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niissionary committee who will have charge of all missionary programs. Thus the missionary study of each month can be made to bear a relation to the lessons of the past. There is nothing like learning definite points. If the porgram is not planned for that end a majority of the Leaguers will go from the service with some general ideas, but not with definite facts which can be brought back clear in the memory when a time comes to make use of them. Let your missionary committee, with the assistance of the pastor, make a list of thirty-six questions and answers, then learn just three at each missionary pregram. What a wonderful store of facts we would acquire in a year. The chairman of the missionary committee should go over the subject early enough with the leader so that the leader can assign parts of the subjects to various Leaguers in advance.

The Leaguer must know the need and work of for. eign missions so that when confronted with the state.

If your whole Luther League intends to engage in the whole work of the inner mission, this is a mistake, but if each person as a part of the Luther League wants to have a part in the work of the inner mission this is proper and right. Inner mission-my definition for this would be, the inner mission is the task of deepening the inner life in those already spiritual and of imparting that inner life to those who are spiritually dead, the work to be accomplished by works of mercy, accompanied by Gospel teaching.

A work within the reach of almost every member of the Luther League is the visitation of the sick by the well and the encouraging of the downcast by the cheerful.

The looking after the stranger within your gates and seeing that he is cared for spiritually and physically is a phase of inner mission work.

The juvenile court provides a rich supply of material for the inner mission.

When I have been asked my method of dealing with a class or company of boys who are inclined to spend their time and days in gambling and carous ing, I have replied, "Lead the leader."

And this motto is not a new one in religious endeavor. It was the motto of God's Son. He led a leader when he overpowered Saul of Tarsus and made out of an enemy most feared by the Church a friend most loved by the Church, and although Saul was chief of persecutors of the Church, of all the leaders who served Christ St. Paul labored more abundantly than they all.

If you have a bad boy or girl, or man, or woman in your community who has power to lead, pray to God and labor to win that leadership for the service of the Lord.

It almost makes me proud to see how the Lutheran Church is learning the power of print, and how much good can be accomplished by distributing Christian literature.

It seems to me we are only giving one-half measure of Scripture when we say, "The sword of the spirit is the word of God." Let us give full measure and say, "Take the sword of the spirit which is the word of God.". In this spiritual warfare we ought all to go armed.

They who give for missions do well, but those who labor and give for missions do far better. The union of our nation was not preserved by those who paid their money and staid at home, but by those who went and fought and fell and gave their lives for the cause they loved. And the victory over the powers of darkness must be won in the self-same way.

A word of individual giving. God says: "Render unto God the things that are God's.". And what are God's? “The tenth shall be holy unto the Lord."

God says further: “Bring ye all the tithes and prove me now herewith," saith the Lord of Hosts, "if I will not onen you the windows of heaven and pour you out a blessing, that there shall not be room enough to receive it. Will you remember these words of your Lord? Will you trust Him? Will you prove Him and receive more that you may have more to give?

Mrs. Zwerner said in part:

Mission work is the work of the Church, but is not the League, according to its motto, a part of the Church? Then the League must take part in the missionary activities of the Church. The question is, What part of the work falls to the League? There are five ways in which the League can meet its obligations to the Church.

First, to instruct its members in the foreign work. No one is interested in anything about which he knows nothing. The study of the Luther League Topics gives an excellent opportunity to become acquainted with the foreign work. Any Leaguer who has faithfully studied and listened to the topics can. not help but have a very good knowledge of the foreign work. Since the missionary topics really form a unit of study, it is a wise plan to have a



New president of Ohio League. ment, "I don't believe in foreign missions," he can show that it is God's work and that Christ commanded his disciples to “Go unto the ends of the earth." "to every creature, and "unto all the world."

Secondly, he will give. They need our help, no matter how little it is. You have seen the progress of the work, but it cannot stop here. It must go on. God is blessing it and bringing to pass a great harvest. More reapers are needed. More churches must be built. More hospitals must be maintained. More schools must be begun. Money must be had to make these advances. Surely we can give; giving not only what we can spare, but what we will feel.

