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He was a brave youth, and was much more anx-placably. The old lady had some curious notions ious to excel his fellows by prowess in sport and respecting the soul, which, she imagined, took its gymnastic exercises, than by advancement in learn-flight to the moon after death, as a preliminary
essay, before it proceeded further. One day, after When any study pleased him, he devoted all his a repetition, it is supposed, of her original insult to attention to it, and was quick in the performance of the boy, he appeared before his nurse in a violent his task. He cared but little where he stood in his rage. “Well, my little hero," she asked, “what's class; and at the foot was as agreeable to him as at the matter with you, now?” Upon which the the head.
child answered, that “this old wonjan had put him He remained at school until the year 1796, when in a terrible passion,--that he could not bear the an attack of scarlet fever weakened his, by no means sight of her," &c., &c.,—and then broke out into strong, constitution, and he was removed by his the following doggerel, which he repeated over and mother to the Highlands.
lover, as if delighted with the vent he had found for From the period of his residence in the High- his rage;lands, Byron dated his love of mountainous coun
" In Nottingham county, there lives at Swan Green, tries and his equally ardent love of solitude. While
As curst an old lady as ever was seen; at Aberdeen, he would escape unnoticed, and find
And when she does die, which I hope will be soon, his way to the sea-side. At one time, it was sup
She firmly believes she will go to the moon." posed he was lost, and after a long and anxious search he was found struggling for his life in a sort This was the occasion and the result of his first of morass or marsh, in which he would undoubtedly effort at rhyming., His “first dash at poetry,” as have perished, had not some one came to the rescue. he calls it, was made one year later, during a vaca
Many like instances occurred during his residence tion visit at the house of a cousin, Miss Parker. among the Highlands. His love of adventure often Of that poem, he says, “It was the ebullition of a led him into difficulty and danger. While scram- passion for my first cousin, one of the most beautibling over a declivity that overhung a small water-ful of evanescent beings.
evanescent beings. I have long forgotten
I ha fall, called the Linn of Dee, some heather caught the verses, but it would be difficult for me to forget his lame foot, and he fell. He was rolling down-her-her dark eyes-her long eye-lashes-her comward, when the attendant luckily caught him, and pletely Greek cast of face and figure! I was then was but just in time to save him from being killed. about twelve--she rather older, perhaps a year.”
On the 17th of May, 1798, William, the fifth Lord Love for this young lady obtained strong hold of Byron, died without issue, at Newstead, and young his heart. Of her personal appearance, he says, Byron, there in his tenth year, succeeded to his “I do not recollect any thing equal to the transpatitles and his estates; and his cousin, the Earl of|rent beauty of my cousin, or to the sweetness of her Carlisle, the son of the late Lord's sister, was ap-temper, during the short period of our intim pointed his guardian.
She looked as if she had been made out of a rains Upon this change of fortune, Lord Byron was bowall beauty and peace.” removed from under the immediate care of his After a short visit at Cheltenham, in the summer mother.
of 1801, at the earnest solicitation of his mother, In the latter part of 1798 he went with his mother he was placed at Harrow, under the tuition of to Newstead Abbey. On their arrival, he was placed Doctor Drury, to whom he testified his gratitude in at Nottingham, under the care of a person who a note to the fourth canto of Childe Harold. In professed to be able to cure his lameness; at the one of his manuscripts journals, he says, “ Dr. same time, he made some advancement in Latin Drury was the best, the kindest friend I ever hadstudies, under the tuition of a schoolmaster of that and I look upon him still as a father." town, a Mr. Rogers, who read parts of Virgil and “Though he was lame," says one of his schoolCicero with him. The name of the man whose fellows, he was a great lover of sports, and prepretensions in curing excelled his skill, and under ferred hockey to Horace, relinquished even Helicon whose empiricism the young lord was placed, was for 'duck puddle,' and gave up the best poet that Lavender; and the manner in which he proceeded ever wrote hard Latin for a game of cricket on the to effect a cure was, by first rubbing the foot over common. He was not remarkable (nor was he ever) for a long time with handsful of oil, and then for his learning, but he was always a clever, plainforcibly twisting the foot round, and binding it up in spoken, and undaunted boy. I have seen him fight a sort of a machine, with about as much care and by the hour like a Trojan, and stand up against the thought of the pain he might give, as if straighten- disadvantage of his lameness with all the spirit of ing up a crooked limb of a tree.
