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turned towards the Chamberlain : “ That visions; the feverish state of his mind is a well-turned compliment for him.” created images grotesque and terrible, ani

After this formal presentation the circle mated circles, where were reunited the broke up, groups formed, and conversations elector, his sons, Thecla, Ovid, Cicero, began; the subject of which can easily courtiers and simple villagers. In vain did be guessed. As to Spurdzer, he became the dreamer, exhausted and oppressed with the object of so many bows and salutations nightmares, scream out “Stop! stop!". that he knew not how nor where to con- and those circles appeared to increase in ceal bis confusion. That night Master Se- size and motion. When daylight appeared baltus was the new star that arose in the he was prostrated with the heaviness and firmament of favor,

agitation of his sleep. He was in hopes of Withal, how great was his satisfaction, finding some relaxation while reading a when he at last returned to his apartment! few pages of his favorite author; but his It was not that he did not feel emotion breakfast was served up at an early hour, mingled with fear and sadness. This and his highness had called for him, so sumptuous place, this world unknown to that he had to dispense with Tacitus, and him: here, no more habits, no favorite to hastily partake of his repast in order to corners, no link with the past. Where appear before the Elector. was the old leather-covered arm-chair near “Good morning, my dear preceptor," the hearthstone, the wooden clock with its said the Prince; "how did you sleep? iron weights ; above all, where was that Are you satisfied with your stay at the long pipe that he so amply filled, to smoke palace ?" in the evening? Farewell to the rustio “I frankly avow to your highness," said life of his German fireside ; farewell the Sebaltus, “that I passed a very uneasy caresses of his two beloved sons. Sebal- night." tus regretted even the hasty disposition of “Indeed!" his wife Thecla, who had in turn her good “However, it is not surprising. Life moments. As his gaze wandered around here is so new to me. I shall get accushis new abode, he suddenly perceived on a tomed to it. Besides, I meet with surprise round table volumes that were symmetri- after surprise." cally arranged and richly bound. This at- “How ?" tracted the bibliomaniac's attention. It is “ Undoubtedly so.

From an humble impossible to describe his stupefaction, schoolmaster, I am transformed into the when on examining the titles, and review- preceptor of two princes; from a rustic ing the pages, he recognized his own man- cottage, I am transported into a palace; uscripts. Was it not a miracle, a sequel to and finally, when I cast a look around my the fairy-tale begun that morning? What! apartment, what do I find? My miserable those papers which he valued so little had writings superbly printed and bound. escaped from their drawer, from their ob- This is what astounds me the most; for no scure prison to the office of a publisher! one can persuade ine that I ever thought What hand had brought them to light? of publishing my works, which I have Poor Spurdzer, startled at the rumor of only written for my own personal satisfachis own celebrity, paused and reflected tion. Unless Satan has robbed me by whether he had not been instrumental in night of my manuscripts, I can not underthis strange occurrence. In vain did he stand." recall the past. There was no clue to his “Satan or your wife," said the elector, having made any effort to obtain the favor laughing. or the dangerous honors of publicity. So This disclosure confounded Spurdzer, far then was he in the right to suppose

and rendered him unable to speak. The that there were magic and witchcraft in all Prince added: that had happened, and he would say : “Is "Let us converse seriously, my friend. it the devil in person who has brought me I shall no longer conceal from you the difhere to tempt me?" He spent an uneasy ficulties of your undertaking. Born with night, full of eccentric dreams and horrid strong passions, and particularly with a A Saxon Schoolmaster.

1864.]

35

pride that irritates at the slightest remonstrance, my sons have not been as well brought up as I have wished them to be. Their mother, that providence on earth, has been but too soon taken from them, and absorbed as I am in the cares of my government, I have left Otho and Frederick in the hands of tutors who have not proven worthy of my confidence; but courtiers without dignity, they have tolerated the frolics of my sons. Some have been too indulgent; others have shown too much severity, which is likewise reprehensible when in excess. Between passive gentleness and excessive rigor there is a medium which I hope to find in you. Your whole life has been among youth, you can gnide it, instruct it, keep it within bounds. In a word, you are a father, your two sons love and respect you; your two pupils will also love and respect you. Study their dispositions, and resist without violence their caprice and fancies. I assign to you my authority over them; make judicious use of it, and be assured that I shall not hesitate to yield to what is just and right on all occasions."