Is the League to learn all it can of the foreign field, give all it can and stop? Oh, no; this is only the beginning. An essential duty in which everyone can take part is the duty of praying. It has been said, “To pray expecting great things from God leads to attempting great things for God." While it takes earnest workers to advance such a great religion as we have, yet with God "standing back of every righteous cause." His strong arm will bring them to His side. With the command "to pray without ceasing," to "ask believing," can any one neglect his duty ? With earnest prayers ascending on high in the home land, the heathen will not remain in darkness so long.

Can you not see a fourth way that the League can meet its obligations to Christ and His Church? Mis sionaries become older and some pass to their heaven. Ty reward, younger ones must take their places. The League is in touch with the young people just as they are deciding upon their life work.

Could not some be so impressed with the foreign need that they will follow their Master even to distant lands. Sometimes we think that only ministers are needed. But that is not so. Teachers are needed in the schools, doctors and nurses in the hospitals. There is a place for any who want to go.

So far we have had four duties of the Luther League to foreign missions. To instruct, to give, to pray and to supply workers. Those remaining at home have still another duty, that of living a con. sistent life. Does each Leaguer know that he is an example for some one, does he know that the heathen who has been lead to Christ considers the Christian just what that name implies-Christ-like?

At the close of this session another business meeting was held, at which committees reported and matters of local importance were discussed.

The election of officers resulted as follows: President, Charles W. Bluthart, Zanesville; vice-president, John H. Swoyer, Ashville; recording secretary, Miss Lulu Adams, Springfield; corresponding secretary, Mrs. F. G. Zwerner, Akron; treasurer, Charles Matthes, Mansfield; statistical secretary, Murray S. Moist, Toledo; member executive committee, Rev. A. A. Hundley, Findlay.

Columbus was chosen as the meeting place for the 1914 convention, in a contest with several other cities.

The credential committee showed 222 accredited delegates in attendance, besides a , large number of visitors.

The Leagues of Zanesville and Newark are deserving of special mention, as the former had sixteen of its members in attendance and the latter eleven. This is certainly remarkable when considering the distance traveled, and that only two from each League were delegates, the rest representing the district or as visitors.

Fifth Sossion The afternoon session was opened with devotionals led by Rev. H. Peters, of Lewisburg. The first address, “Best Methods to Gain and Hold Luther Leaguers,” provoked a lively discussion. This address was presented by Erle C. Greiner, Akron, and is here given in part:

A true Luther Leaguer is the result of sincere efforts properly placed.

The best time for gaining the Luther Leaguers is that age when the mind is most plastic and the habits are being formed.

A Junior Luther League is the ideal method of gaining a hold upon the young people. This is not always feasible, and we shall therefore discuss other means a little later, but where it is possible, have a junior society and do not take the child into the

League until he is old enough to realize what it means to belong to the League and until he is able and capable of doing work in the League. Not younger than seven years, even eight, is a better age to start the juniors.

The leader must be a tactful person, and while it is not necessary that he be a born leader he must have the qualifications of a leader, These are, however, within the reach of any person of average abil. ity who is willing to be

They are: Love for children, a willingness to learn, as well as to teach, and, above all, and around all, and over


If you have never enjoyed the rare privilege of teaching and controlling a roomful of healthy. haupy children you cannot appreciate why the word patience should be brought out so prominently,

The Junior League is to prepare the child along a line supplemental to the Sunday school training. It is not to take the place of the Sunday school, or reguiaar church service, but is simply to assist and fill in the corners, as it were, which the Church proper and its other auxiliaries do not.

The Luther League is not and never was intended to be a separate organization, or independent of the Church. It is, “Of the Church, by the Church, and for the Church”-now and forever-but not outside of the Church.

The child can be taught in a simplified form the chief parts of the catechism, the order and sig. nificance of the Church year; a brief history of the great Reformation and the particular part which our beloved Lutheran Zion played in this great drama; of the lives of some of her noble men and conse crated women, thus preparing him for the fuller ir:struction of the pastor at confirmation age.

