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THE PONTINE MARSHES.
It is announced, from the Continent, that the French have succeeded in draining the Pontine Marshes; a pestilential nuisance which has subsisted for so many centuries, in the vicinity of Rome, in defiance of every attempt of the ancient imperial, as well as of the papal government. This district, once so healthy and so populous, and at length again reclaimed, is said to afford a disposeable quantity of 150,000 acres of excellent land. The means adopted are not, nor perhaps can be, clearly stated in a short notice. That the engineers have improved the line, regulated the falls, enlarged the water ways, secured the embankments, sluices, and other works; and no doubt employed the powers of steam to facilitate their general and particular labours--may be concluded from the science and activity of a people, too long employed in the works of destruction. To works like the present every friend to humanity must join in wishing success and duration.
COMPARATIVE STRENGTH OF THE DIFFERENT NAVAL POWERS.
[From the European Magazine. ]
British NavAL FORCE.-At sea, 79 ships of the line ; nine from 50 to 44 guns—122 frigates-77 sloops and yachts—4 bombs, &c.--161 brigs-54 cutters—52 schooners, &c.In port and fitting, 30 of the line-11 from 50 to 44 guns-29 frigates—18 sloops_4 bombs, &c.—86 brigs-6 cutters—11 schooners, &c.--Hospital ships, prison ships, &c. 28 of the line-2 from 50 to 44-2 frigates-1 yacht.Ordinary and repairing for service, 77 of the line-10 from 50 to 44 guns-70 frigates--37 sloops~-3 bombs-11 brigs -1 cutter-2 schooners.-Building, 29 of the line-4 from 50 to 44 guns-12 frigates—5 sloops, &c.--3 brigs. Making a grand total of 1545 vessels.
RUSSIAN Navy.-53 sail of the line-34 frigates 59 cutters, brigs, &c.--smaller vessels, 226, carrying in all 4,428 pieces of cannon.-In this estimate are included ships of every class and condition, from a first-rate to a gun-brig ; those that are building, under repair, and laid up in ordinary as unserviceable, as well as those that are in commission, and fit for immediate service.
SWEDISH NAVY.-The Swedish fleet consists of 12 sail of the li ne, eight frigates, besides cutters, gun-boats, &c. and there are two ships of the line and three frigates building.
PORTUGUESE NAVY.-The Portuguese have eight sail of the line, three frigates, and four sloops, at the Brazils.-At Lisbon there are some ships of war, but they are chiefly unfit for service.
DANISH Navy.--The present naval force of Denmark consists of four ships of the line, two frigates, and about 120 gun-boats. There are two ships of the line and three frigates on the stocks. Their maritime operations are chiefly carried on by flotillas of gun-brigs, which carry heavy metal, are well manned, maneuvred, and fought; and, in a calm, are formidable even to ships of war.
UNITED STATES Navy.—The republican navy, at present, consists of the following frigates :-Constitution, 44, Captain Hull; United States, 44, Captain Decatur ; President, 44, Commodore Rogers; Chesapeake, 36; New-York, 36; Constellation, 36, Captain Bainbridge; Congress, 36, Captain Smith; Boston, 32; Essex, 32, Captain Porter; Macedonian, (late British,) 38; the John Adams corvette ; Hornet sloop, of 16 guns ; Syren, Argus, and Oneida brigs, of 16 guns; Vixen, Enterprise, and Viper schooners, of 12 guns ; 170 gun-boats, stationed at New Orleans; and the Vengeance, Ætna, Vesuvius, and Spitfire bombs.
FRENCH Navy.-In the various ports of France, Holland, and Italy, the French have 65 sail of the line, and 61 frigates, ready for sea ; and 32 sail of the line, and 26 frigates, build. ing and fitting out; so that in a short time we shall have opposed to us, under French colours, a numerical force of 97 sail of the line, and 87 frigates : but even the ships which are pretended to be ready for a start, particularly those in the Scheldt, are very badly manned ; an evil for which the enemy does not possess any practicable remedy.
18th January, 1813.
· DRURY-LANE, JAN. 23.-A new Tragedy, from the pen of Mr. COLERIDGE, was performed under the title of “ REMORSE.'
The scene is laid in Spain : and the events of the play are supposed to have taken place in the reign of Philip II. shortly after the close of the civil wars against the Moors, and during the heat of the persecution which raged against them.
The language of this play is poetic and impassioned: the incidents are sufficient to keep the attention alive during the representation; and some of the situations are strikingly calculated for dramatic effect. The characters of the two brothers are well drawn and finely contrasted. That of Teresa does not rise much above mediocrity; but the concep
tion of the part of the Moorish woman is full of poetic imagination; and the opening scenes in particular are sublime and interesting. The moral is perfect, and strict poetical justice is done on the guilty. The style is, throughout, poetical and classical, and far above the common level. It abounds with fine touches of nature, and the tender feelings are almost incessantly appealed to. Many of the passages were received with loud, general, and prolonged applause. The tragedy was, indeed, heard from beginning to end with the most marked distinction, and announced for repetition amid shouts from every corner of the theatre.
Its principal faults were too great length; and an exuberance of passages merely descriptive.
DANCE OF DEATHS. The French historians relate, that in the year 1424, the English Regent gave at Paris a show, or spectacle, after the manner of his country. The scene of this entertainment was the churchyard of the Innocents. Persons of both sexes, splendidly dressed, and representing the different conditions of human life, began to execute various dances. A number of figures personating Death, whose limbs were concealed in tight dark clothes, upon which were sowed the resemblance of dry bones, so that they seemed to be walking skeletons, came and mingled in the dance, and led away now one and now another into the chambers and cellars about, where refreshments were provided. This odd allegory was called La Danse Macabrée.
SNAIL-EATING. They are eaten in Germany, boiled, fried in butter, and sometimes stuffed with forced meat. The sliminess is considered as the greatest delicacy, and therefore remains after dressing. Snails close the list of maigre dishes, but they are not eaten from economy, seven of them being charged at the Traiteur's, the same as a plate of veal, or beef.
The North Briton at Auld Reeky, frequently greets his friend with “ Weel, Donald, is na this a fine cauld rainy morning ?” Indeed it is, Sandy, a fine cauld rainy morning.
[We bave just received a poem entitled “THE BRIDAL OF TRIERMAIN, OR THE
VALE OF ST. John," a lover's tale. It is written in the romantic, or minstrel style, such as Walter Scott has revived. The author is said, we know not with what truth, to be William Erskine, Esq. to whom an introduction of one of the Cantos in Marmion is addressed. The story is more appertaining to chivalry than those of Walter Scott; it is spirited and fanciful, and will, we think, prove very popular among the admirers of this species of poetry. The following is an extract.)
KING ARTHUR'S ADVENTURE.
BENEATH the castle's gloomy pride,
Nor heard a living sound,
That washed the battled mound.
In summons blithe and bold,
Which well he guess'd the hold
And twice his hand withdrew.
He had charged them through and through ;
Ere yet his horn he blew.
The balance beams obeyed the blast,
That loured along the walls,
The inmates of the balls.
Nor heathen knight, was there ;
A band of damsels fair!
That dances to the shore;
And welcome o'er and o'er!
King Arthur's sword.