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Of the Church - By the Church -For the Church


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of the famous Swiss guard that perished in Christ we are freely justified for His sake. defense of the Tuilleries. His best work is It is when we believe in Jesus Christ as our generally considered to be that of Christ and personal Saviour we are received into God's the Twelve Apostles in the Lutheran Church favor; and for Christ's sake our sins are forof Copenhagen.


By His death Jesus Christ made satisArt has given us various conceptions of the faction for our sins, fulfilled a broken law, and Resurrection scene. It has been represented His righteousness is imputed to us.

For us by some as the guards awakened and the the law was fulfilled in Christ by His perfect soldiers aiming a b'ow at the risen Christ. obedience. Ostentatious emphasis has been laid upon the Christ becomes a pattern to us.

His life is supernatural, such as a guard asleep upon the an example of ideal manhood. It is not theory sealed sepulchre, while the fact that Christ is but practice we see in Christ's example of fulsoaring above prove that He had passed the filling the law. If you are inclined to take double barrier. However, Martin Schon and

other men as a pattern, let Jesus Christ be Albrecht Durer, those trusty Germans, would your standard. It is this daily life of Christ have none of this and instinctively returned to

among men that will show your need of Him. the early acceptance of an open tomb.

A conviction will take powerful possession of To realize the Easter event we must be rid you that His is the only perfect life. Your of the theatrical, of the stiff and unspiritual growing sense of sinfulness will bring you to elements, and must not be in servile obedience

prayer and to cling to the Cross of Christ. to the undramatic slavishness of tradition. We By paying the death penalty for sin in our must gladly come to what is exquisitely sim- stead we see that He took our place, and His ple. Thus the genius of Lorenzo di Credi, perfect life was lived for our example and Barroccio, Albertinelli, Correggio, and above salvation. all Titian, have lifted us out of the stiffness Jesus Christ came into the world to save of less worthy art into a better conception of sirners. This He did by doing the will of Christ's resurrection glory, but no ore in any Him that sent Him and finishing the work, epoch, painter or sculptor, has better combined even unto the Cross, His Father gave Him to those elements of simplicity and grandeur in do. So he paid our penalty and fulfilled the the risen Christ than Thorvaldsen.


R. N. S. A very good replica of the Risen Christ as Saviour is found in the Church of the Atonement, 138th street and Edgecomb avenue, New Population of United States from 1880 York. It is the altar piece and is a worthy

to 1910 reproduction of the master's genius displayed 1800

5,308,483 1860

31,443,321 in his colossal statue at Copenhagen. In this 1810

7,239,881 1870 38,558,371 statue of the Risen Christ there is the Greek 1820

9,633,822 1880 50,155,783 serenity of early Christian ages, the stern 1830

12,866,020 1890 62,622,250 righteousness of Byzantine, and the sympa- 1840 17,069,453 1900 76,304,799 thetic, though suffering, expression of Gothic, 1850 ..... 23,191,876 1910 94,611,612 as well as the fuller life development of later

The center of population of the United times.

States is steadily moving Westward, at the

rate of about fifty miles every ten years. The Tho Law Fulfilled

following is the center point at each census: As Jew and Gentile alike are under sin, the 1790 22 miles east of Baitimore. superior privilege of the Jew does not dimin- 1800 18 miles west of Baltimore. ish his guilt. As the knowledge of sin comes 1810 40 miles northwest of Washington. through the law, there is not justification by 1820 16 miles north of Woodstock, Va. the works of the law. Apart from the law, a 1830 19 miles west by s. w. Moorfield, W. Va. righteousness has been manifested. So Christ 1840 16 miles west of Clarksburg, W. Va. has fulfilled the law that by faith we might 1850 23 miles s. e. of Parkersburg, W. Va. be justified freely by His grace and not of 1860 20 miles south of Chillicothe, Ohio. ourselves.