This information will create within the mind of each child a desire for a more complete history of the things touched upon, and when he realizes that the senior society is able to give the thing he most desires it will be an easy matter to carry him directly into the senior society and keep him at work.

The subject not dealing with junior work as the special means of gaining and holding the Leaguer, I must refrain from indulging too deeply in this vitally interesting phase of the subject.

A person considered eligible to membership in the senior society must be member of a Lutheran Church.

When the junior society is out of the question, then other means must be adopted for gaining anı! holding the interest of the members after they have connected themselves with the League,

A corps of live, efficient, enthusiastic, earnest officers is a near necessity.

Where no junior society exists a' method of gain ing the members, which is practical, has been tried and not found wanting, but is productive of reai results, is to invite the confirmation class to attend the League devotional meeting in a body on the Sun. day of their confirmation. Nearly everyone wiil come, and have the service for their especial benefit. Arrange for good, inspiring music and pointed talks Back this with a special invitation to attend the first business and social meeting following the confirmation and almost 95 per cent of the class will unite with the League.

When it is possible, let the League hold a reception for the newly confirmed, to which the entire congregation is invited. This creates a general good fellowship and brings all closer together.

After a new member is gained for the League put him to work. When a person knows that he is needed and knows there is something for him to do he will invariably be on hand ready to do it.

As the new member with whom we are now dealing has not had the advantage of a Junior training, it is necessary to give him his first taste of knowledge, which will cause him to desire more. Let the officers and older members--not necessarily in years, but in point of service-take special pains to make the new comer feel welcome. Inquire after his welfare, ar. range to call upon him; if absent, speak to him about it; make him know you really miss his presence and you actually desire his attendance at the services.

Give him some work to do. Start out gradually, working him up to a point where he can help some one else as well as help himself.

Perhaps he can sing or perform unon some musical instrument. Arrange for such music at the service



my heart.

as will require the exercise of his talent. Perhaps he owns a book or has access to one bearing upon the subject to be studied. Learn of these conditions and employ them for the benefit of the League and the good of the Leaguer.

When the member is interested, when he learns the wealth of history and the heritage of the Lu. theran Church, he will not only be a better Leaguer, but also a stauncher Lutheran. It is the man or

who does things who is worth while, the man or the woman that the world wants and needs. It is the Luther Leaguer who can assist others by word and deed to remain true to the League and to the Church who is sought after and is desirable--the one worth while.

The League and the Leagues are to be as the motto states, “Of the Church, by the Church, and for the Church.'

You will invariable find the true Luther Leaguer actively engaged in other branches of Church work. which cannot so truthfully be said of members of any other Church organization.

And remember to pray for your League, and remember, too, that while God heareth prayer, He loves to hely those who help themselves.

A Joshua inay command the sun and the moon to stand still in the Valley of Ajalon while legions of soldiers gather a victory through the hours of a prolonged day for the house of Israel, but it is God who makes this victory possible as He makes the work of our Luther League successful.

When we come to the close of a perfect day,

At the end of a journey long,
When we gaze up the path of the starlit way,

And list the celestial song;
Our mem'ry will turn to the black and the red,

The white and the blue and the gold;
And will meet at the close of that perfect day,

True Leaguers gathered safe in the fold.
The feature of the convention was an ad-
dress by the Hon. J. L. Zimmerman, of
Springfield, on "Lutheran Co-operation in
Local Beneficence.” Mr. Zimmerman said:

We are living in the most interesting age and period in the history of the world. The civilization that we enjoy today is a civilization that was never dreamed of by the old philosophers as to what could be accomplished by the human mind. This civilization is the direct result of the Christian religion; the teaching of the Christian service has made us what we are now. They say we are now able to do in one day what people used to do in a month or a year. This is true, but this has been brought about by the condition that is produced by the individual through the Christian religion.

If we want to communicate with New York City we simply sit in our office, take down the receiver. call up New York, and in five or ten minutes we are in communication with New York City or some person a thousand miles away.

