'Religion' and the Religions in the English Enlightenment

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Cambridge University Press, 2 may. 2002 - 277 páginas
This study examines the changes which took place in the understanding of 'religion' and 'the religions' during the Enlightenment in England, the period when the decisive break with Patristic, Medieval and Renaissance notions of religion occurred. Dr Harrison's view is that the principles of the English Enlightenment not only made a special contribution to our modern understanding of what religion is, but they pioneered, in addition, the 'scientific', or non-religious approach, to religious phenomena. During this period a crisis of authority in the Church necessitated a rational enquiry into the various forms of Christianity, and in addition, into the claims of all religions. This led to a concept of 'religion' (based on 'natural' theology) which could link together the apparently disparate religious beliefs and practices found in the empirical religions.
 

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Índice

ANTECEDENTS
5
Reformation
7
Renaissance Platonism
10
Classical Theories of religion
14
RELIGION REVELATION AND THE LIGHT OF NATURE PROTESTANTS AND PLATONISTS
19
Natural and revealed theology
28
The religious a priori and innate ideas
34
Innate religion and the religions
39
Human Frailty and the Work of the Devil
100
The Fall and Degeneration of the World
101
Admixture and Travel
105
Climate
112
The Pathology of Religion
120
The Decline of Sacred History
126
FROM SACRED HISTORY TO NATURAL HISTORY
130
Ancient theology
131

Theodicy and salvation in the religions
45
THE RELIGIOUS INSTINCT AND PRIESTLY
61
The Religious a Priori and the Five Common Notions
65
Imposture
73
Priestcraft and Anticlericalism
77
Twofold Philosophy
85
Diest Historiography
92
SACRED HISTORY AND RELIGIOUS DIVERSITY
99
mythology euhemerism
139
The Confusion of Languages and Linguistic Theories of Religion
146
Natural History
157
EPILOGUE
173
Notes
176
References
242
Index
268
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