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should pass,

appeared in our Miscellany. It was Fair spirit ! send thy blessing from above written at the request of some friends,

To realms where thou art canoniz'd by love; to be spoken by Mrs Bartley, on the Give to a father's, husband's, bleeding mind,

The re-opening of the theatre, Drury

peace that Angels lend to human

kind;Lane, after the royal funeral.

To us, who in thy lov'd remembrance feel Britons ! although our task is but to show

A sorrowing, yet a soul ennobling zeal, The scenes and passions of fictitious woe,

A loyalty that touches all the best Think not we come this night without a

And loftiest principles of England's breast ;-

Still may thy name speak concord from part

the tomb, In that deep sorrow of the public heart, Still in the Muse's breath thy memory Which like a shade hath darken'd every

bloomplace, And moisten'd with a tear the manliest

They shall describe thy life, thy form face.

pourtray ; The bell is scarcely hush'd in Windsor's But all the love that mourns thee swept piles,

away That tollid a requiem through the solemn

'Tis not in language or expressive arts aisles

To paint--ye feel it, Britons, in your

hearts. For her, the Royal Flow'r low laid in dust, That was your fairest hope, your fondest These lines, though evidently writtrust.

ten hastily, and for a mere temporary Unconscious of the doom, we dream't, purpose, will be found to contain, like alas!

every production of Campbell's pen, That e'en these walls, e'er many months some of those sweet and tender touches

which bespeak the poet who, alone (Which but return sad accents for her now,) in the present day, and unseduced by Perhaps had witness'd her benignant brow; the popular rage for sensation, conCheerd by the voice ye would have rais'd tinues to sing the “ bosom scenes of

on high. In bursts of British love and loyalty.

life,” with a classic dignity and forBut Britain, now thy Chief, thy People, bearance no less admirable, than his mourn,

power of high emotion and subduing And Claremont's home of love is left for. pathos is inimitable and enchanting.

Lord Byron's more brilliant stanzas There, where the happiest of the happy will also be found in the present dwelt,

Number, in the notice we have given The scutcheon glooms--and Royalty hath of his last canto of Childe Harold.

felt
A grief that every bosom feels its own
The blessing of a Father's heart o'erthrown--

SCOTTISH ZOOLOGY.
The most belov'd and most devoted Bride
Torn from an agonized Husband's side.

No. II.
Who, long as Memory holds her seat, shall
view

The arrangement which we proThat speechless, more than spoken, last pose in general to follow, in this caadieu !

talogue of Scottish animals, is that When the fix'd eye long look'd connubial of Cuvier, as given in his last public faith,

cation, entitled “ Le Règne Animal, And beam'd affection in the trance of death. distribué d'après son Organisation, Sad was the pomp that yester night be- Paris, 1817. In this work, the author held,

has combined his knowledge of the As with the mourner's heart the anthem internal structure of animals, with the swell'd,

history of their external characters, While torch succeeding torch, illum'd each and has produced a system, possessing high

the advantages both of an artificial And banner'd arch of England's chivalry, and a natural arrangement. He distriThe rich-plumed canopy--the gorgeous butes animals into four groups or divipall

sions.-VERTEBRAL,— MOLLUSCOUS, The sacred march-and sable-vested wallThese were not rites of inexpressive show, The Vertebral animals are distin

- ARTICULATED,- and RADIATED. But hallow'd as the types of real woe. Daughter of England ? for a Nation's sighs, guished by possessing a brain surA Nation's heart went with thine obsequies; rounded by a bony covering, and a And oft shall Time revert a look of grief spinal marrow, protected by an artiOn thine existence, beautiful and brief. culated bony column. This division

lorn;

consists of the four classes, Mamma- are employed in bruising softer kinds lia, Birds, Reptiles, and Fishes. of food. They are called tubercu1. Class.

leures. MAMMALIA.

I. Family The animals of this class possess in

CHEIROPTERA. Winged Quadrupeds. greatest perfection the organs of the

The animals of this singular fafive senses, and occupy the upper extremity of the scale of animated beings. mily are characterized by a thin Their blood is red and warm,--they feet and the tail, and enables them to

membrane, which connects the four breathe by means of lungs; - bring Ay. They sleep during the day, fly forth their young alive and suckle about in the evenings, live on insects

, them. The class consists of three șubdivisions, viz. the fingered, the walk awkwardly, and become torpid hoofed, and the cetaceous. As many two young at a time. They are the

during winter. They bring forth of the inferior divisions have no examples among the animals of this prey of owls. country, we shall confine our remarks

I. Genus.-RHINOLOPHUS. to those more immediately connected

Incisors in the lower jaw, four, is with our native Zoology.

the upper, two; nose with two mem1. Subdivision.