an ancient combatant." Byron, during his lessons with Mr. Rogers, was It was during a vacation, and his residence at often in violent pain; and one day the latter said to Newstead, that he formed an acquaintance with him, “ It makes me uncomfortable, my lord, to see Miss Chaworth, an event which, according to his you sitting there in such pain as I know you must be own deliberate persuasion, exercised a lasting and suffering." "Never mind, Mr. Rogers," answered paramount influence over the whole of his subthe boy; " you shall not see any signs of it in me.” sequent character and eventful career.
This gentleman often spoke of the gaiety of his I wice had he loved, and now a third time he pupil, and the delight he experienced in exposing bowed before beauty, wit, and worth. Lavender's pompous ignorance. One day he wrote The father of this young lady had been killed in down on a sheet of paper all the letters of the a duel by the eccentric grand-uncle of Byron, and alphabet, put together at random, and placing them the union of the young peer with her, the heiress of before this concentrated body of pretension, asked Annesley Hall, “would," as he said, “have healed him very seriously what language it was. Not feuds in which blood had been shed by our fathers; wishing to expose his ignorance, and not dreaming it would have joined lands rich and broad; it would of the snare to trip him, he replied as seriously as have joined at least one heart, and two persons not the inquiry was put, that it was Italian, to the ill-matched in years." But all this was destined to infinite delight of the young satirist, who burst exist but in imagination. They had a parting into a loud laugh.
interview in the following year; and, in 1805, Miss At about this period, Lord Byron's first symptom Chaworth was married to Mr. Musters, with whom of a tendency to rhyme manifested itself. The she lived unhappily. She died in 1831. Many of occasion which gave rise to it is thus related :- his smaller poems are addressed to this lady. The
An elderly lady, who was in the habit of visiting scene of their last interview is most exquisitely his mother, had made use of some expressions that described in “ The Dream.” very much affronted him; and these slights, his! During one of the Harrow vacations he studied nurse said, he generally resented violently and im- French, but with little success, under the direction of the Abbé de Rouffigny. The vacation of 1804! His residence was now at Newstead, where, during he spent with his mother at Southwell, and in the preparation of the new edition of his poems, he October, 1805, he left Harrow, and entered Trinity dispensed with a liberal hand the hospitalities of
ness. He says, “I always hated Harrow till the Matthews, one of this party, in a letter to an
" Newstead Abbey is situated one hundred and Soon after entering college, he formed an attach-thirty-six miles from London-four on this side mont with a youth named Eddleston, which exceeded Mansfield. Though sadly fallen to decay, it is still in warmth and romance all his schoolboy attach- completely an abbey, and most part of it is still ments.
standing in the same state as when it was first In the summer of 1806, another visit to South-|built. There are two tiers of cloisters, with a well resulted in an acquaintance with the family of variety of cells and rooms about them, which, Pigots, to a lady of which the earliest of his pub-though not inhabited, nor in an inhabitable state, lished letters were addressed.
might easily be made so; and many of the original The temper of his mother exceeded all bounds. rooms, amongst which is a fine stone hall, are still This temper, Byron in a great degree inherited. In in use. Of the abbey-church only one end remains; his childhood, this passion often broke out in the and the old kitchen, with a long range of apartmost violent manner. Mother and son were often ments, is reduced to a heap of rubbish. Leading quarrelling, and provocations finally led to a sepa- from the abbey to the modern part of the habitaration, in A igust, 1806. Byron fled to London.
