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against y” Spanyard on behalf of y" Prince Elector; & therefore my Lo. Keeper thinkes not fitt to hasten y" report of that conference: As soone as there shal be any order or resolucon in it by y' Parliam', I shall advertise it to yo' Ma". I sent yo' Ma" letter to Sir Ph. Maynewaring” by an expresse messenger into Northamptonsh; whither So Phillip was gonne 2 dayes before my receipt of yo' Ma" to him. Since Satterday last there hath beene noe business done in Parliam' of any publique nature” that I can heare of; but only the order made by the Lo" touching y” election of y" present Sheriffs of London, whereof I gave advertisem' to Mr. Threr" by myne of y" 23".” This day y Lo. Mayor was att the Upper House to get an alteration of that their Lo" order but the House would not recede from it in any p’ticular, whereat y' Lo. Mayor and cheif cittizens seeme to be much troubled.

| Charles Louis, Elector of Bavaria, Prince Palatine of the Rhine, and nephew to Charles I., being the son of his sister Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia. * He was of Over Peover, in Cheshire, and father to the first Baronet of that name, so created after the Restoration. He was Sheriff of Cheshire in 1639, and Captain in the Cheshire light horse. Collins does not mention his knighthood. * Again the Secretary is remiss, or at fault. Public business was certainly going forward. On the 25th of August the Lords sequestrated the temporalities of Dr. Roger Manwaring, Bishop of St. David's, for his contumacy to an order of the House; and, on the day on which Sir Edward wrote his letter, both Houses had a conference respecting a proposed recess of Parliament. * “Mr. Treasurer,” that is, Sir Henry Vane the elder. * This evidently relates to the dispute then existing between the Lord Mayor and the Commons of London; the. former laying claim to the choice of one of the Sheriffs, by a prescription of three hundred years. The Livery refusing to abide by this, the Court of Aldermen petitioned the King to decide upon the affair; but the King referred it to the House of Lords, who, after some delay, ordered that the Commonalty should proceed to the choice of the two Sheriffs, at the same time recommending that they would have those who had already been nominated by the Mayor. The Sheriffs chosen were George Garret and George Clark. Sir William Acton, Bart., was the then Lord Mayor; but he was superseded by the Parliament, and replaced by Sir Edmund Wright,

They came heere yesternight.

There is here great expectation what recepcon yo' Ma” will give to y” Comittees sent hence. I wishe yo Ma” could have soe tymely expedited yo' affaires there, as that you might have bene reddy to come away before their arrivall there."

Yesterday y Comons ordered” that y” pay of Coll. Willmot, Ashbournham, & y” rest of y" soldiers (that are questioned in Pliam't) shalbe sequestred untill their busines shalbe heard & adjudged. And upon occasion of y" discourse of that busines, Mr. Selden did then in that house deliver his opinion with much confidence, that by y” ACT of OBLIVIoN Mr. Percy and Mr. Jermyn,” & all y' rest that are questioned with them, are freed and pardoned, wo he argued so strongly out of the very words of that Act, as y” sages of that house, who oppugned his opinion, did not (iny" iudgem" of able men) give any reasonable or satisfactory answere to it: the House seemed to be much amazed att this slipp in that

* The names of the Commissioners were Lords Bedford and Howard of Esricke, Hampden, Fiennes, Sir Philip Stapleton, and Sir William Armyne. The Secretary seems to entertain a reasonable fear of the King's being brought into collision with such Commissioners.

* Not recorded in the Parliamentary Debates.

* Jermyn had been especially implicated, by the confession of Colonel Goring, in the alleged plot contrived by certain officers of the army to secure Strafford's escape, and overawe and dissolve the Parliament, by marching the army on London and making the King absolute. Balfour, the Lieutenant of the Tower, baffled that part of it relating to Strafford; and, a quarrel arising between the leaders of the design, Goring and Wilmot (“Gorrein et Hailmot,” as Madame de Motteville calls them in her account of the affair), which Jermyn had in vain done his best to reconcile, Goring made a quasi discovery of the plot to Lord Newark, from whom, through Lords Bedford and Kimbolton, it reached Pym. Goring subsequently asserted that for his own part he had refused concurrence with the proposals to put the army into a posture to serve the King, and send a Declaration to Parliament that Episcopacy should not be infringed upon, and that the King's revenue should be established; for he said that he thought it belonged to an army to maintain, not to contrive, acts of state. At the same time he professed that his particular object, in joining in the proposed measures, was to solicit “a redresse for the miseries of the souldiers.”

Act, & were not well pleased with him who delivered
this opinion: some said that it was not in y' intencon
ofy"House to pardon them, whereupon it was replyed
that lawes are to be understood according to the
words in yo Act, & not according to the intencon of
yo makers, further than y' words will beare.
This day the House of Peers have comitted to
prison y' man that printed the scandalous ballet
concerning the Qu. Mother's going away, & will
consider of further punishm' for him, and they have
ordered that these ballets shalbe burnt by y' hand of

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yo Ma" an account of y" cause of y" Qu. Mother's count. stay att Dover.