Whatever we want to do whatever we do, can now be accomplished in a very short period of time.

This civilization is due because as a Christian nation we have the accomplishments and the comple: tion of the greatest developments in the history of the world in the last past one hundred years.

What has that to do with my subject? The thing that has been the most important and instrumental in bringing about the thing that we enjoy is the Church to which you and I belong.

Carlyle says in his "Hero and Hero Worship," "Had it not been for the stand Luther took at the Diet of Worms,' we would not have had the free thought that we enjoy at this time." The Lutheran Church has been an important factor, the Lutheran Church has been the originator of many of the de. velopments that have gradually moved forward and moved this nation forward to the position it enjoys now.

The first thing that has been characteristic of the Lutheran Church is this: the Lutheran Church of the world to day has always stood out and insisted upon an educated ministry, an educated laity, that has been instrumental in preparing our ministry and the thing that has made our Lutheran Church great.

There is another thing we stand for and that is

for the sacredness of the home. One of the greatest and strongest things in our Church today, one of the things that we should all love, is that which has brought us into being and that which has protected us all our lives, and that is the beautifulness of our homes.

The one thing that the Lutheran Church insists upon. the one thing that the old Germans have always insisted upon, is that there be maintained in the homes a religion, a religion that lifts men up, that lifts the family up, makes them stronger and makes them better.

The Lutheran Church is the Church that we should be proud that we are members of.

But there is one thing that is most important; there is one thing that is the strongest upon my mind and heart, and I made up my mind five years ago that all the strength I have from now on is going to be devoted to bringing together the great Lutheran Churches of the United States of America, and if there is a heritage that I want to hand down to my two boys, if it is not accomplished in my time, it is this: that the Lutheran Church of the United States may be united into a strong synod for the elevation of our citizens.

They say that perhaps I should not talk that way where there are all classes of Lutherans. I want to say to you ladies and gentlemen, I have had the privilege of knowing as many of the laity throughout Whio and throughout the United States as any man throughout the Lutberan Church, and I do not know a single layman in any church or in any synod who is not absolutely enthusiastic in suporting me on this great question. That is the one that is the most interesting; that is the one that is the most dear to

The Lutheran Church believes and ac. cepts the Old and the New Testament as the divine Word of Almighty God.

We all now accept the unaltered Augsberg Confession; they say there are some differences; there are no differences in the doctrine of the Church, there are some differences in the administration of the methods of conducting the Church, but there is not a single difference in the doctrine, or belief; if there is I should like to have it pointed out.

I have listened with a great deal of interest anal have been associated with the greatest theological professors, and I have not had them point out to me any satisfactory differences as to the administration that is not an essential thing.

Why should we not have a union of the Lutheran Church? We have the same doctrine; we have the same belief; we ought to be enthusiastic for our Church,

Is there an individual in this great assembly that has met here today who is not enthusiastic in building up and strengthening the great Church to which you belong?

I think not. I talked with you last night; I talked with you yesterday. This enthusiasm about which the Doctor spoke to you last night seems to be in every vein and every beat of the heart of everybody connected with this Church. Should we not be for a united Lutheran Church?

Who is in this Church? Largely our kinsmen, our friends, our neighbors, those tied to us by blood. Should we not reach out our hands and through the strength that we have try to lift them up? Do not we owe something to our kinsmen; something to our country; something to our fellow man? I think we do,

Let me call your attention again to the question of how can

we do something for our local beneficence? In the State of Ohio, where you belong and where I belong. we have the great Wittenberg College, sit. uated on the hill; we have the Capitol University, situated in Columbus; we have the Osterlein, situated on the hill east of Suringfield; we have the Orphans Home, situated in Toledo; the Old Ladies' Home, situated in Timpecanoe City. What is it our duty to do?

Our duty is, if we love our Church, if we love our kinsmen, we should take those people who want to go to school, who want to go to college, who want to be under the administration and under the direction of Christian teacher's, we ought to take them by the hand and say to them, “Go to Wittenberg College, go to Capitol University, go to some of these institutions connected with the Lutheran Church," because in them and through them we receive the Christian religion which they are to teach.