I to London, tion is a noble room, seventy feet in length and where his mother followed him, made overtures of twenty-three in breadth ; but every part of the peace, and a reconciliation was brought about house displays neglect and decay, save those which Early in November, his first volume of poems the present lord has lately fitted up.
e put in press. It was entitled - Poems on "The house and gardens are entirely surrounded Various Occasions," and was printed anonymously by a wall with battlements. In front is a large by Mr. Ridge, a bookseller at Newark. Becoming lake, bordered here and there with castellated dissatisfied with this, he caused a second edition to buildings, the chief of which stands on an eminence
January, in which he omitted many at the further extremity of it. Fancy all this pieces which had appeared in the first. This was surrounded with bleak and barren hills, with scarce not intended for public scrutiny, but merely circu- a tree to be seen for miles, except a solitary clump lated among his friends, and such persons as he or two, and you will have some idea of Newstead. thought well disposed towards the first effort of a “So much for the place, concerning which I have young and inexperienced author.
\thrown together these few particulars. But if the · Encouraged by its favorable reception, he again place itself appears rather strange to you, the ways re-wrote the poems, made many additions and of its inhabitants will not appear much less so. alterations, and, under the name of “Hours of Ascend, then, with me the hall steps, that I mav Idleness," sent his volume forth to the public. introduce you to my lord and his visitants. But
This book, containing many indications of genius, have a care how you proceed ; be mindful to go also contained many errors of taste and judgment, there in broad daylight, and with your eyes about which were fiercely assailed by a critique* in the you. For, should you make any blunders,--should Edinburgh Review, and brought forth from Byron you go to the right of the hall steps, you are laid the stinging satire, - English Bards and Scotch hold of by a bear; and should you go to the left, Reviewers.".
your case is still worse, for you run full against a The minor reviews gave the “Hours of Idleness” wolf.* Nor, when you have attained the door, is a better reception, yet we may, with no degree of un- your danger over, for the hall being decayed, and reasonableness, suppose that to the scorching words therefore standing in need of repair, a bevy of of the Edinburgh he owed much of future success inmates are very probably banging at one end of it and fame. He was roused like a lion in its lair. with their pistols; so that if you enter without He felt, though it might be true, he did not deserve giving loud notice of your approach, you have only such an article, and he resolutely determined to escaped the wolf and the bear, to expire by the show the critic that he had talent and genius, pistol-shots o' the merry monks of Newstead. though the reviewer, in his eager search for its “Our party consisted of Lord Byron and four absence, could not discover its presence
others, and was, now and then, increased by the Lord Byron supposed Jeffrey to be the author of presence of a neighboring parson. As for our way the obnoxious article, and he poured out on him of living, the order of the day was generally this: his vials of wrath and merciless satire.
for breakfast we had no set hour, but each suited During the progress of his poem through the his own convenience,-every thing remaining on press, he added to it more than a hundred lines. the table till the whole party had done; though New impressions and influences gare birth to new had one wished to breakfast at the early hour of thoughts, and he made his Bards and Reviewers ten, one would have been rather lucky to find any carry them forth to vex and annoy his victims. of the servants up. Our average hour of rising The person who superintended its progress through was one. I, who generally got up between eleven the press, daily received new matter for its pages; and twelve, was always even when an invalid and, in a note to that gentleman, Byron says, the first of the party, and was esteemed a prodigy " Print soon, or I shall overflow with rhyme." It of early rising. It was frequently past two before was so in subsequent years. If he could reach his the breakfast party broke up. Then, for the amuseprinter, he would continue to send his " thick-ment of the morning, there was reading, fencing, coming fancies," which were suggested by perusals single-stick, or shuttlecock, in the great room; of what he had already written.
practising with pistols in the hall; walking, riding, On the 13th of March, he took his seat in the cricket, sailing on the lake, playing with the bear, House of Lords, and on the middle of the same teasing the wolf. Between seven and eight we month published his satire. From the hour of its dined, and our evening lasted from that time till appearance, fame and fortune followed him. Its one, two, or three in the morning. The evening success was such as to demand his attention in the diversions may be easily conceived. preparation of a second edition. To this much was “I must not omit the custom of handing round, added, and to it was prefixed his name.
