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long, brown; bark shrill, and indis- wounded game; and in tracing the tinct. This is the common dog in the footsteps of robbers; now extinct. Zetland islands, and approaches in From this stock have sprung the Harcharacter to the Greenland dog. rier, which is the smallest, and is us

The preceding races are less mixed ed in hunting the hare; and the For. than any of the others, and probably hound, of a larger size, used in the make the nearest approach to the pri- fox-chase. mitive stock. D. Villaticus. Cur. Ears half-prick

M. Indicator. Pointer, Spanish el; fur short and smooth, stronger Pointer. Head and snout thick; than the shepherds' dog; chiefly used fur short, smooth, and glossy ; esin driving cattle. In some individuals tremely docile, but not active. the tail is very short.

N. Aviarius. Spaniel, or Setter.

Head and snout narrow; hair soft, E. Taurinus. Bull-dog. Ears half- long, waved, and pendant ; more impricked; head round ; snout short; patient, active, and hardy than the under jaw projecting; stature low, preceding. The Springer or Cocker muscular; courageous and obstinate. seems to be a variety of this kind. Seldom kept but by the idle and profligate for fighting

0. Terrarius. Terrier.

Ears eF. Mastivus. Mastiff. Ears pen- rect; legs short ; joints thick ; snout dant; lips large, and loose ; stature bearded; hair long, wiry ; bites keenlarge, stout; aspect sullen. A trusty ly; fond of vermin; docile. There guard, bold and vigilant.

is a variety with smooth soft fur, and

another of a larger size, a cross breed G. Scoticus. Rough Greyhound, with the fox-hound. This last is call. Deer-dog, Ratche, or Scotch Grey- ed the Otter Terrier, is docile, sagahound. Chest decp; body curved; cious, bold, a goood house-guard; tail long; snout long, beardedi ; cars swims and dives well. half-pricked; fur wiry, waved; sta

P. Vertavus. Lurcher. Smaller ture tall, stout; possessed of great and less slender than the rough greystrength, sagacity, and swiftness. hound; hair long; wiry; face hairy; Common in the Highlands.

steals upon its prey ; sagacious, cunH. Hibernicus. Wolf-dog, or Irish ning, docile. A cross breed with the Greyhound. Chest deep; body curv- pointer constitutes a staunch and aced; tail long ; snout long ; ears pen tive setting dog. dant ; fur smooth, short ; stature large; powerful; harmless and indolent; formerly employed for hunting

Q. Aquaticus. Water-DogEars wolves. Still to be found in Ireland. pendant; body thickly covered with

I. Leporarius. Smooth Greyhound. long curled hair ; snout slightly reChest deep ; body curvei ; tuil long; fur ; scent acute, cocile, sagacious ;

curved ; eyes alınost concealed in the snout long, and sharp; ears halfpricked; fur short, thin, smooth, and

swims well, and learns readily to carglossy; stature tall, slender ; swifter, ry. but not so hardy or sagacious as the

3. Section. Dwarfs. Rough Greyhound.

R. Carolinus. King Charles's Dog.

Ears long, pendulous; body thickly K. Maculatus. Dalmatian Dog.

covered with long waved hair. When Fur white, with numerous regular the hair is very long and conceals the black spots; considered as an elegant members, it is called the Shock-dog. compunion to a carriage.

S. Melitensis. Comforter. Hair on

the ears and tail long. It is charac2. Section. Motions regulated by terized as snappish, ill-natured, and the Smell,

noisy.

T. Chinensis. Pug. Head globuL. Sanguinarius. Bloodhound. Ears lar; under jaw longest, and turned upand lips large and pendant ; tail blunt; wards. joints thick; fur brown, with black The three last are chiefly kept by spots; stature strong ; scent acute; ladies. Although a useless race, they used by our ancestors in recovering are generally pampered and caressed.

*

FACTS AND OBSERVATIONS RESPECT

ING THE PROPAGATION OF FISH.

b. Nocturnal pupil compressed. lour various; breeds about midsum

E. Sea20. C. Vulpis. Fox. Fur yellowish iner; flesh dark coloured. brown; tail straight and bushy. S. culf, Soil. S. Selch, Selchie, Tang Toid. G. Sionnach, Balguire.

fish. There are three varieties of this Common on all parts of the coast. animal known to huntsmen; but, 23. P. barbata. Great Seal. whether these are permanent, or de Length about twelve feet; fur of thin pend on age or sex, has not been sa brown hairs; flesh white; breeds in tisfactorily determined. The first of harvest. S. Haaf-fish, Bull-fish. these is called the Greyhound For; Not so common as the preceding; the tail is long and bushy, with a more shy. The characters by which white tip; it is the largest and boli these two species are distinguished est; devours sheep and lambs. The are far from being satisfactory. The second is the Mastiff Fox, or Brown history of the last has been but imFox, of a darker colour, low, but perfectly explored.

