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Here stands in comely order on the plain,

Delineates thought, and to the wondering eye 'Mid clustered sheafs, the king of golden corn, Embodies vocal air, and groups the sound. Unbearded wheat, support of human life ;

THE BRITISH MINES ; COAL, FULLER'S EARTH, BUILDING-STONE, There rises in round heaps the maltster's hope,

LIME, LEAD, IRON ; SMELTING OF IROX ORE. Grain which the reaper's care solicits best

With various blessings teems thy fruitful womb. By tempting promises of potent beer,

Lo ! from the depth of many a yawning mine, The joy, the meed of thirst-creating toil ;

Thy fossil treasures rise. Thy blazing hearths The poor man's clammy fare l the sickle reaps ; From deep sulphureous pits, consumeless stores The steed's light provender obeys the scythe. Of fuel boast. The oil-imbibing earth, Labor and mirth united, glow beneath

The fuller's mill assisting, safe defies The mid-day sun : the laughing hinds rejoico : All foreign rivals in the clothier's art. Their master's heart is opened, and his eye

The builder's stone thy numerous quarries hide ; Looks with indulgence on the gleaning poor. With lime, its close concomitant. The hills, At length, adorned with boughs and garlands gay, The barren hills of Derby's wildest peak, Nods the last load along the shouting field.

In lead abound ; soft, fusile, malleable ; Now to the God of harvest, in a song,

Whose ample sheets thy venerable domes, The grateful farmer pays accepted thanks,

From rough inclement storms of wind and rain, With joy unfeigned : while to his ravished ear

In safety clothe. Devona's ancient mines, The gratulations of assisting swains

Whose treasures tempted first Phænicia's sons Are music. His exulting soul expands :

To court thy commerce, still exbaustless, yield He presses every aiding hand; he bids

The valued ore, from whence, Britannia, thou The plenteous feast, beneath some spreading tree, Thine honored ? name deriv'st. Nor want'st thou Load the large board ; and circulates the bowl, Of that all-useful metal, the support [store The copious bowl, unmeasured, unrestrained, Of every art mechanic. Hence arise A free libation to the immortal gods, 2

In Dean's large forest numerous glowing kilns, Who crown with plenty the prolific soil.

The rough rude ore calcining ; whence conveyed

To the fierce furnace, its intenser heat APOSTROPHE TO GREAT BRITAIN ; HER PRODUCTS; APPLES ;

Melts the hard mass, which flows an iron stream, J. PHILIPS ; KENT ; HOPS ; HEMP ; FLAX; PAPER. Hail, favored island ! happy region, hail !

On sandy beds below : and stiffening there, Whose temperate skies, mild air, and genial dews,

A ponderous lump, but to the hammer tamed, Enrich the fertile glebe ; blessing thy sons

Takes from the forge, in bars, its final form. With various products, to the life of man

FISHERIES OF BRITAIN; BIRDS, CATTLE; FLOWERS AND FRUITS; Indulgent. Thine Pomona's choicest gift,

DYE-STUFFS, WIELD, WOAD, MADDER. The tasteful apple, rich with racy juice,

But the glad muse, from subterranean caves Theme of thy enviod song, Silurian bard ;

Emerging, views with wonder and delight Affording to the swains, in sparkling cups,

What numerous products still remain unsung. Delicious beverage. Thine, on Cantium's hills, With fish abound thy streams; thy sheltering woods The flowery hop, whose tendrils climbing round

To fowl give friendly covert ; and thy plains The tall aspiring pole, bear their light heads

The cloven-footed race, in various herds, Aloft, in pendent clusters; which in malt's Range undisturbed. Fair Flora's sweetest buds Fermenting tuns infused, to mellow age

Blow on thy beauteous bosom; and her fruits Preserves tho potent draught. Thine too the plant, Pomona pours in plenty on thy lap. To whose tough, stringy stalks thy numerous fleets

Thou to the dyer's tinging cauldron giv'st Owe their strong cordage : with her sister stem,

