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THE

ORTHODOX CHURCHMAN's MAGAZINE,

For JANUARY, 1802.

Quidquid auri supra et infra terram eft, nullius pretii eft, fi cum virtute comparetur.

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LIFE OF JOHN LORD HARRINGTON, BARON OF EXTON. OHN Lord Harrington was the eldest fon of the Lord and Lady Har

rington,' to whose care and tuition King James committed the education of his daughter Elizabeth, who was married afterwards to Frederick, Prince Elečtor Palatine. They were persons eminent for prudence and piety, who carefully educated this their son, both in religion and learning; and this honourable lord,, thankful for the care and honour received from them, returned honour to them again with advantage, being no less honourable, than they were to him.

He was of an excellent wit, firm memory, sweet nature, and prompt to learning; so that, in a short time, he was able to read Greek authors, and to make use of them in their own language : he spake Latin well, wrote it in a pure and grave style, and was able to confer with any stranger readily and laudably in the French and Italian tongues. Understood the authors which he read in Spanish; and, for arts, he was well read in logic, philosophy, and the mathematics. He made a good progress in the theoretic part of the military art, and navigation : so that he wanted nothing but practice to make him perfect in both. And, for his understanding in heavenly matters, and the mysteries of salvation, it was adipirable, so that there was scarce any question could be propounded to him, about those matters, unto which he was not able to give an understanding and quick answer.

Being well grounded in religion and learning at home, his noble father lent him to travel abroad in France and Italy, that by experience he might ripen that knowledge which he had before gained; and, for a guide and tutor for him in his travels, he chose and fent over one Master Tovey, a grave and learned religious man, and formerly the head master of the free-school at Coventry. But how dangerous a thing it is for religious gentlemen to travel into these Popith countries may appear by the example of this nobleman and his tutor, whose found religión, and heavenly zeal for the truth, being taken notice of Vol. 11. Churchm. Maz. Jan."1802.

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by the Jesuits, they took their opportunity to adminifter a flow-working poison to them, that, seeing they had no hopes of corrupting their minds, they might destroy their bodies, and bring them to their graves.

Of this poison Mr. Tovey, being aged, and so less able to encounter with the strength of it, died presently after his return to England; but the Lord Harrington, being of a strong and able body, and in the prime of his age, bore it better, and conflicted with it longer; yet the violence of it appeared in his face presently after his return, and, not long after, hastened his death.

He was eminent for sobriety and chastity; his lips were never heard to utter any unchaste or unfeemly speech; which was the more admirable, considering that he was in the heat of youth, living in the court, and had been a traveller into thote countries which are schools of uncleanliness, whence few return such as they went out; but, if chaste, are made unchaste, or, if unchaste before, are made seven-fold worfe than they were : but this our nobleman was as fith fresh in salt waters, and kept himself undefiled, as Lot in the midst of Sodom: and, indeed, he took the right way to preserve his chastity, by avoiding the incentives and provocations to luft. He spent not his time in courting of ladies, and amourously contemplating the beauty of women, which are bellows of luft and baits of uncleanness: but he preferred his books before their beauty; and, for his fociety, chose men of parts and learning for arts and arms. Besides, he was very temperate in his diet, fhunning tasting; and was frequent in fafting; and hated idleness and much neep, which are the two nurses of uncleanness; and in the night, when he lay awake, to prevent temptation, he exercised his thoughts with heavenly meditations.

His justice, so far as he had occasion to thew it, was very exemplary: he dealt honourably and honestly with every body he had to deal with; and, whereas his father had contracted great debts by his prince-like house-keeping, and other public and private occasions, he was very solicitous for the discharge of the same, giving power to his executrix to sell part or all his land, if need were, therewith speedily to discharge the creditors; and being alked, when the writing was drawn up, whether he assented to it? he answered, yea, with all my heart, for my honour and my honesty are my nearest heirs.