J. F. more strongly built; teeds on poul Munse of Flisk, March 1818. try. The third is the Cur For, or Red

(To be continued.) For; the smallest ; more red in the fur, tip of the tail black; feeds on poultry.

III. Tribe. One bruising grinder behind each chewing grinder in the MR EDITOR, upper jaw, none in the lower ; the

Well authenticated facts in natumost cruel and sanguinary of all ani- ral history are certainly interesting to mals.

the general reader, as well as to the XII. Genus.-Felis. Cat. man of science. They are both aCutting grinders in each jaw four; musing, and instructive; and I contoes five before, and four behind fess I should like to see that departnails retractile.

ment of your valuable Miscellany en21. F. Catus. Wild Cat. Fur yel- ample, as we have yet much to learn

The field is

larged and extended. lowish grey; back, sides, and tail, with regard to the instincts and hatransversely barred with black ; breast bits of even the most common of our with a white mark; tail cylindrical, domestic animals. truncated ; length of the boily and tail sometimes tive feet; weight eleven necdotes respecting the feathered

We have now had a good many ac pounds. G. Cat-fiadhaich. This animal is found near exten

tribes ; if, therefore, you think the sive woods, and feeds on poultry and following account of what I have oblambs ; improperly considered as the served with regard to the production

or propagation of the

finny race is of parent stock of our domestic cat.

any interest, you will oblige me by IV. Family.

giving it publicity. PALMATA.

It was formerly a very common

practice in this country, to fish the The animals of this family are un, waters," as it was called in the vulable to walk, their feet being tormed gar phraseology, by torch-light, during for swiinming; their fore legs are the close or spawning season, particushort, and inclosed in the skin ; the larly during the latter end of November toes are webbed, and the nails groove and beginning of December. In that ed; the hind legs point backwards,

part of the country where I resided, and nearly coalesce with the body; it was generally in quest of salmon body tapering ; pelvis narrow; hair

that these fishings took place, technishort.

cally denominated bills, salmon bills ; XIII. Genus.-Phoca. Seal. query, bulls ? The younger part of

the community carried the torches, Incisors in each jaw, the external while the elders followed, each wieldones largest ;, no external ears ; five ing a leister or spear, with which the toes on each foot; tail short, depres fish was dispatched as soon as discosed; tongue smooth ; cæcum short. vered. I have sometimes been a mem

22. P. vitulina. Common Scal. ber of these unlawful meetings, to Body about six feet in length; co- gratify my curiosity, as I was told

3K

VOL, II.

they most generally killed the fish in In a week they had increased in size the very act of spawning,-a fact of considerably. In a fortnight the pool which I was anxious to be a witness. was much thinned, and I could trace One evening I carried a torch, and, to them for nearly a mile down the river. my great joy, discovered the object I By the middle of March some of had long been in quest of. Two fish them were an inch and a half in length, of a moderate size, I think neither of and one day about the end of May, them more than eighteen inches long, I caught upwards of seven dozen of were squeezed into a hollow space them with the rod and fly, in the resembling the rut of a cart-wheel, course of a few hours. They were about eight or nine inches wide, and then generally from four to five inches rather more than two feet long, in length ;-many miles distant from which they had evidently dug in the their birth place, and evidently makcentre of the stream. It was in a ing their way to the sea. It appears ford or shallow, about twenty yards that they move in shoals, as every above a pool of considerable depth. angler can testify, that he will freThey were not even disturbed by the quently traverse miles about the beglare of the torch-light; and I pre- ginning of the season without a single vailed upon the party to spare their nibble, and that, when he does fall in lives, that I might prosecute my in- with a shoal, he has only to throw in vestigations farther; and we left and pull out, and often if there were them in the same state in which they ten hooks upon his line, he would have were discovered. Next day I return a trout on each. I could not trace ed to the ford, but there was no ap- my particular family any longer. Inpearance of any hollow; nay, the deed, I have no doubt ere that time spot which I had accurately marked they had been associated with many the night before was, if any thing, other families. In the spawning sea.. rather higher than the rest of the son the breeding fish are followed ingravel. I frequently returned to this to the smaller rivers hy a species callplace, to ascertain if any change had ed spawn suckers, whose business it taken place, and observed, that, in a- is to dig up the spawn when they disbout three weeks or a month after the cover it, and feed upon it. Their spawn had been deposited, the spot, young fry have also many enemies, and for a considerable distance around and fall an easy prey to every species it, was covered with a glairy sub- of their kind. I am, 'Sir, &c. H. stance, resembling the spawn of frogs, Edinburgh, 4th May 1818. which seemed to bind the sand and gravel together, so as to prevent their being acted upon or moved by the SOME PARTICULARS RESPECTING THE current that passed over it.

