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put foote in stirrop, Captain Sadlington's' fregat arriues from the coast of Irland with the bearer hearoff O'Sullivane Beirne,” a person whom I find noe lesse by his owne discourse then by the testimonye of all his countrymen here, very well affected to his Ma" seruice: He comes deputed from such of his Ma" faithfull subjects as yett remaine in the west sideof Munster: and hastens now towards Paris to giue his Ma" an account of those parts: which though of it selfe it bee recommendation enough, yett at his request, I take the boldnesse by these to addresse him to y' Hon" acquaintance, and by y' fauour to his Mao : The state of whose affaires, I hope hee may by Gods goodnesse find in a condition able to afford such releife as may excite and animate these embers of loyalty into a fire, nay flame, sufficient to destroy and consume the circumambient and the now too predominant contrary of haynous treason and unparaleld rebellion. In which good omen I kisse yo' Hon" hands, and rest Y” &c. &c. B. BROWNE.

at the dissolution of the Parliament of England, as at the coming of his brother Henry to him, but I think they are both but frolics. He hath received intelligence from Rome, that the Pope will have nothing to do with him, and in no case have dealing with him, as being not only inconstant and unsettled what to do, but unable to do anything.” 1 Captain Sadlington was retained in the royal service after the Restoration, and fell gallantly fighting in the year 1673, on the 4th of June, in the action with Van Tromp. He them commanded the Crown, under the orders of Prince Rupert. 2 O'Sullivan Beirne was a gentleman of some landed property in Ireland, living near Beerhaven, and was of such consequence in that part of the country, where the clans of O'Sullivan were numerous, that he was chosen general of the forces raised in aid of the Royal cause. The reason of this visit to France seems to be accounted for by the following extract from the Severall Proceedings of the 30th June, 1653: “From Ireland it is certified, that a party of Irish, of General Bear's men, had a design to have surprised some garrisons; but, having notice, a party fell upon them in their march, routed them, and killed many; and Bear himself, with some other officers, got into a boat, and fled over into France.”

Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne.
S',

I receaued yours of the 7. 3 dayes since and yesterday your other of the 10, and returne this b the same hande which brought me yours, whic seemes to be very sollicitous and confident to returne it safely and speedily to you: I haue sent you such aletter from his Ma" to the Marshall, as in my vnderstandinge is necessary, and I hope if any thinge would, will preuayle with him. To have inserted the memoire it selfe would not haue bene so proper, since it cannot be supposed to be within his Ma” proper cognisance. Your letters concerninge O'Sullivan Beare are not come to my hands.

Upon the receipt of your former I did send the inclosed to Mr. Bennett, who hath notwithstandinge not vouchsafed to conferr with me a worde about the businesse, and when I sent to him to know whether he would send anythinge to you, and lett him know what his Mao had directed, he returned me answer that I might haue spared his Mao that labour, for the Duke had done the same, but I hope actes of supererogation in this kinde will do no harme: it may be he will send his letters under this coVer.

Ther is no questyon that I know concerninge your accounte, it is fitt you should alwayes haue it ready,and produce it when it is called for, and Idoubte not you will receaue alliust allowance, and truly Iam heartily glad that it hath brought so seasonable a reliefe to you : our Master thinkes of remoouinge,

* It was made matter of remark in the public journals that a seasonable supply had arrived for the Royal family at this moment. The Faithful Post, of the same date as this letter, says, in a communication from Amsterdam : “Here is arrived the adventurer called the Spanish Bark; coming from Rochelle: he hath taken three prizes about the West, which he hath sold in France, amounting to a great value, which isdistributed by the Commander in Chief, Capt. Grimes, as followeth—to the poor distressed widow, our late Queen, #1000; King of Scots, £3000; Duke of York, £2000; Duke of Gloucester, £1000.”

but when or whither is not yett determined. Wee exspecte euery day news of an engagement at sea betweene the two fleetes, the successe of which may F. alter" the temper in both Councells, at

ondon and at the Hague, the last still pressing most ynreasonbly ther desyres of treaty. I am very heartily,

S.,

your most affectionate Servo, E. H. PARIs this 14 of June 1653, Sir Ri: Browne.