But the fplendor of his religion outshined all his moral and natural accomplishments: this was the temple that fanctified the gold, and the altar that sanctified the offering : This was that which ennobled his sobriety, jufiice, and other virtues. And this appeared both by his private and public exercises of piety, which were rare in a young man, more rare in a young nobleman, and hardly found in such a measure in any man, of what age or condition foever. He usually rose every morning about four or five o'clock, seldom Neeping above five or fix hours at a time. When he first waked, his constant care was to set his heart in order, and fit it for holiness all the day after, offering the first-fruits of the day, and of his thoughts unto God. Being up, he read a chapter out of the holy scriptures; then, with his servants in his chamber, he went to prayer; then did he spend about an hour in reading fome holy treatise to enliven his affections and increase his knowledge. He read over Calvin's Institutions, and Rogers's treatise, which were his two laft books. Before dinner and supper, he had a psalm, chap

ter,

or, if he

ter, and prayer in his family, and prayer after supper; and besides those public duties, he prayed privately every morning in his closet, after which he betook himself to some serious study, for three or four hours together, except he was interrupted by some special business. The residue of the morning he spent in converse with his friends, riding the great horse, or some such other honest and noble recreation, till dinner-time. Thus avoided he idleness, and prevented temptations, which commonly ensue thereon. Presently after dinner, he retired into his study, to meditate on sermons he had lately heard ; was disappointed of that opportunity, he neglected not to take the firft that was offered to him; yea, many times, in his travels by land, or by water, he thus bufied himself. The rett of the afternoon he spent in business, study of histories, the art of war, mathematics, and navigation ; wherein he attained to a great measure of perfection. After lupper, he prayed with his servants; then withdrew himself into his study, where he kept a diary or day-book, wherein he recorded what he bad done that day; how he had oftended, or what good he had done; whạt temptations he met with, and how he had relifted thenı; and, luryeying his failings, he humbled himself to God for them; and, for such failings as were fit to be kuown only to God and his own soul, he wrote them down in a private character, which none could read but himself, and then betook himtelf to his reft; and to prevent evil thoughts before sleep, one that waited on him in his chamber read a chapter or two to him out of the holy teripture, and this practice he continued for four years together before his death. And, that his public care aş well as private to walk with his God might the better appear, the use of his time in the means of God's worthip bore fufficient testimony; being a most religious observer of the Lord's-day, both in public and private duties, yet preferring the public before the private, so that, though he had an household chaplain, yet he ever frequented the public assemblies twice a day; yea, whilft he was a courtier; and, if his occasions cast him into a place where the word was not preached, he would ride to some other place, many miles, rather than want it. Immediately after fermon, he withdrew himself from company, for about half an hour, to meditate and apply what he had heard to his soul. After the evening sermon, two of his servants having written, he caused them to repeat both the sermons in his family before fupper ; and such was his memory, that he could usually repeat more than they had written. Then wrote he them down in his book, and prayed himself with his family, wherein he had an excellent gift. And, by way of preparation to the fabbath, every Saturday-night, he used to call himself to a strict account how he had spent the whole week; and accord, ingly he humbled himself to God for his failings, and returned praise for mercies received from him. On the sabbath morning, rifing betimes, he used, as he was making himself ready, to repeat to his servants those sermons he had heard the Lord's-day before, He used, monthly, to receive the sacrament of the Lord's-supper; and to fit himself to feaft at the Lord's-table, he kept a private fait the day before, and then he looked over his books for his carriage that month, and spent the whole day in prayer and meditation and self-examination; observing how it was with him since his last receiving ; what progress he had made in piety; how he had thrived in grace, and what more strength he had gotten over his corruptions. Thus he spent the whole day, not coming out of B 2