branes, the posterior erect; ears sinFINGERED MAMMALIA (Un- gle and separate; two pectoral and guiculata.)

two inguinal teats. The Fingered Mammalia have the

* 1. R. ferrum-equinum. Horsefour extremities divided into fingers or toes, furnished with nails or claws. shoe. Bat. Front grinder in the up

per jaw small, simple, truncated; tusks 1. Order.

simple ; ears acute, reflected ; above FERÆ (Beasts of Prey.) cinereous, beneath grey. Length 3. These have three kinds of teeth, inches; extent of wing 14 inches. incisors or fore teeth, tusks, and grind Penn. Brit. Zool. I. p. 147, ers.

tab. xiv. The form of the grinders of the First observed in Britain by Laanimals of this order, points out the tham. In caverns in the south of nature of the food on which they sub- England. sist, and should, therefore, be care

2. R. hipposideros. Lesser fully studied by naturalists. The cut

Horse-shoe Bat. Front grinder in ting grinders are those which are

the found immediately behind the tusks, base before and behind ; tusks in the

upper jaw acute, notched at the and vary in number according to the species. They are usually sharp-edg- lower simple ; incisors in the upper

upper jaw notched in front, in the ed, and pointed, and are used, along with the incisors and tusks, in tearing

Smaller than the

jaw concealed. the food. They are termed by M. preceding. Easily tamed.

Montagu, Linn. Trans. Vol. IX. Frederic Cuvier fausses molaires. The chewing grinders are placed

p. 163. Vesp. minutus. behind the preceding, are the largest

Leach, Zool. Mis. Vol. III. p. 2,

tab. 121. in the jaw, and are always four in number. Their surface is uneven.

First observed in Britain by MonWhen covered with sharp wedge

tagu. In caverns along with the pre

ceding. shaped processes, the animal is carnivorous; when these processes are pointed and conical, the animal is It is considered expedient to add to insectivorous ; and when the processes this list those animals which are found in are blunt, phytivorous or piscivorous. Other parts of Britain, although they have These are used in chewing the food, not hitherto been detected in Scotland. and are called by M. F. Cuvier cara

The reader will thus be made acquainted nassières.

with those species which, upon diligent The bruising grinders are placed search, he may expect to find in this counfarthest back in the jaw, and vary in regard to the actual extent of our Fauna,

try. Lest any confusion should arise with number according to the species. care has been taken to add an asterisk to Their surface presents fewer inequa- all the species which are at present consilities than the former kinds, and they dered as of extra-Scottish extraction.

p. 472.

II. Genus.--VESPERTILIO. Bat. First described as a native-in EngIncisors in the lower jaw six, ap

land and Scotland by Pennant. Rare proximate, bifid ; in the upper, four,

in Scotland. in pairs, cylindrical, pointed ; nose * P. Barbastella. Burbastelle Bat. plain ; ears separate, with an internal Ears about the length of the head; auricle.

broad; notched and waved on the 3. V murinus. Common Bat. margin; auricle semicordate; foreEars the length of the head, oblong; head bald ; fir deep brown ; length auricles semicordate; fur reddish— two inches ; breadth ten inches. ash above, paler beneath. Length, two Sowerby's Brit. Mis. Tab. 5. inches and a half ; wings, nine inches.

First described by Sowerby as a E. Flutter-mouse or Flitter-moust,

native of England. Hitherto unknown Rear-inouse ; G. Jialtag, Dialtag

in Scotland. This species is very common, inha

II. Family. biting caves and old buildings, and

PLANTIGRADA. has been long known to naturalists.

In the animals of this family, the 4. V. noctula. Great Bat. Ears entire sole of the foot, which is bare, shorter than the head, triangular, bel- and consists of five toes on each foot, lied on the anterior margin ; auricles is placed on the ground when walking. semicordate ; fur brown; length four They have no cæcum; feed chiefly inches and a half; wings fourteen during the night; and many of them inches and a half; weightnine drachms. become torpid during winter.

Penn. Brit. Zool. I. p. 146, tab.
xiii. No. 38.

IV. Genus.-ERINACEUS. Urchin.
V. auriculatus, Walker's Essays, Two middle incisors long, distant

and cylindrical in upper jaw ; in the First observed in England by the lower jaw approximate ; body covered Rev. G. White of Selborne, and in with spines above. Scotland by Dr Walker. It inhabits 8. E.Europeus. Urchinor IIedgehog. old buildings, and flies high in the Ears short ; snout lengthened ; length air.

ten inches; tail one inch. G.Graineug: 5. V. emarginatus. Ears ob Found near hedges and thickets of long, of the length of the head, with furze; feeds on insects and roots ; a notch on the exterior margin; au- makes a nest of leaves, and becomes riele subulated ; fur above, grey, with torpid during the winter. a tinge of red; beneath ash-coloured.

