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tention of the governor, is the depredation when
The object of the Onondagas is to purchase our lands at Tonmewanta. This, and all other business that they may have to do at Albany, must be tránsaeted in the presence of the governor. He will see that the bargain sis fairly made, so that all parties may have reason to be satisfied with what shall be done, and when our sanction shall be wanted to the transaction it will be freely given, Die I much regret that at this time the state of my health should have prevented me from accompanying you to Albany, as it was the wish of the nation that I should state to the governor some circumu stances, which shew that the chain of friendship between us and the white people is wearing out and wants brightening.
7:13 1:5" I' proceed now, however,' to lay them before you by letter, that you may mention them to the governor, and solicit redress. He is appointed to do justice to all, and the Indians fully confide that he will not suffer them to be wronged with impunity: le
“ The first subject to which we would call the atdaily committed by the white people upon the most valuable timber on our reservations. This has a subject of complaint with us for many years ; now, and particularly at this season of the year, it has become an alarming evil, and calls for the immediate interposition of the governor in our behalf.
** Our next subject of complaint is, the frequent thefts of our horses and cattle by the white people, and their habit of taking and using them whenever
This is very
they please, and without our leave. These are evils which seem to increase upon us with the increase of our white neighbours, and they call loudly for redress.
“ Another evil arising from the pressure of the whites upon us, and our unavoidable communication with them, is the frequency with which our chiefs, and warriors, and Indians, are thrown into jail, and that too for the most trifling causes, galling to our feelings, and ought not to be permitted to the extent to which, to gratify their bad passions, our white neighbours now carry this practice.
“ In our hunting and fishing too, we are greatly interrupted by the whites. Our venison is stolen from the trees, where we have hung it to be reclaimed after the chase. Our hunting camps have been fired into, and we have been warned that we shall no longer be permitted to pursue the deer in those forests which were so lately all our own. The fish, which in the Buffalo and Tonnewanta Creeks, used to supply us with food, are now, by the dams and other obstructions of the white people, prevented from multiplying, and we are almost entirely deprived of that accustomed sustenance.
“ Our Great Father, the president, has recommended to our young men to be industrious, to plough and to sow. This we have done, and we are thankful for the advice, and for the means he has afforded us of carrying it into effect. We are happier in consequence of it; but another thing recommended to us, has created great confusion among us, and
is making us a quarrelsome and divided people; and that is, the introduction of preachers into our nation. These black-coats contrive to get the consent of some of the Indians to preach among us, and wherever this is the case, confusion and disorder are sure to follow, and the encroachments of the whites upon our lands, are the invariable consequence. The governor must not think hard of me for speaking thus of the preachers; I have observed their progress, and when I look back to see what has taken place of old, I perceive that whenever they came among the Indians, they were the forerunners of their dispersion; that they always excited enmities and quarrels among them; that they introduced the white people on their lands, by whom they were robbed and plundered of their property; and that the Indians were sure to dwindle and decrease, and be driven back in proportion to the number of preachers that came among them.
• Each nation has its own customs and its own religion. The Indians have theirs given to them by the Great Spirit, under which they were happy. It was not intended that they should embrace the religion of the whites, and be destroyed by the attempt to make them think differently on that subject from their fathers, 2.". It is true these preachers have got the consent of some of the chiefs to stay and preach among us, but I and my friends know this to be wrong, and that they ought to be removed; besides we have been threatened by Mr. Hyde, who came among us as a
school-master and a teacher of our children, but has, now become a black-coat, and refused to teach them any more, that unless we listen to his preaching and become christians, we will be turned off our lands. We wish to know from the governor if this is to be $0, and if he has no right to say so, we think hel ought to be turned off our lands, and not allowed to plague us any more. We shall never be at peace while he is among us. i 1" We are afraid too that these preachers, by and by, will become poor, and force us to pay them för living among us, and disturbing us. Pris: I 11“. Some of our chiefs have got lazy, and instead of cultivating their lands themselves, employ white people to do so. There are now eleven white families living on our reservation at Buffalo; this is wrong and ought not to be permitted. The great source of all our grievances is that the white men are among us. Let them be removed, and we will be happy and contented among ourselves. We now ery to the governor for help, and hope that he will attend to our complaints, and speedily give us redress. v Liestis
"RED JACKETU??! wins 93. HSS, 1. This letter was dictated by Red Jacket, and interpreted by Henry. Obeal, in the presence of the following Indians: ini, pozo Red Jacket's son, Corn Planter,
plainen; John jobb,
09:03 sien, Tom the Infant,
Blue Sky, jossa tapatys >
Big Fire, *
The mistakes that have prevailed on the subject of civilization in general ought to have taught us to alter our plans. There is a cry in favour of education, which has produced, and continues to produce, lasting evils. Education is now understood to consist, in reading, writing, arithmetic, and knowledge of languages; and by the application of these, we are told that the miseries and crimes which pervade civilized Europe are to be removed; the people to be made happy; society, in short, to be regenerated.
In this belief the mania for education has seized on all ranks; yet poverty, discontent, and crime seem to keep pace with all our endeavours. If the Indians are to be improved, or civilized, “ Why edueation, to be sure, will do it: that is all that is wanted. But the education must be commenced by a missionary, and this missionary must undergo a certain series of scholastic studies to be fitted for his duty.". Now let'us look a little at this, the usual mode of proceeding. To civilize the Heathen, thousands, with the purest zeal, contribute their schemes; but the little success resulting from them all, has furnished the means of triumph to the infidel