Albeit this employm" woo yo' Ma" hath bene pleased to honour me w”thall, hath drawne much Indeed ye envy vpon me, & (as I heare) set some on worke to ...: prye into my accons past & present, yet since Ienioy y" comfort of yo' Ma" grac'ous opinion & acceptaunce of my poore & honnest endeavours, I shall not vallue any mans mallice, but rather smile att their ignoraunce, that conceave there is any other felicity in this imploym', then to deserve to be accounted an honest man, &

Yor Maties most humble & most obedient servaunt, Edw. NICHOLAs. I recenned

The Queene sent me word she had written lately ... “

to yo' Ma", & would not write by this dispatche.


Written by the King, “EDEN. 31, 1641.”
Indorsed, “For yor most excellent Male.”
Written by the King, “Yours apostyled.”
Further indorsement in the hand-writing of Sir E. N. :
“26 Aug. 1641. Myme to his Male apostiled 31° Aug.

The King to Sir Edward Nicholas.

Nicholas, I haue nothing to answer to yours of the 20: (w" I receaued yesterday in the euening),

* Thomas Howard, Earl of Arundel and Surrey.

I am satis

save onlie to thanke for your advertisments: but
heering from good hand, that the House of Comons
meanes to refuse my General Pardon,' I haue
thought fitt to comand you, to comand my L. Keeper
to thinke of a Declaration to be put fourth in my
name (in case my Pardon be refused) to make my
fauorable intentions knowen to all my English
subjects, how I consulted it with the best lawers, to
make it of most aduantadge that might bee for all
my said people. This being the summe, for the
forme & the penning, I leave it to bee consulted
there: to wo end, I com’and you first to goe to my
Wyse, to receaue her directions in it (for she knowes
my mynde fully in this particular) and according to
what she shall direct you, to com’and my Lo. Keeper
for the drawing of it, fitt for my hand, with all
speede, & so I rest
Your frend,

CHARLEs R. EDEN, 25 Aug : 1641.

Sir Edward Nicholas to the King.
May it please y” most excell" Maio,

fied with this Yo'r Ma” of the 25th of this moneth founde me


at Oatlands on Sunday last, as I was attending the Queenes com’aunds, where Ip'sently p"sented to her Royall hand yo Ma” 1", & acquainted her Ma" what you had written to meconcerningal)eclarac'on; her Ma" saith that she now vnderstands that y” Com’ons will not suddainly refuse yo' Ma" Pardon; but howsoever she com’aunded me to speakew" my Lo. Keeper about it according to yo' Ma" le", & to wishe him to consider of a fitting Declarac'on

* This will be found fully explained in a subsequent letter. The King appears to have wished to secure Percy, Wilmot, Ashburnham, and the others engaged with them, from the wrath of the Parliament, but, unwilling to pardon them expressly by name, he issued this General Pardon in order to include them, without appearing to confirm the charges brought against them as acting under his privity and directions.

agreeable to yo"Ma" direcc’ons,that it may be reddy in case the Goral Pardon shal be refused, & this to be donne wo all possible secrecy. My Lo. Keeper promiseth to p"pare such a Declarac'on against toomorrow, & hath wished me then to attend his LOPP to Oatlands, there to shew it to her Ma", & as soon as it shall be perfected to send it for yo" royal approbac'on. The busines will well beare this delay, for that y” Peers have this day adiourned their House till Munday next ; and y” Com’ons (I heare) intend to adiourne too-morrow, also till Munday; & it is resolv'd that both Houses shalladiourne on Wensday se'night till y’ 26th of Octob'. I humbly desire to knowyo'Ma"pleasure whetherwhen this b. shall be printed, it may not be fitt to shew y” same to my Lo. Banks or Mr. Attorney,' or both, before it be engrossed for yo' Ma" hand. I have bene tould that some take excepcions to yo' Ma" Pardon, for that it excepts all matters of eccl’all cognisaunce, albeity"same exceptionsis in yo Pardon of 21° Jacobi, but I beleeve that this excepc'on of theirs is but a pretence, & that y” mayne thing that they dislike in it is, that Mr. Percy & y rest of his company are comprehended in it. . Both Houses have had a conference upon yo' Ma” answear and reasons sent by Mr. Nicholso touching y' com’ission, and I heare, thoughe many would have bene better pleased that yo Ma" had signedy' com’ission for their comittees, yet they doe not much dislike yo' Ma" answeare, since by yo' grac'ous permission their com’ittees have leave to come to Edenburg to doe the busines they are principally sent for.” I have herew" sent yo'

* Sir Edward Herbert, Knt.

* This was Mr. Anthony Nichols, Member for Bodmyn, whom the Commons, on the 18th August, had ordered to be their messenger to carry the Petition, Commission, and Instructions to Edinburgh for the King's approbation. It is stated in the Parliamentary Records, that the sum of 1000l. was then ordered for the “Commissioner's Charges.”

* The King's answer was read to both Houses on the 30th, in which he said that he did not find it necessary to sign any such Commission; but was “graciously pleased to give leave

show it to both.

I am of your mynd; for their petition to mee was to have it as neer to that of 21 Jaxobi as Inight bee.

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