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THE BENEFIT OF WINDS.
With watry turnips have debased their wines,
Sometimes thou shalt with fervent vows implore A moderate wind ; the orchard loves to wave With winter winds, before the germs exert Their feeble heads ; the loosened roots then drink Large increment, earnest of happy years.
TITHES. – THE DANGER OF WITHHOLDING THEM ; FATE OF A
MISER. Nor let thy avarice tempt thee to withdraw The priest's appointed share ; with cheerful heart The tenth of thy increase bestow, and own Heaven's bounteous goodness, that will sure repay Thy grateful duty : this neglected, fear Signal avengeance, such as overtook A miser, that unjustly once withheld The clergy's due ; relying on himself, His fields he tended with successless care, Early and late, when or unwished-for rain Descended, or unseasonable frosts Curbed his increasing hopes, or when around The clouds dropt fatness, in the middle sky The dew suspended staid, and left unmoist His execrable glebe : recording this, Be just, and wise, and tremble to transgress.
SEASONABLE MONTHLY DRINKS IN TERN. - CURRANTS, RASP
BERRIES, QUINCES, PLUMS, CHERRIES, MULBERRIES ;
Nor will it nothing profit to observe
SIGNS OF THE WEATHER ; CLEARNESS; THE FOWLER.
Learn now, the promise of the coming year To know, that by no flattering signs abused, Thou wisely mayst provide : the various moon Prophetic, and attendant stars, explain Each rising dawn; ere icy crusts surmount The current stream, the heavenly orbs serene Twinkle with trembling rays, and Cynthia glows With light unsullied : now the fowler, warned By these good omens, with swift early steps (glades Treads the crimp earth, ranging through fields and Offensive to the birds, sulphureous death Checks their mid flight, and heedless while they strain Their tuneful throats, the towering, heavy lead O’ertakes their speed ; they leave their little lives Above the clouds, precipitant to earth.
DRINKS MADE FROM BIRCH, COWSLIPS, ETC. But, if thou 'rt indefatigably bent To toil, and omnifarious drinks wouldst brew; Besides the orchard, every hedge and bush Affords assistance ; even afflictive birch, Cursed by unlettered, idle youth, distils A limpid current from her wounded bark, Profuse of nursing sap. When solar beams Parch thirsty human veins, the damasked meads Unforced display ten thousand painted flowers Useful in potables. Thy little sons Permit to range the pastures ; gladly they Will mow the cowslip-posies, faintly sweet, From whence thou artificial wines shalt drain Of icy taste, that, in mid fervors, best Slack craving thirst, and mitigate the day.
THE WOODCOCK ; IF EARLY, IT FORETELLS PLENTY. The woodcock's early visit, and abode Of long continuance in our temperate clime, Foretell a liberal harvest; he of times Intelligent, the harsh Hyperborean ice Shuns for our equal winters; when our suns Cleave the chilled soil, he backward wings his way To Scandinavian frozen summers, meet For his numbed blood.
IRELAND ; HER DRIXXS. Happy Ierne, whose most wholesome air Poisons envenomed spiders, and forbids The baleful toad and viper from her shore ! More happy in her balmy draughts (enriched With miscellaneous spices, and the root For thirst-abating sweetness praised), which wide Extend her fame, and to each drooping heart Present redress,' and lively health convey.
SNOW AS A FERTILIZER ; NITRE.
THE BELGIANS. — THEIR DRINK CALLED MUM; GIN. See, how the Belge, sedulous, and stout, With bowls of fat’ning mum, or blissful cups Of Kernell-relished fluids, the fair star Of early Phosphorous salute, at noon Jocund with frequent-rising fumes ! by use Instructed, thus to quell their native phlegm Prevailing, and engender wayward mirth.
But nothing profits more Than frequent snows : 0, mayst thou often see Thy furrows whitened by the woolly rain, Nutritious ! secret nitre lurks within The porous wet, quickening the languid glebe.
TIE ARCTIC ZONE ; ITS DRINKS ; PITCHORA ; BRANDY. Rough Eliot, sweet Permain ; the blended streams
(Each mutually correcting each) create Far from the sloping journey of the year,
A pleasurable medley, of what taste Beyond Petsora, and Icelandic coasts?
Hardly distinguished ; as the showery arch, Where ever-during snows, perpetual shades
With lifted colors gay, Or, Azure, Gules, Of darkness, would congeal their livid blood, Delights, and puzzles the beholder's eye, Did not the Arctic tract spontaneous yield
That views the watery brede, with thousand shows A cheering purple berry, big with wine,
Of painture varied, yet's unskilled to tell Intensely fervent, which each hour they crave,
Or where one color rises, or one faints. Spread round a flaming pile of pines ; and oft
VARIETY IN THE FLAVOR OF CIDER ; MALAGA; CHAMPAGNE ; They interlard their native drinks with choice
носк. . Of strongest brandy; yet scarce with these aids
Some ciders have by art, or age, unlearned Enabled to prevent the sudden rot
Their genuine relish, and of sundry vines Of freezing nose, and quick-decaying feet.
