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days mentioned, so that the profession will A very promising society has recently be enabled fully to appreciate the charac- been instituted in London by some young ter of the new, compared with the old, men, following the profession of civil enmodes of practice.
gineers, for the purpose of mutual commuIt is expected that from 1500 to 2000 nication on the inany important topics im. patients will be placed under the care of mediately or more remotely connected with Sir W. Adams in this institution.
their professional pursuits. The principle Dr Brewster has lately constructed an of their association is the diffusion of use. instrument for distinguishing the precious ful knowledge amongst all the members ; stones from each other, and from artificial on which account the society is restricted imitations of them, even when they are set to practical engineers, and to such stuin such a manner that no light can be dents of general science as have especially transmitted through any of their surfaces. directed their attention to those subjects The same instrument may be employed to which particularly concern the civil engidistinguish all minerals that have a small neer. portion of their surface polished, either na Those who feel interested in the proturally or artificially. The application of gress of the arts, will be gratified to know the instrument is so simple, that any per. that paper-hangings are now manufactured son, however ignorant, is capable of us- capable of being washed with soap and wa
ter, and by this peculiar quality alone are Dr A. Brown, Professor of Rhetoric in they to be distinguished from those in com. the University of Edinburgh, who was mon use. Where they have been used, we some time resident in America, and be- understand that they have been highly ap. came possessed of numerous valuable do- proved of. The public are indebted to cuments in regard to the history of North Messrs Creese and Co. of Great NewportAmerica, has, for many years, devoted his Street, Long Acre, for this valuable and Leisure hours alınost exclusively to the useful discovery; and we have no doubt composition of a great work on the physi- they will receive that patronage which they cal, moral, and political history of Ame so justly deserve. rica, which, it is understood, is nearly ready The method of making French varnish,
for cabinet work, as published by Mr Gill, Mr Paterson, author of Views in Edin- is to take shell lac, three parts ; gum masburgh, proposes to publish by subscrip- tich, one part ; gum sandarach, one part; tion, in one volume 4to, The Scenery and alcohol, (rectified spirits of wine,) forty Antiquities of Mid-Lothian. The views parts. The mastich and sandarach must to be given are-1. Edinburgh and its en- first be dissolved in the alcohol, and then virons.—2. View from Corstorphine Hill, the shell lac : this may be done either by comprehending Lauriston Castle, Craig- putting them into a bottle loosely corked, crook, Donibristle, and Inchcolm.-3. View and plaeing it in a vessel of water, heated near Stockbridge.-4. Ruins of St Anthony's below the boiling point of alcohol, until Chapel, and surrounding Scenery.-5. Mer- the solution is effected ; or by putting the chiston Tower.-6. Craigmillar Castle.- ingredients into a clean Florence oil-Hask, 7. Roslin Castle and Chapel.-8. Dalhousie the neck of which is partially closed by a Castle. --- 9. Hawthornden.-10. Crichton cork, having a narrow slit along it, and heatCastle.-11. Borthwick Castle.-12. Tomb ing it over a spirit-lamp. The alcohol which of Lord and Lady Borthwick-Vignette. escapes during the process must be re
A full Investigation of the Principles of placed by an equal weight of it, after the Population and Production is forthcoming operation is over, as it is desirable that from the pen of the Author of All Classes the varnish should consist of the proporproductive of National Wealth, which was tions given, in order to be good. The sopublished last year. In the new work, lution may be poured off for use from the the theory of Mr Malthus, as taught in impurities which remain, but it must not the Essay on the Principle of Population, be filtered, as that operation would deprive and the theory of Mr Gray, as detailed in the lac of some of its qualities. In cases the Happiness of States, are analysed and where a greater degree of hardness in the compared in all their principles and bear. varnish is desirable, and its colour is but ings, and tried by the principle of circula- a secondary consideration, one part of shell tion, and the actually operating causes and lac, with eight parts of alcohol, is to be their results in real life. The author, in preferred. the course of the investigation, discusses Mr H. C. Jennings announces that he the following highly important practical has discovered a Method of insulating the questions :--Does population regulate sub- Magnetic Needle, in such a degree as, sistence, or subsistence population ?-Has under the ordinary circumstances, will the latter, in its increase, a tendency to prevent, and protect the Compass from overstock, as to employment or wealth? False and dangerous attractions, by the de And should Government encourage or check signed, or accidental approach of iron, or early marriages ?
substances containing it; a defect which
has already cost the government and nation were of a sparkling brilliancy. The heamany lives and ships. A striking instance vens, towards the north, exhibited some of the uncertainty and imperfection of the whitish shootings, which, becoming less ordinary compass was exhibited in the loss uncertain, soon displayed the appearance of H. M. S. Apollo, and 70 sail of convoy; of the aurora. The light of it extended and if this event were the only one of the from the north, in a space terminated by a kind on record, it would be sufficient to vertical circle, the plane of which was nearconvince every person of the vast importo ly perpendicular to the direction of the ance of a method which shall effectually magnetic needle. The zenith was the last preclude the possibility of the recurrence part luminous ; it seemed a centre, from of such a disaster.
