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Thy golden locks, that in wide splendour flow,
“ Then I believe, that at thy birth was set
To bless th' unbounded year.” P. 9. The above verses are followed by the longer poem, which is also a fragment, and denominated Hermilda in Palestine.
Whether by the publication of this specimen the noble Ruthor wished to ascertain how far the propensities of the public and taste of the times leaned to this species of composition, or whether, having playfully amused his leisure in these exercitations, he chose to print a small impression for his friends, we have no opportunity of acquiring the knowledge. There can be no doubt of the ability of prosecuting to its termination what is here so happily commenced; and we are induced to express an earnest desire to see a poem continued, of which we are able to produce such stanzas as the following.
« I well believe Aurora made a stay, To gaze upon the rival of her beams,
So lovely from her helm th' unsullied ray,
“ In that unbounded garden of delight
“But she, indeed, not like unto her kind,
And shrilling clarions made her music sweet.” P. 14. We cannot refuse ourselves the satisfaction of placing one more specimen before our readers.
“ . Before the sun to drive them to the lea,
The herdsman of himself is truly king! P. 64.
On Edinburgh Medical Education.
(From the Scotish Review.]
If medicine is an instrument, as few will doubt, of im. mense power, it becomes a question of no small importance, in whose hands this weapon is placed; whether it is wielded for the advantage or disadvantage of the human race.
It is needless to cant to our readers concerning the value of health compared with other blessings. We need hardly even point out to them, that if medicine be not employed beneficially, it must be injuriously, perhaps destructively. It is not one of those things which, if it does no good, will do no harm. When a sick person commits himself to the care of a physician, he gets into a situation where ignorance, rashness, or neglect, may soon terminate all his earthly prospects; where science, sound judgment, and attention, may long ward off the stroke of fate, and restore his relish for every enjoyment. Such considerations may show how valuable an acquisition a good physician is, how great a curse a bad one, and how useful it were to be able to appreciate the merits of medical pretenders.
By the universities of St. Andrews and Aberdeen, we believe, degrees are conferred in two ways either the candidate is examined on his proficiency by the different professors, or a certificate is sent, signed by two physicians, of his moral* character and medical qualifications, and his having attended a certain course of study, along with 24l. 8s. 11d. 1-2, and the degree is returned in due course.
To the former, if conducted by men at once qualified and determined to in-, quire into the attainments of the candidate, we can have no objection, but it is seldom if ever had recourse to; and in the latter truly commercial way, the power “ medicinam faciendi, legendi, et docendi, hic et ubique terrarum," is conferred with equal discredit to the givers and receivers." Hence it is that quacks and impostors of every description have it in their power to prostitute the highest honours in medicine; and we have the title M. D. attached to the vendors of vegetable syrups, balms of gilead, lotions, tinctures, powders, pills, and innumerable nostrums, by which the public are at once cheated of their money, and, what is infinitely worse, undermined in their constitutions. These universities ought, as speedily as possible, to be deprived of the power of
• We think the moral and religious character of the candidate ought to be certi. fied by the minister of the parish, and the churchwardon or elder.
sanctioning impositions 50 abominable ; and government ought to forego any advantage, however great, that may accrue from imposing duties, and thus literally giving the
stamp of royal authority" to, and participating in, a traffic neither better in principle nor practice than that lately abolished on the coast of Africa.
The English universities confer the degree of bachelor of medicine on those who, having previously acquired the degree of master of arts, have studied physic for two years. Here there is something preposterous. There are seven years of study required to obtain the degrees successively of bachelor of arts and master of arts, which can only be considered as preparatory, and only two are devoted to the acquirement of that for which so much preliminary study is judged necessary
We coincide with the view of these universities, that it is proper the physician should have a good previous education. Invaluable works in medicine are among the precious relics of Greece and Rome; and he who cannot consult the originals, must often be deceived in their interpretation. The study of mathematics and natural philosophy is important in two points of view ; first, because many of the phenomena of organic life are dependent upon mechanical as well as vital principles; secondly, because, in common with the study of languages, they accustom the mind to habits of observation and reflection, which will adapt it to the important investigations on which it is about to enter. The man who has been accustomed to search for truth in the complicated relations of lines and figures, will be equally delighted with the perception of it in the admirable laws which regulate the health of living beings; and he who has been accustomed to trace the apparently far different expressions of ideas which owe their origin to one root, both in the same and different languages, can with facility employ this discriminating faculty in tracing the connexion between the varied and apparently opposite symptoms which may indicate the same or a similar state of disease.
The study of the intellectual faculties and of morals appears as necessary to the physician as anatomy or physiology ; for, independently of the propriety of a medical practitioner having a polite education, of which such studies must always be considered an elementary part, how is he, if ignorant of them, to treat diseases of mind ? Yet physicians are on no ceremony in treating such diseases, without having once contemplated the structure, if we may use such a phrase, of the system which they attempt to restore.
As we have already stated, a course of two years appears