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Marims and Reflections.

How much will it add to society to

remove, by the progress of truth, the It requires no Attila to make war prejudices which so often insulate the scourge of God.

virtuous and intelligent minds? At He who does his work keeps pace present, how near and how long may with time. Procrastinate enjoyment such persons live together without inif you please, not duty.

tercourse ? There is no name which so much To be interesting, the face of youth excites the idea of a state destitute, must shew capacity; of the man acand an objeet of compassion, as that quisition. of an orphan. And yet such are many

In morals the good man is the genparents, that it would have been the tleman ; he is always well dressed. greatest blessing that could have befal. A man of loose morals may in some len their children, to have been left or- things act well, and occasionally apphans.

pear to advantage. He is a holiday He is a wretched economist who beau; but his common attire is shabgrudges the seed, a wretched spend- by. Worse than dirty linen, or a thrift who throws away the harvest. coat out at elbows, some vitious habit

Nature has denied to woman the or propensity, or some offensive senpower of asking, because man could timent, is always betraying the intenot refuse her.

riority of his cast. The mole sits under his heap, and The cry and the depredations of the feasts on the worm. It is nothing to hawk interrupt not long the har. him that he bury the precious seed, mony of the fields and the wood. The or root up the sweet Hower, or that blessings and the beauty of nature he see not the beauteous sky. Such soon prevail over fear and loss. Many is the man sunk in mean gratifications. a sad tale might the lark, and linnet,

The lottery cheats many to give to and redbreast tell, and yet pleasure a few: it robs industry, skill, tem- and love only breathe in their song. perance, content, to give to the love Art thou less grateful Philomel, or of idleness, to discontent, and luxury. dost thou love more ? It separates its gifts from all qualiti It would be a small thing to me to cation to enjoy them. It gives an un- possess the cap of Fortunatus, giving natural force to extravagant desires, me only the power of transporting by seeming to make that accessible myself through present scenes. I which is not so by any proper channel. must view those of every age; I must

If a man marry a woman without visit Eden and the patriarchs; I knowing what she has, so much the must witness the fall of the tyrant in better, without knowing what she the Red Sea, and his ruin prepared is, so much the worse.

by the fall of the patriots of T'hermoThere is a perseverance arising from pylæ. Still more do I feel interested stupidity, which, like the butterfly try.. in looking forward to times whien the ing to get through a glass window, per- efforts of all the good and wise shall ceives not the impossibility of its suc- have their full effect.

If marriage were, indeed, a lottery, Why are our fine folks so fond of considering how many of the blessings cottages? Is it that they are delighted of life are independent of matrimony, with innocence and retirement that and how much a bad wife may they wish to associate with the cot- spoil them all, the chance of a good tager in sharing their feasts with him wife would scarcely be worth the or in soothing his toil? With other risk of a bad. But it is where mothings suited to the cottage style, re- ney, rank, or beauty, are the chief obcollect that pride, and ostentation, jects of preference that a good wife is and luxury, are here quite out of a matter of chance, and such a man, taste. Unless peace and content dwell if he get one, is luckier than he de under it, in vain you will have the serves to be. thatch roof. Peasant, retaliate on those Old age, even “twafald o'er a rung," who thus assume the mock appear- may have pleasures better than all the ance of your state. Cultivate the joys which youth boasts and so greedily blessings of religion, of innocence and pursues. Take care, that, in the espure affection, and your cottage will gerness to seize those of the one pebecorae a palace far richer than most riod, you prevent not those of ibe of those abodes which bear the name. other.

cess.

REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.

Travels from Vienna through Lower gary, will often be referred to as the

Hungary; with some Remarks on highest authority on these subjects, the State of Vienna during the Cone and as replete with important practical gress, in the year 1814. By Rich- hints for the behoaf of other nations. ARD Bright, M. D. Edinburgh, We believe, at the same time, that Constable and Co. 1818. 4to. we shall please our readers better by

avoiding these details entirely, as it is This book is full of information re- impossible, that, within our short specting a country of which little has bounds, we could give them with any hitherto been made known to the pub- good effect, and by presenting them lic, but with the aspect and statistics rather with one or two of those gay of which we may now consider our- or interesting pictures of society and selves to be almost as well acquainted as manners with which Dr Bright has with the most familiar provinces of enlivened the more substantial mate Scotland or England. If we have any ter of his volume. fault, indeed, to find with the work We first find him in Vienna, and before us, it is, perhaps, that its in- among the royal personages of the formation is somewhat too minute, Congress. On the very evening of and more than we care to receive a- his arrival, he visited a place of public bout a people in whom we do not take amusement called the Redoute, where, any very profound interest. To the he was told, that, in all probability, general reader, this circumstance may, he would see many of the distinguishin some degree, hurt its popularity, ed persons at that time in the Impeand he will regret it the more, that rial city. the ingenious author is so well qualified, whenever he finds a congenial

