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Kept at Edinburgh, in the Observatory, Caltonhill.
N.B.-The Observations are made twice every day, namely, at eight o'clock in the morning, and eight o'clock in the evening. The morning observations in the first column are made on the Register
THE weather since our last has been particularly favourable for the labours of the field. There has been scarcely any rain, and the thermometer has seldom been so low as the freezing point. The ploughs have been busily employed during this uncommon fine weather; a great proportion of the clover leys and other land intended for oats has been ploughed in fine order; and a number of fields, where turnips had been eaten on or removed, have been sown with wheat, with every prospect of success. The growing wheat every where looks fine. The turnips, too, continue fresh, and in a growing state. From the uncommon mildness of the season, they continued to improve much longer than usual, afford more feeding than was expected, and, as the price of fat stock has improved considerably, and promises still further advancement, that crop is likely to yield more profit than it has done for some years past. Those who made purchases of lean cattle in October, for the feeding byre, have realized fair profits; but, as the turnip fields are nearly clear, it is likely that a number of fed cattle will be forced into the market, and a brisk demand of fat ones may be expected in the ensuing months. At present they bring from 8s. to 8s. 6d. per stone, sinking offals. Draught horses are in request, and fetch prices considerably higher than in November. The prices of grain have varied but little since our last. In the London market wheat has lately advanced a trifle; and with us sales have been to the full as brisk as formerly. A great quantity of grain has been sold in the course of the month, to enable the farmer to meet the Candlemas demand. Good oats for seed are expected to advance in price Beans have been much deteriorated by the worm, and sound samples are in request. Peas or beans will vegetate though part of the grain be wasted, if the eye is safe; but they seldom produce healthy plants. Labourers are more regularly employed than they have been for some seasons past. Wages, per short winter day of se ven hours, 1s. 2d.
Average Prices of Corn in Scotland for the Four Weeks preceding January 15. Wheat, 52s. 8d.-Rye, 34s. 4d.-Barley, 27s. 7d.-Oats, 20s. Od.-Beans, 32s. 3d.-Pease, 32s. 6d. Oatmeal, per boll, 16s. 5d.-Bear or Big, 23s. 5d.
Course of Exchange, London, February 6.-Amsterdam, 12: 9. Ditto, at sight, 12 6. Rotterdam, 12: 10. Antwerp, 12: 10. Hamburgh, 32: 2. Altona, 38 : 3. Paris, 3 days sight, 25: 75. Bourdeaux, 26: 5. Frankfort on the Maine, 156. Madrid, 36. Cadiz, 354. Gibraltar, 304. Leghorn, 46. 434. Lisbon, 494.
Oporto, 50. Rio Janeiro, 50. Dublin, 8 per cent. Cork, 8
Prices of Bullion per oz.-Foreign gold in bars, I.. 3: 17: 101. L.0: 4:10. Silver in bars, standard, L. 0:4: 114.
Premiums of Insurance at Lloyd's.-Guernsey or Jersey, 15s. 9d.-Cork or Dublin, 158. 9d.-Belfast, 15s. 9d.-Hamburgh, 45s.-Madeira, 20s.-Jamaica, 30s. Greenland out and home, 4 gs. to 5 gs.
Weekly Prices of the Public Funds, from January 17, to February 7, 1821.
ALPHABETICAL LIST of ENGLISH BANKRUPTS, announced between the 20th December 1820, and 20th January 1821; extracted from the London Gazette.
