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ILLUSTRATIONS.

Portrait Of BerengariA, Queen of Richard I., in her bridal Costume, vestoved from her Effigy at the Abbey of Kspan. (See page 38.) Frontispiece.

Berenqaria's Landing At Ac Hi:—Received on the beach by King Philip Augustus. (See page 15.) Vignette.

BERENGARIA OF NAVARRE,

THE QUEEN OF RICHARD I.

CHAPTER I.

Mutual attachment of Berengaria and Richard—Berengaria's descent— Berengaria demanded in marriage—Travels with Queen Eleanora— Waits with her at Brindisi—Consigned to Queen Joanna—Embarks for Palestine with her — Storm — Terror of Berengaria — Richard takes Cyprus—Berengaria lands—Nuptials at Cyprus—Costume of Richard and Queen Berengaria — Crowned Queen of England nnd Cyprus — Princess of Cyprus — Berengaria sails for Palestine — Received by King Philip at Acre—Adventures in Palestine—Truce —Berengaria embarks with Joanna—Richard shipwrecked — Imprisoned—Sale arrival of the two queens at Naples—Berengaria's stay at Rome—Queens escorted by Count Raymond St. Gilles—Queen Joanna married to him—Misfortunes of King Richard—Eleanora's regency—Travels to Germany—Berengaria resigns the captive Cypriot—Berengaria's brother—Queen-mother returns with Richard to England—Berengaria forsaken—Hermit reproves Richard—Richard's illness—His penitence — St. Hugh — Richard implores his queen's pardon—Berengaria's goodness—Follows Richard to war—Devoted love—King's death—Berengaria with him—Death of Queen Joanna —She retires to Mans—Berengaria's dower—Her pecuniary troubles— Builds abbey of Espan—Resides there—Dies there—Buried—Effigy —Character.

The Princess Berengaria of Navarre captivated the

VOL. II. B

heart1 of our first Richard at Guienne, while he was yet entangled in a marriage engagement with the fair and frail Alice of France.

An ardent friendship had subsisted from boyhood between Richard Plantagenet and Sancho the Strong, the gallant brother of Berengaria. A similarity of pursuits strengthened the intimacy of Richard with the royal family of Navarre. The father and brother of Berengaria were celebrated for their skill and judgment in Provencal poetry.2 Berengaria was herself a learned princess; and Richard, who was not only a troubadour poet, but, as acting sovereign of Aquitaine, was the prince and judge of all troubadours, became naturally drawn into close bonds of amity with a family whose tastes and pursuits were similar to his own.

No one can marvel that the heart of the ardent Richard should be captivated when he met the beautiful, the cultivated, and virtuous Berengaria, in the familiar intercourse which sprang from his friendship with her gallant brother. Richard's cruel entanglement with Alice prevented him from offering his hand to the lady of his choice; and a long and secret engagement, replete with " hope deferred," was the fate of Richard the Lion-hearted and the fair flower of Navarre.

Berengaria of Navarre3 may be considered a Provencal princess by birth, language, and education, though she was Spanish by descent. Her mighty father, Sancho the Wise, drew his descent from Sancho the Great of Castille, called the Emperor of all Spain.

1 Godfrey, Vinisauf, Hovenden, and many historians. 'Atlas Historiqu*. 'Chronicle of Navarre.

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