“ We entered the room about nine subject, to bring it out in the most o'clock in the evening. It is a magnificent pleasing and engaging manner. His

saloon, finely lighted, surrounded by a gala whole account of Vienna, and of the of building called the Bourg or Imperial

lery, and forming a part of the large pile Congress, is exceedingly entertaining, Palace. Never was an assembly less cereand, whenever he has occasion to de- monious ; every one wore his hat; many, scribe the scenery or the inhabitants till the room became heated, their greatof Hungary, nothing can be more coats ; and no one pretended to app ar in lively or picturesque. But, when an evening dress, except a few E ish. he gets into that country, unfortu- men, who, from the habits of our country, nately, “ his talk is” too much “ of and some little vanity, generally attempt

His love of knowledge, and to distinguish themselves by an attention the benevolent sympathy of his na

to outward appearance. Around the whole ture, lead him with so much keenness five rows of benches, occupied, for the most

circumference of the room were four or into all the little economical arrange- part, by well-dressed females ; while the ments of one Graf and another Graf, other parts presented a moving multitude, and he details at so much length every many of whom were in masks, or in dothing that can be told about their minos, and were busily engaged in talking sheep, cattle, and buffaloes, that we and laughing, or dancing to the music of somewhat lose our interest in the a powerful orchestra. My companion thread of his narrative. This, how- squeezed my arın, as we passed a thin fiever, may, in truth, be the most use gure with sallow shrunken features, of ful part of the work, and it may only mild expression, with a neck, stiff, bending be exposing our ignorance to speak as

a little forwards, and walking badly. That we have now done. We have no

is our Emperor.' I shook my head, and

smiled. Ảe was alone, and dressed like doubt, indeed, that its statistical me

the rest. Pray allow me to doubt a lite rits will very soon be discovered, and tle till I have some farther proof.'— There, that the accuracy and extent of its in- do you see that little man with white hair, formation on the agriculture, the a pale face, and aquiline i ose? He wa mines, and the political state of Hup, almost pushed down as he passed the cor,

oxen.

VOL. II.

550 Review. Bright's Travels through Lower Hungary. [June ner ;-that is the King of Denmark.' A. In this agreeable and dramatic mangain I shook my head in disbelief.—Here wer, our author paints to us many of the Emperor of Russia approaches.' I the scenes which Vienna displayed at looked up, and found the information true. this busy and important period ; but His fine manly form, his round and smil.

we shall rather make our next quoing countenance, and his ncat morning tation from the description of a rustic dress, were not to be mistaken ; they were the saine which, some months before, I had funeral, which he witnessed soon after seen enter the church at Harlem, to the his entrance into Hungary. The thundering peals of the grand organ. I

scene contrasts well with the gaiety soon recognized the tall form, the solemn of that which we have now exhibitand grave features, of the King of Prussia; ed. --it is connected with it too, by and afterwards seeing these two in familiar the striking passage at the close, and conversation with the two monarchs, whose there is a beauty and a tenderness in pretensions I had disputed, was satisfied the reflections of the author which are their claims were just. That short, thick, very characteristic of a traveller, qui old gentleman, is the Grand Duke of Saxe nihil humani a se alienum putet.” Weimar. That young man near him, the Crown Prince of Wirtemberg. Here, turn

" When I got to Léva, the whole yard your eyes to that seat. The large elderly was full of people, and I learned that the man, with a full face, -he looks like an postmaster having lost his wife, was on the Englishman,—he is the King of Bavaria.' point of following her corpse. This, I - Pardon,'

I exclaimed, stepping quick- plainly saw, would put a stop to my jourly aside. That was the Grand Duke ney for the day, and did not feel much disBaaden,' said my monitor, “ whose toe you appointed, as it afforded me an opportuni. trode upon ; he was talking to Prince Wil. ty of attending a ceremony which no one liam of Prussia. Here, fall back a little ought to neglect in a foreign country. Af. to let these gentlemen pass, they seem very

ter three priests, with crosses and incense anxious to go on.