Assumed the flavor : one sort counterfeits THE TROPICS ; THE NILE ; CEYLON ; BORNEO ; RUM; ARRAK.
The Spanish product ; this, to Gauls has seemed
The sparkling nectar of Champagne ; with that, Nor less the sable borderers of Nile,
A German oft has swilled his throat, and sworn, Nor who Taprobane manure, nor they
Deluded, that imperial Rhine bestowed
The generous rummer, whilst the owner, pleased,
Laughs inly at his guests, thus entertained
With foreign vintage from his cider cask.
CIDER MUST BE ALLOWED TO WORK.
Soon as thy liquor from the narrow cells Quick circuiting ; nor dare they close their eyes,
Of close-pressed husks is freed, thou must refrain Void of a bulky charger near their lips,
Thy thirsty soul ; let none persuade to broach With which, in often interrupted sleep,
Thy thick, unwholesome, undigested cades : Their frying blood compels to irrigate
The hoary frosts and northern blasts take care Their dry-furred tongues, else minutely to death
Thy muddy beverage to serene, and drive Obnoxious, dismal death, the effect of drought!
Precipitant the baser, ropy lees.
CIDER SHOULD SETTLE ON ITS LEES ; THEN BE DRAWX OFF ;
PURE CIDER DESCRIBED.
And now thy wine's transpicuous, purged from all Caribbees, and they whom the cotton plant
It's earthy gross, yet let it feed a while With downy-sprouting vests arrays! Their woods
On the fat refuse, lest, too soon disjoined Bow with prodigious nuts, that give at once
From sprightly, it to sharp or vapid change. Celestial food and nectar ; then, at hand
When to convenient vigor it attains, The Lemon, uncorrupt with voyage long,
Suffice it to provide a brazen tube To vinous spirits added (heavenly drink !),
Inflexed ; self-taught and voluntary flies They with pneumatic engine ceaseless draw,
The defecated liquor, through the vent Intent on laughter ; a continual tide
Ascending, then, by downward tract conveyed, Flows from the exhilarating fount. As, when
Spouts into subject vessels, lovely clear. Against a secret cliff with soddain shock
As when a noontide sun, with summer beams, A ship is dashed, and leaking drinks the sea,
Darts through a cloud, her watery skirts are edged The astonished mariners aye ply the pump,
With lucid amber, or undrossy gold :
So, and so richly, the purged liquid shines.
BOTTLING OF CIDER ; GLASS BOTTLES ; A DESCRIPTIOX OF
Now, also, when the colds abate, nor yet
Full Summer shines, a dubious season, close
For this intent, the subtle chymist feeds And the harsh draught, must twice endure the sun's Perpetual flames, whose unresisted force Kind strengthening heat, twice Winter's purging Oer sand, and ashes, and the stubborn flint, cold.
Prevailing, turns into a fusil sea, MIXGLING OF VARIOUS CIDERS. -- THE RAINBOW. That in his furnace bubbles sunny red : There are, that a compounded fluid drain
From hence a glowing drop, with hollowed stecl, From different mixtures, Woodcock, Pippin, Moile, He takes, and by one efficacious breath
Dilates to a surprising cube, or sphere,
Of coy Lucinda. Give the debtor wine ;
VARIOUS TIMES OF RIPENING OF CHOICE (IDERS; THE MOILE
By his means
PLEASURES OF DRINKING CIDER IN SOMMER HEATS AND
WINTER'S COLD. Thus to the generous bottle all incline, By parching thirst allured : with vehement suns When dusty Summer bakes the crumbling clods, How pleasant is 't, beneath the twisted arch Of a retreating bower, in mid-day's reign To ply the sweet carouse, remote from noise, Secured of feverish heats! When the aged year Inclines, and Boreas' spirit blusters frore, Beware the inclement heavens ; now let thy hearth Crackle with juiceless boughs ; thy lingering blood Now instigate with the apple's powerful streams.
RIPE STIROY CIDER APT TO BE HEADY.
Softened by age, it youthful vigor gains, Fallacious drink! Ye honest men, beware, Nor trust its smoothness; the third circling glass Suffices virtue : but may hypocrites (That slyly speak one thing, another think, Hateful as hell), pleased with the relish weak, Drink on unwarned, till by enchanting cups Infatuate, they their wily thoughts disclose, And through intemperance grow a while sincere.
