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mittance unsuspectedly, if possible, the name of the “ Rye-house Plot," into the prison ; to deliver a letter to as an abominable and traitorous conBaillie; and to bring back from him spiracy to assassinate the king and such intelligence as she could. She overturn the throne. Many of the succeeded in this difficult enterprise; best men in both kingdoms were apand having, on this occasion, met prehended; and bribery and torture with Mr Baillie's son, the intimacy were uusparingly employed upon the and attachment was formed, which inferior agents to force on convictions was afterwards completed by their of treason against the principals : and marriage. Soon after this Sir Patrick it was for this "plot,” as every reader Hume was himself imprisoned ; first knows, and by the most nefarious in Dunbarton, and afterwards in Stir- perversion of justice, that Lord Rusling Castle ; and during his tedious sel and Algernon Sidney were brought confinement, this exemplary daughter to the block. Robert Baillie was a made repeated journeys from Berwick worthy associate of these glorious shire to carry him intelligence, or ad men. On being first arrested, he apminister to his comfort. A short re pears to have been carried to Lon. spite to these exertions was afforded don; but there not being sufficient by the temporary liberation of her fa- evidence to criminate him by the Engther and his friend ; but it was only lish law, he was brought back to be the prelude to more arduous trials. tried in Scotland ; and most shame.
Though the iniquitous trial and ex- fully condemned, -chiefly upon some ecution of Robert Baillie of Jervis, confessions wrung from his friend wood must be familiar to all who have Carstairs under torture, and obtained attentively perused the contemporary upon the most solemn assurances that historians of that period, yet, as we they should not be adduced as evi, believe the character of this excellent dence against any of the accused. * man is but little known to general “Through his long confinement, readers, we shall introduce a few par- and harsh treatment when in prison," ticulars respecting him, as a suitable says Wodrow, " this good man turned introduction to the quotations that very sickly and tender ; and it was follow.-A few years after the defeat of reckoned almost certain by all, that, the Covenanters at Bothwell Bridge, had the managers spared this gentle Baillie and some other noble-spirited man a few weeks longer, they would Scotsmen, * roused by the intolerable have been rid of him by a natural oppression to which the country was death, and escaped the indelible blog subjected, and alarmed by the bloody of inhumanity and barbarity to so ex. career and bigoted principles of James cellent a person. He was evidently Duke of York, had associated them- a-dying when tried before the Justiselves with several patriotic gentle- ciary, and was obliged to appear in men in England, to devise means for his night-gown before them, and excluding that Prince from the succes scarce able to stand when he spake; sion to the Crown. † The design was and yet he was kept in the pannel for prematurely discovered, and denounc- ten hours, and behoved to take cored, of course, by the ruling party, under dials several times; and next day he
was carried in a chair, in his night, * Among these were his three intimate gown, to the scaffold.”+ friends, Sir Patrick Hume of Polwarth, During his illness, his wife and sis. Fletcher of Salton, and Pringle of Torwood- ter had been allowed occasionally to lee. The first two lived long after the Re- attend upon him, on condition of volution, enjoying in security the respect being shut up as close prisoners along and distinction they had so honourably ac with him; but even this indulgence, quired; the last, of whose virtues and suf- obtained with difficulty from the tenferings Wodrow has preserved an interest- der mercies” of his persecutors, was ing memorial, died a few months after the successful issue of that important enter
" and he af
repeatedly withdrawn; prise.
terwards grew worse,” says his vener, + This was unquestionably the legiti- able historian, " in part, no doubt, mate and principal object of the conspiracy; though unfortunately Shaftesbury and Burnet, Vol. II. p. 256; see also some others were privy to it, who were Magazine for August, p. 8. men of a very different stamp, and proba + Hist. of Church of Scotland, Vol. IL bly influenced by lees reputable motives.
