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stration to the former. The charter grants and new world, although there be no mied by the King contains the elements of a nistry of police. Daily papers are, there. free and liberal constitution, but all the fore, an imperious want, inseparable from wheels by which government is set in mo. the present state of society. Those who tion, are still exactly the same as they were seck nothing else in them but the day of under Buonaparte. This circumstance causes the month, find it correctly printed at the a contradiction to arise between the means head. The loungers find the play-bills; the and the end to be attained. Despotisin, jobbers, the price of stocks ; the politicians, says M. Fiévée, acted consistently under There are people in the world who Buonaparte. Every power, in fact, depende have no ideas of their own, and whose ed on him alone. The legislative body not memory will not permit them to retain only was not elected by the people, but re those of others. Such persons may draw ceived even pay from government. It was out of a newspaper ready made ideas that never called upon to vote the general taxes, may serve for an hour, and be afterwards and the departmental taxes were levied by forgotten, without any material loss. But the general councils. But now that the in all nations not swayed by an absolute Chamber of Deputies is freely elected, and power, and when the discussions on the that an article of the charter positively de general interests are public, these same paclares, that no taxes can be laid on without pers serve to satisfy the desire of the peothe assent of the Chambers, by what right ple, to learn whether their interests are do the general councils of the departments, well understood and well supported,” &c. named by government, continue to add
Du Systême adopté, de.- On the Sys. per cents to those same taxes, without any
tem adopied to arrive at the Ministry; in communication to the Chambers ? From
answer to M. de Châteaubriand. Pumphlet, that argument, M. Fiévée descends into many other particulars, into which time
Tribut Lyrique, fc.-Lyric Tribute of does not permit us to encer, but all of
u Minstrel to the Soul of her Royal High, which support strongly his assertions. While speaking of the Chamber of Depu. 4to. 2 sheets.
ness the Princess Charlotte of England, in ties, he remarks, that no political majority can exist among a small number of mem We would have wished to give some bers, and that where ministers are obliged account of this production, but having to juggle to gain a majority of ten or twelve been printed at Marseilles, we have not votes, the public opinion naturally forms been able to get a siglit of it. itself out of the Chamber, and the debates attract no further notice from the nation
Reflections sur, &c. Considerations on than as far as curiosity prompts.
the Manner of recruiting the Army. By The second part of this number is entit
the Count de Sesmaisons, Chief of the Staff led “ The true State of the Question.” In of the First Division of the Rinjal Guards,
in 8vo. our opinion it is nothing more than a continuation of the first.
The high respectability of the author of In the third, M. Fiévée treats of the this pamphlet made us hope to find in it newspapers, and of the ministry of police; some new and valuable ideas, some deep and and in the fourth he gives some prelimina- interesting reflections, not confined merery observations on the budget. The latter ly to the law at present under deliberation has no sort of interest for foreigners. Of before the chambers, but offering, perhaps, the former we shall translate a paragraph, a general survey of the military laws in which may serve as a specimen of the au France and in forcign countries, and lead. thor's style :
ing, by that means, to the decision, whe“ In the present state of society, news ther the project presented by ministers be papers are grown an object of greater ne well or ill adapted to circumstances and cessity than the administration of the po- the customs of the nation. If our expeclice itself. There were newspapers in tations had not been deceived, this proFrance before the nation had conceived the duction would have been equally interestidea of creating a ministry of general po- ing to English and French readers. But lice, which was a whimsical idea, because, in its perusal we found a dry discussion as we shall prove hereafter, there does not upon a few artieles of the above-mentioned and cannot exist a general police, a foolish law, some ill combined amendments, the idea, like all those that owe their existence whole intermixed with expressions, in our to the revolution, and, at the same time, opinion very opposite to the spirit of a rethe most fatal present our generation has presentative government.
The following received from that revolution. There will may serve as a specimen. still be newspapers in France when the mi. * It cannot be too often repeated, nor nistry of police shall no more exist. There too candidly acknowledged! All promises are newspapers in all the parts of the old are idle when necessity commands.
THE EVENING LANDSCAPE.
Three summers since have fled ; and all
My hopes divine, and dreams Elysian On lower regions from the west
Have passed, like sunshine from a wall, The sun in cloudless glory gazes,
In mockery of vision.
But fair is Nature_-oh! how fair
Are all her beauties spread before me; Which every forest leaf is keeping;
The tearful star, with dewy hair, The hum of life hath died away;
Beams tremulously o'er me : The passions all are sleeping.