Sir Edward Hyde to Sir Richard Browne. So, I haue receaued yours of the 30 of June by Mr. Holmes, & a duplicate of by your mayde, to nether of which ther needes any answer, my last which you since haue had satisfyinge the contents of those. Since, your other of the 5. of July are come to my handes. Towhat concernesthe Marshall Ican addnothinge, till I know in the way I advised what his praetences are; nor haue Iany reason to imagyne that he hath taken any excepcons to your person, only when I asked, why it was desyred that the busynesse might

* The action did take place, and the Dutch were defeated. The consequences, if we are to believe a letter from Paris in one of the weekly Intelligencers, were very hostile to Charles's interests at the Court of France. “The news of the defeat given by the English to the Dutch,” says the writer, “much startled the Court, and indeed all France; those of Charles Stuart's followers gave out reports at first that the Dutch had beaten the English, and that he was to go to Holland, and that they would do great things for him, and the English went vapouring of it up and down the streets, and some of them were soundly fort : but the next day came news to several merchants of this city, besides letters to the Courts (which were kept more private), that the Dutch were beaten, and had sustained a very great losse ; upon this there was a great meeting of the Council with the King, and their countenances very sad all about the French Court, and divers of the English going through the streets of Paris were so mocked and jeered that they have been ashamed almost to show their heads abroad.”

be referred to Pr. Rupert, since being not upon the place, his Highnesse could not so easilygiue direction upon it, answer was made to me, that it might be, that the Marshall desyred not to treate with S' Ri. Browne: and truly in those cases, when men aske wnreasonable thinges, it is no wonder that they haue no minde to be pressed by publique Ministers.” I doubt I shall not be able to finde a copy of your peticon and order from the Kinge, if I can I will, nor will I do any thinge upon that businesse, till upon your view of the whole accounte you can seein what state you are, and then I will procure such orders as are necessary; till then it is to no purpose to discourse of it: nor is it proper for me to send to Mo Windham” (with whome I haue no correspondence) to know what you haue receaued from him, you will stateall that upon your accounte. Thecourse I propose to my selfe to obserue is, that the Kinge signea warrant to you, to deducte out of your receipts satisfaction for all.such warrants which he hath formerly signed upon others, and which haueprooued ineffectuall to you; and if that satisfyes for the time past, advise what will bee best, to order for thefuture. Wee are full of exspectation what will be the issue of the treaty in Englande” betweene the Dutch and * An allusion to the rapacious conduct of the Marshal with regard to the prizes, and the stores of the ships that were sold. * Mr. Windham, as early as 1652, had been appointed the receiver of the King's fifth in all prizes; and this by the King's special appointment, in opposition to the Duke of York's recommendation of the Bishop of Derry. The situation was one which Sir Edward Hyde had been very anxious to obtain for his godson, son to Sir Edward Nicholas. See the Clarendon State Papers, vol. iii. pp. 112, 118. * The London Intelligencers were at this time giving a very different view of the feelings of Charles's little exiled Court, asserting that they were constantly engaged “informs of Common Prayer” for the success of the Dutch fleet over that of England! Nor were the Puritan party at home particularly anxious for peace, protesting that the “work of the Lord is not yet done; that the sword must not be sheathed untill they had brought down the tyranny of Rome, and restored poor ignorant captives to a gospel enjoyment of the universal freedom.”

the Rebells, which our frends ther do not belieue like to produce any reconciliation: and then I hope wee shall quickly leave this place, the which our poore, Master prouydes to doe. The same day brought the newes of the takinge Bourgue by the Duke of Wendosme and Rhetell by Marshall Turgu, and yett the Prince of Condé is confident the English will relieue Burdeaux." I am, S', Your very affectionate humble Serv', EDw, HYDE,

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S PARIs this 30th of July (1653).

I hauereceaued yours of the 23. of July, as I had before your other of the 16. I deliuered your other to Pr: Ruperte, and he hath promised mée to write to the Marshall, who he sayes he knowes will make no scruple to deliuer those parcells to you and the Dukes officers, which concernes the 10*&15”, which beinge done, you are not to make any instances in the Kings name, for the rest, till his Mao shall be better informed, and you receaue other orders: so that you are only to looke for the 15. and 10ths.” I desyred the Prince to send his letter for the Marshall inclosed to you, but he was not willinge to do thab, because ther is an agent heare of the Marshalls with whome he transactes all, and by whome he promises such directions shall begiuen,that upon your repayringe to the . . . . . Gouernour (which is all you neede to do) that shall be done which wee exspecte:

1 The Prince of Condé was mistaken.

* This necessity of temporising with the avaricious detailer of their captured property, to which the exiled Court was obliged to submit, is not only a convincing proof of the inhospitable conduct of the French Government, but also (if they did not participate in the plunder) of their want of authority over their own officers.

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