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mediate political adherents, Mr Rose re 23. At Fern Tower, Miss Esther Carosigned his situation, and was shortày after line Baird, second daughter of the late Masworn of his Majesty's Privy Council. jor-General Joseph Baird, and niece to He was subsequently, on the return of General Sir David Baird, Bart. G. C. B. Mr Pitt to office, one of the Paymasters At her house, Greenhead, Glasgow, General of the Forces; and on the retiring in the 88th year of her age, Mrs Mary of the Fox Administration from power, Campbell, widow of the Rev. George LawMr Rose was appointed Treasurer of the ric, D. D. minister of Loudoun, and Navy, which important office he held to daughter of the learned and celebrated Dr the time of his death. Rose was th Archibald Campbell, late Professor of Di. son of a non-juring clergyman, and has, we vinity in the University of St Andrew's. believe, a sister still living either in Aber. At the Water of Leith, Mr Alexandeen, or in the neighbourhood.

der Stiven, aged 74, 52 of which he was 15. At London, Alexander Brodie, Esq. brewer there. father to the Marchioness of Huntly. 24. At Craig, Robert Gordon, Esq. of

- At Edinburgh, Janet, eldest daugh- Craig. ter of Alexander Macdonald of Boisdale, 25. At Edinburgh, Mr William Baillie, Esq.

Accountant to the British Linen Com. - At Greenock, aged 64, Mrs Chris- pany: tian Alexander, widow of the Rev. John 26. At Afton Lodge, Ayrshire, Mrs M'Queen, late preacher of the Gospel. Stewart of Afton, widow of Major-General She has bequeathed L. 10 to the Greenock Alexander Stewart, M. P. and Colonel of Infirnary, L. 10 to the Female Benevo- the 2d regiment of foot. lent Society, L. 5 to the Kirk Session of

28. At Edinburgh, Sir John Carmichael the New Parish, and L. 15 to three indi. Anstruther, of Anstruther and Carmichael, gent persons.

Bart. M. P. 16. At Old Windsor, greatly lamented, 30. At Glasgow, Mrs Mary Wilson, rethe Right Hon. Lord Walsingham, oflict of the deceased John Anderson of Merton Hall, Norfolk, father of the Hon. Kingsfield, Esq. and Rev. Thomas De Grey, one of the Pre 31. At Sydenham, near Kelso, George bendaries of Winchester Cathedral. He is Haldane, Esq. succeeded in his titles and estates by Ge February 1. At Carnwath House, Barneral the Hon. George de Grey.

bara, youngest daughter of Norman Lock- At Maxwelltown, Mrs Euphemia hart, Esq. Stewart, wife of Mr Zachariah Cowan, At his seat, Ampthill Park, Bed. and daughter of William Stewart, Esq. of fordshire, the Right Honourable John Shambelly.

Fitzpatrick, Earl of Upper-Ogsory, Baron At Tours, John Hamilton, Esq. of Gowran, and a Peer of England.-His Bardowie.

Lordship was born May 7, 1745, succeed- At Stewart Lodge, Fife, Miss Lind. ed his father, the late Earl, in 1758, and say Stewart, second daughter of the late married, in 1709, the Duchess of Grafton, William Stewart Barclay, Esq. of Cullar- by whom, who died in 1804, he had issue nie.

two daughters, Anne and Gertrude. His 17. At Rosebank, near Falkirk, James Lordship was elder brother to the late GeHenderson, Esq.

neral Fitzpatrick, M. P. who, had he surAt Edinburgh, Donald Cameron, vived, would have inherited the Peerages, Esq.

which are now, we believe, become extinct. 18. Mrs Pollock, South Bridge, relict of Lately.--At her house, No. 45, North Mr James Pollock, Edinburgh.

Frederick Street, Edinburgh, Mrs Jane At Byth, in the 94th year of her age, Walker. Mrs Elizabeth Urquhart, of Byth.