The shades are darkening o'er the dell; It seems as conscious Nature yields
The night-fog hangs above the river ; At her Creator's shrine devotion ;
Beloved scenes, farewell farewell!
No murmur from the ocean.
A NIGHT PIECE.
Upon this column, overthrown
By giant Time's resistless hand; The woods were green, the sun was Where lichens spring, and moss is strewn shining;
Upon the desart land, And I, within this beechen bower,
I rest ; and fix my ardent eye, Upon the bank reclining;
With rapturous wonder and delight,
In all the pride of vernal brightness, The azure arch of Night.
Declaiming to his rocky shores ;
And wails the lonely water-bird, With ecstacy my heart was beating,
Upon the marshy moors. And hers, within its joyous nest,
This is the realm of solitude ; Was throb for throb repeating.
A season and a scene for thought; We roamed about this woodland scene,
When melancholy well might brood And down the hill, and through the On years that now are not : meadow,
On syren years, that sweetly smiled,
Ere time had leagued the heart to strife, Till lowering, sombre and screne,
The Eden of this earthly wild, The evening threw his shadow.
The paradise of life ! And dews unheard were falling round,
Though pleasure's smile and health re And in the south a star was twinkling ; main, And from afar with fitful sound,
And friends unchanged and faithful prove; The curfew bell was tinkling.
The heart can never throb again, I pressed her hand in mine ; the blush As when it learned to love.
*Of meek and maiden perturbation Through years of grief that intervene, Came o'er her features, like the flush 'That with these hopes did ill agree, Which crimsons the carnation.
Yet fresh they seem, as they had been I caught her gaze-it thrilled my heart
But yesterday to me. In silence eloquently pleading :
The first fond look of tenderness; From her my thoughts could not depart,
The hope alternating with fear ; And of nought else were heeding.
The bosom's vacant gloom, unless
The idol of the heart was near ! We parted with a fond embrace
And then the lone walk through the wood, I stood and gazed in melancholy,
Inhaling Autumn's fragrant air ; Even as the pilgrim turns his face
How could it seem a solitude, To Mecca's temple holy.
When all we loved was there! But ere yon hedge-row from my sight There is an ecstasy in thought,
The Peri of my hope had banished, A pleasing warnth-a soothing pain ;She waved her hand of lily white, Away !-these dreams were well forgot, And like a spirit vanished !
They shall not rise again.
TO A LADY.
While memory thus recalls again
Departed joys, with all their train
Of mingling hopes and fears,
How ill the swelling heart can brook Since friendship first your footsteps led
The selfish crowd's unkindly lookTo where my childhood grew,
To freeze affection's tears ! In that lov'd home my fathers reared
When next we meet my early friend, And sweetest aye that home appeared
Be it where kindred feelings blend When it was graced by you.
Checked by no worldly mind,
Some friendly hearth or peaceful glade, 'Twas not the griefs of loneliness
Where all we feel is frankly said,
And all that's said is kind.
Farewell! and if in partial eyes
Waked by these boyish lays,
That smile that tear-I'd rather claim And oft as o'er our moorlands brown
Than sweetest blandishments of Fame, The year relax'd his wintry frown,
And all her boasted bays !
On the Grave of a Young Lady.
I saw not on thy check the fading bloom, We bless'd the hours that brought again Nor mark'd the chilling hand of death Our cousins Alice, Margaret, Janez
despoil Three Graccs of our own.
Thine eyes' bright lustre, or thy rosy
smile; Then from my schoolboy haunts I hied To bid the garden of my pride
Enough, I saw thee laid within this tomba
Oh! Arabella, thou wert ever dear! Breathe forth its sweet perfume,
Thy fascinating form, thy lovely mind, And twine around my favourite bower
Gentle and feeling, innocent and kind, The gay laburnum's golden flower,
Remember'd, claim a tributary tear : And honeysuckle's bloom,
Yes! thou in Nature's fairest mould wert Then sweet at silent eventide, To roam where winding streainlets glide
But, in thy soul, sincere, and void of art, Through fairy dells afar,
Dwelt every noble virtue, and thy heart And list the wildly-warbled song
Was like a holy shrine--so pure thou wast! Rising the mossy banks among
Had I not known thy feelings warm and Beneath the evening star.
strong, And sweet, in solemn musing mood, I had not loved so much, nor mourned se To walk beneath the leafy wood
How sweep unheard along the wings of
T'ime! And welcome was the social mirth
'Tis five long years since last I saw this That circled round the harvest hearth,
spot; And cheer'd the farmer's toils ;
My friends I sought-but, seeking, found While heart-felt glee gave double zest
them not To humour and the simplest jest
They now were inmates of another clime ! Renewed our ready smiles.