after dinner, on the removal of the cloth, a human
• Lord Byron's pet annimals at Newstead.
skull filled with Burgundy. After revelling on around him from the depths of solitude the spirito choice viands, and the finest wines of France, we of other times to people its ruins. adjourned to tea, where we amused ourselves with He made frequent excursions to Attica, on one
ch according of which he came near being seized by a band of to his fancy,--and, after sandwiches, &c., retired pirates dwelling in a care under the cliffs of Mito rest. A set of monkish dresses, which had been nerva Sunias. provided, with all the proper apparatus of crosses, His beautiful song, “ Maid of Athens, ere we beads, tonsures, &c., often gave a variety to our part," was addressed to the eldest daughter of the appearance, and to our pursuits."
Greek lady, at whose house he lodged. Byron was at London when he put the finishing Ten weeks had flown rapidly and pleasantly away, touches upon the new edition, which, having done, when the unexpected offer of a passage in a Brithe took leave of that city, and soon after sailed for ish sloop of war to Smyrna, induced the travelle Lisbon. After a passage of four days, he arrived to leave Athens, which they did, on the 5th of at his destination, in company with his friend, Mr. March, with much reluctance. John Cam Hobhouse. They remained but a short At Smyrna, Lord Byron resided in the house of time in Lisbon, from whence they travelled on the Consul-Gencral. In the course of his residence horseback to Seville and Cadiz. He was as free here, he made a three-day visit to the ruins of Epheand easy in each of these places as he had been at sus. While at S., he finished the two first cantos home. In Lisbon, as he said, he ate oranges, of " Childe Harold," which he had commenced five talked bad Italian to the monks, went into society months before at Joannina. with pocket pistols, swam the Tagus, and became The Salsette frigate being about to sail for Conthe victim of musquitoes. In Seville, a lady of stantinople, Lord Byron and Hobhouse took pascharacter became fondly attached to him, and at sage in her. It was while this frigate lay at anchor parting gave him a lock of her hair “ three feet in in the Dardanelles, that Byron accomplished his length," which he sent home to his mother. In famous feat of swimming the Hellespont. The Cadiz, “ Miss Cordova and her little brother "distance across was about two miles; but the tide became his favorites, and the former his preceptress ran so strong that a direct course could not be purin Spanish. He alludes to this in one of his poems. sued, and he swam three miles.
He arrived at Constantinople on the 13th of May. " 'Tis pleasing to be school'd in a strange tongue
While there, he wore a scarlet coat, richly embroi-
dered with gold, with two heavy epaulettes and a As was the case, at least, where I have been."
feathered cocked hat. He remained about two
months, during which time he was presented to the Leaving Cadiz, in the Hyperion frigate, he sailed Sultan, and made a journey to the Black Sea and for Gibralter, where he remained till the 19th of other places of note in that vicinity. On the 14th August, when he left for Malta.
of July, they left in the Salsette frigate, Mr. HobAt this latter place, he formed an acquaintance house intending to accompany Mr. Adair, the Engwith Mrs. Spencer Smith, à lady whose life had lish ambassador, to England, and Byr
determined been fertile with remarkable incidents, and whom to visit Greece. he addresses, in his poetry, under the name of The latter landed at Zea, with two Albanians, a “ Florence.”