which the streamers enianated, and which, A valuable mine of plumbago, or gra as they developed themselves, became more phite, was last summer discovered at Glen- and more brilliant in proportion as they strathfarar, about thirty miles from Inver- approached the horizon. However, they ness. It promises to be of considerable never descended that length, but terminatimportance, as there are, we believe, only ed irregularly at fifteen or twenty degrees two mines wrought in Great Britain for above it, presenting an angulous contour, the production of this useful article. The like those glories with which painters ennew mine is in a schistose rock close to the viron the throne of the divinity. The Farar, and crops out to an extent of fifty most remarkable circumstances were the feet in five different seams, some of them play of the rays, and their luminous undutwelve to eighteen inches thick. The lations. They were projected in large seams appear to converge into one, and to groups, which alternately approached and enlarge and improve in quality as the receded from each other. At one time workmen penetrate deeper.
they seemed to rise in a body like an im: The altitudes of remarkable hills in the mense rocket, and at other times to desouth-east and south-west of England above scend like a shower of light. The light the level of the sea, from observations was generally silvery white, or rather of a snade in the course of thc Trigonometri- light orange hue. cal Survey, conducted under the direc Brockhaus, of Altenburg, has just pubtion of the Board of Ordnance, are as fol- lished A Collection of the best Spanish lows:
Ballads, with Notes and Introduction, by
Feet. M. Depping. The collections of the anHanger Hill Tower, Middlesex 351 cient Spanish ballads, such as the RomantKing's Arbour
132 ccro and Cancionero, have become very Allington Knoll, Kent
329 rare, and fetch high prices at public sales, Dover Castle
460 though in general badly printed. This Goudhurst
497 circumstance induced M. Depping to seGreenwich Observatory
214 lect, for the lovers of Spanish literature, Shooter's Hill
446 the best ballads contained in the ancient Tenterden Steeple
322 collections, to divide them according to Highbeach, Essex
790 their subjects into historical, chivalrous, Langdon Hill
620 Moorish, and erotic, and to accompany St Anne's Hill, Surrey
240 them with notes pointing out the beauties Bagshot Heath
463 of these productions, or explaining the hisLeith Hill
993 torical allusions scattered through them. Norwood
389 For this purpose, M. Depping has laid unBrown Willy, Cornwall
1368 der contribution the very rare works conButterton Hill, Devon
1203 tained in the great royal library at Paris, Breadumy Beacon, Glocester 1006 and he has been careful to select only such Cader Brown, Cornwall
1011 pieces as possess genuine literary merit. Carraton Hill
1208 In an introduction prefixed to the work, Cawsand Beacon, Devon
1792 he gives a complete history of this kind of Cleave Down, Glocester
1184 poetry, in which, as it is well known, the Dundry Beacon, Somerset
1668 ancient Spaniards excelled, but which they Hensbarrow Beacon, Cornwall 1034 have now almost entirely forgotten. SeveInkpin Beacon, Hants
2011 ral authors have ascribed exclusively to the Kit Hill, Cornwall
1067 Arab-Moors the honour of the invention Malvern Hill, Worcester
1444 of the ballad ; but M. Depping proves, Rippon Tor, (Dartmoor) Devon 1319 from some Arabic ballads extracted from
M. Chev. Dupin has communicated to manuscripts in the library of Paris, that the French Institute, an account of an
those people adhered to the Oriental style, aurora borcalis, observed by him at Glas- whereas the Spaniards composed in the gow, on the 19th of September last. The style of the Scotch and Scandinavian balnight was fine, and the moon and stars
The following account is given of the Intelligence has been received from present state of the German universities : Cairo, that M. Louis Burkhardt, youngest
Religion. Students. son of Colonel Gideon Burkhardt of Basle, Vienna, Catholic,
957 died there of dysentery, under the assumed Prague, Catholic,
880 name of Sheik Ibrahim. Being in Eng. Berlin,
Protestant, 600 land, M. Burkhardt, an ardent and enterBreslau,
Cath. and Prot. 366 prising man, offered his services to the So. Halle, Prot.
500 ciety for prosecuting Discoveries in the In. Greifswalde, Prot.
55 terior of Africa. After learning the lanLandshut, Cath.
640 guages, and acquiring the knowledge neWurzburg, Cath.
363 cessary for an expedition of this kind, he Erlangen, Prot.
180 set out several years ago, and proceeded to Leipzig, Prot.
911 Cairo to join the caravan which comes Göttingen, Prot.
1132 thither from Tombuctoo, and penetrate inTübingen, Mixed,
299 to that country hitherto inaccessible to EuHeidelberg, Prot.
303 ropeans. But the troubles which interFreiburg, Cath.
275 vened in that part of the world delayed Marburg, Prot.
