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paid into the treasury of the United States, in of the purchases of the above land ; leaving still
SALE OF LANDS BY THE INDIANS.
THE following is a statement of land purchased by the United States from the Indians up to the year
Total quantity, 191,778,536 acres. In payment for which, sums to the amount of 2,542,916 dollars have been appropriated.
Of these lands 18,601,930 acres, have been vended by the States' Government, and there remain in their possession 173,176,606 acres.
The sum of 22,229,180 dollars has actually been
due, (for which the land is a security) 22,000,657
The account, then, will stand thus:
Amount and Value of Annuities to Indians
2,542,916 By Cash received on Sale of Lands 1,700,716 Ditto still due on ditto
Expense of Surveys and Agency
Lands unsold, viz., 173, 176,606 Acres, at
the lowest estimate, one dollar per acre 173,176,606
Balance of gain on the part of the United
States in dealing with the Indians · 213,162,811
* The price fixed by Congress is two dollars per acre.
How irresistibly, to say nothing of natural rights, do these transactions establish the claim of the Indians to protection and kindness from the United States !
The purchases of land from the Indians by the British Government do not exceed ten millions of acres; for 7,491,190 of which, the Indians receive goods annually amounting in value to 41551. Halifax currency, or 16,620 dollars. The British Government has not sold its lands, but, with the exception of a few hundred acres lately disposed of near Yorkin Upper Canada, has made gratuitous grants of them.
Besides which, about 20,000 Indians annually receive from the British government, blankets, and presents of various kinds--so that while the Americans have gained so largely by their intercourse with the natives within their territories, the British are annually losers. But both are awfully deficient in using means to improve the condition of the Indians.
NAMES OF THE DIFFERENT INDIAN NATIONS HITHER
TO DISCOVERED. IN NORTH AMERICA, THE SITUATION OF THEIR COUNTRIES, WITH THE NUMBER OF THEIR FIGHTING MEN.
THE Choctaws or Flatheads, on the Molect
4,500 The Natches
150 The Chukesws, Mississippi
750 The Cherokees, South Carolina
2,500 The Chatabas, between North and South Carolina
150 The Peantias, a wandering tribe, both sides of the Mississippi 800 The Kasgresquios or Illinois
600 The Piankishaws
250 The Qurachtenons on the Wabash
400 The Kikapous
300 The Shawanese or Sciota
500 The Delawares, on the west of Ohio
300 The Miamis
350 The Upper Creeks back of Georgia The Middle Creeks, North Florida
4,000 The Lower Creeks, East Florida The Caocutas, on the East of the River Alibamous
1700 The Alibamous, West of the Alibamous
600 The Arkansas
South of the Mississipi
500 2,000 2,000 1,600
27,550 3,000 1,800 2,500 1,500
into the Mississipi
South of Pecan's Bay
tribes on Lakes Huron and Superior
300 1,500 2,500
300 400 130 550
700 350 200
58,730 warriors, one-third old men, makes 78,306. Multiplying by six gives 469,836 souls, men, women, and children.
* * The publishers think it necessary to state that the M.S. of the above Indian names was in an almost illegible hand; and the author being in America, they had no means of correcting it.