(Tartar, and his English servant. Leaving Zea, he After remaining at anchor for three or four days reached Athens on the 18th. From thence, he made off Patras, Byron and his friend proceeded to their another tour over the same places he had previously ultimate destination. On their passage, they had a visited, and returned to Athens in December, with most charming sunset view of Missolonghi. They the purpose of remaining there during his sojourn ianded at Prevesa on the 29th of September. From in Greece. The persons with whom he associated Prevesa they journeyed to the capital of Albania, at Athens, were Lord Sligo, Lady Hester Stanhope, and, soon after, to Yanina; at which place he and Mr. Bruce. Most of his time was employed in learned that Ali Pacha was with his troops in collecting materials for those notes on the state of
ahiin Pacha in Berat. From modern Greece, appended to the second canto of Yanina, Lord Byron passed to Tepaleen. Being Childe Harold. Here also he wrote, “Hints from among the first English travellers in that part of Horace," a satire full of London life, yet, singular the world, they met with much attention, and the as it may appear, dated, “Athens, Capuchin Congreatest show of hospitality.
vent, March 12, 1811." With the intention of going to Patras, Lord He intended to have gone to Egypt, but failing Byron embarked on board a Turkish ship of war, to receive expected remittances, he was obliged to provided for him by Ali Pacha. A moderate gale forego the pleasure of that trip, and he left Athens of wind arose, and, owing to the ignorance of the and landed at Malta. There he suffered severely Turkish officers, the vessel came near being wrecked. from an attack of fever, recovering from which, he Luckily for all on board, the wind abated, and drove sailed in the Volage frigate for England. He left them on the coast of Suli, where they landed, and, Greece with more feelings of regret than he had by aid of the natives, returned again to Prevesa. left his native land, and the memories of his sojourn
While at the Suliote village, it poor but honest in the East, immortalized in Childe Harold, were Albanian supplied his wants. Byron pressed him among the pleasantest that accompanied him through to take money in return for his kindness, but he life. refused, with the reply, “I wish you to love me, He arrived at London after an absence of just two not to pay me."
Tyears. Mr. Dallas, the gentleman who had superAttended by a guard of forty or more Albanians, intended the publication of “ English Bards and they passed through Acarnania and Etolia to Mis-Scotch Reviewers,” called on him the day after his solonghi, crossed the Gulf of Corinth to Patras, arrival ; Lord Byron mentioned having written a and proceeded from thence, by land, to Vostizza, new satire, and handed the MSS. to him for examiwhere they caught the first glimpse of Mount Par- nation. Mr. Dallas was grieved, supposing that nassus. In a small boat they were conveyed to the the inspiring lands of the East had brought from opposite shore of the gulf; rode on horseback from his mind no richer poetical works. Salona to Delphi, and after travelling through Liva-l Meeting him the next morning, Mr. Dallas exdia, and making a brief stop at Thebes, and other pressed surprise that he had, during his absence, places, arrived at Athens on the 25th of Decem-written nothing more. Upon this, Lord Byron told ber.
him that he had occasionally written short poems, He remained at Athens between two and three besides a great many stanzas in Spenser's measure, months, employing his time in visiting the vast and r
he vast and relative to the countries he had visited. "They are splendid monuments of ancient genius, and calling not worth troubling you with," said Byron, « but
you shall have them all with you, if you like." tears, and exclaimed, “O, Mrs. By, I kad but one He then took Childe Harold's Pilgrimage from a friend in the world, and she is gone!" small trunk, and handed it to Mr. Dallas, at the He was called at this time to mourn over the loss, same time expressing a desire to have the “Hints not only of his mother, but of six relatives and from Horace "put to press iminediately. He intimate friends. undervalued Childe Harold, and overvalued the He returned to London in October, and resumed “ Hints.” He thought the former inferior to the the toils of literary labor, revising Childe Harold, latter. As time passed on, he altered his mind in and making many additions and alterations. He reference to this matter. “Had Lord Byron," had, also, at this time, two other works in press, says Moore, “persisted in his original purpose of " Hints from Horace," and " The Curse of Minergiving this poem to the press, instead of Childe va.” In January, the two cantos of Childe Harold Harold, it is more than probable, that he would were printed, but not ready for sale until the month have been lost, as a great poet to the world.” of March, when “the effect it produced on the
