of Church, and putting to silence Calvin, and the grand features of Pres- all the parties within and the parbyterianism, would I be thought want- ties without her pale. After the ing in respect to those who differ following passage, so lucid in its from us. I speak of systems only, not of individuals, excepting so far as their statements, and powerful in its public conduct is concerned. Our argument, we shall surely hear no church has been incessantly attacked, more about the different interbut we are unwilling to retaliate, while

pretation of the Articles, and the we know the sure ground on which we tread. • Having a sure and certain

contest of the High Church and word of prophecy, unto which it will Evangelical Clergy. be well for us to take heed,' we reject the fallacious doctrine of expediency, « On no subject, perhaps, has there and assert with confidence the con- been greater dispute than on the meanstant visibility and oneness of the ing of the Articles of the Church of church in all ages, from the days of England. While the zealous Puritan its Divine Founder. Nor need the rejected them in toto, both because they authorities on which our positions are were not sufficiently Calvinistic to suit grounded, be required of us : even his notions, and because they contained Calvin himself could not reconcile them that form of ecclesiastical polity which to his own opinions. To the merit he abhorred; the Calvinist, on the one of that Reformer, indeed, I willingly hand, who wished not to leave the bear testimony: his learning is indis. church, discovered them to be thoroughly putable, he was a great inan; but the Calvinistic, and was content; the Armisame spirit which prompted him to pur- nian loudly asserted, on the other hand, sue the mild, though mistaken, Servetus that they contained the doctrines and to the stake, was too amply inherited tenets of Arminius, and cordially subscribed to them. Such was the proce- ‘be who cometh unto God, will in no dure in the time of Laud, and such it wise be cast out, and if its ministers is in the present day. Now, keeping are commanded to call on all men every out of view the Puritan and the modern where to repent, without any reservation Dissenter as completely hopeless sub of election or reprobation, then let it jects, or, in other words, as men be be called Arminian, for such is the docyond the reach of argument or reason, trine of Holy Scripture. And if the nothing is more evident than that both Episcopal government of the Church be the Calvinist and Arminian are deci taken into account, in opposition to the dedly wrong. The articles are expressed Calvinistic system of ecclesiastical parity, with such clearness, that he who candidly by which the unedifying sight has often pernses them, and is gifted with an been exhibited, of preachers at war with ordinary share of reason, cannot fail to one another, without a head to control perceive their meaning, and to acquiesce them, or to impose on them ecclesiastical at once in their decisions ; but it is most obedience, then let it be Arminian, it absurd to say that they are founded matters not, since the polity which is upon, or that they favour, the indivi enjoined and practised, has been that of dual theories either of John Calvin or the church in every age, since the days of James Arminius. A division has in- of its divine Founder.”-- pp. 29-32. deed taken place in the church in modern times, and an unaccountable Let us put together a few of zeal has now decided that the orthodox the preposterous mistatements and clergy are the Calvinists: those who

unsupported assertions of this deny Calvin's tenets being of course anti-evangelical. Yet, if the test of passage. They are really too abevangelism be the rash assumptions of surd and ludicrous to merit a sethe predestinarian, most unquestionably rious reply. that evangelism rests upon a feeble foundation, and they do greatly err

“ The zealous Puritans rejected whose zeal is thus permitted to triumph the Articles in toto.This is an over their reason. But the Church of unblushing falsehood, equally reEngland at once disdains a blind vene- specting the Puritans, the Nonration for any frail and erring mortal,

conformists, and the Dissenters. however great or excellent in the eyes of his fellow men. That the Articles of " The Puritan and modern Disthe Church are not Calvinistic, I hope senter are beyond the reach of to show in another place ; and that they argument and reason.” It is very are not Arminian, I here assert, inas

true, if the argument and reason much as the tenets of Arminius were not propagated until a long time after

of Mr. Lawson be meant. “The these Articles were compiled. But if Articles are expressed with such by Arminian (for language is arbitrary, clearness, that he who candidly and it matters not what may be the name, however odious that name may

peruses them, and is gifted with be to the descendants of the champions an ordinary share of reason, canof the covenant in the north – if, I say, not fail to perceive their meaning, by Arminian, it be meant, that the and acquiesce in their decisions." Church of England in its Articles, not in its clergy, rejects and disapproves a