The yellow-staining weed, luteola 3; Her fairer sister, whence Minerva's 3 tribe,

The glastum 4 brown, with which thy naked sons To enfold in softness beauty's lovely limbs,

In ancient time their hardy limbs distained ; Present their woven texture : and from whence,

Nor the rich rubia 5 does thine hand withhold. A second birth, grows the papyrean 4 leaf,

1 Fuller's earth is found in no other country ; and as it is A tablet firm, on which the painter bard

of so great use in the manufacturing of cloth, the exportation of it is prohibited. Dr. Woodward says this fossil is of

more value to England than the mines of Peru would be. 1 Rye, of which is made a coarse, clammy kind of bread, 2 The learned antiquary, Bochart, is of opinion that the used by the poorer people in many parts of England, on Phænicians, coming to buy tin in the island of Albion, gave account of its cheapness. It is a favorite bread with many it the name of Barat-Anac; that is, the land or country of in the United States.

Tin ; which, being softened by the Greeks into Britannia, 2 The author acknowledges the God of the Harvest, a few was adopted by the Romans. This etymology seems to be lines above, and should not here restore an usurped domin confirmed by the Grecians calling the isles of Scilly, Cassiion to the immortal gods,' long since happily deceased ; terides, which signifies in Greek the same as Barat-Anac in his bowl,' likewise, is too. unmeasured' and unrestrained' Phænician. - Rapin. even for a heathen taste; as Epicurus taught at the end of 3 Wield, commonly called dyer's wood. 4 Woad. the previous canto.-J.

6 Madder, which is used by the dyers for making the most 3 Minerva is said to have invented the art of weaving. solid and richest red ; and, as Mortimer observes, was

4 The pellicle of the Egyptian plant, papyrus, was an- thought so valuable in King Charles the First's time, that ciently used for writing upon ; whence the name of paper. it was made a patent commodity.



Grateful and salutary spring the plants

These are thy products, fair Britannia, these Which crown thy numerous gardens, and invite The copious blessings, which thy envied sons, To health and temperance, in the simple meal, Divided and distinguished from the world, Unstained with murder, undefiled with blood, Secure and free, beneath just laws, enjoy, Unpoisoned with rich sauces, to provoke

Nor dread the ravage of destructive war ; The unwilling appetite to gluttony.

Nor black contagion's pestilential breath ; [towns, For this the bulbous esculents their roots

Nor rending earth's convulsions, — fields, flocks, With sweetness fill; for this, with cooling juice Swallowed abrupt, in ruin's frightful jaws ; The green herb spreads its leaves; and opening buds, Nor worse, far worse than all, the iron hand And flowers and seeds, with various flavors tempt Of lawless

power, stretched o'er precarious wealth,The ensanguined palate from its savage feast. Lands, liberty, and life, the wanton prey

Of its enormous, unresisted gripe.


Through cultured fields, and woods, and waving

The wearied muse forbears to wind her walk. Nor bath the god of physic and of day

To flocks and herds her future strains aspire, Forgot to shed kind influence on thy plants

And let the listening hinds instructed hear
Medicinal. Lo ! from his beaming rays

The closing precepts of her labored song.
Their various energies to every herb
Imparted flow. He the salubrious leaf

THE SHEPHERDS AND SHEEP OF BRITAIN ; CARE OF SHEEP. Of cordial sage, the purple-flowering head

Lo ! on the other side yon slanting hill, Of fragrant lavender, enlivening mint,

Beneath a spreading oak's broad foliage, sits Valerian's fetid smell, endows benign

The shepherd swain, and patient by his side With their cephalic virtues. He the root

His watchful dog ; while round the nibbling flocks Of broad angelica, and tufted flower

Spread their white fleeces o'er the verdant slope, Of creeping camomile, impregnates deep

A landscape pleasing to the painter's eye. With powers carminative. In every brake

Mark his maternal care. The tender race, Wormwood and centaury their bitter juice,

Of heat impatient, as of pinching cold To aid digestion's sickly powers, refine.

