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You mention your design of going to the Miami Indians, to endeavour to persuade them to peace. By this humane measure you will render those mistaken people a great service, and probably prevent their being swept from the face of the earth. The United States require only that those people should demean themselves peaceably; but they may be assured that the United States are able, and will most certainly punish them severely for all their robberies and murders.
You may, when you return from this city to your own country, mention to your nation, my desire to promote their prosperity, by teaching them the use of domestic animals, and the manner that the white people plough and raise so much corn; and if, upon consideration, it would be agreeable to the nation at large to learn those valuable arts, I shall find some means of teaching them, at such places within their country as shall be agreed on,
I have nothing more to add, but to refer you to my former speech, and to repeat my wishes for the happiness of the Seneca Nation.
Given under my hand, and the seal of the
United States, åt Philadelphia, this 19th day of January, 1791.
G. WASHINGTON. By the president,
Enrolled in Commission Book, No, 1, page 259, &c., for the State of Pennsylvania.
To the Great Counsellor of the Thirteen Fires. The -3 Speech of Corn Plant, Half Town, and Big Tree, > Seneca Chiefs.
Father,--No Seneca ever goes from the fire of his friend until he has said to him, “ I am going.” We therefore tell you, that we are now setting out for our own country.
Father; -We thank you from our hearts that we now know that there is a country that we may
call our own, and on which we may lie down in peace, We see that there will be peace between our children and your children, and our hearts are very glad, We will persuade the Wyandots, and other western nations to open their eyes, and look towards the bed which you have made for us, and to ask of you a bed for themselves and their children that will not slide from under them. We thank you for your presents to us, and rely on your promise to instruct us in raising corn as the white people do. The sooner you do this the better for us; and we thank you for the care which you have taken to prevent bad people coming to trade among us. If any come without your license, we will turn them back; and we hope our nation will determine to spill all the rum that shall hereafter be brought to our towns.
Father, -We are glad to hear that you are determined to appoint-an agent that will do us justice, in taking care that bad men do not come to trade among us ; but we earnestly entreat you, that you will let us have an interpreter, in whom we can confide, to
reside at Pittsburgh.' To that place our people and other nations will long resort : there we must send what news we hear when we go among the western nations, which we are determined shall be next spring. We know Joseph Nicholson-he speaks our language, so that we clearly understand what you say to us, and depend on what he says. If we were able to pay him for his services, we would do it; but when we give him land for pay, it has not been confirmed to him, and he will not serve any longer unless
you him. Let him stand between us and you, we entreat you.
Father, -You have not asked of us any surety for peace on our part; but we have agreed to send nine Seneca boys to be under your care for education ; tell us at what time you will receive them, and they shall be sent at that time. This will assure you that we are indeed at peace with you, and determined to continue so. If you can teach them to be wise and good men, we will take care that our nation shall be willing to be instructed by them.
Signed in the presence of
JOSEPH NICHOLSON, Interpreter.
The subscriber, the Secretary of War, has submitted
your speech of yesterday to the President of the United States, who has commanded him to assure you of his good wishes for your happiness, and that you may have a pleasant journey to your own country. · The Governor of the Western Territory will appoint you an interpreter, whenever one shall be necessary. The President of the United States does not choose to interfere on this point.
The President of the United States thinks it will be the best mode of teaching you how to raise córn; by sending one or two sober men to reside in your nation, with proper implements of husbandry. It will therefore be proper that you should, upon consultation, appoint a proper place for such persons to till the ground: they are not to claim the lands on which they shall plough.
The President of the United States also thinks it will be the best mode of teaching your children to read and write, to send a schoolmaster among you, and not for
to send your children among us; he will therefore look out for a proper person for this business.
As soon as you shall learn any thing of the intentions of the Western Indians, you will inform the Governor of the Western Territory thereof, or the officer commanding at Fort Washington, in order to be communicated to the President of the United Sates.
Given at the War Office of the United States,
the 8th of February, 1791. (Copy.)
Knox, Secretary of War.
A Treaty between the United States of America, and the
Tribes of Indians called the Six Nations.
The President of the United States having determined to hold a conference with the Six Nations of Indians, for the purpose of removing from their minds all causes of complaint, and establishing a firm and permanent friendship with them; and Timothy Pickering being appointed sole agent for that purpose ; and the agent having met and conferred with the Sachems, Chiefs, and Warriors of the Six Nations, in a general Council: Now, in order to accomplish the good design of this conference, the parties have agreed on the following articles; which, when ratified by the President, with the advice and consent of the Senate of the United States, shall be binding on them and the Six Nations :
ARTICLE I. Peace and friendship are hereby firmly established, and shall be perpetual, between the United States and the Six Nations,
ARTICLE II. The United States acknowledge the lands reserved to the Oneida, Onondaga, and Cayuga Nations, in their respective treaties with the state of New York, and called their reservations, to be their property; and the United States will never claim the same, nor disturb them, or either of the Six Nations, nor their Indian friends residing thereon and united with them, in the free use and enjoyment thereof: but the said reservations shall remain theirs, until they choose to sell the same to the people of the United States who have the right to purchase.