At Hampton Court Palace, the Right 19. At Edinburgh, aged nearly 80, Mrs Hon. Lady Caroline Herbert, sister to the Mackay, relict of Mr John Mackay, Clyth, late Duke of Manchester. county of Caithness.

At London, Lieutenant-General Wil. 20. At Musselburgh, in the 26th year liam Souter Johnston. This officer was at ci his age, Captain James Stirling, late of the siege of Quebec in 1759, and distinthe 42d regiment, son of Major-General guished himself in the memorable battle of Stirling.

Bunker's Hill, where he was severely At Edinburgh, Mrs Euphemia Pres. wounded. ton, wife of Robert Preston, Esq. of New At Hastings, Sussex, H. Martelli, Esq. Sidney Place, Bath.

of Norfolk Street, London, whose eldest At Edinburgh, Hugh Ross, Esq. of son, a boy, of 11 years old, was a short Kerse.

time since left by his grandfather L.100,000, 22. At Aberdeen, Mrs Ann Brown, to be placed to the best advantage, until he spouse of Dr James Brown, physician attains the age of 21. there, and second daughter of the late Jo At the advanced age of 99, John Smith, seph Cumine of Auchry, Esq.

who has been porter at the King's Print

ing-house, London, for more than 60 years. to his roost. Next day, he did not make He wore a cocked hat, according to the an his appearance down stairs; and was found cient custom, and enjoyed uninterrupted lying almost stiff with cold, and unable to health almost to the time of his decease. move himself-the bed-clothes, which he had

Suddenly, at Havre-de-Grace, Captain been made to provide himself with last year, G. R. Douglas, Royal Navy. He was lying folded up in a corner, as he had not carried to the grave by eight of his brother the heart to use them. On Sunday he officers, followed by the British Consul, as lost the use of all his faculties; and on chief mourner, and all the most respecta- Monday he breathed his last. His only ble English inhabitants in the neighbour- surviving sister, a poor old woman, living hood.

somewhere in Strathmore, inherits all his At his house in Duke Street, St James's, property. London, on Thursday night, Count Ze. At Ayr, Mr James Gregg, at a very adnobia, in his 56th year. He was descended vanced age, who, for many years, was well from the first family in Europe among the known in Ayrshire, Galloway, and DumNoblesse ; being not only a Prince in the fries-shire, as an eminent teacher in dancVenetian Republic, but also a Prince of ing. He was a man of a happy temper, the House of Austria. Count Zenobia and of considerable originality of genius. was also the nephew of Emo, the late Ad. He was remarkably skilled in music, permiral of Venice ; he was the owner of two formed with great taste and execution on of the finest palaces in the world, Emo and the violin ; ad, besides “ Gregg's pipes" Zenobia. The political bias of the Count and “ Strathspeys,” which bear his name, is well known. As a man of fashion and he composed many other excellent pieces, gallantry, he took the lead at Versailles, which his modesty prevented him from acwhen under the ancient regime ; at Bax. knowledging, though he contributed to seter's Club he usually risked 50001. every veral musical publications. He had a taste night. This was about the year 1790. for painting, mechanics, and natural his

At Colchester, Lieutenant John An- tory, made and improved telescopes, and drews, in the 98th year of his age. He had had no inconsiderable knowledge of the been in various engagements, amongst mathematics, and was frequently employed which Dettingen, Fontenoy, and Cullodea, as a measurer of land, until his advanced were those wherein he had principally dis- years rendered him incapable of bearing tinguished hiniself, in the former of which the fatigue. He taught dancing, until, he served as orderly man to his present by old age, he could scarcely see his own Majesty's grandfather, George II. His pupils, or hear the tones of his own violatter years were cheered by the munifi. lin. cence of his Sovereign, who, upon the re Last week, at his lodgings in Chelsea, presentation of the Duke of York, bestow- James Glenie, Esq. F. R. S. in the 67th ed upon him a grant of fitty pounds per year of his age. This gentleman is well annum, in addition to his balt-pay. known in the literary world. He was born