Afraid, he shelters from the rising sun,

Beneath the mountain's western side ; and when MEDICINAL QUALITIES OF BRITISH PLAYTS; MARSH-MALLOWS, The evening beam shoots eastward, turning seeks


The alternate umbrage. Now to the sweetest food

Of fallowed fields he leads, and nightly folds, The smooth althæal its balsamic wave

To enrich the exhausted soil : defending safe Indulgent pours. Eryngo's strengthening root

From murderous thieves, and from the prowling fox, Surrounds thy sea-girt isle, restorative,

Their helpless innocence.
Fair Queen of Love, to thy enfeebled sons.
Hypericum,? beneath each sheltering bush,

Its healing virtue modestly conceals.
Thy friendly soil to liquorice imparts

His skilful eye
Its dulcet moisture, whence the laboring lungs Studious explores the latent ills which prey
Of panting asthma find a sure relief.

Upon the bleating nation.

The foul mange The scarlet poppy, on thy painted fields,

Infectious, their impatient foot, by oft Bows his somniferous head, inviting soon

Repeated scratchings, will betray. This calls To peaceful slumber the disordered mind :

For his immediate aid, the spreading taint Lo! from the balm's exhilarating leaf,

To stop. Tobacco, in the briny wave The moping fiend, black melancholy, flies ;

Infused, affords a wash of sovereign use
And burning febris, with its lenient flood,

To heal the dire disease. The wriggling tail
Cools her hot entrails; or embathes her limbs Sure indication gives, that, bred beneath,
In sudorific streams, that cleansing flow

Devouring vermin lurk : these, or with dust
From saffron's friendly spring. Thou too canst boast

Or deadened lime besprinkled thick, fall off The blessed thistle,s whose rejective power

In smothered crowds. Relieves the loaded viscera ; and to thee


the violet, their emollient leaves On every bush, on every bank, display.

Diseases numerous Assault the harmless race : but the chief fiend,

Which taints with rottenness their inward frame, 1 Marsh-mallows. 2 St. John's-wort.

And sweeps them from the plain in putrid heaps, 3 Carduus, called, by physical writers, Carduus Benodictus.

A nuisance to the smell, this, this demands


His watchful care. If he perceives the fleece
In patches lost'; if the dejected eye
Looks pale and languid ; if the rosy gums
Change to a yellow foulness ; and the breath,
Panting and short, emits a sickly stench ;
Warned by the fatal symptoms, he removes
To rising grounds and dry the tainted flock;
The best expedient to restore that health
Which the full pasture, or the low damp moor
Endangered. But if bare and barren hills,
Or dry and sandy plains, too far removed,
Deny their aid — he speedily prepares
Rue's bitter juice, with brine and briinstone mixed,
A powerful remedy ; which from an horn
Injected, stops the dangerous malady.


Refulgent Summer now his hot domain Hath carried to the tropic, and begins His backward journey. Now beneath the sun Mellowing their fleeces for the impending shears, The woolly people in full clothing sweat : When the smooth current of a limpid brook The shepherd seeks, and plunging in its waves The frighted innocents, their whitening robes In the clear stream grow pure. Emerging hence, On littered straw the bleating flocks recline Till glowing heat shall dry, and breathing dews Perspiring soft, again through all the fleece Diffuse their oily fatness. Then the swain Prepares the elastic shears, and gently down The patient creature lays ; divesting soon Its lightened limbs of their encumbering load.

BEST TIME TO BREED SHEEP AT MICHAELMAS. Cautious and fearful, some in early Spring Recruit their flocks ; as when the wintry storms The tender frame hath proved. But he whose aim Ambitious should aspire to mend the breed, In fruitful autumn stocks the bleating field With buxom ewes, that, to their soft desires Indulgent, he may give the noblest rams. Yet not too early in the genial sport Invite the modest ewe ; let Michael's feast Commemorate the deed ; lest the cold hand Of Winter pinch too hard the new-yeaned lamb.

