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On swiftly-circling engines, and their notes
PAUL'S SPINNING-MACHINE DESCRIBED.
And sacred domes of worship. Industry,
Such was the scene Of hurrying Carthage, when the Trojan chief First viewed her growing turrets : so appear The increasing walls of busy Manchester, Sheffield, and Birmingham, whose reddening fields Rise and enlarge their suburbs. Lo! in throngs, For every realm, the careful factors meet, Whispering each other. In long ranks the bales, Like War's bright files, beyond the sight extend. Straight, ere the sounding bell the signal strikes, Which ends the hour of traffic, they conclude The speedy compact; and, well-pleased, transfer, With mutual benefit, superior wealth To many a kingdom's rent, or tyrant's hoard.
We next are shown A circular machine, of new design, In conic shape : it draws and spins a thread Without the tedious toil of needless hands. A wheel, invisible, beneath the floor, To every member of the harmonious frame Gives necessary motion. One, intent, O'erlooks the work : the carded wool, he says, Is smoothly lapped around those cylinders, Which, gently turning, yield it to yon cirque Of upright spindles, which with rapid whirl Spin out, in long extent, an even twine.
BURSTAL ; LEEDS DESCRIBED ; THE RIVER AIRE, BARGES,
THE BUSY POPULATION COMPARED TO ANTS ; THE WAIN,
KINE ; HOUSEWIVES; SOUNDS OF THE MECHANICS' TOOLS ; DIGNITY OF INDUSTRY.
As when a sunny day invites abroad The sedulous ants, they issue from their cells In bands unnumbered, eager for their work ; O'er high, o'er low, they lift, they draw, they haste With warm affection to each other's aid, Repeat their virtuous efforts, and succeed. Thus all is here in motion, all is life : The creaking wain brings copious store of corn ; The grazier's sleeky kine obstruct the roads ; The neat-dressed housewives, for the festal board Crowned with full baskets, in the field-way paths Come tripping on; the echoing hills repeat The stroke of axe and hammer ; scaffolds rise, And growing edifices ; heaps of stone, Beneath the chisel, beauteous shapes assume Of frize and column. Some, with even line, New streets are marking in the neighboring fields,
LABOR AND PERSEVERANCE ; THE OAK ; GOLD ; ITS LABORI
OUS PREPARATION. Whate'er is excellent in art proceeds From labor and endurance. Deep the oak Must sink in stubborn earth its roots obscure, That hopes to lift its branches to the skies. Gold cannot gold appear, until man's toil Discloses wide the mountain's hidden ribs, And digs the dusky ore, and breaks and grinds Its gritty parts, and laves in limpid streams, With oft-repeated toil, and oft in fire The metal purifies : with the fatigue And tedious process of its painful works The lusty sicken, and the feeble die. SUPERIORITY OF WOOLEN MANUFACTURING OVER OTHER INDUSTRY; COMPARED WITH THAT OF FLAX, SILK, COTTON.
But cheerful are the labors of the loom,
HOOD A9 SOLDIERS, SAILORS, COLONISTS.
1 A most curious machine, invented by Mr. Paul. It is contrived to spin cotton, but may be made to spin finecarded wool.
To cast the strong-flung shuttle or the spear.
With cheer revived ; and in Sabrina's food,
Thus, then, on Albion's coast the exiled band, From rich Menapian towns, and the green banks Of Scheld, alighted ; and, alighting, sang Grateful thanksgiving.
EFFECTS OF THE IMMIGRATION OF THE FLEMISH WEAVERS;
TURNING SHEPHERDS AND IDLERS TO OPERATIVES.