At his house, Lower Belgrave Place, in Aberdeen ; and at a very early period Pimlico, Mr Robert Palmer, of Drury was sent as cadet to Woolwich. He rose Lane Theatre, after a long and severe ill to the rank of Major of Engineers, and ness. He was in his 630 year, and was was employed in Canada. On his return the father of the company to which he be to England, he published a treatise rea longed for upwards of 50 years. Mr Pal. specting the inutility of some fortifications, mer, like his brother, the celebrated John and incurred the displeasure of the Duke Palmer, was introduced to the stage under of Richmond, then Major-General of the the patronage and tuition of Garrick. He Ordnance; so much so, that he quitted the was an actor of considerable merit.

service entirely. In 1806, he was made At Dundee, Thomas Clarke, a labour. Professor of East India Cadets, which siing man, 60 years of age, who, by dint of tuation he lost immediately after the trial parsimony and saving, had accumulated of Col. Wardle. He also was appointed property to the amount of from eight hun- in 1807, by the Earl of Chatham, Masterdred to a thousand pounds, On Thursday General of the Ordnance, Inspecting En. before his death, a most bitter and cold gineer in some of the West India Islands day, he went into one of the neighbours' This situation, together with that already rooms to warm himself, before ascending mentioned, he also lost.

George Ramsay and Co. Printers, Edinbwgh.

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CONTENTS. ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS. Notes on a Journey in America, &c. Sonne Remarks on the Progress and

By Morris Birkbeck

253 Present State of Scotland, its Habits, A View of the Constitution of the and Improvements

.199

Church of Scotland. By Gcorge Letter of Advice, from Mr Godwin, to Hill, D.D.com a Young American, on the Course of

SURVEY OF FRENCH LITERATURE Studies it might be most advanta

For January 1818; comprising Analygeous for him to pursue

209

tical Notices of the most interestAccount of the Christmas Racket 'a

ing Publications of the Month......... 260 mong the Negroes in Jamaica On the Life and Writings of James

ORIGINAL POETRY. Hogg : ( Pilgrims of the Sun' and The Evening Landscape-A Night

Mador of the Moor,') ...... .215 Piece-To a Lady, inclosing some Notice of the First Establishment of MS. Poems--Sonnet on the Grave of Coffeehouses, 1555.

223 a Young Lady-Sonnet monocomo... 266 On the Moral Constitution of Childe

PROCEEDINGS OF SOCIETIES. Harold.com

ib. Royal–Geological and Royal Society Observations connected with Meteoro

of Edinburgh logy, with hints for the extension of Meteorological Observations mno

...226 LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC IN Document relative to the State of Edin

TELLIGENCE. burgh in 1619

.229 | State of the Weather in Iceland in Observations on the Prevalence of Fever Spring 1817–Altitude of Hills in

at Edinburgh, and the means of di England-Aurora Borealis observed minishing it

.230 at Glasgow-Gerinan Universities Affinity between the Hebrew and Gae Sheik Ibrahim, &c. &c. error.com lic Languages..

.233 Works Preparing for Publication .......272 Journal of a Visit to Holland and Flan Monthly List of New Publications

-273 ders in July and August 1817 m........ 234

MONTHLY REGISTER. On the State of the Currency 237

,276 Battle of Sheriffinuir

Foreign Intelligence.com 210

.278 St Kilda Poetry mood

Parliamentary Intelligence
cocam...241
British Chronicle.ama

.281 REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS. Patents Pablications relative to the Chinese Em Appointments and Promotions ib. bassy : By Messrs Ellis, Macloud, Meteorological Reportm.

287 and Captain Basil Hall.................243 Agricultural Reporta.

.289 Frankenstein ; or, the Modern Prome Commercial Report

,291 theus

merco...249 Births, Marriages, Deaths.com. 294

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EDINBURGH: PRINTED FOR ARCHIBALD CONSTABLE AND CO. EDINBURGH, AND LONGMAN, HURST, REES, ORME, AND BROWN,

LONDON.

