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were, no sufficient evidence has come pears absolutely necessary. Mr Pope's down to us, nor is it even clear whe- emendation is by no means satisfacther they were a philosophical or reli- tory to my mind; for why should a gious sect. I am, however, inclined drummer, more than any other man, to adopt the former opinion, from a be supposed to have bended or bowed passage I accidentally discovered in a legs? As it is, however, a well-known fragment of a romance entitled “Glen- fact, that the legs of those persons, arvon," printed in 1816, now in the who labour principally with their possession of Mr Heber, and which arms, (as watermen, for instance,) that gentleman, with great apparent are apt to dwindle away,

1 propose probability, ascribes to the pen of Dr that we should read dainty legged," Howley, then bishop of London. In the word " dainty" having been used, this book, a certain lady, who is de- in our author's time, for delicate, or scribed as a great patroness of the li- slender.-EDWARDS. terary and scientific characters of the I see no reason why a drummer day, is reproached with being at all should be supposed to have slender times ready to flatter a needy dandy. legs. A drummer marches with his From this I infer, that they were a corps, and beats his drum on the species of empyrics in experimental march, to which he himself, as well philosophy, something like the alchy- as his companions, is obliged to keep mists of old, for poverty is seldom the time with his legs. My opinion is, companion of religious adventurers. that the original reading is right; I am, therefore, persuaded, that Shan- particularly as all the copies agree in dy wrote dandy ragged dreamer," this respect.

this respect. “Bandy" is probably i.e. indigent, visionary dandy. The equivalent to banded, bandanword " ragged” may also have been ciently signifying a ribbon, (someused to indicate the slovenliness of times written ribband,) or string; their dress, as well as their poverty, from whence the verb to band, of for it is not probable that these philo- which bandy was the participle. At sophers paid much attention to their that time of day, drummers, and other personal appearance. This reasoning musicians belonging to the army, is amply confirmed, by what follows, were distinguished from the fighting a little further on in the story : men by a fantastic dress. Indeed,

“ What a pity it is,” cried the this dress was subject to great variadandy ragged dreamer, o that we did tions ; and it is a curious, though well not both touch it!” This exclamation attested fact, that the Regent himself of regret is perfectly suitable to the not only paid the greatest

attention to character of a zealous experimentalist, the subject, but (what will hardly be when we recollect that the subject in credited at the present day) a Board debate was the extraordinary pheno- of general officers was actually apmenon of the stranger's nose, and the pointed for the superintendence of the immediate question of what material army tailors. There is still to be seen it was composed. Now, our author in the Tower a military effigy, acwould never have committed the im- coutered something after the manner propriety of putting these words into of a Roman soldier, except that, inthe mouth of a German drummer, stead of a helmet, it has a bonnet or who must have known, that, had he cap, of a singular form, and which ventured to lay hold of the gentle- certainly never was intended for deman's nose, on any pretence however fence. This, as well as a short jupon, innocent, he would have been instant or petticoat, which reaches nearly to ly conveyed to the halberds, and se the knee, is party-coloured. But, verely punished for his presumption. what is most to our purpose is, that The German military discipline was it wears a kind of sandal, to which then the strictest in Europe.-War- are attached two broad woollen rib

bons, or bands, twined cross-wise up. Great learning and ingenuity are the leg, to keep it on. This figure certainly displayed in the last note; unquestionably represented a drumbut I cannot help thinking that the mer of the day.-STEEVENS. Doctor has taken rather too great a Perhaps this was the dress common liberty with the text. It is true I to all musicians. I have frequently can find no meaning for the word met with the phrase, band of mu

bandy," so that some alteration ap- sic," for a company of musicians, in


old authors. They may have been so is a translation, appears in a "Deutsche called from the above peculiarity in Blumenlese," or,

“ Collection of the their dre's, under the rhetorical figure Flowers of German Literature," and Synecdoche.-MALONE.

is ascribed to Langbein." The oriNr Steevens is right. With re- ginal is happily conceived, and exquispect to the word “Dandy,” I greatly sitely expressed. In vain would l'atdoubt whether it denoted any parti- tempt to imitate the rich humour, secular sectarist. I am disposed to con rious drollery, and close condensation sider it as a general name for the of Langbein's style, in a translation. most celebrated writers of the day. The interest of the story, however, In a leaf of the “ Morning Chronicle” does not consist entirely in the exfor the year 1818, preserved in the pression, for the incidents can scarcely British Museum, I find an allusion to fail to amuse, even under the disadsome of these Dandies, each of whom vantages of an imperfect translation. seems to have been distinguished by If you are of the same opinion, the a particular epithet, in the nature of piece may perhaps find a place in a surname. Thus, we have the Com- your interesting Miscellany, The a mercial Dandy, the Deo Dandy, the riginal has been strictly adhered to, Dead Dandy, &c. The first of these except in the postponement of the deprobably treated of commercial sub- nouement for a few stanzas, to contijects, a principal branch of what was nue longer the interest of the story.called, in the jargon of the day, I am, &c.