Armed with these instructions, the new tutor was introduced to his pupils.

“Ah! ah !" said Otho, ironically, “here is Mr. Spurdzer, the clever Mr. Spurdzer.”

“How are you, Mr. Spurdzer ?” said, in his turn, the roguish Frederick, as he ogled the court costume, awkwardly worn by the pedagogue. The latter wished to commence studies, but he met with the above-mentioned resistance.

* Such are preceptors,” exclaimed the elder prince. “Their first thought is to satiate one with Latin and Greek; for we must be as machines,-continually working at themes and versions. Living dictionaries, walking grammars, their unique aim is words, words. This is not education, at least according to our ideas. How we have longed for a tutor who would be our friend, who would not overtask us with study, and who would not trouble our father's ears with the tales of our slightest freaks!”

" I understand,” said Spurdzer, with simple ingenuity, “your lordship wishes a tutor who would teach nothing, and who would see faults without hazarding an ob

servation-one, in fact, who would invariably be satisfied.”

The young lads exchanged glances, they perceived that Mr. Sebaltus, though apparently easy, was not a man of pliant adulation.

"Listen, Mr. Spurdzer," gravely replied Otho, “though we speak rather enigmatically, we comprehend each other. You have been prejudiced against us, -you have been recommended to be firm,-because we have been spoiled."

“ Prince-"

“Do not deny it; we speak to you openly. The yoke of order, exactitude, and continual study would be insupportable. At our age, with our rank and fortune, we require enjoyment more than science-a friend more than a pedagogue."

Good Sebaltus looked sad; he foresaw a struggle, and as he was too keenly impressed with a sense of duty, he could not refrain from condemning the explicit avowal of Otho. Before he could reply, the fencing-master entered, and he was obliged to assist at the lesson, deafened with the noise of stamps and voices. Then it was successively the music lesson (and the royal scholars learned to blow the trumpet, which affected Mr. Sebaltus's ears in a very unsatisfactory manner); then the dancing lesson, and the riding lesson, always in presence of the preceptor.

“My God !” murmured the latter, “how many useless exercises! If a prince dance artistically, if he be an adept in fencing, if he blow the trumpet as inasterly as a huntsman, or ride a steed as skillfully as a Hungarian hussar, for that reason are his subjects the better off ? Should the sons of the sovereign of Saxony be educated like mountebanks? Let them learn instead, in the good classic authors, the art of governing their people; let them know the human heart! That is the road to true knowledge: they stray, wheresoever else they go. I shall speak to the prince concerning this matter."

Unfortunately for Sebaltus, his thoughts were audible. Otho reproved him sharply:

“So Mr. Spurdzer blames the method of our studies. He desires a prince to be nobody at a ball, to know nothing of hurt. ing or of riding. Well said ! But talk

a

about Greek and Latin, we are now at was utterly impossible for Sebaltus to fol. your orders; the day will have been well low them, and in vain would he shout for employed I'm sure."

them to stop. Very fortunate was he when It seemed as if the two brothers had had they did not contrive to upset him by an understanding to multiply the balder- thrusting adroitly a stool or any other obdash in their themes and versions ; soject in his way, or not to season his soup much so that Master Sebaltus began to re- with an overdose of salt. One night he flect if he had not to deal with some of awoke with a sudden start on hearing the idiotic cretins of the Alps or Pyrenees. groans and the tinkling of a chain.- -Lo, However, the fine and intellectual features what does he behold at the extreme end of of the two princes emphatically denied his room, in the shade - -a ghost clothed this supposition.