MIGRATIONS OF THE WEAVING ART ; FROM EGYPT TO PHENICIA, GREECE, VENICE, FLANDERS, BRITAIN. - SCIENCE
Pursue, Ye sons of Albion ! with unyielding heart, Your hardy labors : let the sounding loom Mix with the melody of every vale ; The loom, that long-renowned, wide-envied gift, Of wealthy Flandria,' who the boon received From fair Venetia ; she from Grecian nymphs ; They from Phenice, who obtained the dole From old Ægyptus. Thus, around the globe The golden-footed Sciences their path Mark, like the sun, enkindling life and joy ; And, followed close by Ignorance and Pride, Lead Day and Night o'er realms. FLEMINGS, EXILED THROUGH THE DUKE OF ALVA'S TYRANNY,
MIGRATE TO ENGLAND FROM THE SCHELDT AND ANTWERP, SETTLING IN KENT, NORWICH, COLCHEYTER, ALONG THE STOUR, MEDWAY, YARE, WAVENEY, AND DARENT.
Our day arose, When Alva's tyranny the weaving arts Drove from the fertile valleys of the Scheld. With speedy wing and scattered course they fled, Like a community of bees, disturbed By some relentless gwain's rapacious hand ; While good Eliza to the fugitives Gave gracious welcome ; as wise Egypt erst To troubled Nilus, whose nutritious food With annual gratitude enriched her meads. Then from fair Antwerp an industrious train Crossed the smooth channel of our smiling seas, And in the vales of Cantium, on the banks Of Stour alighted, and the naval wave Of spacious Medway : come on Yare And fertile Waveney pitched, and made their seats Pleasant Norvicum and Colcestria's towers : Some to the Darent sped their happy way :
Yet at times they shift Their habitations, when the hand of pride, Restraint, or southern luxury, disturbs Their industry, and urges them to vales Of the Brigantes ;? where, with happier care Inspirited, their art improves the fleece, Which occupation erst, and wealth immense, Gave Brabant's swarming habitants, what time We were their shepherds only ; from which stato With friendly arm they raised us : nathless some Among our old and stubborn swains misdeemed And envied who enriched them ; envied those Whose virtues taught the varletry of towns To useful toil to turn the pilfering hand.
BRITAIN THE REFCGE OF THE PERSECUTED.
And still, when Bigotry's black clouds arise (For oft they sudden rise in papal realms), They from their isle, as from some ark secure, Careless, unpitying, view the fiery bolts Of superstition and tyrannic rage, And all the fury of the rolling storm, Which fierce pursues the sufferers in their flight. Shall not our gates, shall not Britannia's arms, Spread ever open to receive their flight ? A virtuous people, by distresses oft (Distresses for the sake of truth endured) Corrected, dignified ; creating good Wherever they inhabit : this our isle Has oft experienced ; witness all ye realms, Of either hemisphere where commerce flows :
SOME MANUFACTURING EMIGRANTS CAME FROM BERGIEM,
SLUYS, BRIGE, ALONG THE SOUTH OF ENGLAND, TO THE SEVERN, HEREFORD, WALES, ETC.
Berghem, and Sluys, and elder Bruges, chose Antona's chalky plains, and stretched their tents Down to Clausentum, and that bay supine Beneath the shade of Vecta's cliffy isle. Soon o'er the hospitable realm they spread,
1 2 Flandria, Flanders ; Venetia, Venice ; Phenice, Phenicia ; Egyptus, Egypt ; Nilus, the Nile : Cantium, Kent; Norvicum, Norwich ; Colcestria, Colchester ; Antona, the Avon ; Clausentum, Southampton (?); Vecta, the Isle of Wight; Sabrina, Severn ; Silurian Tame, the Temd, which runs by Ludlow ; Vigornia, Worcester ; Vaga, the Wye; Ariconium, Kenchester, see note, p. 379; Salop, Shropshire; Cambria, Wales ; Dimetia, the south part of Wales ; Menapian, Belgian ; Brigantes, people of Yorkshire.
BRITISH FABRICS CREATED OR IMPROVED BY PERSECUTED
IMMIGRANTS ; CHEYNEY, BAIZE, SERGE, ALEPINE, TAMMY, CRAPE, ETC. ; STEEL, GLASS, MIXED FABRICS.
