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His vermeil sides in dreadful pride display,
Let dancing swains the flowery valley tread,
THE ARCTIC REGIONS. - SNOW,- HAIL, - SPLENDORS OF ICE. ANIMALS SHOULD ENLIVEN LANDSCAPE DESCRIPTIONS.
FLOCKS; CATTLE ; DEER; THE HORSE. Thence guide the Muse where earth's last confine lies,
Should man be wanting to thy rustic strain, Where winter dwells, and where the north-winds Supply his absence with the bestial train ; And pour incessant from their stormy seat
Whether through woods, in savage pride, they roam, The fleecy snow-fall and the cutting sleet,
Or, with mankind, prefer the peaceful home; Or balls congealed that drive with rattling sound,
Those that as generous friends or slaves attend, And fall on earth, and from the earth rebound. That rise rebellious, or subinissive bend ; The sky's cold horror let the Muse detail,
That cowards live, or shine in hardy deed ; Till fancy shudder at the freezing tale.
Whose wool arrays us or whose milk may feed. Yet even here some savage grace appears,
If those which Berghem's laughing scenes disclose, Where Winter's god his icy palace rears ;
Or from the tints of Wouverman arose,
Can interest give ; shall not the poet's lyre
Paint thou as well; since ready at thy voice, And break the splendor of the solar ray ;
The sylvan natives, in exhaustless choice, Where from the rocks the icicles depend,
But wait the touch of thy prolific hand, And moving lustres with the pine-tree bend ;
To spring to life, and animate the land. Where glittering coats the trennbling reeds surround, If chance the leaves should quiver in the breeze, And in one mass the azure waves are bound ;
Trembling like them, the starting roebuck flees, Dazzling expanse ! upon whose desert wide
As lightning prompt, and quicker than the eye ; Their rapid car the sons of Lapland guide,
In peaceful state the cattle grazing nigh, While gliding lightly, as the reindeers fly,
Swell the rich udder, pendent to the ground,
While close beside their sportive offspring bound.
Or female neigh, along the gale be borne,
The impatient courser leaps the lofty mound, Fly to that dearer spot, her native plain,
Whose thorny barrier skirts his pasture round; Where winters mild and gentler suns arise,
In all the pride of beauty and of blood, And temperate breezes blow along the skies ;
He seeks the coolness of the well-known flood; There let her sing our meadows, shrubs, and wood,
Or, gay and wanton, leaves the plain behind, The tuneful thicket and the murmuring flood; And snuifs the females in the passing wind ; Our blusbiog fruits, that softer colors grace, Scarce do his feet the tender herbage graze ; Our humbler flocks, and Flora's modest race ;
His mane, uplifted, undulating plays ; And, poor of plumago, but of richest voice,
Love, youth, and pride, each graceful movement all; Again let Philomel our woods rejoice.
His beating steps resound to Fancy still !
THE TEMPERATE ZONE PICTURED.
MAN AND HIS ART GIVE INTEREST TO PICTCRES OF NATURE.
HOW TO MAKE ANIMALS MOST INTERESTING. - BIFFON'S
ANECDOTES. -THE WAR-HORSE, THE DOG OF ULYSSES.
Suffice it not to paint the scenes you view ;
Still greater interest would thy e forts show?
The steed with man the pride of conquest shares,
And shun the contact of a hostile soil.
INTEREST GIVEN TO ANIMALS BY LUCRETIUS AND VIRGIL,
THE COMPANIONLESS STEER. - THE TWO BULLS. Too eloquent Lucretius, how thy song, And thine, O Virgil, lead the mind along! How, when ye celebrate the bestial train, Ye bid it yield to pleasure or to pain ! Now with the hind soft pity's tear I shed, And loose the steer, that weeps his comrade dead : Two chiefs, whose rule the circling herds obey, Now rush with fury to the dreadful fray ; No more like bulls appearing to the sight, But haughty kings, whom rival views excite, Armed for their Helen and imperial state, Urged by ambition, and inflamed with hate. Their foreheads stern with direful fury clash, And the full dewlaps on each other lash ; While mingled notes of love and vengeance pour, Heaven's concave echoes with the sullen roar; The gazing herds in awful silence stay, Till conquest tell them which they must obey.
THE COW IN SEARCH OF HER BUTCHERED CALF.