He finally consented to the publication of Childe public,” says Moore, “was as instantaneous as it Harold, vet, to the last, he expressed doubts as to
to has proved deep and lasting. It was electric ;-his its merit, and the reception it would meet with at fame had not to wait for any of the ordinary gradathe hands of the public. Doubts and difficulties tions, but seemed to spring up, like the palace of a arose as to a publisher. Messrs. Longman had re-fairy tale, in a night." Byron, himself, in a memfused to publish - English Bards and Scotch Re- oranda of tho sudden and wholly unexpected effect, viewers ; " and it was expressly stipulated with Mr. said, “I awoke one morning, and found myself Dallas, to whom Lord Byron had presented the famous.” copyright, that Childe Harold should not be offered It was just previous to this period, that he
pplication was made to Mr. became acquainted with Moore, the poet. The Miller, but owing to the severity in which à per- circumstance which led to their acquaintance was sonal friend of that gentleman was mentioned, in a correspondence caused by a note appended to the poem, he declined publishing it. At length it - English Bards and Scotch Reviewers." The acpassed into the hands of Mr. Murray, then residing quaintance thus formed, was continued, with the in Fleet street, who was proud of the undertaking, utmost familiarity, through life. Lord Byron was and by whom it was immediately put to press ;-personally introduced to Moore at the house of and thus was laid the foundation of that friendly Rogers, the poet, where, on the same day, these and profitable connection, between that publisher three, together with Campbell, dined and the author, which continued, with but little Among the many tributes to his genius, which interruption, during the poet's life.*
Lord Byron received, was that of the Prince ReAbout this time, the fifth edition of his satire was gent. At an evening party he was presented to issued, and, soon after, every copy that could be that personage, at the request of the latter. The foun
ken and destroyed. In America, hov- Regent expressed his admiration of Childe Harold ever, and on the continent, where the law of Eng- and entered into a long and animated conversation, land had no power, it continued to meet with an which continued all the evening. unprohibited sale.
In the month of August, 1811, the new theatre in While busily engaged in literary projects, lie was Drury Lane was finished, and, after being urgently suddenly called to Newstead, by information of the requested, Byron wrote an opening address for the sickness of his mother. He inimediately departed, occasion. He now resided at Cheltenham, where, and travelled with all possible speed, yet death pre- in audition to the address, he wrote a poem on ceded him. When he arrived, he found her dead." Waltzing." In May, appeared “The Giaour,”
In a letter, the day after, he says, “I now feel which rapidly passed through several editions. The the truth of Mr. Gray's observation, we can only first contained but about four hundred lines, the have one mother.'”! Mrs. Byron had, undoubtedly, last edition, about fourteen hundred. Many of its loved her son, and he her, with a depth of feeling choicest parts were not in the early copies, yet it
ipposable by those who had seen them in was received with the greatest favor, and the admirtheir fits of ungovernable passion. An incident ers of Childe Harold equally admired this new prothat occurred at Newstead, at this time, proves the duct of the mind of its author. sincerity of his affection. On the night after his In December, 1813, he published - The Bride of
waiting woman of Mrs. Byron, in pass- Abydos.” To this, while being printed, he added ing the door of the room, where the deceased body nearly two hundred lines. It met with a better relay, heard a sound as of some one sighing heavily ception, if possible, than either of his former works. from within; and, on entering the chamber, found, Fourteen thousand copies were sold in one week; to her surprise, Lord Byron, sitting in the dark, and it was with the greatest difficulty and labor that beside the bed. On her representing to him the the demand for it could be supplied. In January weakness of thus giving way to grief, he burst into following, appeared the “The Corsair.” In April.
the “Ode to Napoleon," and, during the ensuing
month, he published “Hebrew Melodies.” •'The following memorandum exhibits the amounts paid by Mr. Murray,
Murray, In May, he adopted the strange and singular reso #various times, for the copyrights of his poems :
lution of calling in all he had written, buying up Childe Harold, I. II. . . . . . . . .
all his copyrights, and not writing any more. For " " III.
. . . . . . . 1,070 u
two years, he had been the literary idol of the peo 11 IV. . . . . . . . . 2,100 Giaour, . . . . .