in long white robes. The terror of the un“Well," said the Elector to Spurdzer, on fortunate man can easily be imagined. He the evening of that same day, “are you remained motionless, speechless, bis tongue pleased with your pupils ?"

adhered to his palate, his eyes were fixed “I know not whether I should confess to upon the apparition which stood motioning your highness-—"

in a most sinister-like attitude. “Master “Speak frankly, my friend. I have not Spurdzer," said the ghost, with a sepulconcealed to you the turbulent dispositions chral voice, “thou shalt leave this apartment of my sons."

which thou hast profaned by thy presence. “If it were only that!"

Here, in this place where now thou re“What else, then ?” asked the Elector, posest, formerly slept the knight Siegfried with a marked disquietude.

Walkenstern. It is I, .... yes. ... In “Sire, you exact sincerity, and here is that very plaće I was murdered by my the result of the examination I have made : vassals, and since then thou alone hast the princes Otho and Frederick have bril. . dared to occupy the knight's chamber. If, liant talents for fencing, dancing, horse. then, thou art still there to-morrow night, manship; but what poor Latinists! and they thou shalt die by my own hand." know not a word of Greek.”

After that terrible threat, the specter “You astonish me greatly : assuredly, I disappeared, Sebaltas knew not how. The do not pretend to present them to you as night following he was again awakened by erudite scholars, yet I doubt if they be as the same infernal noise. However, Master ignorant as you say.”

Sebaltus thought of putting a stop to this " Then they show palpable unwilling- eccentric nonsense, the annoyance of nesa."

which was most probably connived at to Maybe. Meanwhile rely upon my au- disturb his rest. A brave military man, thority and support."

Captain Fritztroffen, commander of the The princes, however, who were roundly palace guards, having become the tutor's admonished by their father, conceived an confidant in the matter, said to him, in his invincible aversion for poor Spurdzer, and own martial way, "If I were you, my dear they swore to victimize him in every pos- fellow, ghosts should not trouble me very sible manner. They immediately com- long. Nevertheless, if you wish for your menced the attack, and unfortunately for own safety to take this double-barreled Sebaltus, their imagination was in no way pistol, your unfortunate visitor will soon void of malignant trickery. Sometimes, ma! his escape. Ghosts do not like he when they were in the carriage with Mas- smell of powder.” ter Spurdzer, they would lower the win- Thus provided with fire-arms, Sebaltus dows, and the gusts of wind blowing fell into a profound sleep; but, as on the through caused him to utter exclamations preceding night, the sound of the chain and exhortations to those imprudent young awoke him from his dreams. He saw the lads, who were deaf to his entreaties, and ghost brandishing a sword. Sebaltus seized they railed at his fear of catching rheuma- bis pistol. tism. In their walks out in the country, “ Back !" cried he. “If thou dost not they would rush on with such speed that it vanish, I fire!”

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1864.]

A Saxon Schoolmaster.

37

.

The ghost made a retrogressive move- inoffensive of men !- -I never dreamed ment, but as if ashamed of its pusillaniin- of entering this palace. My sovereign has ity, it advanced toward Sebaltus, whosought me, and when I thought that I was pressing the trigger with his finger, fired unworthy of this honor, and that I strove a double shot that re-echoed throughout by dint of zeal to justify the confidence of the palace with a frightful sound. A groan this excellent prince, his sons have sworn was heard, the specter seemed to lean a my ruin. They have scotfed at me and moment against an arm-chair, then slowly tormented me; my age, and the respect disappeared.

they owe to their father-nothing has imWhile Spurdzer was pausing in a half- pressed them with reverence! - O my raised posture, striving to realize the pres- God! my God! was I then destined to enent state of affairs, a loud knock was heard dure such cruel afflictions!" at his door.