This very walk how oft, at eventide, Dear Alice, though my rustic rhymes My steps have press'd; and, on this rural Thus love to linger o'er the times
seat, And pleasures long gone by,
In token of remembrance, it is meet, And youthful feelings faded now That, resting, thoughts of other years should I would not cloud your gentle brow,
glide By one regretful sigh.
In memory's eye. Upon the trees around Although we all may never meet
Long hallow'd names I scan, with moss With hearts so light and hopes so sweet
o'ergrown; As once our bosoms knew,
The cunning hand that traced them Yet long as life and friendship last,
there is gone! With sunny glimpses of the past
Another generation now is found
And I --the sad survivor of my race,
PROCEEDINGS OF SOCIETIES.
part; and the numerous falls on the shore Feb. 5.---An abstract was read of Capt. have enabled him to collect various organKater's paper on the length of the pendu. ic remains, which he has transmitted to lum vibrating seconds in the latitude of Mr Parkinson, who has undertaken to exa. London.
mine them, and to communicate the reThe conclusion deduced by Capt. Kater sult of his examination to the Society. from his experiments is, that the length of
The highest point of the chalk hills here the pendulum vibrating seconds, in vacuo,
described is near Folkestone, whence they at the level of the sea, is equal to 39.1386 gradually decline in height towards Dover inches of Sir George Shuckburgh's scale, and Walmer, being in the direction of the the scale being at 620, and the latitude of dip of the strata which is to the N. E. the place of observation, 51° 31' 8.3".
The dip, however, is very small, being An appendix to Capt Kater's paper on
less than 10. the pendulum was also read, containing a
A letter was read from Capt. Carmi. demonstration, by Dr Young, of a theorem chael, accompanying drawings of the Table discovered by M. Laplace, that if a compound
Mountain at the Cape of Good Hope. The pendulum be made to vibrate on cylinders Table Mountain rests on granite, Green instead of knife edges, the distance between Point and the Table Valley on schistus. the surfaces of the cylinders (the vibrations The upper part of the Table Mountain conon each being equal, will be the length of sists of sandstone in horizontal beds. The the equivalent pendulum.
junction of the granite with the schistus is This was followed by a paper, by the
visible at Sea Point ; and here a very consame author, “ On the Length of the fused mixture of the two rocks occurs. In French Mêtre estimated in Parts of the some parts they form alternate layers of va. English Standard ;" from which it appears,
rious thickness ; in others, fragments of that the length of the metre in parts of Sir the schistus, of all figures and sizes, lie imGeorge Shuckburgh's standard scale, is bedded in the granite. Between this mis. equal to 39.37075 inches, cach standard ed mass and the pure schistus there is in. being brought to its proper temperature.
terposed a rampart of granite, apparently on the heart wool of trees; the principal 200 yards, is unmixed; but as it approachA paper by Mr Knight was also rood, differing from that which composes the
mass of the mountain, which, for about object of which was to show, that this portion of the plant bears a more active part
es the schistus, becomes mingled with in the vegetable economy than is usually
it. assigned to it. The heart wood has been Along the shore from Camp Bay to Sea supposed to be chiefly useful as a mechani- Point are numerous veins of trap in the cal support to the other parts, and as re granite. taining only an inconsiderable share of vi
Jan. 16.–The reading of a paper, by tality ; whereas Mr Knight endeavours to Mr Parkinson, entitled “ Remarks on the prove, by a series of experiments, that it Fossils from the East of Dover to Folke. serves as a reservoir for the sap, or other stone,” was begun. juices of the plant, during their torpid
Feb. 6.-General Annual Meeting of the state, whence it is again expelled, and sent
Society. to the bark at the renewal of vegetation in
The report of the Council, on the genethe spring.
ral state of the Society, was read; and the Feb. 12.-A paper, by Sir H. Davy, following is the list of officers for the en. was read, on the subject of the experiments suing year : that have been lately performed at Edin
President. George Bellas Greenough, burgh by Dr Ure, on the nature of chlo. Esq. F.R.S. &c. rine.
l'ice-Presidents. William Blake, Esq. A paper by Dr Marshall Hall was also F.R.S. ; Rev. Wm. Buckland, Prof. Min. read, on the action of water and oxygen on
Oxford; the Right Hon. Sir John Nicholl, iron.