5:25 ple. They had bestowed upon him the highest Bride of Abydos, .
525 words of praise, and shouted his genius and fame Corsair, . .
525 to the skies. His name had ever been on the lips, Lara, . . .
This writings in the head, and his sentiments in the Siege of Corinth, .
heart of the great public. This strong popularity Parisina, Lament of Tasso,
began to wane, as the excitement caused by the Manfred, . .
sudden appearance of any new thing, always will. Beppo, . . .
The papers raised a hue and cry against a few of . .
525 Don Juan, 1. lt.
his minor poems. His moral and social character 16 " III. IV. V.
1,525 was brought into prominency; all that had occurred Doge of Venice, .
1,050 during his short, but eventful life, and much that Sardanapalus, Cain, and Fopurri,
had never an existence, except in the minds of his Mazeppa, . . . . .
opponents, was related with minute particularity Prisoner of Chillon,
Not only this, but the slight opinion these journal Sundries, . . . . . . . . . 450
lists expressed of his genius,-seconded, as it was Tatual, . . . . . 15,4551. ! by that inward dissatisfaction with his own powers
which they, whose standard of excellence is highest, M. G. Lewis, Mr. Hobhouse and Mr. S. Davies are always surest to feel, mortified and disturbed with whom he made the excursions previously al him. In noticing these attacks, he remarks, “I luded to. It was while here, that he began his proso am afraid what you call trash is plaguily to the pur- romance of “The Vampire ;” also another, founded pose; and, to tell the truth, for some time past, I upon the story of the Marriage of Belphegor, both have been myself much of the same opinion." In of which he left unfinished. this state of mind, he resolved upon bidding fare- From the commencement of the year 1817, to that well to the muses, and betaking himself to some of 1820, Lord Byron's principal residence was at other pursuit. Mentioning this determination to Venice. Soon after reaching that city, he began Mr. Murray, that gentleman doubted his serious- the study of the Armenian language, in which he ness; but on the arrival of a letter, enclosing a made considerable progress. While there, he purdraft for the annount of the copyrights, and a re-sued his literary labors with much diligence and quest to withdraw all the advertisements, and de- success. He wrote “ The Lament of Tasso," the stroy all copies of his poems, remaining in store, fourth canto of “Childe Harold," the dramas of except two of each for himself, all doubts vanished. “ Marino Faliero," and the "Two Foscari;” “Bep. Mr. Murray wrote an answer, that such an act po,” “Mazeppa," and the first cantos of " Don would be deeply injurious to both parties, and final- Juan." ly induced him to continue publishing.
He formed an acquaintance with Madame Guicci. In connection with “ Jacqueline," a poem, by Mr. oli, which soon grew to a passionate love, and was Rogers, “Lara” appeared in August. This was duly reciprocated by her. She was a Romagnese his last appearance as an author, until the spring lady. Her father was Count Gamba, a nobleman of of 1816.
high rank and ancient name, at Ravenna. She had On the 2d of January, 1815, Lord Byron pro- been married, when at the age of sixteen, without posed and waş accepted in marriage, by an heiress, reference to her choice or affection, to the Count Miss Milbanką, daughter of Sir Ralph Milbanke, a Guiccioli, an old and wealthy widower. At the baronet, in the county of Durham. Her fortune time Byron was introduced to her, she was about was upwards of ten thousand pounds sterling, which twenty, with fair and delicate complexion, large, was considerably increased by the death of her pa: dark eyes, and a profusion of auburn hair. This rents, a few years subsequent to her union with the lady almost entirely governed the movements of poet. This union cast a shade on his hitherto Byron, while in Italy; and it was a government bright career. A twelve-months' extravagance, which he appeared to love, and from which he manembarrassments, and misunderstandings, dissolved ifested no desire to escape. it, and the lady retired to the country-seat of her She proceeded with her husband to Ravenna, in parents, from the unpleasant scenes of her own April, 1819, and Lord Byron soon followed. He hoine. One child was the result of this marriage, shortly returned to Venice, where he received a visit Ada Augusta Byron. Previous to the separation, from M re, in the course of which h e presented to Byron's muse was stimulated to exertion by his him a large manuscript volume, entitled, “ My Life fast-gathering misfortunes, and he produced the and Adventures." As he handed it to him, he re“Siege of Corinth” and “Parisina."