IN-DOOR ENJOYMENTS. -- DECEMBER; BUXOM DANCES.
Perpetual showers and stormy gusts confine The willing ploughman, and December warns To annual jollities; now sportive youth Carol incondite rhythms, with suiting notes, And quaver unharmonious ; sturdy swains, In clean array, for rustic dance prepare, Mixed with the buxom damsels ; hand in hand They frisk, and bound, and various mazes weave, Shaking their brawny limbs, with uncouth mien, Transported, and sometimes an oblique leer Dart on their loves, sometimes an hasty kiss Steal from unwary lasses ; they with scorn, And neck reclined, resent the ravished bliss.
THE FARMER'S HOSPITALITY. - UNDISSEMBLED HAPPINESS ,
TEMPERANCE ; EARLY RISING. The farmer's toil is done ; his cades mature Now call for vent, his lands exhaust permit To indulge a while. Now solenn rites he pays To Bacchus, author of heart-cheering mirth. llis honest friends, at thirsty hour of dusk, Come uninvited; he with bounteous hand Imparts his smoking vintage, sweet reward of his own industry ; the well-fraught bowl Circles incessant, whilst the humble cell With quavering laugh and rural jests resounds. Ease, and content, and undissembled love, Shine in each face ; the thoughts of labor passed Increase their joy. As, from retentive cage When sullen Philomel escapes, her notes She varies, and of passed imprisonment Sweetly complains ; her liberty retrieved Cheers her sad soul, improves her pleasing song. Gladsome they quaff, yet not exceed the bounds Of healthy temperance, nor encroach on night, Season of rest, but well bedewed repair Each to his home, with unsupplanted feet. Ere heaven's emblazoned by the rosy dawn Domestic cares awake them ; brisk they rise, Refreshed, and lively with the joys that flow From amicable talk, and moderate cups Sweetly interchanged. EFFECTS OF GOOD CIDER, ON THE LOVER, DEBTOR, POET.
The pining lover finds Present redress, and long oblivion drinks
THE FIDDLER; THE BAG-PIPE. Meanwhile, blind British bards with volant touch Trarerse loquacious strings, whose solemn notes Provoke to harmless revels ; these among A subtle artist stands, in wondrous bag, That bears imprisoned winds (of gentler sort Than those which erst Laertes' son enclosed). Peaceful they sleep; but let the tuneful squeeze Of laboring elbow rouse them, out they fly Melodious, and with sprightly accents charm.
WINTER AND SPRING CIDER-DRINKING, ---THANKSGIVING.
'Midst these disports, forget they not to drench Themselves with bellying goblets, nor when Spring Returns, can they refuse to usher in The fresh-born year with loud acclaim, and store Of jovial draughts, now, when the sappy boughs Attire themselves with blooms, sweet rudiments Of future harvest : when the Gnossian crown Leads on expected Autumn, and the trees Discharge their mellow burthens, let them thank Boon nature, that thus annually supplies
APOSTROPHE TO CHARLES I.
SOME OF THE HORRORS OF INTEMPERANCE ; DRUNKEN ELPEXOR'S MISERABLE DEATH.
Now horrid frays Commence, the brimming glasses now are hurled With dire intent; bottles with bottles clash In rude encounter, round their temples fly [cheeks The sharp-edged fragments, down their battered Mixed gore and cider flow : what shall we say Of rash Elpenor, who in evil hour Dried an immeasurable bowl, and thought To exhale his surfeit by irriguous sleep, Imprudent? Him, Death’s iron-sleep oppressed, Descending careless from his couch ; the fall Luxed his neck-joint, and spinal marrow bruised.
O, fact Unparalleled ! O, Charles ! O, best of kings ! What stars their black, disastrous influence shed On thy nativity, that thou shouldst fall Thus, by inglorious hands, in this thy realm, Supreme, and innocent, adjudged to death By those thy mercy only would have saved ! Yet was the cider-land unstained with guilt ; The cider-land, obsequious still to thrones, Abhorred such base, disloyal deeds, and all Her pruning-hooks extended into swords, Undaunted, to assert the trampled rights Of monarchy ; but, ah! successless she, However faithful ! then was no regard Of right or wrong.
And this once happy land, By home-bred fury rent, long groaned beneath Tyrannic sway, till fair-revolving years Our exiled kings and liberty restored.
SICKNESS FROM INTEMPERANCE ; GOUT ; STONE ; ATROPHY ;
DROPSY ; THE CENTAURS.
THE REIGN OF QUEEN ANNE.