All over the State of Ohio in some of these other




institutions I see the names of Lutherans; I see Lutherans in these other colleges; I see Lutherans in a great many colleges in which they ought not to be.

Is we have these institutions here, let us see that we have our own and that our own come to us, and 1 hat our are taught the doctrine that is most dear to us.

If we believe in the Lutheran Church, and if we are enthusiastic about it, local co-operation is what we want, co-operation in your county.

What do you want to do? I will tell you.

You want to look after your own Lutheran people. If there is a position that is vacant in any branch or in any depart. ment, you want to go and look over the great Lutheran Church in your county and see if there is not a boy or a girl fitted for that position. If there is, you recommend them to the proprietor as a strictly first class person to take that place. That is where the Lutheran Church has been weak, in not looking after our own.

We have Churches in this country, especially in the State of Ohio, who devote (and I mean Trotestant Churches) a good deal of time looking after politics of the State of Ohio to secure the election of one of their members. I do not object to that; the only thing that I do object to is this: that the Lutheran Church has been so modest regard. ing what they ought to have, and what they are en. titled to, that we have not asked anybody for their support.

Now, let me tell you another thing that we ought to do; that is this: There are a good many people who need your help in the congregation in which you live. There are a good many people who need your help in the county, in the city, in which you live, and they are members of the Lutheran Church. Cannot you do something for them?

Cannot you say, a word that will encourage them; say word that will lift them up, make them better?

Cannot you say, "Good morning, if you see them on the street walking along despondently? The words, “Good morn. ing," have cheered many a man and woman, made them feel better. When you are doing that you are making yourself that much greater, that much stronger, that much more faithful to your Church.

So it is, Lutheran co-operation can be brought out if we look at it right and think about it in the manner in which I have spoken to you this afternoon. I thank you.

At the close of a very spirited and interesting discussion, a round table was conducted, consisting of six short talks on practical subjects, as follows:

"Treating of Topics,” Miss Etta Westenfelter, Springfield; “Music and Devotions," Miss Kate Carter, Lima; “The Social Meeting,” prepared by Miss Alice Knoderer and presented by Miss Laura Hilliker, Columbus ; “The Business Meeting,” by O. C. Rohde, Toledo; “Committees," Clarence Meyers, Lancaster; "How to Make Each Minute Count,” Rev. E. C. Dolbeer, Delaware. These talks were very helpful to the delegates and visitors, and should be and no doubt will be productive of much good in the Ohio societies.

At the close of this session the final business was disposed of. The treasurer's report showed a balance of $311.55 on hand.

The delegates then posed for their annual picture, and after this the local League treated the delegates and visitors to an auto ride, which included a visit to the Wittenberg College.

Sixth Soosion The final session was opened with devotionals in charge of Rev. H. N. Miller, Ph. D., of Columbus.

The music at this session was of the same high order as the first evening, and was greatly enjoyed by the immense crowd present.

Mrs. Elsie Kennan, Mr. Ross Stoever and Mr. J. Eliner Dean sang the trio from Haydn's “Creation,” and Miss Marie Culp delighted the convention with a beautiful contralto solo.

Prof. H. W. Elson, Ph.D., L. H. D., of Athens, spoke on "Appreciation,” and said:

You have all seen or heard of coral and the coral islands. The coral is a tiny creature of the sea and is built upon the preceding generations until it reaches the surface of the ocean. History is like a coral growth built upon the past. When you sit down to write a letter the pen you use, the chair you sit in, the clothes you wear, are all products of machinery and took thousands of years to develop.

Progress in civilization is more rapid now than it was a few years ago, for two reasons: First, because we encourage our Galieos, Rodger Baitins, instead of imprisoning them. Second, because we educate the masses of the people. In educating the masses we must not forget the ethical and moral as well as the physical, as effective morality must rest on religion.

Morals without religion will save no one.