marked, “It is not a thing that can be published At the time of their separation, Lord Byron and during my lifetime; but you may have it, if you Lady Byron resided in London. He entered into a like,-there, do whatever you please with it;” and giddy whirlpool of frolicking and unrestrained gai- soon after added, “ This will make a nice legacy for ety, which at length brought upon him great pecu- my little Tom, who shall astonish the latter days niary embarrassments, which so increased, that in of the nineteenth century with it." November, he was not only obliged to sell his libra- This manuscript was a collection of various jourry, but his furniture, and even his beds, were seized nals, memorandas, etc. At Byron's request, Mr. by the bailiffs.
Moore sold the copyright to Murray for two thouAs soon as the separation took place, the full tide sand pounds, with the stipulation that it was not to of public opinion set against him, and those who be published until after the author's decease. When had sought his acquaintance, coveted his friendship, that event occurred, Mr. Moore returned to Mr. and envied him his position, were among his dead-Murray the money advanced, and placed the manuliest foes and his most slanderous vilifiers. "In script at the disposal of Lord Byron's sister, Mrs. every form of paragraph, pamphlet and caricature, Leigh; at whose request, and, with the accordant both his person and character were held up to odi- opinion of Lord Byron's best friends, it was deum; hardly a voice was raised, or at least listened stroyed. The motive for its destruction is said to to, in his behalf; and though a few faithful friends have been an unwillingness to offend the feelings of remained unshaken by his side, the utter hopeless- many of the individuals mentioned in it. ness of stemming
It as well by Towards the close of the year 1819, Lord Byron them, as by himself; and after an effort or two to removed to Ravenna, where he wrote “ The Prophgain a fair hearing, they submitted in silence.” ecy of Dante," " Sardanapalus," Cain," “ Heaven
Thus miserable, yet conscious of his newly- and Earth," the third, fourth and fifth cantos of awakening strength, Byron determined to leave“ Don Juan,” and “ The Vision of Judgment." England. At leaving, the only person with whom He remained at Ravenna during the greater part he parted with regret, was his sister, and to her he of the two succeeding years. In the autumn of penned the touching tribute, « Though the Day 1821 he removed to Pisa, in Tuscany, where he of my Destiny's over.” To Mr. Moore he addressed, remained until the middle of May. Éis habits of “ My Boat is on the Shore;” and to Lady Byron, life, while at Pisa, are thus described by Moore:-“Fare thee well.”
T“At two, he usually breakfasted, and at three, or, He sailed for Ostend on the 25th of April. His as the year advanced, four o'clock, those persons, journey lay by the Rhine. He made a short stay at who were in the habit of accompanying him in his Brussels. At Geneva he spent the remainder of the rides, called upon him. After, occasionally, a game summer; living in a beautiful villa on the borders of billiards, he proceeded,-and in order to avoid of the lake. While there, he made frequent excur-stares, in his carriage,-as far as the gates of the sions to Coppet, Chanouni, the Bernese Alps, and town, where his horses met him. At first, the route other places of interest. Mr. and Mrs. Shelley were he chose for these rides was in the direction of the also residing at Geneva at that time. It was in this Cascine, and of the pine forest that reaches towards villa, on the banks of the lake, that he finished the the sea; but having found a spot more convenient third canto of “Childe Harold." He also wrote for his pisto, exercise, on the road leading from • The Prisoner of Chillon," stanzas "To Augusta," Portalla Spiaggia to the east of the city, he took s6 The Fragment,” “Darkness," and " The Dream.” daily this course during the remainder of his stay
In the inɔnth of August he was visited by Mr. When arrived at the Podere, or farm, in the garden