197 the arrival of the caravan a whole year. Giessen, Prot.
241 Favoured by his mussulman habit, and his Kiel, Prot.
107 perfect acquaintance with the Turkish and Jena, Prot.
659 Arabic languages, M. Burkhardt made a Rostock, Prot.
100 great number of new and important disThus, instead of the 36 universities coveries. At length the caravan so long which existed previously to 1802, there and impatiently expected arrived ; but be are now but 19, of which 5 are Catholic, fore the time fixed for its departure, M. 2 mixed, and the rest Protestant. The Burkhardt was attacked by the disease total number of students is about 8500, which proved fatal, and his death has anwhich, taking the population of all Ger- nihilated the fairest hopes. His attachmany at 294 millions, is about 203 for ment to his native country was not weakevery million.
ened by absence, for, during the last win. Dr Olbers, of Bremen, the celebrated ter, he sent home a bill of exchange for astronomer, discovered a new comet, on a considerable sum, as a contribution tothe 1st of November, in the west shoulder wards the relief of the poor. The result o of the Serpent, between the Stork and the the observations made by M. Burkhardt Star, 104 of Bode's Catalogue. It is small, has lately been announced as preparing for but brilliant, particularly towards the cen- publication under the auspices of the Afritre, and cannot be seen without a powerful can Society. He has left by his will all telescope. At fourteen minutes past seven, his oriental MSS. to the University of Camits ascension was 253° 6' ; its north decli- bridge, to be deposited in the Public Li. nation, 9° 14'; its rotatory motion in the brary, under the care of his friend the Rev. direction of east and west.
Dr E. J. Clarke, the librarian.
WORKS PREPARING FOR PUBLICATION.
pressions not proper to be read aloud in a LETTERS of a Prussian Traveller, inter family. spersed with numerous anecdotes descrip Mr Joseph Gwilt, author of a Treatisé tive of a tour through Sweden, Germany, on the Equilibrium of Arches, has put to Hungary, Istria, the Ionian Islands, Egypt, press a work entitled “ Notitia ArchitecSyria, Cyprus, Rhodes, the Morea, Greece, tonica Italiana, or Concise Notices of the Calabria, Italy, the Tyrol, &c. &c.; by Buildings and Architects of Italy;" arJohn Bramsen, Esq. will soon appear. ranged as a book of reference, as well for
The Rev. E. W. Greenfield, of Bath, the traveller as for the study. It is eshas in the press a work on the Connexion pected to appear in April. The same gen. of Natural and revealed Theology. tleman has just completed a translation of
The Rev. T. T. Haverfield is preparing Vitruvius, which will shortly appear. a volume of Lectures on the Church Ca A New Picture of Rome is in the press; techism.
containing a general description of the moThomas Bowdler, Esq. is preparing a numents and most distinguished works in new edition of what he calls the Family painting, sculpture, and architecture, both Shakespeare ; containing all Shakespeare's ancient and modern, of that celebrated Plays, with the omission of some ex. city and its environs ; by M. Vasi ; and
embellished with numerous views of pub- of the Gospels from the Greek into Welch. lic buildings, and a large map of Rome. He states, that the received version was
Mr Donald Mackay has in the press, rendered from the Latin and English texts and will shortly publish in one volume by men who were but little acquainted with 12mo, the Ladies' Encyclopædia ; being Greek, and not at all with the Syriac; and an introduction to those branches of science he submits his intended publication to the essential in the education of females. serious perusal of the ancient Britons on
Mr Dyer is printing an account of the these pretensions, that it is the only hoPrivileges of the University of Cambridge. nest version of the Gospels ever prepared
The Rev. C. Philpot is preparing a His- by an individual hand, and the only intory of the French Protestants, and of the stance in which the Scriptures have met Reformed Church of France, from the in- with the fair and liberal translations comtroduction of Protestantism to the revoca- monly given to other writings. tion of the Edict of Nantes.
Mr Bakewell is preparing for publicaMr Bernard O'Reilly, who, in the sum- tion a Treatise on Practical Geology, with mer of 1817, undertook a voyage to Davis's plates, to which will be added a series of Straits, as surgeon on board a whale-ship, questions on certain undetermined parts of for the express purpose of scientific pur- English Geology, &c. suits, is about to publish, in a quarto volume, Observations on Greenland, the ad
EDINBURGH. jacent Seas, and the North-west Passage to The Brownie of Bodsbeck, and other the Pacific Ocean ; illustrated by nume Tales, (in prose ;) by the Ettrick Shepherd ; rous drawings from his own continued ob- in two volumes 8vo. servations.
The Lonely Hearth, and other Poems; Dr Spier will shortly publish, in a small by W. Knox. One volume 12mo. volume, General Views relating to the The Birth of Bruce ; a Poem, in two Stomach, its fabric, functions, &c.
parts. By Mr Campbell, author of The Dr Jones, of Landybie and of Ching Wanderer in Ayrshire. ford, has in the press a New Translation
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