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the axes.

bull We again thank Assarigoa that he has made a new chain; let it be kept bright and clean, and held fast on all sides ; let not any obe pull his arm from it. We include all the four nations in giving this belt. 361007 Dub Hirit Oswap 10"We again pray Assarigou to take the Oneydas into his favour, and keep the chain strong with thens, for they are our children.' Gives a belt. In it, bin do bets and wided gris The Oneydas give twenty beavers as a satisfaction for what they promised the Lord Baltimore, and desire they may be discharged of that debt."...fix, sentades in sodi bil.. ,5 W 2. The two goverhots having promised to use their endeavours with Lord Baltimore to forgive the remainder:10004"elisa Then the Indians desired that the hole might be dug to bury

One on behalf of Virginia and their Indians, another on behalf of Maryland and theirs, and three for the Onondagas, Oneydoes aúd Cayugas... The Mohawks said there was no need of burying any on their account, for the first chain had never been broken by them.

Then the Three Nations spoke, by Onnondaga, called Thanohjanihta, who said, “We thank the great Sachem of Virginia, that he has so readily forgiven and forgot the injuries that have been done, and we for our parts gladly catch at it, and lay hold of the new chain.”. Then each of them delivered an axe to be buried, and gave a belt." I speak in the name of all Three Nations, and include them in the chain, which we desire may be kept clean and bright like silver." Gives a belt.

“ We desire that the path may be open for the Indians under Assarigoa's protection, to come safely and freely to this place in order to confirm the peace.” Gives six fathoms of wampum. Then the axes were buried in the court-yard, and the Indian threw the earth upon them.

Bi. - Lastly, All the Oneydas, the Onnondagas, and the Cayugas, jointly sang the peace-song with joy, and thanked the Governor of New York for his effectual mediation with the Governor of Virginia in their favour. In the month of August, after the

foregoing treaty, the following specch was delivered by the Onnondagas and Cayugas to the two Governors : “ Brother Corlear,

“ Your Sachem (meaning the king) is a great Sachem, and we are but a small people : when the English came in first to Manhattan*, Aragisket, and to Yakokranogary , they were then but a small people, and we were great ; then because we found you a good people, we treated you kindly and gave you land; we hope therefore now that you are great and we small, you will protect us from the French. If you do not we shall lose all our hunting and beavers, the French will get all our beavers. The reason they are now angry with us, is because we carry our beaver to our brethren. We have put our lands and ourselves under the protection of the great Duke of York, the brother of your great Sachem, who is likewise a great Sachem. We have annexed the Susquehana river, which was won with the sword, to their government; and we desire it may be a branch of the

great tree that this place; the top of which reaches the sun, and its branches shelter us from the French and all other pations. Our fire burns in your houses, and your fire burns with us; we desire it

; may be so always. But we will not, that any of the great Penn's people settle upon the Susquehana River, for we have no other land for our children ; our young men are soldiers, and when they are provoked they are like wolves in the woods, as you, Sachem of Virginia, very well know. We have put ourselves under the great Sachem Charles, that lives on the other side the great lake (the Atlantic ocean): we give these two white dressed deer-skins to send to the great Sachem, that he may write on them and put a great red seal to then, to confirm what we now do, and put the Susquehana river and all the rest of our land under the great Duke of York, and give that land to none else. Our brethren, bis people have been like fathers to our wives and children, and have given us bread * New York. + Virginia,


groit's in

when we were in need of it; we will not therefore join ourselves or our land to any other government but this. We desire Corlear, our Governor, may send this our proposition to the great Sachem Charles who dwells on the other side the great lake, with this belt of wampum, and this other small belt, to the Duke of York his brother, and we give you Corlear this beaver that you may send over the proposition.

“You great man of Virginia, we let you know that the great Penn did speak to us bere, in Corlear's house, by his agents, and desired to buy the Susquebana river of us; but we would not hearken to him, for we had fastened it to this government.