Turn from this view of warfare and affright, Where softer scenes to softer thoughts invite. Yon mournful heifer scarce has learned to boast A mother's fondness, ere her offspring 's lost. Through all the mazes of the darksome grove Her voice demands this early pledge of love ; Her plaintive cries from hill and rock rebound; He only utters no responsive sound. No more the cooling shade or waters sped, In soothing murmurs, o'er their pebbled bed ; No more the shrub, embathed in morning rain, Or freshened grass, where dewdrops still remain, Can tempt her now; her footsteps still explore The well-known fold, or trace the forest o'er ; Again o'er each she strays with plaintive moan, Again returns, despairing and alone. Where beats the heart so hardened as to view Her tender sorrow, and not feel it too?
INTEREST GIVEN TO SCENES BY THE ASSOCIATIONS OF CHILD
HOOD, ETC. Sometimes these scenes, in native beauty bright, From fond remembrance gather new delight. Rich through your strains each happy spot appears: Yet shouldst thou add, “There rose my infant years; There broke the light upon my early view ; There first my beating heart to pleasure flew ;' How does my soul the recollection prize! Back to the distant time my fancy flics, When, twenty years in tedious absence passed, Again I saw my native fields at last. THE AUTHOR'S FEELINGS ON REVISITING HIS NATIVE LIMAGXA. Scarce o'er Limagna's plain had Mont-d'or's
height In the dim back-ground gleamed upon my sight, My heart beat quick : no more my eye surveyed The verdant upland or the lowly glade ; My soul impatient, that outstripped his speed, Accused the slowness of the rapid steed, And, onward flying, called the dearer spot Near to my heart, and ne'er to be forgot : At length arrived, wherever roved my eyes, Some fond remembrance still would love to rise. There stood the tree, that zephyrs gently fanned, And swept my castles traced upon the sand; Here, too, the stone my infant fingers threw, (anew. Skimmed o'er the lake, and leaped and skimmed What raptured bliss throughout my bosom glowed, When first embracing, while my tears o'erflowed, The hoary swain that staid my early tread, The nurse whose milk my infant lips had fed, And the sage pastor that my childhood led ! Ost, too, I cried, 'Ye scenes, in beauty dressed, Where my first years my first desires expressed, That saw me born, that marked me as I grew, Ah! where the pleasures which my childhood know?'
HINTS TO THE POET OF NATURE ; LET HIM GIVE LIFE AND
SEXTIENT TO INAXIMATE THINGS.
Even to the tree, the water, and the flower, The poet's art, in self-created power, A feigned existenco, fancied soul, may give, Where all concurs to make th' illusion live. See round the god those waters fondly twino, Those boughs embrace, and yonder circling vine Its amorous folds around the elm-tree coil,
CONTRAST AS A HEIGHTENER OF INTEREST. Let not the pleasing theme engross my strain ! Come, then, ye painters of the varied plain, Present those scenes that claim your fopdest love, And through them all let gay existence move.
SOUND SHOULD ECTO THE SENSE. —AX IMITATION OF POPE
THE STYLE OF THE RURAL POET SHORLD SUPPLY THE
DEFECTS OF HIS SUBJECT.
Sometimes let contrast's powerful aid be tried ; 0! fields beloved, when will ye bless my sight? Place Vice and Innocence on adverse side ;
When may I now my peaceful slumbers take ; To sights of terror softer views oppose,
Now with choice books amuse me as I wake ; And sylvan pleasures to the city woes.
Now deck with simple grace my rustic bowers,
And idly pass away the listless hours ;
NESS. - WEALTH AND MISERY. DISGUST AND PLEASURE. Drink sweet oblivion of life's careful lot,
From yonder uplands, on whose sloping side
Let countless figures shine throughout your song; And stately Louvre, shall your bosom say:
Mix gay with sad, the gentle with the strong ; • For thy amusement, queen of cities round,
Still let your tone its several objects tell ; Are arts and wealth in brightest union found,
For sound and sense together still should dwell. Celestial music, finely-chiselled forms,
In airy lines let zephyr lightly blow; And deathless works, that native genius warms.'
If smooth the stream, smooth let thy numbers flow; Yet soon forgetful of the specious view, [too ;
Hearst thou the torrent roaring from its rock! Thou 'lt add : • There pride and meanness flourish
Let the loud verse resound the thundering shock ; On every side, and placed in contrast near,
When the slow oxen labor o'er the plain, The pangs of wealth and misery appear ;
At every word should drag the weighty strain ; While countless crimes, that many a land supplies,
When the fleet roebuck flies and cuts the air, Together brought, in fermentation rise :
The verse should follow like the lightning's glare. Of gloomy mien, disdaining lawful love,
Thus let your song, that runs in measured note, See sad Disgust to vicious pleasure move ;
Express each movement, and each thought denote. Or black Self-murder, maddening through the soul, Sharpen the steel, or mix the poisoned bowl : Here, too, in lawless bands, the harlot train,
Too blessed thy Muse, if verdant wood or mead, The shame of Chastity, and Hymen's bane,
Or sunny day, shall animate her reed ; In living tombs, where plaintive sickness lies,
For, when her lay some sylvan rule imparts, That cruel Charity has taught to rise,
Then should she practise her poetic arts ; 'Midst crowded walls, that reek with tainted breath,
If bare the precept, she must grace supply ;
If sad, enliven ; vulgar, dignify.