Th' important truth is stamped on every bale ; Each glossy cloth, and drape of mantle warm, Receives th' impression ; every airy woof, Cheyney, and baize, and serge, and alepine, Tammy, and crape, and the long countless list Of woollen webs; and every work of steel ; And that crystalline metal, blown or fused, Limpid as water dropping from the clefts Of mossy marble : not to name the aids Their wit has given the fleece, now taught to link With flax, or cotton, or the silk-worm's thread, And gain the graces of variety ; Whether to form the matron's decent robe, Or the thin-shading trail for Agra's ' nymphs ; Or solemn curtains, whose long gloomy folds Surround the soft pavilions of the rich.
Their porcelain, Japan its varnish boasts.
TALITY A SOCRCE OF NATIONAL POWER.
FISHERIES. - BELGIUM
THE ARRAS; BLENHEIM TAPESTRIES. - RAMILLIES, ARLEUX.
They, too, the many-colored Arras taught To mimic nature, and the airy shapes Of sportive fancy ; such as oft appear In old mosaic pavements, when the plough Upturns the crumbling glebe of Weldon field, Or that o'ershaded erst by Woodstock's bower, Now graced by Blenheim, in whose stately rooms Rise glowing tapestries that lure the eye With Marlborough's wars : here Schellenberg exults Behind surrounding hills of ramparts steep, And vales of trenches dark ; each hideous pass Armies defend ; yet on the hero leads His Britons, like a torrent, o'er the mounds. Another scene is Blenheim's glorious field, And the red Danube. Here, the rescued states Crowding beneath his shield ; there, Ramillies' Important battle : next the ten-fold chain Of Arleux burst, and the adamantine gates Of Gaul flung open to the tyrant's throne. A shade obscures the rest — Ah ! then, what power Invidious from the lifted sickle snatched The harvest of the plain? So lively glows The fair delusion, that our passions rise In the beholding, and the glories share Of visionary battle. HISTORY OF THE ART , VARIOUS CHEF-D'OUVRES OF DIFFERENT NATIONS ; FELT, PORCELAIN, VARNISH.
This bright art Did zealous Europe learn of pagan hands, While she assayed, with rage of holy war, To desolate their fields : but old the skill ; Long were the Phrygians' picturing looms renowned; Tyre also, wealthy seat of arts, excelled, And elder Sidon, in th' historic web.
Far-distant Tibet in her gloomy woods Rears the gay tent, of blended wool unwoven, And glutinous materials : the Chinese
Each climo, each sea, the spacious orb of each, Shall join their various stores, and amply feed The mighty brotherhood ; while ye proceed, Active and enterprising, or to teach The stream a naval course, or till the wild, Or drain the fen, or stretch the long canal, Or plough the fertile billows of the deep : Why to the narrow circle of our coast Should we submit our limits, while each wind Assists the stream and sail, and the wide main Woos us in every port ? See Belgium build Upon the foodful brine her envied power, And, half her people floating on the wave, Expand her fishy regions : thus our isle, Thus only may Britannia be enlarged. But whither, by the visions of the theme Smit with sublime delight, but whither strays The raptured Muse, forgetful of her task ? MANUFACTURING HIGHWAYS AND BYWAYS OF COMMERCE IN
BRITAIN; WATLING-STREET ; THE TYNE, TEES, WEARE, LUNE, SWALE, AIRE, KEX, WICK, DART, EXE, TOWY, USK.
No common pleasure warms the generous mind When it beholds the labors of the loom : How widely round the globe they are dispersed, From little tenements by wood or croft, Through many a slender path, how sedulous, As rills to rivers broad, they speed their way To public roads, to Fosse, or Watling-street, Or Armine, ancient works; and thence explore, Through every navigable wave, the sea (Tees, That laps the green earth round : through Tyne and Through Weare and Lune, and merchandising Hull, And Swale, and Aire, whose crystal waves reflect The various colors of the tinctured web; Through Ken, swift rolling down his rocky dale, Like giddy youth impetuous, then at Wick Curbing his train, and with the sober pace Of cautious eld meandering to the deep ;
[wave Through Dart and sullen Exe, whose murmuring Envies the Dune and Rother, who have won The serge and kersie to their blanching streams ; Through Towy, winding under Merlin's towers, And Usk, that frequent, among hoary rocks, On her deep waters paints the impending scene, Wild torrents, crags, and woods, and mountain
1 There is woven at Manchester, for the East Indies, a very thin stuff, of thread and cotton, which is cooler than the manufactures of that country, where the material is only cotton.