FAMILIES OF POLWARTH AND JERAbout the beginning of February,

VISWOOD, ABOUT THE PERIOD OF this substance seemed to be disappear THE REVOLUTION OF 1688; WITH ing as if it had been washed away ; EXTRACTS FROM LADY MURRAY's and one day, about the middle of that

NARRATIVE, &c. month, I actually thought I could perceive the gravel heaving up and

( Continued from page 326.) down. I determined next day to Sır Patrick HUME, after making bring a spade, and ascertain if possible the narrow escape from the party sent the condition of the young fry. A con to apprehend him, related in our last, siderable fall of rain, however, pro- proceeded to London through bye duced a flood in the river, which pre- ways; and from thence passed over vented my accomplishing what I to Holland, where he appears to have wished for several days, and when the resided incognito till the following water fell sufficiently to admit of my year, (1685,) when he accompanied the doing so, I found that the channel of Earl of Argyle in his descent upon the river had been so much altered, Scotland. The history of that unthat no vestige whatever of my fish fortunate enterprise is well known, burrow remained. My next business and Sir Patrick's interesting account was to investigate the pool, and as of his own share in it is probably fasoon as the water became sufficiently miliar to many of our readers. clear, I found that it was filled with myriads of little minnows, many of Sir Patrick's “ Narrative them scarcely visible to the naked eye. published by Mr Rose, into whose possee

was first

Whether he first retired to his own his head, he sent for his wife and facastle on his retreat from the field, or mily to join him at Utrecht; at which made his way straight to London, place he formed his little domestic does not very clearly appear. He establishment and continued to resays nothing in regard to this point in side, tiil he was called to join the his own Narrative ; but the critic on Prince of Orange in his expedition to Mr Rose's book in the Edinburgh overturn the tyrannical government Review, * distinctly refers his con- of the Stuarts in October 1688. cealment in the burial vault at Pol T'he troubles and distresses endured warth to the period succeeding Ar- by Lady Hume and her children, afgyle's discomfiture, though evidentiy ter Sir Patrick's forfeiture, and their in contradiction to Lady Murray's ac various difficulties before they were count. It is perhaps not improba- able to join him at Utrecht, are menble, that in this instance she may tioned in a very interesting manner in have confounded the particulars of his the Narrative of Lady Murray; but two escapes ; but however that may we shall only particularly notice what be, it is certuin he again safely reach- relates to her mother. A few months ed London in the disguise of an ite- after their arrival, she was sent back nerant surgeon. He was the more to Scotland by herself to bring over easily enabled to assume this charac- her sister Julian, a child, who had ter, from his possessing some little been left behind on account of ill knowledgeof medicine--always carry- health. She was intrusted, at the ing lancets with him, and being able same time, with the management of to bleed, &c. In the metropolis he some business of her father's, and dilay concealed for a short while in the rected to collect what she could of the house of Admiral Herbert, afterwards money that was due to him. All this distinguished for his important ser- she performed with her usual discrevices in the cause of the Revolution. tion and success, though not without Sir Patrick then crossed the Channel, encountering adventures that would and travelled through France on foot, have completely overwhelmed the reby the way of Bourdeaux and Geneva sources of most young ladies of her to Rotterdam. During these pere- age and rank in these days of empirical grinations, and even after reaching education, and tinselly accomplishHolland, he found it expedient to ment. After enduring a storm at sea, keep up his assumed character of a the terrors of which were aggravated medical man travelling for improve- by the barbarity of a brutal shipmasment in his profession; nor did he ter, the two girls were landed at judge it safe, though living under the Brill; and from thence they set out immediate protection of the Prince of the same night on foot for Rotterdam, Orange, and enjoying his personal in company with a Scotch gentlemant friendship, to throw off this disguise whoin they had accidentally met with, entirely during his residence in that and who, like themselves, had been country. Having been forfeited by driven by persecution at home to seek the English government immediately for refuge in Ilolland. after Argyle's defeat, his estate given

" It was a cold wet dirty night : my to Lord Seaforth, and a price set on aunt, a girl not well able to walk, soon

lost her shoes in the dirt ; my mother took sion it had come, with many other va- her upon her back, and carried her the rest luable MSS. on the death of the late Earl of the way, the gentleman carrying their of Marchmont. The greater part of it was small baggage : at Rotterdam they found transferred into the Scots Magazine for their eldest brother, and my father, waitJune 1809. In the same work, about that ing for their arrival to conduct them to period, may also be found an extract from Utrecht, where their house was; and no Lady Murray's Narrative, comprising part sooner were they all met than she forgot of what we have reprinted here ; but we do every thing, and felt nothing but happi. not think it requisite to frame this sketch ness and contentment. They lived three with any particular reference to that cir- years and a half in Holland, and in that cumstance, as probably only a very limit- time she made a second voyage to Scotland ed portion of our readers may possess op- about business. Her father went by the portunities of connecting the present with borrowed name of Dr Wallace, and did not the former series of our Miscellany. stir out for fear of being discovered ; • Vol. XIV. p. 507.