Though of a thoughtless nature, Fred* Open! open! in the name of his high- erick was moved. “Be not troubled, my ness," cried they.

dear preceptor," said he, “ and let the past Spurdzer sprang to his feet, donned pre- be forgotten, I entreat you. You must cipitately his robe de chambre, and opened. make allowances for the petulance of our

Several persons belonging to the palace dispositions. Be not troubled, my brother's entered: : among them was Count Pilnitz.

hand was slightly wounded; in five or six “What is this, sir ?” said the chamberlain. days he will be well again.” " Have you been attacked? Did you fire "I feel that this accident will increase a pistol? Speak, speak then."

the hatred with which I have inspired the “ Eh? my God! yes, sir Count, yes, I Prince Otho." have been attacked. I forewarned and I “Not at all. We are in the wrong. fired.”

Henceforth we wish to be on good terms " What do I see !” exclaimed the cham

with you. So be composed, and let us berlain, "blood upon this arm-chair – breakfast.” On the floor a sword 1- this is rather “ Alas, alas," thought Spurdzer, “those more serious.”

fine promises will soon vanish like smoke. After reflecting a little, the Count bent With reason has Phedre said: 'Contra potoward Captain Fritztroffen, and added: tentes nemo est munitus satis.' " * " I have the key to this mystery; our brave

(To be concluded in the next Number.) preceptor did not know that there was a door of communication. Come, captain, come and see if soine dreadful accident has

Books.-Books are the true levelers. not takin place."

They give to all, who will faithfully use The next morning, Spurdzer, as it was his them, the suciety, the spiritual presence of custom, went to the apartments of his royal the best and greatest of our race. No pupils for breakfast, and for his lessons :

matter how poor I am, no matter though he was astonished to find Frederick alone.

the prosperous of my own time will not * Where is Prince Otho ?” asked he, with

enter my obscure dwelling. If the Sacred an instinctive inquietude.

Writers will enter and take up their abode “ My brother?” answered Frederick, under my roof, if Milton will cross my slightly embarrassed, “he is rather in

threshold to sing to me of Paradise, and disposed."

Sbakspeare to open to me the worlds of im. “Wounded, perhaps !"

agination and the workings of the human This exclamation was uttered as if by heart

, and Franklin to enrich me with his inspiration. The young prince hung down practical wisdom, I shall not pine for want his head and blushed.

of intellectual companionship, and I may Then poor Sebaltus saw clearly into the

become a cultivated man though excluded mystery of the preceding nights. His

from what is called the best society in the heart smote him with anguish. “O my place where I live.- W. E. Channing. God!” said he, his eyes filling with tears,

* Against the great, no one is sutliciently “ what have I done to them, I the most guarded.

66

GYMNASTIC APPARATUS.
I.

subject is absurd, exercises both with and PPARATUS versus NO APPARATUS has

without apparatus being necessary in a

course of physical training. ern gymnastic instructors. To the true CalistheniOS, a term having special gymnast, however, the discussion of this reference to the exercises employed in

A

FIG. 1. physical training that are performed without the aid of technical apparatus, are now reduced to a more satisfactory form than ever before. They are equally well adapted to classes and individuals. The general divisions embrace Chest, Shoulder, Elbow, Arm and Hand, Head and Neck, Trunk and Waist, Knee, Leg and Foot, and Combined Exercises.

In these divisions there are one hundred and thirty positions, and two hundred and fifty classes of movements, which require about seven thousand separate motions for their execution.

After the positions and elementary movements are mastered, an almost innumerable variety of combined ones may be executed without further instruction, simply by employing appropriate words of command. These exercises may be formed by the combined efforts of the students arranged in pairs, as in Figs 1 and 2,* as well as by a combination of two or more elementary movements.

While the Ilead and Neck, the Hand, and several of the Foot exercises, cannot be executed with ap paratus, and while Calisthenic exercises are so numerous, varied, and beautiful —bringing into play all the joints, sinews, and muscles, and insuring a

Fig. 2. * The illustrations used in this series of articles are taken froin “ Watson's IIAND-BOOK OY CALISTHENICS AND GYMNASTICS."

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