Nor need we tell what anxious cares attend The turbulent mirth of wine ; nor all the kinds Of maladies, that lead to Death's grim cave, Wrought by intemperance, joint-racking gout, Intestine stone, and pining atrophy, Chill, even when the sun with July heats Fries the scorched soil, and dropsy all afloat, Yet craving liquids : nor the Centaurs' talo Be here repeated ; how, with lust and wine Inflamed, they fought, and spilt their drunken souls At feasting hour. Ye heavenly powers that guard The British isles, such dire events remove Far from fair Albion, nor let civil broils Ferment from social cups : may we, remote From the hoarse, brazen sound of enjoy Our humid products, and with seemly draughts Enkindle mirth, and hospitable love.
Now we exult, by mighty Anna's care Secure at home, while she to foreign realms Sends forth her dreadful legions, and restrains The rage of kings : here, nobly she supports Justice oppressed ; here, her victorious arms Quell the ambitious : from her hand alone All Europe fears revenge, or hopes redress. Rejoice, 0 Albion ! severed from the world By Nature's wise indulgence, indigent Of nothing from without ; in one supreme Entirely blest ; and from beginning time Designed thus happy ; but the fond desire Of rule and grandeur multiplied a race Of kings, and numerous sceptres introduced, Destructive of the public weal :
WARS OF THE SAXOX KINGS ; EDGAR'S UXIOX.
CIVIL WAR. - ITS CAUSE. ITS CERSE - THE CIVIL WARS
OF ENGLAND. BERTIE ; COMPTON ; GRANVILLE.
For now Each potentate, as wary fear, or strength, Or emulation urged, his neighbor's bounds Invades, and ampler territory seeks
With ruinous assault ; on every plain
New authors of dissension spring; from him
RICHARD I.-IIIS EXPLOITS.
See lion-hearted Richard, with his force Drawn from the north, to Fury's hallowed plains ! Piously valiant (like a torrent swelled With wintry tempests, that disdains all mounds, Breaking a way impetuous, and involves Within its sweep trees, houses, men), he pressed Amidst the thickest battle ; and o'erthrew Whate'er withstood his zealous rage ; no pause, No stay of slaughter, found his vigorous arm, But the unbelieving squadrons turned to flight Smote in the rear, and with dishonest wounds Mangled behind : the Soldan, as he fled, Oft called on Allah, gnashing with despite And shame, and murmured many an empty curse.
EDWARD III. THE FRENCH WARS.
Behold third Edward's streamers blazing high On Gallia's hostile ground ! his right withheld, Awakens vengeance ; 0, imprudent Gauls, Relying on false hopes, thus to incense The warlike English ! one important day Shall teach you meaner thoughts : eager of fight, Fierce Brutus' offspring to the adverse front Advance resistless, and their deep array With furious inroad pierce ; the mighty force Of Edward twice o'erturned their desperate king, Twice he arose, and joined the horrid shock : The third time, with his wide-extended wings, He fugitive declined superior strength, Discomfited ; pursued, in the sad chase Ten thousands ignominious fall ; with blood The valleys float: great Edward thus avenged, With golden Iris his broad shield embossed.
Ah! who at length will end This long, pernicious fray? What man has fate Reserved for this great work ? - Hail, happy prince Of Tudor's race, whom in the womb of time Cadwallador foresaw! Thou, thou art he, Great Richmond Henry, that by nuptial rites Must close the gates of Janus, and remove Destructive discord : now no more the drum Provokes to arīns, or trumpet's clangor shrill Affrights the wives, or chills the virgin's blood; But joy and pleasure open to the view Uninterrupted! With presaging skill Thou to thy own unitest Fergus' line By wise alliance ; from thee James descends, Heaven's chosen favorite, first Britannic king. JAMES 1. OP ENGLAND, VI, OF SCOTLAND. - UNION UNDER
ANNE. To him alone hereditary right Gave power supreme; yet still some seeds remained Of discontent ; two nations under one, In laws and interest diverse, still pursued Peculiar ends, on each side resolute To fly conjunction ; neither fear, nor hope, Nor the sweet prospect of a mutual gain, Could aught avail, till prudent Anna said, Let there be union ; straight with reverence due To her command, they willingly unite, One in affection, laws, and government, Indissolubly firm ; from Dubris south, To northern Orcades, her long domain.
THE POWER AND GLORY OF GREAT BRITAIN.
THIE WARS OF THE ROSES; HORRID SLAUGHTER OF KINDRED
Thrice glorious princo ! whoin Fame with all her
tongues Forever shall resound. Yet from his loins
And now thus leagued by an eternal bond, What shall retard the Britons' bold designs, Or who sustain their force ; in union knit, Sufficient to withstand the powers combined Of all this globe ? At this important act