from his being deprived of the care of in any work of easy access or popular these excellent ladies.” After a very form. full and most interesting account of Lady Murray, in the narrative now his trial, with the pleadings on both before us, mentions, that her father, sides, the same author continues : (Baillie's eldest son,) then in his nine“ I wish I could give as good an ac- teenth year, had hastened home from count of the moving speech Mr Baily Holland, where he was prosecuting had to theinquest, and the home thrusts his education, to attend his father's he gave the Lord Advocate ; but I trial; and he arrived to witness his can only say, he appealed to the Ad- barbarous execution. She adds, that, vocate's conscience whether he was previous to this period, he had disnot satisfied as to his innocence, and played a very lively and mirthful dishad not owned so much to himself; position, but the deep impression left which the other acknowledged, but upon his mind by this terrible scene, added, he acted now by order from gave to his deportment an air of the Government; and to the Advo- thoughtful and solemn gravity which cate and Judges, he, like a dying man, he scarcely ever afterwards laid aside. most pathetically disclaimed any access -But we now gratefally turn to the to, or knowledge of any design against Narrative itself; the first extract of the King or his brother's life; but ad- which in Mr Rose's Appendix, comded, if his life must go for his essays mences about this period. Lady Murto prevent a Popish Succession, he own- ray is spe king of her mother, Lady ed them, and heartily parted with his Grizzel Hume :life, as a testimony against a Papist's " “ After persecution began afresh, and my mounting the throne. The verdict grandfather Baillie, again in prison, her faof the jury was brought in at an early ther(Sir Patrick Hume] thought it necessary hour the following morning ; upon the to keep concealed, and soon found he had too opening of which, “ The Lords de- good reason for so doing ; parties being con. cerned and adjudged the said Mr Ro- tinually sent out in search of him, and of bert Baily of Jerviswood, to be taken
ten to his own house, to the terror of all to the market-cross of Edinburgh, in it, though not from any fear for his this 24th day of December, 'twixt two distance from home, for no soul knew
safety, whom they imagined at a great and four in the afternoon, and there where he was but my grandmother, and to be hanged on a gibbet till he be my mother, except one man, a carpenter, dead, and his head to be cut off, and called Jamie Winter, who used to work in his body to be quartered in four, and the house, and lived a mile off, on whose his head to be affixed upon the Ne- fidelity they thought they could depend, therbow Port of Edinburgh, one of and were not deceived. The frequent exhis quarters on the tolbooth of Jed- aminations and oaths put to servants, in orburgh, another on the tolbooth of La- der to make discoveries, were so 'strict, nark, a third on the tolbooth of Ayr, they durst not run the risque of trusting and a fourth on the tolbooth of Glas- any of them. By the assistance of this gow; and ordain his name, fame, ried in the night to the burying-place, :
, they got a bed and bed-clothes carmemory, and honours to be extinct, vault under ground at Polwarth Church, his blood to be tainted, &c. as in
a mile from the house, where he was concommon form; which was pronoun- cealed a month, and had only for light an ced for doom.”-When his sentence open slit at the one end, through which nowas intimated to him, he said, “ My body could see what was below. She went Lords, the time is short, the sentence every night by herself at midnight, to caris sharp, but I thank my God who ry him victuals and drink; and stayed hath made me as fit to die as ye are to with him as long as she could to get home live.” We must refer our readers to before day. In all this time, my grandWodrow for other interesting particu- father showed the same constant composure lars respecting this excellent man, timued to possess to his death, which was
and cheerfulness of mind, that he conwho seems to have combined in his character the highest qualities of the qualities she inherited from him in a high
at the age of eighty-four ; all which good patriot and the saint. "It is much to degree. Often did they laugh heartily in be regretted, that no memoir of his that doleful habitation, at different acci. life has yet been given to the public, dents that happened. She at that time
had a terror for a church-yard, especially
in the dark, as is not uncommon at her Hist. of Ch. of Scot. Vol. II. p. 398.. age, by idle nursery stories; but when ene
gaged by concern for her father, she stum- at his own house, large enough for her fabled over the graves every night alone, ther to lie in, with bed and bed-clothes, without fear of any kind entering her and bored holes in the boards for air. thoughts, but for soldiers and parties in When all this was finished, for it was long search of him, which the least noise or mo- about, she thought herself the most secure tion of a leaf put her in terror for. The happy creature alive. When it had stood minister's house was near the church ; the the trial for a month of no water coming first night she went, his dogs kept such a into it, which was feared from being so barking, as put her in the utmost fear of a low, and every day examined by my mo. discovery ; my grandmother sent for the ther, and the holes for air made clear, and minister the next day, and, under pretence kept clean picked, her father ventured of a mad dog, got him to hang all his dogs. home, having that to trust to. There was also difficulty of getting victuals at home a week or two, the bed daily exto carry him without the servants suspect- amined as usual, one day, in lifting the ing; the only way it was done, was by boards, the bed bounced to the top, the box stealing it off her plate at dinner into her being full of water ; in her life she was lap. Many a diverting story she has told never so struck, and had near dropt down, about this, and other things of a like na it being at that time their only refuge; her