Aaron, L. Chatham, navy-agent
Abitol, M. Bury-street, St James, merchant
Bailey, J. Birmingham, grocer
Barehead, J. New Malton, Yorkshire, corn-factor
Baggott, J. Brom yard, Herefordshire, skinner
Billing, J. H. jen. Old City Chambers, flour-factor
Bruggenkate, G. A. T. Little Eastcheap, mer
Bryon, H. Hammersmith, hop-merchant
Bunyon, G. Jerusalem Coffee-house, Cornhill, master-mariner
Bulkey, G. Great Titchfi eld-street, Oxford-road Butler, S. Sherston Magia, Wiltshire, innholder Carter, R. Hertford, farc aer
Clarke, G. High-row, Knightsbridge, carpenter Chapman, T. jun. Newcastle-upon-Tyne, mastermariner
Chapman, C. W. Finch-lane, stockbroker
Courtney, T. Strand, coffee-Louse-keeper
Dellin, T. Birmingham, deale, "
Douglas, T. London, mercham
Dorrington, J. Manchester, win e-dealer
Duffield, W. Darlaston, Stafford shire, nail-manufacturer
Dument, J. L. Austin Friars, men chant
Durkin, J. and W. Southampton, ship-builders
Elgies, W. Ruswarp, Yorkshire, con n-merchant
Hardman, E. Liverpool, merchant
Hogg, G. William-street, Newington Causeway, plumber
Hodson, G. and Higgs, W. Bristol, leather-factors Hollands, B. High-street, Shadwell, corn-chandler Holt, M. Stoke, Sussex, watchmaker
Hope, T. Sandwich, toyman
Howell, H. Knaresborough, grocer
Jennings, J. Sittingbourne, innkeeper
Keddell, J. H. Balsam Heath, Moreley, swordcutler
Kerby, H. Margate, coach-master
Kidd, W. Newcastle-upon-Tyne, linen-draper Knight, T. Chipping Sodbury, Gloucestershire, dealer
Landles, J. and J. Berwick-upon-Tweed, merchants
Landles, G. Lower Thames-street, fish-factor
Levy, J. New-road, St George's in the East, mer
Lister, J. and B. Leeds, woolstaplers
Machin, D. C. Cornhill, merchant
Mayor, E. and Heeling, J. Shelton, Staffordshire,
Marshall, W. Regent street, Westminster, statuary
Malcolm, W. Great St Helens, merchant
Ockley, V. Terrington, Norfolk, shop-keeper
Parkinson, G. Failsworth, Lancashire, tanner
Parks, T. and Lawton, A. Birmingham, merchants
Plaskett, J. Dock-head, stave-merchant
Reed, H. Mill-street, Bermondsey, corn-dealer Reynolds, R. Shabroke, Devonshire, tanner Reynolds, H. Ormskirk, Lancashire, liquor-merchant
Richardson, J. Manchester, joiner
Rollinson, R. Great Welthingham, Suffolk, miller Roosse, J. Liverpool, optician
Ross. A. and Murray, J. Leadenhall-buildings, Gracechurch-street, merchants
Royder, T. and Nasmyth, J. Fenchurch-street,
Sanders, J. Ivybridge, Devonshire, tanner
Shillito, W. Chapel Allerton, Leeds, dealer in cattle
Shingles, S. Basinghall-street, factor
Singleton, J. Huddersfield, clothier
Smith, W. Naburn Grange, Yorkshire, corn-fac
Spurrier, J. and Barker, J. Bellbroughton, Worcestershire, scythe-manufacturers
Stainer, R. Ilchester, Somersetshire, innkeeper Statham, F. and Shakespeare, G. Pall Mall, black
Stibbs, J. Cully Hall, Gloucestershire, dealer
Thomas, D. London-street, china-man
Thatcher, T. M. Hungerford-wharf, Strand, coalmerchant
Turner, R. Liverpool, butcher
Tweed, T. J. Boucham, Essex, farmer
Wall, R. St Thomas Apostle, Devonshire, innkeeper
Wells, J. W. Cambridge-heath, Hackney-road, builder
Webb, G. Cornhill, dealer
Webb, T. Warwick, horse-dealer
White, J. Southampton-row, Russell-square, dyer Wildman, J. Fen-court, Fenchurch-street, mer
Woolis, J. Woolwich, timber-merchant
Wylie, W. Southampton-buildings, merchant
ALPHABETICAL LIST of SCOTCH BANKRUPTCIES and DIVIDENDS, announce d January 1821, extracted from the Edinburgh Gazette.
Blair, James, Dumbarton, shipmaster
Buchannan, William, Glasgow, merchant and
Cant, William, Inverness, innkeeper
Lamb and Miller, Glasgow, merchants
Marr, George, Anstruther, ship-builder
Taylor, Joseph, Glasgow, merchant
Brown, Mathew, and Co. Glasgow, manufacturers; by J. M'Gavin, accountant there Campbell, Peter, and Co. and Alexander Campbell and Co. Glasgow, manufacturers; by R. Wallace, accountant, Glasgow
Cramond, David, Letham-mill, miller; by Colvil and Son, writers, Arbroath
Dods, James, Edinburgh, wright and builder; by
Macrae, Alexander, Inversheal, Ross-shire, fish-
White, Thomas, Edinburgh, merchant; by W. Scott, accountant there
THE LATE MR ROBERT THOMSON.
Mr Monteith being frequently at that time in London on business, happened, accidentally, to attend a public sale at the East India Ware-house; amongst other goods offered was a few bales of East India cotton yar; these he bought for a very trifling sun; the article being thought useless, from the manner in which it was bound up, it was called bird nest cotton, as it resembled birds' nests. These were sent to Glasgow for experiment; the texture was beautiful, but the difficulty was to find means to prepare it so as to be fit for the weaver; a machine, however, was contrived, that answered the purpose. Mr Thomson soon put it to use, by applying