1870 48 miles east by north of Cincinnat. Our own merit, strength or works are not 1880 8 miles west by south of Cincinnati. enough to save us. We secure this through 1890 20 miles east of Columbus, Ind. faith in Christ. When we exercise faith in Icoo 6 miles southeast of Columbus, Ind.

The roses were the first to hear

The roses trellised to the tomb; Bring roses--hide the marks of spear

And cruel nails that sealed His doom. The lilies were the first to see

The lilies on that Easter morn; Ering lilies—crowned with blossoms be

The head so lately crowned with thorn.

The lilies were the first to see:

They, watching in the morning gray, Saw angels come so silently

And roll the mighty stone away; They saw Him pass the portal's gloom:

He brushed their leaves-0 happy dower! Bring lilies-purest buds that bloom,

His face reflected in each flower.

The roses were the first to hear:

Ere yet the dark had dreamed of dawn, The faintest rustle reached their ear;

They heard the napkin downward drawn; They listened to His breathing low;

His feet upon the threshold fall. Bring roses--sweetest buds that blow,

His love the perfume of them all.

The roses were the first to hear,

The lilies were the first to see; Bring fragrant flowers from far and near,

To match the Easter melody! "Rabboni !” be on every tongue,

And every heart the rapture share
Of Mary, as she kneels among
The roses and the lilies fair!

---Century Magazine.

An Easter of the Long Ago


ERHAPS among the antique places of inY terest to the tourist, no place is more frequently visited than the Coliseum-hard by the seven-hilled city-occupying a site midway between the ruins of the baths of Titus and the Palatine Hill. It was completed by Titus, after conquering Jerusalem, in the year 80, and was more extensive than any of the many amphitheaters then in existence. It

built of immense stone blocks clamped together with iron and faced with marble. It covered an area of five acres, in the old gladiatorial days, and the portions of the wall still standing show the enduring qualities of not only the material built into the structure, but also the strength of the masonry work put upon it. It was estimated that fully eighty thousand people could be seaied in the building, and on the great days it was thronged with a crowd including all ages, classes and stations in life.

Though much time and attention were devoted to athletic sports, innocent and helpful in the main, the noble monument of man's skill was frequently desecrated by cruel spectacles, which were neither harmless, graceful nor instructive. Wild beasts, taken from their native lairs, were brought to the amphitheater, and, after being tortured into madness, were turned loose to tear and devour

each other. while the delighted spectators looked on, shouting and applauding the cruel, inhuman sport.

Not satisfied with witnessing the deaththroes of the untamed animals, the bloodthirsty spectators cried out for human gore. Then, to appease the demand, bands of gladiators were introduced, and the crowds went wild over the barbarism displayed in the combat between the athletes. As a rule, the gladiators were low-born, often slaves trained for the sport of amphitheaters, but occasionally men from the higher walks in life, particularly those possessing great physical strength and endurance, entered the arena, proud of an opportunity to gain for themselves the short-lived fame of the noisy populace.

Another and more pitiable class of combatants comprised the hated Christians, condemned to the ignominious death for the amusement of the persecutors.

When, through mere brute force, the conqueror stood

over his vanquished foe, he raised his eyes to cheering crowds above him his determination to make a finish unto death or spare the victim was taken from the sign he received from the onlookers. If the hands were extended with the thumbs upward, the bleeding form of the fallen foe was not mo

lested further ; but if the thousands of thumbs sacrificed his life for the sake of the principle pointed downward, nothing could save the so dear to his heart touched a chord of symvanquished from a speedy death.

pathy in those who, by aiding and abetting. For many years this licensed butchery con- had become partakers of the crime, and, with tinued, but finally, through the softening touch remorse, they begged that the flow of blood of the Ch istian religion, the barbarous amuse- might be stayed. ment was once more confined to the fights Inquiry revealed the murdered man to be a between infuriated beasts.