Her father liked sheep's head, and father, with great composure, said to his while the children were eating their broth, wife and her, he saw they must tempt proshe had conveyed most of one into her lap; vidence no longer, and that it was now flt when her brother Sandy (the late Lord and necessary for him to go off, and leave Marchmont*) had done, he looked up with thenı ; in which he was confirmed, by the astonishment, and said, " Mother will ye carrier telling for news he had brought look at Grizzel ; while we have been eat from Edinburgh, that the day before, Mr ing our broth, she has eat up the whole Baillie of Jerviswoode had his life taken sheep's head.' This occasioned so much from him at the cross, and that every body mirth among them, that her father at night was sorry, though they darst not shew it'; was greatly entertained by it, and desired as all intercourse by letters was dangerous, Sandy might have a share in the next. I it was the first notice they had of it; and need not multiply stories of this kind, of the more shocking, that it was not expectwhich I know many. His great comforted. They immediately set about preparand constant entertainment (for he had no ing for my grandfather's going away. My light to read by) was repeating Buchanan's mother workt night and day in making Psalms, which he had by heart from be some alterations in his clothes for disguise; ginning to end, and retained them to his they were then obliged to trust John Aldying day. Two years before he died, lan, their grieve, who fainted away when which was in the year 1724, I was witness he was told his master was in the house, to his desiring my mother to take up that and that he was to set out with him on book, which, amongst others, always lay horseback before day, and pretend to the upon his table, and bid her try if he rest of the servants that he had orders to had forgot his psalms, by naming any one sell some horses at Morpeth fair. Accordshe would have him repeat ; and by cast- ingly, my grandfather getting out at a ing her eye over it, she would know if he window to the stables, they set out in the was right, though she did not understand dark. Though with good reason, it was it; and he miss't not a word in any a sorrowful parting; yet after he was fair. place she named to him ; and said they ly gone they rejoiced, and thought them. had been the great comfort of his life, by selves happy that he was in a way of being night and day on all occasions. As the safe, though they were deprived of him, gloomy habitation my grandfather was in, and little knew what was to be either his was not to be long endured but from ne fate or their own. cessity, they were contriving other places “ My grandfather, whose thoughts were of safety for him ; amongst others, parti- much employed, and went on as his horse cularly one under a bed which drew out, carried him, without thinking of his way, in a ground floor, in a room of which my found himself at Tweedside, out of his mother kept the key; she and the same road, and at a place not fordable, and no man worked in the night, making a hole in scrvant After pausing, and stopping a the earth, after lifting the boards, which good while, he found means to get over, they did by scratching it up with their and get into the road on t'other side, hands, not to make any noise, till she had where, after some time, he met his serleft not a nail upon her fingers ; she help- vant, who shewed inexpressible joy at meeting the man to carry the earth as they dug ing hiin, and told him, as he rid first, he it, in a sheet on his back out at the win- thought he was always following him, till dow into the garden ; he then made a box upon a great noise of the galloping of
horses, he lookt about and mist him ; this • The second Earl, whose elder bro. was a party sent to his house to take him ther was then living.
up, where they searched very narrowly,
and possibly hearing horses were gone from it verbatim. If you think it will suit the house, suspected the truth and follow your Magazine, I can furnish you with ed; they examined this man, who, to his
a great many more from the same great joy and astonishment, misst his mas. place, besides songs and pamphlets. ter, and was too cunning for them, that i have several letters also from Eng. they were gone back before my grandfather land and Scotland, which shall be at came up with him. He immediately quitted the high road, after a warning by so
your service.—I am, Sir, your obemiraculous an escape, and in two days sent
C. N. back his servant, which was the first no. Brussels, Jan. 29, 1818. tice they had at home of his not having fallen into their hands." Our limits oblige us to cut short,
De Villerspol, le 7 Juin 1815. for the present, these interesting ex Mon très Cher Ami, tracts; but we intend to resume them Depuis que vous m'avez fait l'honneur in our next, and, after giving the de- et l'amitié de me répondre, mon caur est lightful details of the family residence dans une joie et un contentment qu'il est in Holland, we shall introduce a impossible de vous exprimer. Vous poufew additional notices which have fal vez être persuader que les jours que se len in our way respecting Sir Patrick's passent me semble des années entières. favourite and truly admirable daugh- Oui, mon cher ami, je vous le dit, et je ter, particularly one or two songs of vous le repeter, que jamais je n'aimé auher composition in the old style of literated qu'il augmentent tous les jours
cune personne que vous— several words oba Scottish song-writing.
de plus en plus mes amitiés pour vous. Si
vous aviez seulement le cæur d'amitié pour Since the preceding pages were pre- moi que j'en ai pour vous, je me croirois pared for press, we have been highly la plus heureuse du monde. Rien d'autre gratified to learn, that the whole of chose à vous marquer pour le present, je Lady Murray's original MS. has been fini en vous embrassant du plus profond for some time in the hands of a gen- de mon cæur, et je serai toujours, votre tleman in this city of distinguished
MARIE JOSEPH NIECISE. literary abilities, who intends, ere long, to publish it in a separate form. From the classical taste of the in- des compliments, de leurs parts, ainsi que
Mon pere et ma mere ils vous font bien dividual alluded to, as well as his
toute la famille, et j'espere que vous vienintimate acquaintance with every drez nous voir sans tarder, pour nous causer period of Scottish history, we feel un moment ensemble. assured that this little memoir could not be in better hands; and it Vous ferez bien des compliments à can scarcely fail to acquire from his Monsieur - de toutes les familles de illustrations an additional interest Villerspol, ainsi qu'à R. E., et j'espère que which, perhaps, few other pens could vous tout serez encore plus heureux que je
croirois de vos nouvelles. confer. (To be concluded in our next.)
