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to meet with an intelligent young Indian chief, from whom I learned many important particulars relative to the grand council meeting. It appeared that for many years the subject had been debated, and I was enabled to acquire from my young informant, a knowledge of the positions which the different parties took upon this important question. The favourers of Christianity alleged that the Great Spirit had ceased to regard them on account of their crimes, and had given them into the hands of the white men: that many years had gone over since the white men obtained a footing anong them, and that while they (the Indians), were melting away from the face of the earth, the whites were every year increasing. This must evidently proceed from the determination of the Great Spirit, and it was wisdom, therefore, to yield to the religion of the Europeans, as the only means of avoiding the total destruction of their tribes; by doing so they would find more favour and security, not only from their father at Washington, but from their great father beyond the salt lake *. (For as this council was attended by chiefs from tribes in the United States, só also were many there from the British side.)

The opposers of the measure urged, in reply, that the Great Spirit was angry with the Indians but for a season, and had only given temporary power to white men to punish them. The Indians had in former times enjoyed many and great blessings, and

# The King of England.

should do so again.

so again. Why, therefore, ought they to depart from the worship of their fore-fathers, and follow the religion called Christian ? As under the name of that religion, and from those who professed it, had they experienced all their wrongs and sufferings, and had arrived at their present wasted condition! Surely they should not embrace a faith that would tolerate such wickedness. What treaty had Christians kept with them? What just principles had they not violated ? Had they not despoiled them of their lands, of their hunting grounds, of their lakes, and their mountains ? Had they not slain their young men and their old warriors ? Had they not taught them to act as beasts, yea, worse than the beasts of the forest, by the use of spirituous liquors ? Did they not give rum to them to deceive and cheat them; to take from them their fields and their skins? And had they not derived loathsome diseases and other evils from those professing Christianity? Can the God of the Christians

approve such acts ?_“ Away,” concluded these reasoners, “ with the religion and the name of Christian, why should we embrace it?"

I have thus embodied the outline of the controversy; and alas! how painful is it to admit that these objections are but too well founded. Nevertheless, the young Indian chief seemed to think that the majority will consent to receive Christianity, As this young man could read English very well, I endeavoured to point out to him that true Christianity no more countenanced oppression nor unjust

conduct than the Great Spirit did, from whom it came; and that what Jesus Christ taught and practised, was alone to be found in the New Testament, where his own words were recorded, and where the effects produced upon all who believed them, were to be seen. I told him that our Saviour denied those to be his people who acted unjustly to any: that his religion made no distinction between white and black men-between men of any name or nation under Heaven: that he who truly did unto his neighbour as he would be done by, was approved of Christ, while he who did wrong was condemned. All men were sinners; but the Lord Jesus, in his infinite compassion, came into the world to give his life a ransom for their offences. Such, therefore, as believed in his exceeding love and propitiation, and were led, by such belief, to forsake their sins, to love each other, to be at peace with all men, to perform the duties of life uprightly, to obey their parents, masters, and governors, and live piously with God in their hearts, were true Christians. I strongly endeavoured to impress on the mind of my young friend, that Christianity was not to be known by the professions made in the present day, which were nothing more than a system of opinions, arranged so as to acquire respect to a certain order of men, that they might the more easily grasp worldly power and wealth; whereas the religion of the Cross, as taught by Jesus and his Apostles, and as we have it set forth in the Scriptures, does not countenance a lust after secular honours or dominion,

but expressly forbids it to his followers ; merely requiring of them that they should yield honour where honour is due, and that their lives should be meek, holy, harmless, and undefiled; not returning evil for evil, but good for evil.

The earnestness with which these observations were attended to by the young Indian, greatly interested me; and how should I rejoice that Chris. tianity should be exhibited to these simple people, by acts of benevolence, charity, and mercy, leaving the speculations and systems to the learned and refined. The Moravian missionaries set a laudable example in this respect, and the consequences have been that their labours have proved more successful than those of all other sects whatever. Preparation is necessary previous to the reception of any principles; and in this way God was graciously pleased to act. The Jewish dispensation was the forerunner of the Gospel; the Prophets, (and the last and greatest of them, John the Baptist,) were all sent to

way for the appearance of the Saviour of men; and when the Lord of life and glory came, he gradually initiated the minds of men to receive the full display of his mercy and his divine character. But now, forsooth, those who assume the name of Missionaries, or, in another word, that of Apostles, despise this mode, and at once open upon the poor mind of the heathen, the whole artillery of their college stores of doctrine and wisdom, forgetting that bodily wants and comforts must be established, before the mind can be fitted to receive instruction.

prepare the

this you must

for with confidence. letter from an Indian chief to the governor of


* I address myself to you, and through you to the to Albany, to do business with the governor; say that bad health has put it out of my power. For

not think hard of me.

It is the will of the Great Spirit that

pisinners can The 'glad tidings of salvation to poor 'sir be taught without books: it was so propagated at first: it is a plain statement of facts, easy to be recollected. We have several accounts of the manner of the original publication of the Gospel; especially

The things in the 2nd, 10th, and 13th of Acts." therein stated were what the early Christians believed; and in the mere belief of which they found joy and'salvation; and such things the Indians are fully capable of bearing in their minds. Until we return to the simple teaching of the primitive apostles, and abandon our school-wisdom, success with the Indians cannot, I feel 'fully persuaded, be looked

endeavours hitherto, have indeed been worse than ineffectual, the following most important

Canandaigua, 18th Jan. 1821. governor. “The chiefs of Onondaga have accompanied you


but I am sorry

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it should be so?

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