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The lark into the trammel net ;'
And smell'st the breath of great-eyed kine,
BRYANT'S “SONNET FOR NOVEMBER.”
Yet one smile more, departing distant sun !
One mellow smile through the soft vapory air, Ere o'er the frozen earth the loud winds run,
Or snows are sifted o'er the meadows bare. One smile on the brown hills and naked trees, And the dark rocks whose summer wreaths are
cast, And the blue Gentian-flower, that in the breeze
Nods lonely, of her beauteous race the last. Yet a few sunny days, in which the bee
Shall murmur by the hedge that skirts the way, The cricket chirp upon the russet lea,
And man delight to linger in thy ray. Yet one rich smile, and we will try to bear The piercing winter frost, and winds, and darkened
THE SUBJECT ; THE SOIL, CULTURE AND USE OF THE APPLE.
What soil the apple loves, what care is due
| To what adapted, what it shuns averse :
Without this necessary care, in vain
INVOCATION TO THE LADIES AND GENTLEMEN OF HEREFORD.
Ye Ariconian knights, and fairest dames, To whom propitious Heaven these blessings grants, Attend my lays ; nor hence disdain to learn, How Nature's gifts may be improved by art.
SOIL PROPER FOR ORCHARDS ; WHERE RYE GROWS WELL ;
SUCH SOILS AS KENTCHURCH, SUTTON-ACRES, ETC. ETHELBERT AND OFFA.
DEDICATION TO MR. MOSTYN. And thou, O Mostyn, whose benevolence, And candor, oft experienced, me vouchsafed To knit in friendship, growing still with years, Accept this pledge of gratitude and love. May it a lasting monument remain Of dear respect ; that, when this body frail Is mouldered into dust, and I become As I had never been, late times may know I once was blest in such a matchless friend. THE PROPER ASPECT FOR AN ORCHARD ; OPEN TO THE WEST,
WITH HILLS ON THE NORTH. Whoe'er expects his laboring trees should bend With fruitage, and a kindly harvest yield, Be this his first concern; to find a tract Impervious to the winds, begirt with hills, That intercept the Hyperborean blasts Tempestuous, and cold Eurus' nipping force, Noxious to feeble buds : but to the west Let him free entrance grant, let zephyrs bland Administer their tepid genial airs ; Naught fear he from the west, whose gentle warmth Discloses well the earth's all-teeming womb, Invigorating tender seeds ; whose breath Nurtures the orange, and the citron groves, Hesperian fruits, and wafts their odors sweet Wide through the air, and distant shores perfumes. Nor only do the hills exclude the winds : [showers But, when the blackening clouds in sprinkling Distil, from the high summits down the rain Runs trickling ; with the fertile moisture cheered, The orchards smile ; joyous the farmers see Their thriving plants, and bless the heavenly dew.
But, farmer, look, where full-eared sheaves of rye Grow wavy on the tilth, that soil select For apples ; thence thy industry shall gain Ten-fold reward ; thy garners, thence with store Surcharged, shall burst; thy press with purest juice Shall flow, which, in revolving years, may try Thy feeble feet, and bind thy faltering tongue. Such is the Kentchurch, such Dantzeyan ground, Such thine, 0 learned Brome, and Capel such, Willisian Burlton, much-loved Geers his Marsh, And Sutton-acres, drenched with regal blood Of Ethelbert, when to the unballowed feast Of Mercian Offa he invited came, To treat of spousals : long connubial joys He promised to himself, allured by fair Elfrida's beauty ; but deluded died In height of hopes -0! hardest fate, to fall By show of friendship, and pretended love !
ALLUSION TO THE SLIDING OF MARCLEY HILL.
I nor advise, nor reprehend the choice Of Marcley Hill ; the apple nowhere finds A kinder mould : yet 't is unsafe to trust Deceitful ground : who knows but that, once more, This mount may journey, and, his present site Forsaking, to thy neighbors' bounds transfer The goodly plants, affording matter strange For law debates? If, therefore, thou incline To deck this rise with fruits of various tastes, Fail not by frequent vows to implore success ; Thus piteous Heaven may fix the wandering glebe.
SOILS IMPROPER FOR AN ORCHARD. - NOT MIRY, OR BLACK,
Perceive his influence dire ; sweltering they run
TRIBUTE TO MISS WINCHCOYB.
CLAYEY AND GRAVELLY SOILS MAY BE MADE TO GROW PEARS.
But if (for Nature doth not share alike Her gifts) an happy soil should be withheld ; If a penurious clay should be thy lot, Or rough unwieldy earth, nor to the plough, Nor to the cattle kind, with sandy stones And gravel o'er-abounding, think it not Beneath thy toil ; the sturdy pear-tree here Will rise luxuriant, and with toughest root Pierce the obstructing grit, and restive marl. EVERY SOIL GOOD FOR SOMETHING, NATURALLY OR BY CUL
TIVATION; MOORS; SHEEP ; GEESE; PLINLIMMON ; GOATS ; SAMPHIRE-GATHERERS.
