Forging Democracy: The History of the Left in Europe, 1850-2000

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Oxford University Press, 11 abr. 2002 - 720 páginas
Democracy in Europe has been a recent phenomenon. Only in the wake of World War II were democratic frameworks secured, and, even then, it was decades before democracy truly blanketed the continent. Neither given nor granted, democracy requires conflict, often violent confrontations, and challenges to the established political order. In Europe, Geoff Eley convincingly shows, democracy did not evolve organically out of a natural consensus, the achievement of prosperity, or the negative cement of the Cold War. Rather, it was painstakingly crafted, continually expanded, and doggedly defended by varying constellations of socialist, feminist, Communist, and other radical movements that originally blossomed in the later nineteenth century. Parties of the Left championed democracy in the revolutionary crisis after World War I, salvaged it against the threat of fascism, and renewed its growth after 1945. They organized civil societies rooted in egalitarian ideals which came to form the very fiber of Europe's current democratic traditions. The trajectories of European democracy and the history of the European Left are thus inextricably bound together. Geoff Eley has given us the first truly comprehensive history of the European Left--its successes and failures; its high watermarks and its low tides; its accomplishments, insufficiencies, and excesses; and, most importantly, its formative, lasting influence on the European political landscape. At a time when the Left's influence and legitimacy are frequently called into question, Forging Democracy passionately upholds its vital contribution.
 

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Forging democracy: the history of the left in Europe, 1850-2000

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The central thesis of this massive historical study is that an assortment of radical and leftist movements were chiefly responsible for the triumph of democracy in Europe. Eley (history, Univ. of ... Leer reseña completa

Forging democracy: the history of the left in Europe, 1850-2000

Reseña de usuario  - Not Available - Book Verdict

The central thesis of this massive historical study is that an assortment of radical and leftist movements were chiefly responsible for the triumph of democracy in Europe. Eley (history, Univ. of ... Leer reseña completa

Índice

Chapter 1
11
Chapter 2
27
Chapter 3
41
Chapter 4
56
Chapter 5
79
Chapter 6
103
WAR AND REVOLUTION 19141923
113
Chapter 7
117
Chapter 16
243
Chapter 17
255
Chapter 18
272
Chapter 19
293
1956
323
FUTURE IMPERFECT
331
Chapter 21
335
Chapter 22
360

Chapter 8
133
Chapter 9
146
Chapter 10
159
Chapter 11
170
Chapter 12
179
Chapter 13
195
Chapter 14
214
STABILIZATION AND THE WAR OF POSITION
225
Chapter 15
229
Chapter 23
378
Chapter 24
399
Chapter 25
423
Chapter 26
451
Chapter 27
464
Conclusion
485
Notes
499
Bibliography
587
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Página ix - I pondered all these things, and how men fight and lose the battle, and the thing that they fought for comes about in spite of their defeat, and when it comes turns out not to be what they meant, and other men have to fight for what they meant under another name...
Página 38 - The mode of production of material life conditions the social, political and intellectual life process in general. It is not the consciousness of men that determines their being but, on the contrary, their social being that determines their consciousness.
Página 38 - The totality of these relations of production constitutes the economic structure of society, the real foundation, on which arises a legal and political superstructure and to which correspond definite forms of social consciousness. The mode of production of material life conditions the general process of social, political and intellectual life. It is not the consciousness of men that determines their existence, but their social existence that determines their consciousness.

Sobre el autor (2002)

Geoff Eley is Professor of History at the University of Michigan. He is the author and editor of many books on British and German history, including Reshaping the German Right: Radical Nationalism and Political Change after Bismarck.

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