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whom I esteem & reuerence, is that w" is so necessary for me (euen considering my present condic’on, whither it be in relation to my conscience, or a happy settlem' of the present distraccoons in Religion) that I will slight diuers kinds of censures, rather then not obtain what I demand. Nor shall I doe you the wrong, as in this to doubt the obtaining of my wish, it being grounded upon reason. For I desire you to consider (not thinking it needfull to menc'on) the diuers reasons wo" no Christian can be ignorant of, for the point of conscience. I must assure you that I cannot as I ought take into consideration those alterac'ons in Religion w” haue, & wilbe offred unto me, woout such helps as I desire, because I can neuer iudge rightly of, or be altred in anything of my opinion, so long as any ordinary way of finding out the truth is denyed me. But when this is granted me, I promise you faithfully not to striue for victory in argum', but to seeke to submit to truth, according to that judgem" who God hath giuen me; always holding it my best & greatest conquest, to giue contentm' to my two Houses of Parl' in all things woo I conceiue not to be against my conscience or hon’. Not doubting likewise, but that you wilbeready to satisfymeinreasonable things, as I hope to find in this particular concerning the attendance of my Chaplains upon me.

To the Speaker of the House of Peers, pro tempore, to be communicated to the Lo: & Co’mons in the Parlt assembled at Westm’r.


6° Mar: 1647. Coppy of ye King's 2d It" for some of his


vious to his seizure by Cornet Joyce, on the part of Cromwell and the army. A very minute and interesting account of these transactions will be found in Sir Thomas Herbert's memoirs of the two last years of the unhappy monarch. There is a remarkable passage alluding to them in a letter from the Earl of Panmure to Lord Wariston, dated 23rd January, 1647; where he says, “His Majesty is so well resolved now for his going to Holmby as ever I saw him for anything. He thinks that the Scots have sold him at too i. * rate. If our posterity find not the smart thereof, it 1S Well,

A Memorandum in King Charles the First's own handwriting:

Freedome in Conscience & Honnor and Security for all those that shall come with me, & in case I shall not agree with them, that I may be set doune at such of my Garisons as I shall name to them : wo" condition I hope not to put them to, for I shall no" differ with them about Ecclesiasticall businesses, wo" they shall make apeare to me not to be against my conscience; & for other matters, I expect no difference, & in case there be, I am content to be judged by the two Queenes. And befor I take my jurny, I must send to the Marquis of Montrose to aduertice him upon what conditions I come to the Scots Army, that he may be admitted forthwith into our conjunction, & instantly march up to us.

Indorsed by Sir E. Nicholas.

“A Note written with ye Kings owne pen concerning his

going to yo Scotts.”

The King to Sir Edward Nicholas.
OATLAND8, 19 Aug. 1647."

Nicholas to ease my paines, I haue comanded Oudart” to answer some particulars in your last letter: this being only to thanke you for your aduertisments & freedome: desyring you still to continue the same, asseuring you that I haue a particular care of you, w” I hope shortly shall be visible to all the world : so I rest

Your most asseured constant frend, CHARLEs R. OATLANDs, o, Aug. 1647. His Maties it to me.

'It was on the 3rd of June that the King was seized by Joyce, and after a desultory progress arrived at Oatlands on : 14th of August. Soon after, he removed to Hampton


* Oudart was afterwards one of the King's Commissioners


The King to Sir Edward Nicholas.


Yo' fidelity & industry in our seruice & eminent
affecc’ons to our person, haue made in us too great
an impression to be forgotten; on the contrary you
must continue in this confidence, that we very
highly retaine you in our value & remembrance,
as you will finde if it please God to restore us to
a condic'con for it. As an earnest whereof at
present you will receive herewith a direction to our
dearest Sonn the Prince on your behalfe, whom as
we know you will serue with the same duety and
zeale as you haue serued us, so will he assuredly
giue you that reception & admission to his con-
fidence wo" you haue had with us. We thanck you
for yo'severall letters& aduises,and are very tenderly
sensible of yo' pressures, and if you could gett them
removed by the help of friends, we thinck you would
do well not to neglect so doing in respect of yo'
family, there being no certainty yet what successe
will follow this Treaty. , That Providence w” per-
mits these afflictions to lye upon Us, We trust will
yet in good time take them off. Doe you continueyo'
affections towards Us, not doubting of the constant
fauor to you & yo" of

Your most asseured Frend,

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in the Conferences at Newport with the Parliamentary agents.
In such confidence was he with the King as to be employed
during that treaty in writing his private dispatches to the
Prince of Wales. See Warwick's Memoirs, p. 325.
1 The several historical facts, to which this letters refers,
are too well known to require comment ; but the letter itself
is an important testimony to Sir Edward Nicholas's claim on
the patronage of Charles II. alluded to in a subsequent com-
munication to that prince respecting the office of Secretary.

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K His Ma" Farewell Speech untoy' Lords Com'ssioners at Newport in y’ Isle of Wight." “My Lords, You are come to take your leaue of mee, and I beleeue wee shall scarce euer see each other againe: —but Gods will be done. I thanke God Ihaue made my peace w” him, & shall woout feare undergoe what he shall please to suffer men to doe unto mee. My Lords, you cannot but knowe that in my fall and ruine you see yo' owne, and that also neere to #: I pray God send you better frends then I aue found. I am fully informed of y" whole carriage of y" plott against me & myne, and nothing soe much afflicts mee as the sense and feelinge I haue of y" sufferings of my subjects, and yo mischief that hangs ouer my three Kingdomes, drawne upon them by those who (upon pretences of good) violently pursue their owne interestes and ends.”

These words his Ma" deliuered woo much alacrity and cheerefullnes, w" a serene countenance, & carriage free from all disturbance.

Thus he parted wo y” Lords leauing many tender impressions (if not in them) yet in y” other hearers.”

His Matie" farewell Speech to the Lode" at Newport, 1° Dec. 1648.

1 The Commissioners were the Earls of Northumberland, Pembroke, Salisbury, and Middlesex; Viscount Say and Sele; Lord Wenman; Messrs. Pierpoint, Hollis, Crew, Bulkeley; Sirs Henry Vane, jun., Harbottle Grimstone, and John Potts; Serjeants Glynne and Browne, and some others. * This conference took place almost immediately before the Ring's death. On the 4th of December took place the third day’s debate in the House of Commons of the question whether the royal concessions in the Newport treaty were a ground of settlement; which, at five o'clock next morning, was resolved in the affirmative by a majority of 129 to 83. The day following, Wednesday the 6th of December, was the day of Pride's Purge. Within a month from that date the King was brought to trial; and on the 29th January, 1648-9, the death-warrant was signed.

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