HOW TO CHOOSE A RAM; GOOD POINTS ; FIGHT. How nice, how delicate appears his choice, When fixing on the sire to raise his flock ! His shape, his marks, how curious he surveys ! His body large and deep, his buttocks broad, Give indication of internal strength ; Be short his leg, yet active ; small his head ; So shall Lucina's pains less pungent prove, And less the hazard of the teeming ewe ! Long be his tail, and large his wool-grown ear; Thick, shining, white, his fleece ; his hazel eye Large, bold, and cheerful ; and his horns, if horns You choose, not straight, but curving round and

round On either side his head. These the sole arms His inoffensive mildness bears ; not made For shedding blood, nor hostile war ; yet these, When love, all-powerful, swells his breast, and Into his heart new courage, these he aims, (pours With meditated fury, at his foe.

In glowing colors, here the tempted muse Might paint the rushing conflict, when, provoked, The rival rams, opposing front to front, Spring forth with desperate madness to the fight : But as deterred by the superior bard, Whose steps, at awful distance, I revere, Nor dare to tread ; so by the thundering strife Of his majestic fathers of the herd, My feebler combatants appalled retreat.

MILCH COWS; MILKING. At leisure now, ( let me once again, Once, ere I leave the cultivated fields, My favorite Patty, in her dairy's pride, Revisit ; and the generous steeds which grace Tho pastures of her swain, well pleased, survey. The lowing kine, see, at their customed hour, Wait the returning pail. The rosy maids, Crouching beneath their sides, in copious streams Exhaust the swelling udder. Vessels large And broad, by the sweet hand of neatness cleaned, Meanwhile, in decent order ranged, appear, The milky treasure, strained through filtering lawn, Intended to receive.


O more than mines of gold, than diamonds far More precious, more important is the fleece ! This, this the solid base on which the song Of commerce build, exalted to the sky, The structure of their grandeur, wealth, and power. Hence in the earliest childhood of her state, Ere yet her merchants spread the British sail, To earth descending in a radiant cloud, Britannia seized the invaluable spoil. To ocean's verge exulting swift she flew; There, on the bosom of the bounding wavo, Raised on her pearly car, fair commerce rode Sublime, the goddess of the watery world, On every coast, in every clime adored. High waving in her hand the woolly prize, Britannia hailed and beckoned to her shore The power benign. Invited by the fleece, From whence her penetrating eyes foresaw What mighty honors to her name should rise, She beamed a gracious smile. The obedient winds, Reined by her hand, conducted to the beach Her sumptuous car. But more convenient place The muse shall find, to sing the friendly league, Which, here commenced, to time's remotest age Shall bear the glory of the British sail.


At early day, Sweet slumber shaken from her opening lids, My lovely Patty to her dairy hies :

There from the surface of expanded bowls
She skims the floating cream, and to her churn
Commits the rich consistence ; nor disdains,
Though soft her hand, though delicate her frame,
To urge the rural toil; fond to obtain
The country housewife's name and praise.
Continued agitation sep’rates soon
The unctuous particles ; with gentler strokes,
And artful, soon they coalesce ; at length,
Cool water pouring from the limpid spring
Into a smooth-glazed vessel, deep and wide,
She gathers the loose fragments to an heap ;
Which in the cleansing wave well wrought, and
To one consistent golden mass, receives (pressed
The sprinkled seasoning, and of parts, or pounds,
The fair impression, the neat shape assumes.

A ponderous load imposed, his justice dooms.
Yet, straining in the enormous cars which crowd
Thy bustling streets, Augusta, queen of trade,
What noble beasts are seen! sweating beneath
Their toil, they tremble at the driver's whip,
Urged with malicious fury on the parts
Where feeling lives most sensible of pain.
Fell tyrants, hold ! forbear your hell-born rage !
See ye not every sinew, every nerve,
Stretched e'en to bursting? Villains !-- but the
Quick from the savage ruffians turns her eye, [muse
Frowning indignant. Steeds of hardier kind,
And cool though sprightly, to the travelled road
He destines ; sure of foot, of steady pace,
Active, and persevering, uncompelled,
The tedious length of many a beaten mile.


