Experiments and Observations on the Gastric Juice, and the Physiology of Digestion

Maclachlan & Stewart, 1838 - 319 páginas
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Experiments and Observations on the Gastric Juice, And the Physiology of Digestion by William Beaumont, first published in 1838, is a rare manuscript, the original residing in one of the great libraries of the world. This book is a reproduction of that original, which has been scanned and cleaned by state-of-the-art publishing tools for better readability and enhanced appreciation.

Restoration Editors' mission is to bring long out of print manuscripts back to life. Some smudges, annotations or unclear text may still exist, due to permanent damage to the original work. We believe the literary significance of the text justifies offering this reproduction, allowing a new generation to appreciate it.


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Página 248 - ... larger and more numerous, the mucous covering thicker than common, and the gastric secretions much more vitiated. The gastric fluids extracted were mixed with a large proportion of thick ropy mucus, and considerable muco-purulent matter, slightly tinged with blood, resembling the discharge from the bowels in some cases of chronic dysentery.
Página 99 - The bolus, as it enters the cardia, turns to the left; passes the aperture; descends into the splenic extremity; and follows the great curvature towards the pyloric end. It then returns, in the course of the smaller curvature, makes its appearance again at the aperture, in its descent into the great curvature, to perform similar revolutions.
Página 91 - unadorned, is adorned the most,' and, in prosecuting these experiments and inquiries, I believe I have been guided by its light.
Página 96 - In febrile diathesis, or predisposition, from whatever cause, — obstructed perspiration, undue excitement by stimulating liquors, overloading the stomach with food, fear, anger, or whatever depresses or disturbs the nervous system, — the villous coat becomes sometimes red and dry, at other times pale and moist, and loses its smooth and healthy appearance; the secretions become vitiated, greatly diminished, or entirely suppressed...
Página 52 - The medical profession, too, has been accessory to this error, in giving directions to dyspeptics to eat until a sense of satiety is felt. Now, this feeling, so essential to be rightly understood, never supervenes until the invalid has eaten too much, if he have an appetite, which seldom fails him. Those even who are not otherwise predisposed to the complaint, frequently induce a diseased state of the digestive organs by too free indulgence of the appetite. Of this fact, the medical profession are,...
Página 103 - This ceases as soon as the relaxation occurs, and the tube rises again of its own accord three or four inches, when the bulb seems to be obstructed from rising further ; but if pulled up an inch or two through the stricture, it moves freely in all directions in the cardiac portions, and mostly inclines to the splenic extremity, though not disposed to make its exit at the aperture. Above the contracting band, and towards the splenic portion of the stomach, the suction or grasping motion is not perceptible,...
Página 31 - is nearly as necessary to the articles of diet as the nutrient principle. They should be so managed, that one will be in proportion to the other. Too highly nutritive diet is probably as fatal to the prolongation of life and health as that which contains an insufficient quantity of nourishment.
Página 79 - When a due and moderate supply of food has been received it is probable that the whole quantity of gastric juice for its complete solution is secreted and mixed with it in a short time.
Página 251 - Extensive active or chronic disease may exist in the membranous tissues of the stomach and bowels, more frequently than has been generally believed; and it is possible that there are good grounds for the opinion advanced by a celebrated teacher of medicine, that most febrile complaints are the effects of gastric and enteric inflammations. In the case of the subject of these experiments, inflammation certainly does exist to a considerable extent, even in an apparent state of health — greater than...
Página 93 - On applying the tongue to the mucous coat of the stomach, in its empty, unirritated state, no acid taste can be perceived. When food, or other irritants have been applied to the villous membrane, and the gastric papillte excited, the acid taste is immediately perceptible.

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