though who he was was no secret to the + See last No. p. 324.

well-wishers to the revolution. Their great

desire was to have a good house, as their father was there, forfeited and exiled, in greatest comfort was at home; and all the the same situation with themselves. She people of the same way of thinking, of had seen him for the tirst time in the priwhich there was great numbers, were con son with his father, not long before he suftinually with them : they payd for their fered, and from that time their hearts were house what was very extravagant for their engaged. Her brother and my father were income, near a fourth part : they could soon got in to ride in the Prince of Orange's not afford keeping any servant, but a little guards till they were better provided for girl to wash the dishes.

in the army, which they were betore the “ All the time they were there, there was revolution. They took their turn in standnot a week my mother did not sit up two ing sentry at the Prince's gate, but always nights, to do the business that was neces- contrived to do it together; and the strict sary : she went to market, went to the friendship and intimacy that then began mill to have their corn ground, which, it continued to the last : though their station seems, is the way with good managers was then low, they kept up their spirits. there, drest the linen, cleaned the house, The Prince often dined in public ; then all made ready dinner, mended the children's were admitted to see him : when any pretstockings and other cloaths, made what she ty girl wanted to go in, they set their halcould for them, and in short did every berts across the door, and would not let her thing. Her sister Christian, who was a pass till she gave each of them a kiss, which year or two younger, diverted her father madle them think and call them very pert and mother and the rest, who were fond of soldiers. I could relate many stories on music: Out of their small income they that subject. My mother could talk for bought a harpsichord for little money (but hours, and never tire of it, always saying is a Rucar *) now in my custody, and most it was the happiest and most delightful valuable. My aunt played and sung well, part of her life. Her constant attention was and had a great deal of life and humour, io have her brother appear right in his lie but no turn to business. Though my mo nen and dress: they wore little point crather had the same qualifications, and liked vats and cuffs, which many a night she sat it as well as she did, she was forced to up to have in as good order for him as ady drudge ; and many jokes used to pass be- in the place ; and one of their greatest extwixt the sisters about their different occu pences was in dressing him as he ought to pations. Every morning before six, my be. As their house was always full of the mother lighted her father's fire in his study, unfortunate banished people like themthen waked him, (he was ever a good selves, they seldom went to dinner withsleeper, which blessing, among many o out three, or four, or five of them to share others, she inherited from liim,) then got with them; and many a hundred times I him what he usually took as soon as he got have hcard her say, she could never look up, warm small beer, with a spoonful of back upon their manner of living there bitters in it, which he continued his whole without thinking it a miracle ; they had life, and of which I have the receipt ; then no want, but plenty of every thing they she took up the children, and brought desired, and much contentment, and she them all to his room, where he taught them always declared it the most pleasing part of every thing that was fit for their age ; some her lite, though they were not without their Latin, others French, Dutch, geography, little distresses, but to them they were räwriting, reading, English, &c. and myther jokes than grievances. The professors, grandmother taught them what was neces and men of learning in the place, came of sary on her pirt. Thus he employed and ten to see my grandfather : the best enterdiverted himself all the time he was there, tainment he could give them was a glass of not being able to arford putting them to alabast beer, which was a better kind of school ; and my mother, when she had a ale than conimon. Ie sent his son Anmoments tiine, took a lesson with the rest drew, the late Lord Kimmerghame, a in French and Dutch, and also diverted boy, to draw some for them in the cellar; herself with music. I have now a book of he brought it up with great diligence, but songs, of her writing when there; many of in the other hand the spiket of the barrel. them interrupted, half writ, some broke oft My grandfather said, Andrew, what is that in the middle of a sentence : she had no in your hand ?-when he saw it he run down less a turn for mirth and society than any with speed, but the beer was all run out of the family, when she could come at it before he got there : This occasioned much without neglecting what she thought more mirth, though perhaps they did not well necessary. ller eldest brother Patrick, know where to get more. It is the custom who was nearest her age, and bred up to there to gather money for the poor from gether, was her most dearly beloved. My house to house, with a bell to warn people

to give it. One night the bell came, and no money was there in the house but an

orkey, which is a doit, the smallest of all * An eminent maker of that name. coin. Every body was so ashamed, no

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