One, two, three, four, boxes, followed by the coffin, and accon. five ;--these are all Archdukes of Austria. panied by a numerous train of mourners, -There seems a little press towards that and boys with wax.lights,-had moved with end of the room.-See, three women in solemn singing towards the burying-place, masks have beset the King of Prussia ; he I went quickly to the inn, dismissed my seems not a little puzzled what he shall do waggon, and joined the procession. The with them.-Now a party of waltzers draws place of burial was considerably elevated, the attention of the crowd, and the King is

at the distance of half a mile from Léva,left to dispose of his fair assailants as he a solitary spot of ground, adorned only by thinks fit. Do you see that stout tall man,

crosses raised by the hands of affection Over who looks at the dance ?--he is the Duke departed friends. As the body was laid of Saxe Cobourg ; and by his side, not so in the ground, I thought I perceived more stout as himself, is liis brother the Prince emotion in the spectators than is usual. Leopold.'—Who is this young man next The rite being performed, the assembly seto us, marked with the small-pox, who is parated during the performance of a sspeaking broken English ?'_ It is the lemn chant. The greater part retired to a Crown Prince of Bavaria ; he is said to be still higher ground covered with vineyards, very fond of your nation. And here,' giv- on the summit of which a temple is eracting me another hearty squeeze with his el ed as a memorial of our Saviour's death bow, is an English milord.' Ile had up- upon Mount Calvary. I remained a little on his head a remarkably flat cocked hat, longer than the rest, an.) beheld a most af. --two ladies in dominos leaned upon his fecting and beautiful scene. It was the

The hat, unique of its kind, rather tribute paid by mothers, by children, and excited a smile in my companion. After by friends, to the remains of those who a little more pushing, for the room was were gone before them. Tears flowed in now become very full, we encountered a torrents from the eyes of a mother and fine dark military locking man, not in u a daughter, who kneeied at the side of a niform of course, but with mustaclioes. tomb which seemed to liave been long the • This was Beauherzois, viceroy of Italy.' abode of him over whom they prayed. In In this way, fior to or three hours, did another spot two little children cried aloud, we continue meeting and pushing amongst as they lay with their faces upon a heap of hundreds of men, cach of whom, had he earth, whilst others kissed the mould which but made his appearance singly at a fa had been lately raised. --The loneliness of shionable rout in London, would have fur the spot,--the Carpathian chain stretched nished a paragraph to our newspapers,

out in the distance, the obscurity of apprints to our shops, titles to our bazaars, proaching night, the stillness of nature, distinctive appellations to every article of interrupted only by the cries of widows and our dress, and themes, if not ideas, to our of children were sadly, yet harmonious poets.”

ly combined ; and he must have been cold

arin.

ers.

A mauso

indeed who could witness the scene with the monarch to whose territories I have al. out emotion. These humble peasants of ready transported him? Frederic of Prus. Hungary have, through the native prompt. sia married the late Queen when very ings of the heart, so blended the memory young, and a long course of years had ceof their departed friends with the feelings mented their affection, when her unexpectof devotion, that nations boasting of higher ed death threatened to break the bond. degrees of cultivation may respect and fol- The King's sorrow was attended by the low their example. We may civilize and sympathy of his people. It was not the refine away our feelings till the simple elict of the Court, but individual and sin. dictates of nature are completely yielded cere feeling, which filled Berlin with mournup. With the majority of mankind con The King and the whole family fol. solation is sought in forgetfulness ; to pre- lowed her on foot to the grave. sent a variety of new objects to the mind, leum of his own design was erected at his and a constant succession of changes is favourite garden of Charlottenburg, whither deemed the duty of a comforter. Thus his wife's remains were conveyed. Here, the only feelings which accompany the on certain days, the public are allowed to death of a friend are supposed to be those enter ; and though, when I saw it, three purely selfish rentembrances which recal to years had clapsed since the Queen's death, our minds the comforts we have lost,-re. many still continued to visit the spot with ducing the whole sentiments of friendship reverence and affection. Early on each anto a standard according to which our estates, niversary, the King and his eleven children, our houses, and our fortunes, hold the atten led by a single priest, repair to this highest places. For my own part, I am sanctuary, anıl, descending into the tomb, persuaded that the human mind, which de- each places a garland on the coffin, when rives such satisfaction in the formation of having addressed the Almighty in prayer, friendships, is capable of maintaining and the King retires to the island of Paon, near cherishing these emotions throughout its Potsdam, and passes the remainder of the whole existence, and that we are truly no day in perfect solitude. That a monarch more pardonable in attempting to forget a who can cherish such feelings, who can so friend who is dead, than we should be in encourage them in his family and in his forgetting one that is absent. If, putting people, should enjoy their atřection and aside all unintelligible motives, there is confidence, will astonish no one. When I one which can be felt and explained, more resided in Berlin, this feeling was at its pure than others, leading us to rejoice in height, for to the attraction of private virtue our future prospects, it is the idea and hope was added the splendour of public glory." of meeting again the friends from whom we have been separated by death.—When

We know few more beautiful pasI was at Berlin, during the preceding year, sages than this, and are apt to think I followed the celebrated IfHand to the it quite as interesting and importgrave. Mingled with some pomp, you ant as the detail of Graf Hunyamight trace much real feeling. In the di's improvements in the breeding of midst of the ceremony my attention was sheep. Indeed, we believe that Graf attracted by a young woman, who stood could outdo the Patriarch Jacob himnear a mound of earth newly covered with self, who, turf, which she anxiously protected from

6 When Laban and himself were comprothe feet of the pressing crowd. It was the

mised tomb of her parent ; and the figure of this affectionate daughter presented a monu

That all the yeanlings which were streaked,

and pied, ment more striking than the most costly work of art.