Is cheese her care? Warm from the teat she The milky flood. An acid juice infused, (pours From the dried stomach drawn of suckling calf,' Coagulates the whole. Immediate now Her spreading hands bear down the gathering curd, Which hard and harder grows ; till, clear and thin, The green whey rises separate. Happy swains ! 0, how I envy ye the luscious draught, The soft salubrious beverage ! To a vat, The size and fashion which her taste approves, She bears the snow-white heaps, her future cheese ; And the strong press establishes its form.


But not alone to these inferior tribes The ambitious swain confines his generous breed. Hark! in his fields, when now the distant sounds Of winding horns, and dogs, and huntmen's shout, Awake the sense, his kindling hunter neighs ; Quick start his ears erect, his beating heart Exults, his light limbs bound, he bears aloft, Raised by tumultuous joy, his tossing head ; And all-impatient for the well-known sport, Leaps the tall fence, and, listening to the cry, Pursues with voluntary speed the chase. See ! o'er the plain he sweeps, nor hedge nor ditch Obstructs his eager flight ; nor straining hills, Nor headlong steeps deter the vig'rous steed : Till joined at length, associate of the sport, He mingles with the train, stops as they stop, Pursues as they pursue, and all the wild, Enlivening raptures of the field enjoys.


But nicer cates, her dairy's boasted fare, The jellied cream, or custard, daintiest food, Or cheese-cake, or the cooling syllabub, For Thyrsis she prepares ; who from the field, Returning, with the kiss of love sincere, Salutes her rosy lip. A tender look, Meantime, and cheerful smiles his welcome speak: Down to their frugal board contentment sits, And calls it feasting. Prattling infants dear Engage their fond regard, and closer tie The band of nuptial love. They, happy, feel Each other's bliss, and, both in different spheres Employed, nor seek nor wish that cheating charm, Variety, which idlers to their aid Call in, to make the length of lazy life Drag on less heavily. Domestic cares, Her children and her dairy, well divide The appropriated hours, and duty makes Employment pleasure. He, delighted, gives Each busy season of the rolling year, To raise, to feed, to improve the generous horse ; And fit for various use his strength or speed.

TITE RACE-HORSE AND RACE DESCRIBED. Easy in motion, perfect in his form, His boasted lineage drawn from steeds of blood, He the fleet courser, too, exulting shows, And points with pride his beauties. Neatly set His lively head, and glowing in his eye True spirit lives. His nostril wide inhales With ease the ambient air. His body firm And round ; upright his joints ; his horny hoofs Small, shining, light; and large his ample reach. His limbs, though slender, braced with sinewy

strength, Declare his wingéd speed. His temper mild, Yet high his mettled heart. Hence in the race All emulous, he hears the clashing whips ; He feels the animating shouts ; exerts With eagerness his utmost powers ; and strains. And springs, and flies, to reach the destined goal.


Dull, patient, heavy, of large limbs, robust,
Whom neither beauty marks, nor spirits fire :
Him, to the servile toil of dragging slow
The burdened carriage ; or to drudge beneath

THE CHARGER, OR WAR-HORSE, DESCRIBED. But, lo! the boast, the glory of his stalls, His warrior steed appears. What comely pride, What dignity, what grace, attend on all His motions ! See ! exulting in his strength,

On great Culloden's memorable field. [throne
Such thine, unconquered Marlborough, when the
Of Louis tottered, and thy glittering steel
On Blenheim's plain immortal trophies reaped.