Thus naught is useless made ; nor is there land, But what, or of itself, or else compelled, Affords advantage. On the barren heath The shepherd tends his flock, that daily crop Their verdant dinner from the mossy turf, Sufficient ; after them the cackling goose, Close grazer, finds wherewith to ease her want. What should I more ? Ev'n on the cliffy height Of Penmenmaur, and that cloud-piercing hill, Plinlimmon, from afar the traveller kens, Astonished, how the goats their shrubby browze Gnaw pendent; nor untrembling canst thou see How from a scraggy rock, whose prominence Half overshades the ocean, hardy men, Fearless of rending winds, and dashing waves, Cut samphire, to excite the squeamish gust Of pampered luxury. Then, let thy ground Not lie unlabored ; if the richest stem Refuse to thrive, yet who would doubt to plant Somewhat, that may to human use redound, And penury, the worst of ills, remove ?
MUCKING APPLE-TREES IS BUT OF TEMPORARY BENEFIT.
There are, who, fondly studious of increase,
Such heats prevailed, when fair Eliza, last
TUE LEGEND OF ARICONIUM, A CITY IN HEREFORDSHIRE ; DE
SCRIPTION OF IT. EFFECTS OF DROCGHT.
But if it please the sun's intemperate force
In elder days, ere yet the Roman bands,
CIRCULAR TRENCHING AND WATERING IMPORTANT TO APPLE
TREES IN A DRY TIME.
Tho' this art fails, despond not ; little pains, In a due hour employed, great profit yield. The industrious, when the sun in Leo rides, And darts his sultriest beams, portending drought, Forgets not at the foot of every plant To sink a circling trench, and daily pour A just supply of alimental streams, Exhausted sap recruiting ; else, false hopes He cherishes, nor will his fruit expect The autumnal season, but in Summer's pride, When other orchards smile, abortive fail.
THE EFFECTS OF THE SUN ON SOIL. -- DROUGHT AND HEATS
DESCRIBED. FEVERS. -SMALL-POX. - PESTILENCE.
Thus the great light of heaven, that in his course Surveys and quickens all things, often proves Noxious to planted fields, and often men
CAUSES OF THE DESTRUCTION OF ARICONICM; DROCGHT; GASES; THE THAMES ; THE TEMPEST.
For now the fields Labored with thirst, Aquarius had not shed His wonted showers, and Sirius parched with heat Solstitial the green herb : hence 'gan relax The ground's contexture, hence Tartarean dregs,
Sulphur, and nitrous spume, enkindling fierce, LOVES AND AVERSIONS BETWEEN PLANTS. -- THE VINE NATES Bellowed within their darksome caves, by far
THE IVY AND COLEWORT, BUT LOVES THE ELM; THE ROSE
LOVES THE LEEK, THE FIG, THE RUE, AND SAGE ; More dismal than the loud-disploded roar
GOURD AND CUCUMBER HATE THE OLIVE; PEACH, HAZEL, Of brazen enginery, that ceaseless storm
PALM, QUINCE, ELDER, YEW, WALNUT, CHERRY. The bastion of a well-built city, deemed
The prudent will observe what passions reign Impregnable : th' infernal winds, till now
In various plants (for not to man alone, Closely imprisoned, by Titanian warmth,
But all the wide creation, Nature gave Dilating, and with unctuous vapors fod, (strength Love, and aversion) : everlasting hate Disdained their narrow cells; and, their full The vino to ivy bears, nor less abhors Collecting, from beneath the solid mass
The colewort's rankness ; but, with amorous twine, Upheaved, and all her castles rooted deep
Clasps the tall elm : the Pæstan rose unfolds Shook from their lowest seat ; old Vaga's stream, Her bud, more lovely, near the fetid leek Forced by the sudden shock, her wonted track (Crest of stout Britons), and enhances thence Forsook, and drew her humid train aslope,
The price of her celestial scent: the gourd,
Diverse, detesting contact ; whilst the fig
Contemns not rue, nor sage's humble leaf,
Close neighboring : the Herefordian plant
Caresses freely the contiguous peach,
Hazel, and weight-resisting palm, and likes Hell threatens, and even fate supreme gives signs
T approach the quince, and th' elder's pithy stem ; Of wrath and desolation ? Vain were vows,
Uneasy, seated by funereal yew, And plaints, and suppliant hands, to Heaven erect !
Or walnut (whose malignant touch impairs Yet some to fanes repaired, and humble rites
All generous fruits), or near the bitter dews Performed to Thor, and Woden, fabled gods,
Of cherries. Therefore, weigh the habits well Who with their votaries in one ruin shared, [mood,
Of plants, how they associate best, nor let
Ill neighborhood corrupt thy hopeful grass.