V. Genus.-SOREX. Shrew. M. Geoffroy, Ann. du Mus. Vol.

Two middle incisors bent and nota VIII. p. 195. Tab. 8. This species, according to M. Ge- ched at the base; body covered with

hair. offroy, is common in England, where

9. S. araneus. it has probably been hitherto confoun

Common Shrew. ed with the V. murinus.

Dull brownish red above; paler be

low; length of the body two inches III. Genus.--PLECOTUS.

and a half; tail one inch and a half, Ears approximating and reunited on E. Shrew mouse. Hardy shrew. S. the head at the anterior base; with Eri shrew. G. Daullag. an internal auricle. In other respects Frequent in old walls and grassy like the preceding.

banks; formerly supposed injurious 6. P. auritus. Long-eared Bat. to cattle; an annual mortality prevails Ears nearly as long as the body, blunt; among them in August; young five. auricle semicordate; two blind pores 10. S. fodiens. Water Shrew. behind the nostrils ; fur greyish Black above, with a small white spot brown above ; ash-coloured beneath ; above each eye; beneath, including length one inch and three quarters; the inside of the toes and feet, white; wings seven inches.

length of the body three inches; tail Penn. Brit. Zool. I. p. 147. Tab. two inches; weight three drachms. xiii. No. 40.

E. Blind-mouse. G. Luch-uisque.

Penn. Brit. Zool. I. p. 126. tab. To the English provincial names an

xi. No. 33. E is prefixed, to the Scottish an S, and to This species is indistinctly noticed the Gaelic a G.

by Sibbald. It is found among grass

near ditches; it varies in colour, es- Lapslie. Again, “ We have also two pecially underneath, becoming spotted species of the badger.” Stat. Acc. II. with black ; the S. ciliatus of Sowerby p. 466. Blair Athol and Strowan. is merely a variety; brings forth nine Rev. James Maclagan. young.

III. Family. VI. Genus.-TALPA. Mole.

DIGITIGRADA. Incisors in the lower jaw eight, in the upper six ; no external ears; fore

The animals of this family support feet broad, formed for digging.

themselves in walking on the extremi

ties of the toes. They have grinders 11. T. Europæa. Common Mole. Fur black; eyes sınall, and concealed cruel and ferocious than the preced

adapted for tearing flesh, and are more in the fur. E. Moldwarp, or Moldwant.

ing.

G, Famh,
S. Mudywort.

1. Tribe. One bruising grinder Vir-rea-thabh. Common in all good soils, where it minal ; body long; legs short, with

behind each chewing one. Nose terfeeds on worins; subject to vary in five fingers on each foot; nails not colour from black to yellowish white; retractile, nor used in walking. No the incipient change appearing first

cæcum. Bold. on the belly ; brings forth five young.

VIII. Genus.--MUSTELA. Weesel. Genus VII.-Meles. Badger. Incisors, six in each jaw, the second four ; in the lower six. Ears middle

Cutting grinders in the upper jaw on each side in the lower jaw placed sized'; tongue rough; pupil horizonbehind ; cutting grinders in the up- tal ; fur near the mouth white; emit per jaw six, in the lower eight, the

a fetid odour when irritated. first adjoining the tusks very minute ; bruising grinder in the upper jaw

13. M. vulgaris. Common Weesel. large, in the lower small; nails groov. Fur, above, yellowish brown; beed; ears short; tongue smooth ; a neath, yellowish white. Length of the transverse glandular pouch between body seven inches; of the tail two the anus and tail.

inches and a half. E. Fitchet, Foue 12. M. turus.

mart; S. Whitred, Whitret ; G. Neas. Common Badger,

Common in old walls; a keen deor Brock. Hair rigid, grey above, black beneath; head above white,

vourer of mice ; brings forth five with a black band on each side, in young, which are blind; sometimes which the eyes and ears are placed.

changes to white in winter. E. Gray, Paie, Bawson, G. Broc.