A Monsieur M, soldat 25 Regi.
ment de Ligne, St Omer.
RELIQUES FROM THE FIELD OF WA
Tu le veux donc, ô peine extrênte,
Permet moi d'attendre le jour. will observe that there are some in
Mais vois si je suis malheureux, correct expressions in the letter, though Une rose qui vient d'eclore, I have, in some instances, altered the
Soudain te rapelle à mes yeux. spelling and construction, both of Enfin, dans chaque fleur jolie, which are very incorrect in the origi Il me semble toujours te voir ; nal. Perhaps, however, it might have Ah! si tu veux que je t'oublie, been more interesting if I had copied Permets moi d'attendre le soir.
miration than we otherwise should, BEHARKS ON THE EARLY ENGLISH
because we consider them as the pro
ductions of the infancy of man; yet, if CHAUCER.
we take a Homer, or a Dante, or a
Chaucer, as examples, we shall see Poetry is not, like the arts and little reason to boast of the improvesciences, brought to perfection by the ment of his maturity. accumulated observations and experi Chaucer was one of those great and ments of ages, but arrives all at once original minds, who, had there been at such excellence, that its earlier pro- no poetry in England before his time, fessors are seldom surpassed by their would have created the art, and, as it
In the first stages of so was, he improved it so greatly, as to ciety, man imagines rather than ob- be justly entitled to the denomination serves, and is impelled to action by of father of English poetry, which he the strength of his feelings, rather has universally obtained. He found than the conviction of his reason. His the English language before it had soul is acted upon by every impulse attained a fixed form,—when the Norfrom within and from without, and, man conquest had introduced a large as he seeks nothing more than to make alloy of French words on the pure himself understood, or to kindle the Saxon of our fathers. Still, however, glow of his own bosom in the spirit of the Saxon was the predominant, and those whom he addresses, his language by far the best, part of it; and, though is simple and unaffected,-a mere it was in a state of great simplicity, transcript of his emotions; and the and hardly subjected to rules, what music arising from rythmical ar it wanted in polish, it possessed in rangement, seems to be as natural energy and strength; and he contrito him, as their notes to the birds of buted to its improvement, not only song. In this period of his progress, in accuracy of arrangement, but in all the elements of poetry exist in his giving it the flow of harmony necesmind in greater vigour than in a state sary to the perfection of verse. Some of more refinement. Nothing delights of his words have since become obsohim so much as strong passion, lete, a few of them unintelligible, and
excitement, and he fears to render the rythm complete, many nothing so much as the want of syllables that are now silent must them; and his words, which are no- be pronounced; but, with all the thing more than an overflow of disadvantages under which he lathem, are bold and animated as boured, his language is always vitheir prototypes, and are imbued with gorous and appropriate, often glowing the very spirit of poetry. He is prone and poetical, and, in many instances, to the marvellous, and receives the his verses flow with a delightful harmost extravagant creations of super- mony. stition, not as a matter of mere cu The early poets have one advantage riosity, but as an article of firm be- over their successors, in the whole lief, and the most incredible efforts of field of nature being unoccupied, and heroism as truth; and he relates each of them being permitted to folthem with a sacred awe, or an enthu- low his own fancy, and to expatiate siastic admiration, that are insepar- in his own favourite region, and to able from the effusions of the genuine appropriate to himself its unrified bard. His imagination is a mirror, that stores, without the palsying effects of reflects the glories of earth and sky in treading in the steps of another, or the truth and radiance of their origi- incurring the charge of theft or servinals, and the emotions of his own lity. She is unveiled to them in the soul, in the most appropriate forms, beauty of her spring, and their images and the fittest tints. Perhaps no age are brightened by the suns, and frestiis so rude as not to possess poetry, ened by the dews of that sweet season. and man never so degraded as to be Chaucer was not only a man who insensible to its influences; and, if could, by the kindling glance of his we reflect on his character in these eye, catch the glories of the scene beearly ages, we shall not find it dif- fore him, and by a stroke of his penficult to account for the fact. Be- cil, represent them in their happiest sides the intrinsic merit of the poems lights, but he could also look into the of that remote era, we are disposed to human heart, and detect its various give them a larger share of our ad- workings in the modification of the