A. B. " political economy;" the second was a deist, or asserter of pure Theism;

66 Where are we now ? See nought appears and the third may have been a mate. I told you oft to shun the left,

But cattle on the hill; rialist, who, denying the notion of a future state, contended, that death You've brought us here ;—now save u

But you would have your will. was the consummation of our being. both

Johnson. From rock, and pit, and rill." The real meaning of the word

66° Hic hæret aqua,' honoured Sir, Dandy" seems to have hitherto

Trust now no more to me; escaped the commentators. In the But mark! I tremble not although leaf of the “ Morning Chronicle," We thieves and wolves may see. lately discovered at York, the ex- Says Horace,— Purus sceleris pressions, Dowager Dandy," and Non eget mauri jaculis.'« Desart Dandy,” are to be found. “ O that you and your Latin were It was probably a word of contempt In Styx, and I min bed. for an impostor of any kind. Dowa. Is this a time to laugh and jest ger Dandy may have been a person With my distress and dread ? who paid his court to rich old widows, But see ! low in the valley gleams from interested motives, Desart Dan

A light; O let us seek its beams !" dy is not so easily explained. I have “66 Cur non, mi Domine,' for there likewise met with “ Handy Dandy,

Á mortal must abide; which, I presume, meant a pickpocket, In such a place the cloven feet and " Dirty Dandy.” This last epi. On, quickly on! for now I think

And tail would ne'er reside. thet, I conceive, did not designate any

How sweet their potent ale will drink." particular Dandy, but was a general term for the whole race, and is, per- Then, reeling for the light, they steer, haps, not to be understood as referring But whence they came, 1, with your leave, so much to the foulness of their bodies, as the depravity of their minds. They staggered from a bridal feast

In one word may explain-
I am, Sir, your obedient servant.

With all they could contain.
R. T.

The hut is reached ; a man appears

All clad in sullied brown,
Who cyes our two benighted friends

With dark suspicious frown.
They hegged for beds, till rising day

Should dawn to light them on their way. ( Translated from the German of Langbein.)

“ Indeed, to tell your Honours true,

Of beds I've none to spare,

But solace such as straw may yield
The poem, of which the following You're welcome here to share.




If that can please you, soon you'll find While Bakel cursed and scampered round,
A truss and chamber to your mind.” In impotent despair :
Most piteously upon his paunch

Meantime the roof poured torrents down The Parson cast his eye ;

On the poor parson's naked crown. “ How now, thou fat rotundity,

Now Bakel found all efforts vain On straw couch wilt thou lie ?".

To ope the dunghill's side ; « « Sub sole nil perfectum est,'

And though his friend there still had lain, Said Bakel -—" here I'll take my rest.” No help could he provide. He said, and soon was fast asleep.

At last a powerful lever's found ; The Parson looked around

With it he heaves him from the ground. For peg to hang his wig upon,

But ah how adverse still their fate! But no one could be found :

For now they found a court, Himself upon the straw he cast,

Whose towering walls and barred gate His wig upon the ground.

Cut further egress short.

Thus fruitless all these dangers run
Between the guests and host alone

The dreadful cannibals to shun !
A thin partition stood :
They heard him sing an evening hymn, Now they prepare their hearts to sing
Then pray for faith and food ;

A“ valet" ere they die,
And now, the godly service done,

And only seek a shelt'ring roof, Unto his spouse he thus began :

Till then to keep them dry. “My dear, as soon as morning dawns,

Experience tells we best may claim The black ones I shall slay,

Success, if humble be our aim. They will be, when I think again,

So found the candidates for death Much fatter than I say.

A shelter in their need; Oh how that bullet-round one will It was a hovel near a shade He makes my very chops distil!”

Where cattle use to feed. " Ah, Bakel ! do you sleep? or hear

It chanced that in that hole, his swine These cannibals declare,

Our host, while feeding, did confine.
That, when the morning sun ascends, But they had burst their little door,
On us they mean to fare?

And so had stole away,
Oh from this horrid murderous den And in the garden with their snouts
Were I but out alive again!”