14. M. erminea. Ermine. Fur, Frequent in thickets;

above, yellowish brown ; beneath, brings forth five young; flesh used as primrose yellow. Tail bushy; black food.

at the end. Length of the body ten An opinion formerly prevailed a- inches ;

inches ; of the tail six inches. E. mong naturalists that there were two Stoat, Winter Weesel ; S. Weasel. kinds of badgers, viz. the sow-badger,

Frequents thickets ; fond of eggs and the dog-badger. But in Eng- and poultry when putrid; generally land, ever since the days of Ray, few confounded with the preceding, from have given credit to the existence of which it may readily be distinguished the former species. In some districts by its superior size and black bushy of Scotland, however, the distinction tail ; probably the Lavellan of Caithis still recognized, leading us to hope, ness. In winter the fur assumes a that some one qualified for the task white colour, with the exception of will communicate to the public a deo the extremity of the tail, which retailed description of each species. mains black. “ There are two species of badger 15. M. putorius. Foumart. Fur found among the loose rocks of the blackish brown, with a little white aCampsie Fells, the one somewhat re bout the mouth and ears ; nails long; sembling a sow, the other a dog; the length of the body seventeen inches; first is more arched in the back, and of the tail six inches. E. Fitchew, is not so nimble in turning itself; Polecat ; G. Fòclan. there bas occasionally been hams made Lives in holes under trees, near ri. of it in this place." Stat. Acc. Vol. vulets ; destructive to poultry, suckXV. p. 322. Campsie. Rev. James ing their blood ; brings forth six

fond of eggs;

young; in its burrowing approaches with a valve for closing them when in habit to the otter.

diving; tail depressed. In the fe

male, the external organ of generaIX. Genus.-MARTES. Martin.

tion is a small pouch, in the middle Cutting grinders, in the upper jaw, of which is the vagina. six, the foremost falling with age ; in

18. L. vulgaris. Common Otter. the lower jaw eight ; ears middle-siz- Fur blackish brown, with a white ed; tongue smooth; smell musky.

spot on each side of the nose, and an

other under the chin ; eyes looking 16. M. fagorum. Common Martin. upwards. S. Tyke.; G. Dòran, DòrFur dark-brown; head tinged with chi. red; throat and breast white ; length Common near lakes and rivers, of the body eighteen inches ; of the where it feeds on fish; burrows in tail twelve inches.

the banks, and brings forth five young. Sibbald, Scot. Ill. p. 11. Martes. In the islands it frequents the sea, Ray, Syn. Quad. p. 200. M. fa- (hence by some called Sea-otter,) vigorum.

siting springs of fresh water for drink. Linnæus, Syst. Nat. p. 67. M. Skins annually exported from the martes; var. fagorum.

Northern Isles.
Pennant, Brit. Zool. I. p. 92. tab.

II. Tribe. Two bruising grinders vi. No. 15.

behind each chewing one, in the upCuvier

, Règne An. Vol. I. p. per jaw, with a small cæcum. Not so 149. La Fouine.

bold and sanguinary as the animals of In woods and rocks in the south of Seotland and England.

the preceding tribe. 17. M. abietum. Pine Martin. Fur XI. Genus.-Canis. Dog. brown; throat and breast yellow. S. Cutting grinders, in the upper jaw Mertrick; G. Taghan.

six, in the lower eight ; two bruising Sibbald, Scot. Ill. p. 11. M. ar- grinders in each jaw; fore feet with borea.

five, hind feet with four, toes ; nails Pay, Syn. Quad. p. 200. M. abie- hollowed ; tongue smooth : ears large.

Nostrils do not pass the end of the
Linnæus, Syst. Nat. p. 67. M.
martes ; var. abietum.

a. Diurnal ; pupil round.
Pennant, Brit. Zool. I. p. 94.
No. 16.

19. C. familiaris. Tail recurved. Cuvier, Règne An. I. p. 149. La Colour, form, and instincts changed

by domestication. The following sy, Marte commune. In the pine forests of Scotland, noptical view, contains the names and

characters of the principal races which where it builds its nest like a squir

are found at present in the United rel on the tops of the trees. Rare in England. Common in the colder la

Kingdom. titudes of the New and Old Conti

1. Section. Motions regulated by nents.

the Sight. As the descriptions of these species are obscure, it would be desirable to obtain more definite characters, from A. pastoralis. Shepherd's Dog, or an examination of recent specimens. Colly. Ears half pricked ; tail bushy, The nomenclature of Ray has been recurved ; fur black, long, soft, and adopted, and a list of synonimes ad- loose; docile, sagacious; the useful ded to prevent confusion.

companion of the shepherd, and still The fur of the pine martin is softer to be found unmixed in many of the and more valuable than that of the sheep-districts of Scotland. former species, and before the Union B. Amphibius. Newfoundland Dog. formed an article of export from Scot- Ears pendant; lips loose; fur long, land.

dense, and waved; docile, sagacious; X. Genus.-Lutra. Otter.

swims and dives well; not unlike the

preceding, but larger, and fonder of Cutting grinders six in each jaw; the water. Originally from Newtoes webbed; nails grooved ; ears mi- foundland. nute; tongue smooth; eyelids three, C. Zetlandicus. Zetland Dog. Ears one of these lateral; nostrils furnished pointed, pricked; muzzle sharp; fiur

tum.

nose.

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