USE OF EPISODES RECOMMENDED. - HOMER'S ox. In darksome dens of sunk and haggard eye,
The harsher tone of precept to unbend, The desperate gamester throws the fatal die :
Take space for breathing, and thy course suspend; What wretched infants, in the cradle left,
To cheer thy reader on his weary road, Of mother's love, and father's smile bereft!
Join to thy rules some well-timod episode. What secret woes are there! what hidden guilt !
When Homer sings the labor of the fields, What tears are shed ! alas ! what blood is spilt !'
A sweet example for this rule he yields ; TIE COUNTRY CONTRASTED WITII PARIS. — ROUSSEAU'S APOS- Oft as the ox achieves the furrowed line,
Drenched, by his master's hand, with purest wine, From these sad scenes, that shuddering Nature His goaded sides forget the smarting pain ; Let sylvan views relax the sorrowing eyes. [flies, Gayly he turns to rustic toils again. From powerful contrast more inviting grows Thus let thy muse with sweet digression stray, The shade and stream ; more soft the zepbyr blows ; And smooth, with softened note, her rougher lay ; The heart, that shrunk, by city-woes oppressed,
This done, pursue thy course with eager bent,
And trace thy subject to its last extent.
VIRGIL A MODEL FOR THE RURAL
But why these lengthened counsels shouldst thou How blessed the man, who, from thy tumults free,
Receive one general lesson in their stead ; (need ? Thy noxious vapors and thy crimes may flee !'
Read Virgil's song! With what harmonious grace Then sudden turned, his favorite walks he sought,
He calls to sylvan toil th’ Ausonian race ! Nor broke the silence of his pensive thought.
Where'er the rustic scene bis pencil tries,
True as the fields themselves his pictures rise ; THE AUTHOR LONGS FOR RURAL RETIREMENT.
'Tis nature still ; not yonder limpid stream, Ah, when, alas ! shall he whose rural strains Where the pale shepherd sees his image gleam, Teach how t'inhabit and adorn the plains,
More truly gives us, from its azure breast, Enjoy those scenes where most he would delight? The blossomed flowers in which its sides are dressed.
POET. --HIS PICTURES VOCAL AS WELL AS ALIVE.
Sings he the swains, their concert or their loves,
When first my muse aspired to Nature's praise,
CONCLUSION ; THE POET'S WISH.
APOSTROPITIC ECLOGY OF VIRGIL.
Virgil ! my guide, and god of pastoral lays,
NOTE. — The allusion to the Princess Czartorinska, in Canto I. of the preceding poem, is best explained by the following extracts from the elegant epistles which passed between the princess and poet.
To M. l'Abbé Delille : ' Forgive me, sir, if I break in upon your leisure : you must lay the fault upon your reputation and works, that a whole society should address itself to you for the completion of an object they have in view. Assembled together in a small hamlet where we principally reside, friendship, inclination, consanguinity, and a conformity of manners, bind us together; everything concurs to give us a hope that we shall never be separated.
It is natural that we should desire to embellish our retreat ; (your) poem of “ The Garden” has discovered to us the means. Sensibility, remembrance, and gratitude, guide us in the attempt ; and the whole hamlet is at this moment employed in raising a monument in honor of those authors who have so often instructed, interested, and amused us. They will be marked, according to their rank, upon four faces of a marble pyramid : on one side, Pope, Milton, Young, Sterne, Shakspeare, Racine, and Rousseau ; on the other, Petrarch, Anacreon, Metastasio, Tasso, and La Fontaine ; on the third, Madame de Sevigné, Madame Riccoboni, Madame de la Fayette, Madame des Houliéres, and Sappho ; and on the fourth, Virgil, Gesner, Gresset, and the Abbé Delille. Each side will be accompanied with trees, shrubs, and flowers.
* The rose, the jasmin, and the lily, with beds of violets and pansies, will be on the female side ; Petrarch, Anacreon, and Metastasio, will have the myrtle ; and Tasso, the laurel. The weeping willow, the mournful cypress, and the yew, will accompany Shakspeare, Young, and Racine : as for the fourth side, the society will choose for it whatever may appear most agreeable in their orchards, woods, and meadows; and each inhabitant will plant some tree or shrub to perpetuate the memory of those authors who have given them a taste for rural life, and thereby contributed to their happiness.