his

his study till about supper-time. Also, the morning before he seceived, he read i Corinth. xi. wherein is contained the institution of the Lord's-supper; and, to his servants that were to communicate with bim, he read a little treatise to them, wherein the right manner of com-, municating was contained. And, besides these monthly fasts, he kept many other days of afflicting his soul, upon fundry occasions. Не was wondrous attentive in hearing the word of God preached or read; and carried himself wondrous and exceedingly reverent therein, knowing that he was in the presence of God; fhewing thereby, that, when he came to hear, not the words of man, but God, he wil. lingly laid down his honour at Christ's feet. And, to avoid oftentation, or the appearance of it, in his private duties, he never admitted any one, either to his prayers, or his repetition of his sermon, in and with his family, but only one friend, that was most intimate with him. And thus was this holy fervant of Christ blameless and pure, and this child of God without rebuke, in a naughty and crooked generation, amongst whom he fined as a light in the world, holding forth the words of life, that he might rejoice in the day of Christ's coming, that he had not run in vain, nor laboured without fruit. He further manifested the fincerity of his religion, by his love to all that were truly godly, especially to faithful and painful ministers; as also by his mercy and charity to the needy faints and poor members of Jesus Christ. After his return from his travels, by way of thankfulness to God, he gave yearly, by the hand of a private friend, twenty pounds to the poor. And, the second fabbath after his landing in England (having spent the day before with his tutor, Mr. Tovey, in prayer, fasting, and thanksgiving) he heard the word, received the facrainent, and gave to the poor of that parish five pounds; and, beside, he gave forty pounds, to be bestowed upon poor ministers, and other Christians, for the relief of their necessities. Yea, luch were his bowels of tender mercy, that he gave a tenth part of his yearly allowance, which was a thousand pounds, to pious and charitable uses ; besides much that he gave occasionally, as he travelled, or walked abroad, &c. Also, all his other graces were beautified by the ornament of admirable humility; which is rarely found in persons so honourable, and honoured both of God and man. From the first day of his last sickness, he strongly apprehended the approach of his death, and therefore accordingly prepared himself for it. Besides his private meditations, he called often others to pray for him, and often prayed himself; made confession of his fins, and often confessed his faith, and an undoubted hope of salvation by Christ Jelus; profeffing with so much chearfulness, that he feared not death, in what shape foever it came. He uttered many heavenly speeches, defiring to be diffolved, and to be at honie with God his father; profesfing, not above two hours before his death, that he still felt the afsured comforts and joys of his falvation by Christ; and when death itself approached, he breathed forth these longing expressions: O Thou my joy! O my God! when shall I be with Thee! and in the midst of luck desires, sweetly and quietly refigned up his fpirit unto God.

Anno Domini 1613, aged 92 years.

ADDITION

ADDITION TO THE CATALOGUE OF BISHOPS TO THE

YEAR 1608; Beir, a Character and History of the Bishops during the Reigns of Queen

ELIZABETH, and King James ; and an alditional Supply to Dr. GODwin's Catalogue. ' By Sir Joun HARRINGTON, Kt. Written for the private use of Prince Henry.

NUMBER 1.- CANTERBURI.

DR. MATTHEW PARKER. WHEN I consider with myself the hard beginning, though more

prosperous succesfe of the reformed Church of England, methinks it may be compared to a foughten battell; in which fome captaines and louddiers, that gave the first charge, either died in the field, or came bleeding home; but such as followed, putting their enemies to flight, remained quiet and victorious. Or I may more fitly (without offence) liken that to the succeile of them of the Primitive Church, wherein the apostles and their immediate fucceffors were one while honoured and magnified, by their followers the Christians; as. St. Peter, at whose feet the believers layd down all their goods; and St. Paul, who was received as an angel of God; another while tormented and persecuted, by Jews and Heathen; as the same apostles, whipped by Jews; hanged and beheaded by the Romans; sometimes (I fay) a centurion, a lieutenant, a proconfull, favouring them; ftraight a priest, a scribe, and a lawyer, promoting against them. A few of Cæsar's houshold willing well unto them, and believing them.

But the Cæsars themselves for three hundred yeeres (except a very few) detesting and suppresling them. For in Tuch fort Cranmer, Ridley, Latimer, Hooper, Rogers, Coverdale, and many others enduring great conflicts in those variable times of King Henry the Eighth, King Edward, and Queen Mary, suffering by fire, by imprisonment, banithment, lofse and deprivation, with many fights, many flights, and many frights for their conscience fake; those that died had the glory of valiant fouldiers, and worthy martyrs; such as survived, have since in a long and happy peace, enjoyed the comfort of their victory, and are like still to hold the same, if some mutinous fouldiers of their own camp, doe not by disturbing the peace at home, give heart to the enemy

abroad, Among the surveyors of these first leaders, that paft so many pikes, the first in time, and the highest in place, was Dr. Matthew Parker, who, (as by this author is noted) having lost all his livings for his marriage, now being made Archbishop of Canterbury, diffembled not his marriage, as Cranmer in King Henry the Eighth's time, was found to doe; which, because some have taken occasion to note with too black inke, to exclude him from the reputation of a rubricated martyr ; and have cited the testimony of his fopne's widdow, yet living, that the was carried in a trunk, and by misfortune almoft ftifled, by being set by an ignorant porter with her head downward ; which tale goes very current among the Papists. I can truly affirme, that this is a meere fi&tion, for I have examined the gentlewoman her felfe (being of kin to my wise, and a Rogers by name) and she hath sworn to me, she never

nor ever her self heard, of any such misfortune. But now though this archbishop (Parker) diffembled not his marriage, yet Queen Elizabeth would not diffemble her disikė of it. For whereas it pleased her often, to come to his house, in respect of her

favour

reported,

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