Consequently, in the opinion of

a rash inquiry into those 6 secret things

Mr. Lawson, all who have differed which belong unto the Lord our God, about their meaning, have been if it rejects the horribile decretum of either fools or hypocrites, destiCalvin, on whose showing, to adopt the tute of an ordinary share of roa. language of John Wesley, the elect

he tute of an ordinary share of reawill be saved, do what they will; the son or of candour. The zeal reprobate will be damned, do what they of the evangelical clergy triumphs can,' and in all its public ministrations, over their reason ;” and “ the test formularies, articles, rituals, and nomilies,

of evangelism is the rash assumpasserts, that every man, without exception, who hears the glad sound of the tions of the predestinarian"-BeGospel, may become a partaker of the cause the Articles of the Church same, and a true member of Christ's were framed before Arminius was body. as he did become in infancy by born, therefore the doctrines of

the washing of water and the renewing of the Holy Spirit,'-- if, in short, it is

the Church are not Arminian. the constant theme of the church that The horrible decree of Calvin (a

vile misapplication of the phrase,) themselves laid claim. The whole submaintains that “ the elect will be ject turned on the nature of the church

-on its polity, and the ordination of saved, do what they will; the re- i

the clergy–whether there actually exprobate will be damned, do what isted an apostolical descent, and whence they can!”

it was transmitted. To deny the validity We are so disgusted with the of the orders of the Romish Church, is

o unquestionably absurd : for, however malignity and unceasing misrepremangniy illnd unceasing misrepre corrupt and degenerate that church is, sentations of this absurd writer, it cannot in the least degree affect the that we know not whether we ordination it confers. For if such were ought to go on, and yet we are the case, there would then be a dan

Ñ gerous position assumed, that there is a scarcely begun. But as the book

virtue in the ordination, which does not has an imposing exterior, and exist, any farther, than that no man makes some pretensions to re- without that ordination can lawfully and search, and presents a parade of scripturally exercise the functions of the authorities, our readers must bear without being lawfully ordained to them,

sacred office: and that he who does so, with us some time longer.

is actuated by that sectarian fanaticism Mr. Lawson goes on to abuse which deluded multitudes in the sevenArchbishop Abbot, one of the

teenth century, and produced an anarchy

in the church unparalleled in the remost excellent and upright men

cords of history. If there be no such who ever filled the See of Can- thing as regular and valid ordination, terbury. But he was purita. then there is no ministry, and it matters nically inclined, and was the not how the sacraments are administered, friend of moderate measures. The

or by whom, seeing that one man has

just as good a right to administer them friend and panegyrist of Laud as another. And if the orders of the must therefore be the enemy of Romish Church are to be rejected, as such a inan. He must also be being part of the mark of the beast,'

let the most zealous Dissenter tell us of the friend of Rome. That Mr.

what he has to boast, or what hidden Lawson's leanings, like those of virtue there is in his form of ordination. his “ patron lord,” are in that For the new inventions of modern way, appears from the following times do not form the scriptural basis exquisite defence of Ordination.

by which we are to regulate our ideas of ecclesiastical practice; and I hazard

the assertion, even though it may be “ The question has been often sneer- received with a sneer, that there is no ingly asked by the Romanists, where Dissenting minister whose ordination is was the Protestant Church before Lu- as valid or as scriptural as that of the ther? This question was common in the Romish priests. And if tenaciousness days of Laud, nor was it at all answered of ordination be held as a remnant of with satisfaction by the Puritan divines, popery, then why do Dissenters ordain who seldom abode by the argument, but at all, seeing that they submit to a pracwent on to a discussion of certain 'doc- tice, which, even though exercised in trines, and spirituality in matters of their own way, they cordially set at faith.' Now, that these are all right in nought and despise ? The truth is, every themselves there can be no qnestion, gift is not a grace: ordination is one still there was another way in which the thing, the doctrine taught is another: Romanists might be silenced, and the and he who imagines that the chief exCatholic doctrine of the visibility of the cellence of the Christian ministry rests church maintained. This position, there in the mere act of preaching, and a hufore, Laud assumed, and he managed man display of eloquence from the the subject with the ability of a master. pulpit, labours under a most grievous While the positions of Abbot and others, delusion. The sacraments are among who took refuge among the continental the ordinary means of salvation; and sectaries, were easily overthrown by the the efficacy of these sacraments is renpriests and Jesuits ; they were at once dered void as well by the want of regustaggered by the arguments of a more lar ordination, as by the unworthiness powerful opponent, who revelled not in of the person partaking of them. Our an enthusiasm which they had long de- Saviour himself, when he declared that spised, but successfully opposed them his kingdom was not of this world, diswith the very authorities to which they tinctly taught that the office of the

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