Did hold their merry play ; “Proh dolor,' Sir ; but still there's hope, While in their place our pious friends We're not in Charon's barge ;

Most fervently did pray. Still may some good Convivia,

" Oh think, dear Bakel, that the grave Your little paunch enlarge.

Is but the gate of life ;
Nay ope your eyes,-look here and see There beggars equal mighty kings;
A window; from it leap with me.'

There ends all mortal strife ; “ Yes ! such a goose-quill thing as you

The injured slave feels not the thong, May leap, and dread no harm ;

Nor drags his weary chain along." But, were I such a leap to take,

“ Ah yes, how truly says the bard, I'd die with pure alarm ;

Si hora mortis ruit
This ponderous body would but drop Is fit Irus subito
Into Death's open arm.

Qui modo Cræsus fuit."
Now Bakel used his eloquence

Thus spent they all the hours of night, To urge his friend to fly ;

Till dawn the little court did light. He painted dangers great and dread Now hideously a door did creak, If they should longer lie ;

From which came out the man, Till he took courage, from despair, Whose eye beamed murder; and he straight

The unknown dreadful leap to dare. To whet his knife began But still there was a point to fix,

And muttered as he rubbed away, Which first the leap should try ;

“ Ye black ones ye shall die to-day !" Each urged the other, and again

The host a Flesher' was by trade, Replied, “ Oh no, not I.”

And spoke still of his swinc, At last our friend the pedagogue

While all these dreadful thoughts beset Down like a bird did fly.

The Teacher and Divine; He lighted, salva venia,

Who fell into the odd mistake, Upon a hill of dung,

That he their lives designed to take. And bounding from the dirt unhurt So forth he stretched his hand to draw Like dunghill cock he sprung:

The swine from out their hole: But like a cliff from mountain cast, The first thing that he seized upon Fell the fat parson--and stuck fast !

Was Bakel's thickened sole : He sunk up to the waist,--por could

He cried in terror and affright, Move on a single hair;

* The Devil! oh ye powers of light!"



Now was their foolish blunder clear; observations, and with refereuce to

They showed themselves in day ; the facts which he had brought forAnd soon the Flesher's deadly fears

ward, he says, “ They have often And dread were chased away.

puzzled me, more particularly as I A hearty breakfast crowned the board,

have not seen them noticed in any And laughter loudly at it roared.

work on the natural history of birds.” At parting all swore solemnly

How any man could say all this, The blunder to conceal,

and then acknowledge that he was But lately when I made a feast Of venison and veal,

perfectly aware of the observations of The parson in a merry mood

Montagu, (who had investigated the The whole truth did reveal.

subject, and published the results sixteen years ago,). I cannot comprehend.

In order to give additional weight to his boyish recollections, for I can

not call them by any other name, A. MR EDITOR,

states the result of some inquiries The remarks of your correspondent which he made on the subject in HolA, in your April Number, in answer to land. But we presume not to set a my Strictures,” contained in your value on this additional prop to his Number for February, excited in my opinion, which he has erected, in the mind no small degree of surprise. shape of the testimony of Dutch poulHad I been aware, that A. had access terers. to the same sources of information, I The belief which he has thus exwould not have occupied the pages of pressed, that most early birds, among your valuable Magazine with the quo- whom “ I reckon the lapwing, breed tations which I transmitted. I would twice in the season, if they are not rather have been disposed to censure interfered with,” can never be brought him, for insinuating that the field forward to prove so important a point into which he had entered, had never as the one in question, especially as, been investigated by other observers. with the exception of the pigeons, he As the subject is curious, I hope you will find some difficulty in establishwill insert the following additional ing the truth of the assertion. strictures, especially as I promise to His last additional argument is thus close the controversy with the present stated, “Of this I can assure Physio communication.

cus, that the ovarium of the lapwing In the third number of his “ Cu- contains the germs of a great many rious Facts,” he says,

“ I should not more ova than four.” Now, it is have ventured to state my boyish re- known to every one who has paid any collections in opposition to the obser- attention to the physiology of birds, vations of a Montagu, of which I was that, upon killing a female in the perfectly aware.Now, if your cor- spring, one may easily count, not only respondent A. was perfectly aware that the eggs destined to be laid during the Montagu had tried a variety of expe- following season, but all those which riments on various birds, in order to the bird is capable of producing in illustrate this department of the his- any after period. tory of incubation, why did he make This doctrine is very plainly laid use of such expressions as those which down by Willoughby in his “'Ornihe employed in his first communica- thologia," p. 8; and your correspontion?