man of prayer-one pledged to stand up ever When Alaric, the Goth, invaded the Roman and always for the right, and, as the sequel empire, leaving death and devastation every- proved, to die for it if need be. where in his trail, Stilicho, the brave Roman Though the hero was so much appreciated general, assembling his forces, went out to when his motive came to be thoroughly unmeet the barbarians, and, gaining a decided derstood, his name could not be discovered, victory, scattered and discomfited the foe, thus and nothing could be learned about his career, saving the imperial city from falling into their except that he had come from the mountains hands. The senate and citizens, in their de- of Asia, and had died to save Rome from sire to do the brave man homage, arranged retrograding into barbarism. And as the sefor a grand Easter ovation, at which the quel proved, his death was not in vain. His young emperor, Honorius, and his great gen- devotion to the right left a deep impression eral were guests of honor. At the close of on the hearts of the assembled multitude, and the demonstration they dere invited to the as they returned to their homes they resolved Coliseum to witness the athletic sports of the that the days of barbarism for Rome were active young Romans. This was succeeded forever past. Through the death of a nameby the introduction of the old animal com- less hero came life for the purity of Roman bats, and finally a long array of swordsmen principles—the glad Easter in which the emappeared, ready for a gladiatorial combat. pire arose from a deathlike sleep into whici - Just as the tragedy was about to begin, a the nation was ready to relapse. Very soon gray-haired old man, dressed in peasant's at- the gladiators disbanded of their own accord, tire and without shoes on his feet, sprang and from that Easter 403, no human blood was into the arena and, separating the combatants, ever again made to flow on the sands of the turned his fine old face upward with a most pathetic appeal to the people to stop this use- The Easter of the soul, as well as the Easter less shedding of human blood before it should in nature, can only come through death; for begin. He reminded them of the mercy of "How can it be quickened, except it die?"God in saving them from the invaders' power,

Lutheran Observer. and warned them not to requite His mercy by such a display of human passions.

Daily Biblo Readings But, excited by the flow of blood which they Sunday, March 16—Psa. 2:10-12; Zech. 9:9-10. had witnessed, the people called for the sport

Monday, March 17-Matt. 20:17-19.

Tuesday, March 18-John 20:20-26. to go on.

Wednesday, March 19-John 20:27-36.

Holy Thursday, March 20—Matt. 26:36-46. Again the old man thrust himself in the Good Friday, March 21--Mark 1522-41. way, entreating the sportsmen to be men and

Saturday, March 22—I Cor. 15:1-11.

Easter Sunday, March 23-John 20:24-29. resist the people's demand for blood, and again Easter Monday, March 24

Acts 10:34-43.

Tuesday, March 25-11 Kings 22:1-17. the cry came from the tiers above: “On, Wednesday, March 26-II Chron. 31:1-10. gladiators! Put the old man out."

Thursday, March 27-Matt. 25:1-13.

Friday, March 28--Acts 17:1-9. Fired with frenzy at being thwarted thus, Saturday, March 29--11 Co. 6:1-7:1. the gladiators sprang forward once more, and

Sunday, March 30-Luke 11:29-36.

Monday, March 31-II Tim. 3:1.17. when the commanding presence of the old

Tuesday, April 1-Rev. 22:8-19.

Wednesday, April 2-II Pet. 3:14-18. man would have held them back they struck Thursday, April 3-Acts 15:22-31. him down with their swords.

Friday, April 4-1 Cor. 1:10-17,

Then, seeing Saturday, April 5-I Tim. 4:1-16. him lying dead at their feet, his long white Sunday, April 6—Rom. 10:8-10; I Pet. 3-15.

Monday, April 7-Exod. 25:1-9. hair stained with his own blood, they stepped Tuesday, April 8-Eccles. 11:1-10. back, unconsciously betraying' by their faces

Wednesday, April 9-1 Cor. 1:18-30.

Thursday, April 10- II Cor. 2:12-17. the regret they felt over the cowardly deed.

Friday, April 11-Rom. 15:1-13.

Saturday, April 12--Heb. 6:9-12. The peaceful countenance of the man who had Sunday, April 13--Matt. 12:2-4; Exod. 15:20-21.


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