F.R.S. į Sir Henry C. Englefield, Bart.
Secretaries.--Henry James Brooke, Esq.; Jan. 2, 1818.—The reading of Mr F.L.S.; John Bostock, M.D.; Hen. Heu. Phillips's paper was concluded.
land, Esq. For. Sec. The cliffs extending from Dover towards Treasurers.—Daniel Moore, Esq. F.R.S. Deal on the east, and towards Folkestone &c. ; John Taylor, Esq. on the west, have afforded to Mr Phillips the opportunity of a minute examination ROYAL SOCIETY OF EDINBURGH. of the different strata of the chalk in that Feb. 2.-Mr Thomas Allan read a very
interesting paper on the geology of the marine shells of the same species that now country round Nice, a country which, from exist in the Mediterranean ; and shells of the circumstances detailed in the paper, ap. a similar kind are often found high among pears to be peculiar; or, at least, not to the alluvial soil, and down by the sea from have been hitherto examined with that ac the Harmetine countries. Among the foscuracy which it merits from the interesting sil shells found in the peninsula of St Boasfacts which it presents. It appears evi sure, more than twenty hitherto undiscodent that many revolutions have taken vered species have been found. place in this quarter ; that the rocks have At the same meeting, Mr Playfair comnot only been deranged, but that the sea municated a paper, by General Sir Thomas has stood at a much higher level. The Brisbane, on the determination of the time fissures in the rocks are often filled with by equal altitudes.
LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.
State of the Weather in Iceland during were obliged to wait a long time before
the Spring of 1817 ; from the Danish they could reach the ports of their destinaOfficial Gazette, Copenhagen, Oct. 13, tion. 1817.
Reikevig, Aug. 17, 1817. The class of medicine and surgery of the Last winter was one of the severest we Royal Academy of Sciences at Paris prehave had for a long while, in particular sented the following list of candidates for from the beginning of February to the the vacant place of correspondent; viz. Prof. end of March, with changeable winds and Gregory, of Edinburgh ; Baillie, of Lonheavy snow, by which several persons lost don; Lauth, of Strasburg; Mannoir, of their lives. From the beginning of the Geneva; and Foderé, of Strasburg. Prof. month of April until the 1st of May, we Gregory was elected a corresponding memhad often fine and mild weather with thaw, ber. so that we began to fatter ourselves with Sir William Adams having had the hothe hope of a good spring. But on May 2, nour to be nominated by his Majesty's Gowe had a storm from the north, with much vernment to superintend that part of the $now; and from that day until St John's York Hospital, Chelsea, which has been Day, (July 7,) we had nothing but norther. appropriated for the reception of the blind ly winds with frost and cold weather; pensioners belonging to the army, navy, which was the reason that a considerable and artillery, feels it a duty fully to lay quantity of sheep, in particular in the dis- open 10 the profession at large his new trict of Skaptefield, as well as a number of modes of treating them. This duty is suglambs, died.
gested as well by the distinguished confiThe growth of the grass began very late; dence which has been reposed in him, as so that even about St John's Day it be- by the high sanction thus conferred upon came necessary in many places to give hay his improvements in ophthalmic surgery. to the cows, which is very uncommon in He therefore freely invites all medical this country.
practitioners, as well as students, who take The Greenland drifting ice, which had an interest in the advancement of this part left the northern lands in the beginning of of surgery, to attend his operations at the April, returned again in the first days of York Hospital, which, for their conveMay, and surrounded the whole of the west. nience, will be performed in future on ern, northern, and eastern lands, from the Tuesdays and Fridays, between the hours Birdmontain, (Lábrabiarg,) west of Braide- of seven and nine in the morning. fiord to Easterhorn ; from the eastern land To remove all doubt or misconception it drifted along the coasts of Skaptefield, with regard to Sir William Adams's pracRangervalle, and Arnæs districts, even to tice, he proposes, on the days of operating, Reykenss; yet it has left the southern and to give a short description of the nature of
coasts of the country for some one of the diseases to be operated upon time; but only very lately the northern the general modes of performing the ope
ration-his peculiar mode--and his reasons From about St John's Day, the wen for deviating from the usual practice, when ther has been very dry, and often pretty such deviation has been found necessary. warm.
The records kept of each patient's case, Tlie first traders arrived here in the lat. from his admission into the hospital to his ter part of May, and it is reported, that those final discharge, will be open to the inspecdestined for the northern and eastern landstion of such gentlemen as attend on the