Educating in religion in the public schools is a very difficult thing, because of the different bases of teaching of the Catholics and Protestants.

Now, we represent not only the largest, but the original Protestant denomination. All Protestants were first called Lutherans. All Amercian churches are transplanted from Europe, and the Lutherans are at a disadvantage because this country is essentially an English speaking country and not one of the Lutheran countries is English speaking.

This fact makes it peculiarly difficult to transplant the Lutheran Church from Europe to America. It gives to the Church a great responsibility and at the same time the opportunity is equally great. Hundreds of thousands of immigrants are arriving every year.

We often hear of Lutheran young people leaving the Church and joining some other one. Here is a serious question. Why do they do it? If it is to gain social advantage or business advantage, their motives must be very low. Consider what your purpose is of belonging to the Church at all. Doubtless you can do the greatest work in the Church in which you were born.

The field is great and the opportuni. ties are great.

In appreciation of our heritage of the past and the fast heritage of the Church to which we belong we must not forget appreciation of self. Every young person should realize that he or she has a divine calling. While only a few of us may go to the foreign field or give all our life to Church work there is a great work and an important work to do.

The most conspicuous part of the Church is its con. servative position, and in this age of radicalism and uncertainty much conservativeness is of importance. A the same time we must careful and not over. do it. We must progress, we must be Americans and adapt ourselves to the Ainerican spirit if we would increase and grow and do a great work which is here and we have an opportunity to do.

Faithfully plant and faithfully water and God will richly bless you.

With the singing of the Rally Hymn the convention became history. The largest in attendance and one of the very best from every point of view yet held. The outlook in Ohio can only be a forward and an upward one.

Sixteenth Convention at Indianapolis, Juno 24-26

BY LODEMA WENER. HE sixteenth annual convention of the Also from the president of the Luther

League of America, Mr. William C. Stoever. June 24-26, in the First Church, at Indian- The executive committee submitted its reapolis, Rev. A. E. Renn, pastor.

port. The convention theme was:

The corresponding secretary reported as A-Believing-Our Faith.

follows: B—Knowing—Our Church.

Northern District-Leagues affiliated, 8; C—Doing—Our Practice.

senior members, 232; offerings, local work,

$279.75; benevolence, $26.67. First Session

Central District -- Leagues affiliated, 10; The vesper service was in charge of Rev. senior members, 300; junior members, 34; A. E. Renn, pastor loci.

offerings, local work, $224.20; benevolence, The convention sermon was preached by $36. Rev. A. E. Gringle, of Batesville.

Not in any District-Leagues affiliated, 6; At the close of this session a reception was senior members, 139: junior members, 26;

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tendered the delegates and visitors. An enjoyable social hour was spent, renewing old acquaintances and forming new ones.

Second Sossion
The devotional service was led by Rev.
A. E. Gringle, of Batesville.

The president of the local League, Mr. Whitney Spiegle, extended a hearty welcome to the convention.

The church was artistically decorated with the Luther League colors, which manifested a cordial welcome to all.

There were fifteen societies represented by about sixty delegates and friends. Seven pastors were in attendance.

A letter of greeting was received and read from the president of the State League, Rev. Elmer D. S. Boyer, of Lafayette, regretting his inability to be present at the convention.

offerings, local work, $134.50; benevolence, $25.

Grand Totals—Districts, 2; Leagues, 24; senior members, 671; junior members, 60; offerings, local work, $638.45; benevolence, $87.67; Topics used, 493; Junior Topics, 52; REVIEWS taken, 124.

The treasurer's report showed a balance from last report of $20.04; receipts during the year, $46.42; expenditures, $44.75; balance, $21.71.

Three societies affiliated at this convention : St. Mark's, Butler, Rev. J. B. Gardner, pastor ; First Church, Richmond, Rev. E. G. Howard, pastor; and Zion's, Portland, pastorate vacant.

The roll call of Leagues was had at this session, the delegates responding by stating what they are doing.

It was reported that one of the Leaguers would enter the Deaconess Motherhouse at

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