dent A. should have been aware that Before stating the observations Montagu, in the introduction to the which he had made, proving, that if Ornithological Dictionary, and only a bird's nest be robbed of one egg six pages from the passage on incubadaily, the bird will be induced to lay tion, with which he professes to be acmore than her usual number, A at- quainted, has the following remarks: tempts to prepare the reader for But, notwithstanding, only a porsomething unheard of and unrecorded. tion of the ovaries are impregnated at “I was struck with many singular the same time, yet the stimulus to discoveries (for such I still consider love considerably increases the size of them to be) that have not as yet been all the eggs in the ovarium.” Your explained, or even hinted at, in any correspondent A. may easily satisty scientific work which I have perused himself on this subject, by an examion the subject.” At the close of the nation of the first hen brought to his



table. If she be young, and killed during the season of laying, he may observe between four and five hundred (No date, but supposed November or germs in the ovarium,,-a number

December 1787.) which no hen ever brought to matu

SIR,—The enclosed poem was writrity in any one season. ilow does it happen that A. should, last time I had the pleasure of seeing

ten in consequence of your suggestion, in the inidst of his discoveries, which have not even been hinted at, bring inorning's sleep, but did not please

you. It cost me an hour or two of next forward questions respecting the cuckoo, which have been answered up; fort, till the other day that I gave it

me; so it lay by, an ill-digested efwards of twenty years since? It would

a critic brush. These kind of subbe trifling with the general reader to repeat these answers here. Let A. exa- sides, the wailings of the rhyming

jects are much hackneyed; and, bemine Dr Jenner's paper on the sub- tribe over the ashes of the great, are ject in the Philosophical Transac- cursedly suspicious, and out of all tions, Vol. LXXVIII., or the copious character for sincerity. These ideas extracts from the same in the first volume of Bewick's “ British Birds," have done the best I could, and, at all

damped my Muse's fire; however, I and we trust he will be satisfied, -or, events, it gives me an opportunity of let him read aguin the introduction declaring that I have the honour to be, to Montagu's Ornithological Dic

Sir, your obliged humble servant, tionary," and he will see the subject

ROBERT BURNS, very candidly discussed. Á, with the utmost confidence, in- To Charles Hay, Esg. Advocate.

Monday morning: forms us, that he believes “ it is no uncommon occurrence for a chicken, that is evidently the offspring of the On the Death of the late Lord Presipartridge and common hen, to make

dent. its appearance.” The characters fur- Lone on the bleaky hills the straying flocks nished by the markings of the head, Shun the fierce storms among the shelterand the arrangement of the feathers ing rocks ; in the tail, separate the partridge from Down foam the rivulets, red with dashing the pheasant, with which the common

rains ; hen is connected, and would enable The gathering floods burst o'er the distant any one to detect a hybrid product. plains ; Have these characters been resorted Beneath the blast the leafless forests groan ; to, or has A. been satisfied with the The hollow caves return a sullen moan. evident resemblance indicated by the Ye howling winds and wintry-swelling

Ye hills, ye plains, ye forests, and ye caves, colour of the feathers ?

The anecdotes which your corre- Unheard, unseen, by human ear or eye, spondent A. has related with respect Sad to your sympathetic glooms I fly, to the hen and ducklings, and the Where, to the whistling blast, and waters' greyhound and pointer, are certainly roar, curious. We only regret that they Pale Scotia’s recent wound I may deplore. are given upon hearsay evidence. Ma

O heavy loss thy country ill could bear! ny such anecdotes have been related A loss these evil days can ne'er repair ! to us, which, upon inquiry, we have Justice, the high vicegerent of her God, found to be exaggerated or ground- Her doubtful balance ey'd and sway'd her less. Our credulity having been of

rod; ten imposed upon, we are, therefore, She heard the tidings of the fatal blow, inclined to be a little sceptical.

And sunk abandon'd to the wildest woe. It is much to be wished that your Wrongs, injuries, from many a darkcorrespondent, who has evidently never some den, studied natural history as a science, Now gay in hope explore the paths of would communicate his own observations, instead of the accounts of o

See, from his cavern, grim Oppression

rise, thers, lest we be provoked to conclude, that he has adopted a wrong Keen on the helpless victim see him ily,

And throw on Poverty his cruel eyes ; title for his communications,-calling And stifle, dark, the feebly-bursting cry: thema “ Curious Facts,” when they Mark ruffian Violence,' distained with are only doubtful anecdotes.

crimes, May 7, 1818. PhysicUS. Rousing elate in these degenerate times :



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