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6. I conjure you by that which you profèss,

(Howe'er you come to know it,) answer' me:
Though you untie the winds, and let them fight
Against the chùrches; though the yesty waves
Confound and swallow navigation up;
Though bladed corn be lodg'd, and trees blown

Though castles topple on their warders' heads;
Though palaces and pyramids do slope
Their heads to their foundations; though the

Of nature's germins tumble all together,
Even till destruction sicken,-answer me

To what I ask you.
7. Ruin seize thee, ruthless king!

Confùsion on thy banners wait! 8. Accùrsed be the faggots that blaze at his feet, Where his heart shall be thrown, ere it ceases to

beat! 9.

Beshrew thy very heart!
I did not think to be so sad to-night,

As this hath made me. 10. Perish the man whose mind is backward now ! 11. And when I mount, alive may I not light,

If I be a traitor or unjustly fight! 12.

-Heaven bear witness;
And if I have a conscience, let it sink me,
Even as the axe falls, if I be not faithful !

Accusation : 1. Look, what I speak, my life shall prove it true: That Mowbray hath receiv'd eight thousand

In name of lendings for your highness' soldiers;
The which he hath detain'd for base employments,
Like a false tràitor and injurious villain;
That all the trèasons, for these eighteen years,
Complotted and concocted in this land,

Fetch from false Mòwbray their chief spring and

head. 2. And thou, sly hypocrite! who now wouldst seem

Patron of liberty, who more than thou
Once fawn'd and cring’d, and servilely ador'd
Heaven's awful monarch?

Assertion, declaration, affirmation, assurance : 1. As I do live, my honour'd lord, 't is true.

2. Yès, Athenians, I repeat it, you yourselves are the contrivers of your own ruin.

3. I tell you though you, though all the world, though an angel from heaven, should declare the truth of it, I could not believe it.

4. When I behold those manly feelings darkened by ignorance, and inflamed by prejudice, and blinded by bigotry, I will not hesitate to assert, that no monarch ever came to the throne of these realms, in such a spirit of direct, and predetermined, and predeclared hostility to the opinions and wishes of the people. 5. And by the honourable tomb he swears,

That stands upon thy royal grandsire's bones,
And by the royalties of both your bloods,
Currents that spring from one most gracious head,
And by the buried hand of warlike Gaunt,
And by the worth and honour of himself,
Comprising all that may be sworn or said ;
His coming hither hath no farther scope
Than for his lineal royalties, and to beg
Enfranchisement immediate on his knees :
Which on thy royal party granted once,
His glittering arms he will commend to rust,
His barbed steeds to stables, and his heart

To faithful service of your majesty.
6. Be thou assur'd, if words be made of breath,

And breath of life, I have no life to breathe,
What thou hast said to me.

Threatening and warning: 1.

-If thou speak'st false,
Upon the next trèe shalt thou hang alive

Till famine cling thee. 2.

-But, sirrah, henceforth
Let me not hear you speak of Mortimer:
Send me your prisoners with the speediest means,
Or you shall hear in such a kind from me

As will displease you. 3. Return to thy dwelling, all, lonely return; For the blackness of ashes shall mark where it

stood, And a wild mother scream o'er her famishing

4. And if you crown him, let me prophesy-

The blood of English shall manure the ground,
And future ages groan for this foul act;
Peace shall go sleep with Turks and infidels,-
Disorder, horror, fear, and mutiny,
Shall here inhabit, and this land be call'd
The field of Golgotha.

Denial, contradiction, refusal : 1. Thou dost belle him, Percy, thou dost belle him;

He never did encounter with Glendower. 2.

-Cassius. I am a soldier, I,
Older in practice, abler than yourself
To make conditions.
Brutus. Go tò: you're not, Cassius.
Cas. I am.

Bru. I say you are not.
3. No lord of thine, thou haught insulting man,

Nor no man's lord: I have no name, no title,
No, not that name was given me at the font,
But 'tis usurped.

-I'll keep them all;
-he shall not have a Scot of them :
No, if a Scot would save his soul, he shall not.

Earnest intreaty, appeal, remonstrance, expostulation : 1. O God of battles ! steel my soldiers' hearts !

-Not to-dày.
Oh! not to-dày,—think not upon the fault

My father made in compassing the crown! 2. A'rm, árm, you heavens! against these perjur'd

A widow cries, be husband to me, heavens !
Let not the hours of this ungodly day
Wear out the day in peace; but ere sunset,
Set armed discord, 'twixt these perjur'd kings!

Hear me, oh! hear me! 3. Question your royal thoughts, make the case

Be now the father, and propose a son;
Hear your own dignity so much profan’d;
See your most dreadful laws so loosely slighted;
Behold yourself so by a son disdain'd;
And then imagine me taking your part,
And in your power so silencing your son.

Exhortation, invitation, temperate command : 1. Once more unto the breach, dear friends, once

Or close the wall up with our English dèad.

Stdop, Romans, stoop,
And let us bathe our hands in Cæsar's blood;
Then walk ye forth, even to the market-place;
And, waving our red weapons o'er our heads,

Let's all cry peace! freedom! and liberty !
3. Come forth, Oye children of gladness, come!
Where the violets lie

be now your

Ye of the rose lip, and the dew-bright eye,
And the bounding footstep, to meet me fly!
With the lyre, and the wreath, and the joyous lay,

Come forth to the sunshine,- I may not stay. 4. Come away, servant, come: I am ready now;

Approach, my Ariel; come!

6. Go, make thyself like to a nymph o' the sea;

Be subject to no eye but mine; invisible
To every eye-ball else. Go, take this shape,
And hither come in't: hence, with diligence !

Admiration and adoration: 1. The stars are fòrth,-the moon above the tops

Of the snow-shining mountains. Beautiful! 2. These are thy glorious works, Parent of Good,

Almighty! Thine this universal frame,
Thus wondrous fair! Thyself how wondrous

then !
Unspeakable! who sitt'st above these heavens,
To us invisible, or dimly seen

Midst these thy lowest works! 3. Thou glorious mirror! where the Almighty's form

Glasses itself in tempests. 4. And I have loy'd thee, Ocean! and my joy

Of youthful sports, was on thy breast to be Borne, like thy bubbles, onward;—from a boy

I wantoned with thy breakers,—they to me Were a delight. 5. And this is in the night! Most glorious night!

Thou wert not sent for slumber! let me be
A sharer in thy fierce and far delight,-

A portion of the tempest and of thee!
How the lit lake shines !-a phosphoric sea;-

And the big rain comes dancing to the earth! 6. What a piece of work is man! how noble in reason ! how infinite in faculties ! in form and moving, how express and admirable! In action, how like an angel! in apprehension, how like a god!

7. The voice of the Lord is upon the waters: the God of glory thundereth: the Lord is upon many waters. The voice of the Lord is powerful; the voice of the Lord is full of majesty. The voice of the Lord breaketh the cedars; yea, the Lord breaketh the

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