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Our Correspondents may be assured that their communications are not neglected, though neither immediately printed nor particularly acknowledged. We are anxious not to give offence by our silence, and would prefer replying to each by letter, if the address of the writer were always given. But this is often not in our power. We, therefore, so far depart from our usual practice, as to notice the following, papers received within these few days. These we intend to publish speedily:

“ Hints on the best methods of attacking Religion," an unpublished fragment, by an eminent literary character of the last century.-" Original papers relative to the Political State of Scotland previous to 1680."-"Original letter of James alias Hamish Macgregor, son of Rob Roy :" (This will be inserted as soon as we resume the subje«t to which it relates;-for the present we believe the public have enough of it.) -"Letter of Sir Ewen Cameron."_" Scottish Convention of 1678,"-"Fragment of a Tour in India."-" Geological Notices."-Continuation of “ Scottish Zoology."-Reply to the Notice in our last, “ On the Geography of Plants.”-Several curious communications respecting the Gypsies. -A paper by C. J. “ On the State of the Middle Ranks in Scotland during the carly part of last Century". This is rather long as it now stands, but may be easily condensed by the Author.-" Essays on Dramatic Poetry,"_" Translations from the German and Spanish," &c. &c.

The Correspondents of the EDINBURGH MAGAZINE AND LITERARY MISCELLANY are respectfully requested to transmit their Communications for the Editors to ARCHIBALD CONSTABLE and COMPANY, Edinburgh, or LONGMan and Company, London, to whom also orders for the Work should be particularly addressed.

Printed by George Ramsay g Co.

THE

EDINBURGH MAGAZINE,

AND

LITERARY MISCELLANY.

MARCH 1818.

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.

AND PRESENT

STATE

OF SCOT-
AND

PROVEMENTS.

SOME REMARKS ON THE PROGRESS feeling for many of those elegancies

of life, the acquisition of the means LAND, ITS HABITS,

IM- of supplying which constitute so large

a portion of the happiness and com

fort of man,-in the establishment When the 20th of Geo. II., cap. and extension of her manufacturing 43, for abolishing the heritable juris- industry,-in the enlargement and dictions in Scotland was moved in beautifying of her towns,-in the adParliament in the year 1747, (owing vancement of her agricultural skill in to the wisdom and patriotism of the several of the more important branch Lord Chancellor Hardwicke,) it was es of that art,-in the inclosure and supported, among other reasons, be decoration of her fields,-in the rapid cause “ the way would be opened to and general improvement of the means the introduction of arts, of manufac- of communication between all parts tures, of industry, of all the virtues of this country and with England, and sweets of civil life, in the wildest and in the increased facilities conparts of that country." Prior to that nected with, and dependent thereon, period, the attention of the people of -it will be found, we firmly believe, Şeotland had been occupied with ob- to exceed greatly what has occurred jects inconsistent with the more peace- in any other country during the same, ful pursuits of agriculture and com or a similar space of time. Such a merce. Literature and science were career of improvement makes us feel little, if at all, regardled. The oppreso proud of our country, while we are sion of the nobles, and the occasional grateful to those men who, in spite of persecution of the Crown, deprived all the prejudices of the times, gave the body of the people of that security us the opportunity of becoming what which is derived from a faithful execution of the law, and had, with the As might naturally be expected, prevalence of a gloomy fanaticism, these improvements have advanced gone far to corrupt some of the best more rapidly during the latter porprinciples on which the moral charac- tion of the above-mentioned period. ter and the natural virtue of a people Indeed, we shall not be far wrong if must always depend. From this pe we date the greater part of them from riod, accordingly, the real prosperity the year 1770, or thereabout. Even of Scotland has been always dated; the last twenty years have added conand the strides which this country siderably to the character of the changes has made in every respect since that which have been operating upon our time, may well be said to be immense. national taste and manners. So im For, whether we contemplate the pro- portant a subject has not escaped atTess which she has made in civil tention. It has been frequently nofreedom and in morals,-in the know- ticed, both by those whom curiosity, ledge of many of those wants, and a or other motives, have, at various

we now are.

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