There were in this burial. Should fall as Jacob's hireground many tributes, paid by those who The skilful shepherd peeled me certain loved rather to court than shun the objects

wands," &c. of their affection-of friends who lingered with delight over the last parting scene.

There are few things that impress Throughout the church-yard there was us so much in a book of travels as the scarcely a mouldering heap of sand which character of the traveller. If we find was not covered with the gayest flowers of him to be a cold blooded fellow, who the season. Nor were these marks of at- thinks of nothing but the importance tention confined to the depositories of the of the information he is giving us, who poor.

Around the enclosing wall were has but little sympathy with the peomany monuments of marble, with recesses formed for retirement ; where, amidst ple among whom hit has passed, and bowers of green-house plants were placed seems to have contuinplated all the seats, on which friends might repose, and wonders of nature and art, which have give way to their reflections and regret.- started up before him, with no other And now may I ask the reader to wander feeling than as subjects for his book ; with me one step farther, whilst I speak of though Greece or Italy were his theme,

it is in vain that he will attempt to fix rate discussions ; and if we do not our attention. If, on the other hand, enter into some future details on the his details are the result of a natural Hungarian improvements in breeding and ardent spirit of inquiry,-if, cattle, we think we can, at least, prowherever he goes, nature awakens him mise our readers some information on to the sense of beauty, and man to all the curious subject of the Cyganies or the affections of humanity,—it is little Gypsies,—multitudes of whom our inmatter where such a traveller carries telligent traveller encountered in the us, his narration must ever possess no course of his wanderings. mean portion of interest. Dr Bright, as we have already noticed, goes The Situation of the World at the Time through all the official duty of a traveller with an accuracy and a minute

of Christ's Appearance, and its Conness which are not even to be paral

nection with the Success of His Releled in those formal authors above

ligion,considered; a Sermon, preachmentioned; but, it is evident that

ed before the Society in Scotland for he was carried into this nicety of de

Propagating Christian Knowledge, tail, by the real pleasure which he found

January 6, 1775. By WILLIAM in acquiring knowledge, and by his

ROBERTSOX, D.D. Principal of the warm sympathy in all the employments

University of Edinburgh, and Hise of those with whom he happened to

toriographer to his Majesty for

Scotland, &c. &c. &c. Svo. Econverse. There is nothing, in short, of the character of book-making in

dinburgh, 1818. his book. Then there is something We consider the reading part of delightful in his constant observation our population as under an important of the manners, and of the domestic obligation to the publishers of this circumstances of the meanest peasants sermon, which is, in many respects, to whom he could get access, in the well entitled to public attention. In good-humoured way in which he whatever view we regard it, indeed, threw himself into the accidental com- it is one of the most interesting serpany of the inns, or the wandering mons in the English language. It is tribes of gypsies, there is throughout interesting as coming from the pen of the whole a social spirit, which is even an author who was the brightest ordiscernible in his manner of speaking nament of our church, and whose of the brute creation. Wherever the pre-eminence as a historian is acknowfeatures of a country in the main un- ledged by the whole literary world. pleasing, assumed a more agreeable it is interesting as being the only speform, we instantly find him alive to cimen of pulpit eloquence which he the impressions of nature, and there has left behind him, not because he are many indications, as well as the undervalued that species of composibeautiful passage already quoted, of a tion, in which he had scarcely a rival; heart awake to the higher sentiments but because his manuscript sermons of devotion. It is impossible that the having been accidentally burned at : travels of such a man should not be late period of his life, he never after interesting, even if they were less a wrote out his sermons, but preached bounding with information than they extemporé, or from short notes. It is

interesting, as being one of the first We have kept our word with our sermons delivered from a Scottish pulreaders, and given theu none of the pit, in which classical elegance is cominformation; for within the short com- bined with animated and vigorous elopass to which we must necessarily li- quence, and the warmest piety with init ourselves, we could have done the most extensive and liberal views little more than transcribe the table of the Christian dispensation. It is, of contents, which they will find al. above all, interesting from the subready done for them under the co- ject,-in itself one of the most importver of our last Number. We can ant which can claim the attention of only assure them, that there is not a Christian or a philosopher,--and in one of the subjects there mentioned, the discussion of which the author has with respect to which their curiosity displayed the same depth of reflection, will not be amply gratified, by have the same accuracy of knowledge, the ing recourse to the book itself. Many same skill in arrangement,--the same of these might afford scope for sepa- luminous, close, and forcible reason.

are.

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