And celebrate the union; and the light [side,
MEANS OF TRANSPORT IN GREAT BRITAIN; SMALL PONIES OF N. WALES ; SHREWSBURY ; SNEER AT THE LANGUEDOC CANAL.
The northern Cambrians, an industrious tribe, Carry their labors on pigmean steeds, Of size exceeding not Leicestrian sheep, Yet strong and sprightly : over hill and dalo They travel unfatigued, and lay their bales In Salop's streets, beneath whose lofty walls Pearly Sabrina waits them with her barks, And spreads the swelling sheet. For nowhere far From some transparent river's naval course Arise and fall our various hills and vales, Nowhere far distant from the masted wharf. We need not vex the strong laborious hand With toil enormous, as th' Egyptian king, Who joined the sable waters of the Nile From Memphis' towers to the Erythræan gulf ; Or as the monarch of enfeebled Gaul, Whose will imperious forced an hundred streams Through many a forest, many a spacious wild, To stretch their scanty trains from sea to sea, That some unprofitable skiff might float Across irriguous dales and hollowed rocks.
RIVER NAVIGATION ; LONDON THE WORLD'S MART FOR THE
Even now behold Adown a thousand floods the burdened barks, With white sails glistening, through the gloomy
woods Haste to their harbors. See the silver maze Of stately Thamis, ever checkered o'er With deeply-laden barges, gliding smooth And constant as his stream : in growing pump, By Neptune still attended, slow he rolls To great Augusta's mart, where lofty Trade, Amid a thousand golden spires enthroned, Gives audience to the world ; the strand around Close swarms with busy crowds of many a realm. What bales, what wealth, what industry, what
fleets ! Lo, from the simple fleece how much proceeds!
INTERNAL IMPROVEMENTS ; TRENT, SEVERN, AND THAMES,
JOINED BY A CANAL. - CELEBRATION OF THE UNION.
Far easier pains may swell our gentler floods,
Note. – Book IV. (of “The Fleece '), on Commerce, is omitted, as not according with the plan of this compilation.
Rural Ode and Description for February.
In ambush for some wanton prize ;
GREENE'S “SHEPHERD AND HIS WIFE.”
It was near a thicky shade,
MILTON'S “ GARDEN OF EDEN." * * EDEN, when delicious Paradise, Now nearer, crowns with her enclosure green, As with a rural mound, the champaign head Of a steep wilderness, whose hairy sides With thicket overgrown, grotesque and wild, Access denied ; and overhead up-grew Insuperable height of loftiest shade, Cedar, and pine, and fir, and branching palm, A sylvan scene, and, as the ranks ascend, Shade above shade, a woody theatre Of stateliest view. Yet higher than their tops The verd'rous wall of Paradise up-sprung: Which to our general sire gave prospect large Into his nether empire neighb'ring round. And higher than that wall a circling row Of goodliest trees, loaden with fairest fruit, Blossoms and fruits at once of golden hue Appeared, with gay enamelled colors mixed, Of which the sun more glad impressed his beams That in fair evening cloud, or humid bow, When God hath showered the earth, so lovely seemed That landscape ; and of pure, now purer air Meets his approach, and to the heart inspires Vernal delight and joy, able to drive All sadness but despair ; now gentle gales, Fanning their odoriferous wings, dispense Native perfumes, and whisper whence they stole Those balmy spoils : as when to them who sail Beyond the Cape of Hope, and now are past Mosambio, off at sea north-west winds blow Sabean odors from the spicy shore Of Araby the blest; with such delay [league, Well pleased they slack their course, and many a Cheered with the grateful smell, old Ocean smiles.