He paws the ground impatient. On his brow
Courage enthronéd sits, and animates
His fearless eye. He bends his archéd crest,
His mane loose-flowing, ruffles in the wind,
Clothing his chest with fury. Proud, he snorts,
Champs on the foaming bit, and prancing high,
Disdainful seems to tread the sordid earth.
Yet hears he and obeys his master voice,
All gentleness : and feels, with conscious pride,
His dappled neck clapped with a cheering hand.




LAND AT CULLODEN ; MARLBOROUGH. But when the battle's martial sounds invade His ear, when drums and trumpets loud proclaim The rushing onset ; when thick smoke, when fire, Burst thundering from the cannon's awful mouth; Then all inspired he kindles into flame ! Intrepid, neighs aloud ; and, panting, seems Impatient to express his swelling joys Unutterable. On danger's brink he stands, And mocks at fear. Then springing with delight, Plunges into the wild confusion. Terror flies Before his dreadful front; and in his rear Destruction marks her bloody progress. Such, Such was the steed thou, Cumberland, bestrod’st, When black rebellion fell beneath thy hand, Rome and her papal tyranny subdued,

And such, O prince !! great patron of my theme, Should e'er insidious France again presume On Europe's freedom, such, though all averse To slaughtering war, thy country shall present To bear her hero to the martial plain, Armed with the sword of justice. Other cause Ne'er shall ambition's sophistry persuade Thine honor to espouse. Britannia's peace ; Her sacred rights ; her just, her equal laws : These, these alone, to cherish or defend, Shall raise thy youthful arm, and wake to war, To dreadful war,

the British lion's rage. But milder stars on thy illustrious birth Their kindest influence shed. Beneath the smile Of thy indulgence, the protected arts Lifting their graceful heads - her envied sail Fair commerce spreading to remotest climes And plenty rising from the encouraged plough — Shall feed, enrich, adorn, the happy land.

1 George II. began to reign in 1727, George III. in 1760. Dodsley was born in 1703, and died in 1764.

Tusser's "pril's Husbandry."

IF April be dripping, then do I not hate, For him that hath little, his fallowing late ; Else otherwise, fallowing timely is best, For saving of cattle, of plough, and the rest. Be suér of plough to be ready at hand, Ere compas? ye spread that on hillocks did stand ; Lest drying, so lying, do make it decay, Ere ever much water do wash it away. Get into thy hop-yard with plenty of poles, Among those same hillocks divide them by doles. Three poles to a hillock (I pass not how long), Shall yield thee more profit, set decply and strong. Sell bark to the tanner ere timber ye fell ; Cut low by the ground, else do ye not well. In breaking, save crooked, for mill and for ships ; And ever, in hewing, save carpenter's chips. First see it well fenced, ere hewers begin ; Then see it well stadled, without and within ; Leave growing for stadles the likest and best, Though seller and buyer dispatched the rest.

Save elm, ash, crab-tree, for cart and for plough ;
Save step for a stile, of the crotch of the bough :
Save hazel for forks, save sallow for rake;
Save hulver 1 and thorn, thereof fail to make. * *
The land is well hearted, with help of the fold,
For one or two crops, if so long it will hold.
If shepherd would keep them from 'stroying of corn,
The walk of his sheep might the better be borne.
Where stones be too many, annoying thy land,
Make servant come home with a stone in his hand :
By daily so doing have plenty ye shall,
Both handsome for paving, and good for a wall.
From April beginning, till Andrew ? be past,
So long with good huswife her dairy doth last;
Good milch-cow and pasture good husbands provide,
The res'due, good huswives know best how to guide.
Ill huswife, unskilful, to make her own cheese,
Through trusting of others, has this for her fees :
Her milk-pan and cream-pot so slabbered and sost, 3
That butter is wanting, and cheese is half lost. * *

1 2. Compas' means compost manure. To stadle' is, in cutting, to leave standing a sufficient number of thriving young trees, or "stadles,' to replenish the wood-lot.

1 2 3 Hulver is the antique name for holly. St. Andrew's Day is November 30. “Sost' means swilled about ; it is a word still heard in New England.

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