Wouldst thou thy vats with generous juice should Despair, of abject look : at every gate
froth ? The thronging populace with hasty strides
Respect thy orchats ; think not that the trees Press furious, and, too eager of escape,
Spontaneous will produce an wholesome draught. Obstruct the easy way ; the rocking town
Let art correct thy breed : from parent bough Supplants their footsteps ; to and fro they reel A scion meetly sever ; after, force Astonished, as o'er-charged with wine ; when, lo ! A way into the crab-stock's close-wrought grain The ground adust her riven mouth disparts,
By wedges, and within the living wound Horrible chasm ; profound ! with swift descent Enclose the foster twig ; nor over-nice Old Ariconium sinks, and all her tribes,
Refuse with thy own hands around to spread Heroes, and senators, down to the realms
The binding clay : ere long their differing veins Of endless night. Meanwhile, the loosened winds, Unite, and kindly nourishment convey Infuriate, molten rocks and flaming globes
To the new pupil ; now he shoots his arms (trunk, Hurled high above the clouds ; till, all their force With quickest growth ; now shake the teeming Consumed, her ravenous jaws th' earth satiate closed. Down rain th' impurpled balls, ambrosial fruit.
REASONS WHY A CRAB-STOCK IS PREFERABLE.
SOLE REMAINS OF ARICONIUM ; NAME, COINS, URNS, BONES.
Thus this fair city fell, of which the name
Whether the wilding's fibres are contrived
QUINCE-STOCKS AND SLOE-STOCKS. -IN-EYING.
The sloe-stem bearing sylvan plums austere. [loss
Of Nature wouldst thou know? how first she frames
IMPROVEMENTS EVER TO BE ASSIDUOUSLY SOUGHT AND
PRACTISED; THE AUTHOR'S TOILS AND ANXIETIES.
MONTHLY FRUITS. — VIRGIL ; HIS DISCURSIVE FANCY ; BRAKE
JUICE, SLOES, HIPS, SERVICE-BERRY JUICE. Nor is it hard to beautify each month With files of parti-colored fruits, that please The tongue and view, at once.
So Maro's muse, Thrice sacred muse ! commodious precepts gives Instructive to the swains, not wholly bent On what is gainful : sometimes she diverts From solid counsels, shows the force of love In savage beasts ; how virgin face divine (waves, Attracts the hapless youth through storms, and Alone, in deep of night : then she describes The Scythian winter, nor disdains to sing How under ground the rude Riphæan race Mimic brisk Cider with brakes' product wild ; Sloes pounded, hips, and servis' barshest juice.
Then sedulously think To meliorate thy stock; no way or rule Be unassayed ; prevent the morning star Assiduous, nor with the western sun Surcease to work ; lo ! thoughtful of thy gain, Not of my own, I all the live-long day Consume in meditation deep, recluse From human converse, nor, at shut of eve, Enjoy repose ; but oft at midnight lamp Ply my brain-racking studies, if by chance Thee I may counsel right ; and oft this care Disturbs me slumbering. Wilt thou, then, repine To labor for thyself ? and rather choose To lie supinely, hoping Heaven will bless Thy slighted fruits, and give thee bread unearned ?
THE GIFTS OF EXPERIENCE IN FARMING.THE PRAISE OP
'T will profit, when the stork, sworn foe of snakes, Returns, to show compassion to thy plants, Fatigued with breeding. Let the archéd knife Well sharpened now assail the spreading shades Of vegetables, and their thirsty limbs Dissever : for the genial moisture, due To apples, otherwise misspends itself In barren twigs, and, for the expected crop, Naught but vain shoots and empty leaves abound.
MUCH OF THE FORMING FRUIT IS TO BE PINCRED OFF.
Let sage experience teach thee all the arts Of grafting, and in-eying ; when to lop The flowing branches ; what trees answer best From root or kernel : she will best the hours Of harvest and seed-time declare ; by her The different qualities of things were found, And secret motions ; how with heavy bulk Volatile hermes, fluid and unmoist, Mounts on the wings of air ; to her we owe The Indian weed, unknown to ancient times, Nature's choice gift, whose acrimonious fume Extracts superfluous juices, and refines The blood distempered from its noxious salts ; Friend to the spirits, which with vapors bland It gently mitigates, companion fit Of pleasantry and wine ; nor to the bards Unfriendly, when they to the vocal shell Warble melodious their well-labored songs.
When swelling buds their odorous foliage shed, And gently harden into fruit, the wise Spare not the little offsprings, if they grow Redundant ; but the thronging clusters thin By kind avulsion : else, the starveling brood, Void of sufficient sustenance, will yield A slender autumn ; which the niggard soul Too late shall weep, and curse his thrifty hand, That would not timely ease the ponderous boughs.
THE WONDERS OF THE MICROSCOPE. - TIE FORMS OF PLANTS
FOLDED IN SEEDS AND BUDS.
She found the polished glass, whose small convex Enlarges to ten millions of degrees The mite, invisible else, of nature's hand Least animal : and shows what laws of life The cheese-inbabitants observe, and how Fabric their mansions in the hardened milk, Wonderful artists!
But the hidden ways
SCARECROWS; A DEAD KITE THE BEST. It much conduces, all the cares to know Of gardening ; how to scare nocturnal thieves, And how the little race of birds, that hop From spray to spray, scooping the costliest fru it, Insatiate, undisturbed. Priapus' form Avails but little ; rather guard each row With the false terrors of a breathless kite. This done, the timorous flock with swiftest win!