“We desire you therefore to bear witness of what we now do, and that we now confirm what we have done before ; let your friend that lives on the other side the great lake, know this, that we being free people, though united to the English, may give our land to the Sachem we like best : we give this beaver to remember what we say.” The Sennekas arrived soon after, and on the fifth of August, spoke to Lord Howard in the following manner :

We have heard and understood what mischief hath been done in Virginia ; we have it perfect as if it were upon our fingers' ends. O Corlear! we thank you for having been our intercessor, so that the axe has not fallen on us; and, you Assarigoa, great Sachem of Virginia, we thank you for burying all evil in the pit. We are informed that the Mohawks, Oneydoes, Onondagas, and Cayugas have buried them already. Now we that live remotest off, are come to do the to include in the chain the Calinowas your friends. We desire therefore that an axe ou our part may be buried with one of Assarigoa's. O Corlear, O Corlear! we thank you for laying hold of one end of the axe; and we thank you, great Governor of Virginia, not only for throwing aside the axe, but more especially for your putting all evil from your heart. Now we have a new chain, a strong, and a straight chain that cannot be broken; the tree of peace is planted so firmly, that it cannot be removed ; let us on both sides hold the chain fast.

same, and

We understand what you said of the great Sachem that lives on the other side of the great water. You tell us that the Cahnowas will come hither to strengthen the chain ; let them not make any excuse that they are old and feeble, or that their feet are sore.

If the old Sachem cannot, let the young men come : we shall not fail to come hither, though we live farthest off, and then the new chain will be stronger and brighter. We understand that because of the mischief that has been done to the people and castles of Virginia and Maryland, we must not come near the heads of your rivers, nor near your plantations, but keep on the foot of the mountains, for there we lay down our arms as friends; we shall not be trusted for the

future, but looked on asrobbers. We agree, however, to the proposition, and shall wholly stay away from Virginia. And then we do no gratitude to Corlear, who has been at so great pains to persuade your great Governor of Virginia to forget what is past: you are wise in giving ear to Corlear's advice, for we shall now go a path which was never trod before. We have now done speaking to Corlear and the Governor of Virginia, let the chain be for ever kept clean and bright by him, and we shall do the same.

The other nations from the Mohawk's country to the Cayugas, have delivered up the Susquehana river, and all the country to Corlear's government: we confirm what they have done by giving this belt.”

The Senekas lie next the lakes, and nearest the nation with which the French carried on the greatest trade. The Senekas were so averse to the French, that they never would receive any priests among them, and were firmly attached to the English who supplied them with arms and powder : for these reasons M. De la Barre, Governor of Canada, sent a message to Col. Dungau, the Commander at Albany, to complain of the injuries the Senekas had done the French, and to shew the nécessity he was under, to bring the Five Nations to reason by force of arms. The messenger happening to come at the time the Indians met Lord Howard at Albany, Col. Dungan told

the Senekas,, the complaints of the French, on the fifth of August, in presence of the Governor of Canada's messenger, The Senekas replied to said complaints as follows :

“We were sent for and are come, and have heard what you said to us, that Corlear, hath great complaint of us, both from Virginia and Canada : what they complain of from Canada may possibly be true, that some of our young men have taken some of their goods, but Younendio the Governor of Canada is the cause of it. He not only permits his people to carry ammunition, guns, powder, lead, and axes, to the Ticebticebronoons our enemies, but sends them thither on purpose: these guns which he sends, knock our beaver-hunters on the head, and our enemies carry the beaver to Canada, that we would have brought our brethren. Our beaver hunters are soldiers, and could bear this no longer. They met some French in their way to our enemies, and very near them, carrying amınúnition, which our men took from them. This is agreeable to our customs in wars; and we may therefore openly owo it, though we know not whether it be practised by the christians in such like cases.

“ When the Governor of Canada speaks to us of the chain, he calls us children, and saith, I am your father, you must hold fast the chain, and I will do the same, I will protect you as a father doth his children. Is this protection, to speak thus with his lips, and at the same time to knock us on the head, by assisting our enemies with ammunition ? He always says, I am your father, and you are my children; and yet he is angry with his children, for taking these goods. But, O Corlear! O Assarigoa! we must complain to you ; you Corlear are a lord, and govern this country: is it just. that our father is going to fight with us for these things, or is it well done? We rejoiced when La Sal was sent over the great water; and when Perot was removed, because they had furnished our enemies with ammunition ; but we are disappointed in our hopes, for we find our enemies are still supo

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