• They only want a suitable inscription give force to their idea, and transmit it to posterity ; it is to be engraved at the foot of the monument, and the whole hamlet, with one voice, has fixed upon you as its author. We request it as well from your heart as your ingenuity. This homage,
simple and sincere, will be successfully paid by the author of “The Garden," the translator of “ Virgil," and, above all, by a man of sensibility.
* We beg you, sir, to give credit to the very distinguished sentiments with which we are,' etc.
Answer. - Madame : The letter you have done me the honor to write to me reached me at Constantinople, whither I accompanied M. Le Comte de Choiseul-Goutfier, now ambassador from France.
*I am far from having any pretensions to the place you would kindly appropriate to me, so near to (Virgil), in the charming project of your pyramids. It is sufficient to have disfigured his poetry by my feeble translations, without derogating from the honors you mean to pay him. Several persons of distinguished rank, that have been pleased to admire my pastoral verses, have caused a tree to be planted in their gardens, and called it by my name. This is the sole monument that becomes the modesty of the sylvan muse. **
• Your society, united as it is by the ties of blood, by the love of the arts, and, above all, by friendship, is the most amiable assemblage that has yet been seen in Poland. That liberty which the heroes of your country and house so courageously sought at the point of the sword, you have found, without cost or danger, in the solitude and tranquillity of the country.
In regard to the inscription, * I think it will be sufficient to engrave on the pyramid,
“Les dieux des champs aux dieux des arts."
(The gods of the Country to the gods of the Arts.) "The inscription, as you see, is written in our language, or rather in yours; it belongs to you, in right of the graces you add to it; and I may say, with Voltaire,
“Elle est a toi, puisque tu l'embellis !
(It is thine because thou adornest it.) "I imagine that a language in ich you daily convey your sentiments and ideas can be unworthy of no monument. I have only found it defective in expressing all the veneration, gratitude, and respect, with which I have the honor,' etc.
Rustic Ballads for August.
She stood breast high amid the corn,
COLLINS'S « FIDELE'S TOMB.” To fair Fidele's grassy tomb
Soft maids and village hinds shall bring Each opening sweet, of earliest bloom,
And rifle all the breathing Spring. No wailing ghost shall dare appear,
To vex with shrieks this quiet grove, But shepherd lads, assemble here,
And melting virgins, own their love. No withered with shall here be seen,
No goblins lead their nightly crew ; The female fays shall haunt the green,
And dress thy grave with pearly dew : The red-breast oft at evening hours
Shall kindly lend his little aid, 'With hoary moss, and gathered flowers,
To deck the ground where thou art laid. Each lonely scene shall thee restore,
For thee the tear be duly shed ; Beloved till life can charm no more ;
And mourned, till pity's self be dead.
BLOOMFIELD'S “GLEANER'S SONG."
Dear Ellen, your tales are all plenteously stored With the joys of some bride, and the wealth of her
Of her chariots and dresses, [lord :
And worldly caresses, And servants that fly when she's waited upon : But what can she boast if she weds unbeloved ? Can she e'er feel the joy that one morning I proved, When I put on my new gown and waited for John? These fields, my dear Ellen, I knew them of yore, Yet to me they ne'er looked so enchanting before ;
The distant bells ringing,
The birds round us singing, For pleasure is pure when affection is won : They told me the troubles and cares of a wifo ; But I loved him; and that was the pride of my life, When I put on my new gown and waited for John. He shouted and ran, as he leaped from the stile ; And what in my bosom was passing the while ?
For love knows the blessing
Of ardent caressing, When virtue inspires us and doubts are all gone. The sunshine of fortune you say is divine ; True love and the sunshine of nature were mine, When I put on my new gown and waited for John.
COWPER'S SHRUBBERY." O, HAPPY shades ! to me unblest,
Friendly to peace, but not to me, How ill the scene that offers rest,
And heart that cannot rest, agree ! This glassy stream, that spreading pine,
Those alders quivering to the breeze, Might soothe a soul less hurt than mine,
And please, if anything could please. But fixed, unalterable care
Foregoes not wbat she feels within, Shows the same sadness everywhere,
And slights the season and the scene. For all that pleased in wood or lawn,
While peace possessed these silent bowers, Her animating smile withdrawn,
Has lost its beauties and its powers. The saint or moralist should tread
This moss-grown alley, musing slow ;
But not, like me, to nourish woe.
Alike admonish not to roam ;
And those of sorrows yet to