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generall for all things else aswell as for y” Pre- with all my munire, whereof his Lo" will consider better, & "". then Ishall give yo' Ma" a further accompt of that partic'lar. My Lo. Keeper tells me that there are many precedents, that y' Peers in P'liam't have chosen their owne Speaker, & that vntill y” Lo. Burleighes later tyme, there is scarce any Record, that y” King hath by 1't" pattents appointed a Speaker for that House. Yo Ma" (Ibeleeve) hath heard that both Houses of Parliam' made an Ordinance Satterday last, that y' Lo. Lieutenant of Irland shall forthw" rayse Wolontiers here in Engl. to be transported for suppressing y' Rebellion in Irland: yesterday his Lo” acquainting some Parliam' men, that he doubted whether he might rayse men woout warr vnder y” Great Seale, his Lo" doubt was made knowne in y” Com’ons House, and thereupon it was in that House declared, that an Ordinance of both Houses was a sufficyent warr' for his Lo” levying of Volontiers by beating of the drum &c. & an entry of such their Declarac'on was accordingly made in the register of that House. I heare that it is written from Irland, that y' Rebells there giue forth, that they expect yo' Ma" every day att Don Luce,' wo" is a calumny raysed by them much to yo' Ma” dishonor & disadvantage, only to iustify their Rebellion, & were fitt to be vindicated. The Declarac'on remo'strating y' effects of yo Ma” ill Councells, was yesterday by y' Com’ons House taken againe into considerac'on, & a 4" parte thereof gonne thorrow woall & voted there, & yorest of it wilbe passed there, as fast as may be, & then it is to be transmitted to y' Lo". There was yester-com and day a considerac'on in y. Upper House concerning . excluding y” Papists Lo", & after along debate that that he business was let fall, only there was an Order made ...”

Seruants to

that y: lawes against Recusants should forthw" be oppose it in the Lords

K. in execuc"on. Mr. Attorney* (according yo' #.
* pleasure signified to him) hath drawne a Pro-
* Dunluce Castle, near the Giant's Causeway, in the county

of Antrim, the seat of the Earls of Antrim; now in ruins. * Sir Edward Herbert, Knt.

clamac'on, to comaund all Parliam' men to attend in Parliam', & having shewed it to my Lo. Keeper, his Lo” (as Mr. Attorney tells me) likes y” draught, but saith he conceaveth it not fitt to issue any such Pro

This bearer clamac'on, & that he will shortly satisfie yo' Ma"

will fully satisfie you in that.

therein. I beseech God to send yo' Ma" a speedy
& happy returne,wherein all yo"Ma"best servaunts
here ioin in prayer w” .
Yoo Sacred Maties
Most humble & most obedient servaunt,
EDw. NICHOLAs.

The cause concerning y”, 13 B", and the Bill touching B", is to be considered of, Friday next.

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10. 9°ri, 1641. , Apost. 15°. Ret. by Sir H. Hungate, 20°
at one o'clock afternoone.
This was sent by Smith the Messenger.

Sir Edward Nicholas to the King.

May it please yo' most excellent Ma",

By the Queenes com’aund I sent yesterday one Smith expressly woo her Ma" let', we I hope he will “sent safe, & woo dilligence to your Royall hands. ensday last there was a very greate debate in y” L* House, touching instruccions p"pared by y” Com’ons to be tent to yo Englishe Com’ittees att Edenburg; six of those instrucc’ons concerne y” Rebellion in Irland, wo y Lo"passed & approoved of the 7"was concerning ill Councellors& Councells,' w" held a very long debate, wherein I may not for

* Mr. Prynne it was who undertook to enlighten the Lords upon the subject of Evil Counsells. His reasoning was founded upon the anatomy of the human body. He also prophesied great advantages from a change, particularly if the King should not be permitted to select any servants except those approved by Parliament. Wide Parliamentary History, vol. x., p. 83, et seq.

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beare to advertise yo' Ma": that y' Ea: of Bristoll & his sonne y” (Lo: Digby) did argue wo soe much reason' & iudgem’t, as they got y” 7th instruccon Thanke to be fairely laid aside, & yesterday att a conference them from of both Houses, the Lo" tould y Com’ons, that they ". agreed to 6 of y" said instruccoons, but yo sevent Was of soe great consequence, as they thought fit to leave it to a further tyme: Yo Ma" may be pleased totakenotice of y" singular good service that was in Ryaesar, that busines donne by those 2 noblemen, & espe- of odiois *. by the sonne, who (I heare) did beyond . irac'on.

My Lo: Keeper & Mr. Attor: Gen'rall have deferred the issuing of y" Proclamac'on to require all Parliament-mens attendaunce, as conceaving it to be wnseasonable att this tyme, & my Lo: Keeper hath promised that he will give yo' Ma" satisfacc'on therein.

I have herew” sent yo' Ma" a speech published here in the name of Mar: Hamilton, that yo' Ma" It is a poore may see what artifice is here vsed by his friends to one insinuate into y” people a good opinion of his Lo" piety and integrity. The House of Com’ons was yesterday soe imployed about Irishe affaires, as they meddled not wo their Declarac’on, remonstrating yo ill effects of bad Councells. It is advertised out of Irland that y' rebels are 30, thousand strong, in severallplacesofthat kingdome,&that they approche towards Tredaw,” for defence whereof, yo Lo" Justices have sent 1000 foote, and 2 troopes of horse: if y” rebells shall defeate those forces, it is thought they wilbe soone for Dublin. The Lo”

* Lord Digby had been an active enemy of Lord Strafford; but in a speech made to the House of Commons on the 21st of April, 1641, he recanted his former opinions respecting that Earl, even while still describing him as “a dangerous and insupportable minister to free subjects.” His apparent objects were to preserve his own consistency, yet to save Lord Strafford's life; and an abler man would have found it difficult to reconcile them. His speech closed with a solemn protestation against any sentence of death ; “and I do, with

a clear conscience, wash my hands of this man's blood.” * Tredagh—the Irish name for Drogheda.

Justices write, that vnlesse there be p"sently sent over 10,000 men, & 100 "in monny, that kingdom wilbe lost; whereupon y' Parliam' hath ordered to increase y' 6,000 foote (formerly directed to be raised) to 10,000: & they intend forthw" to passe an Act for raysing of 200" for the service of Irland: And where they formerly desired to have only 1000 Scots, now they will desire to have 10,000 Scots to be sent into Irland in such numbers as y” Parliam' shall give direcc’ons.

Yo Ma" may by these relac’ons perceave of what extreame necessity & importaunce yo' Ma” speedy returne is, w" I beseech yo' Ma" by all meanes to hasten, for notw"standing all the discourses in Parliam', I see nothing put into accoon. That yo' Ma" may have a speedy, safe, & hon"returne shalbe ever y" earnest prayers of

Yor Maties
Most humble and most obedient servaunt,
EDw. NICHOLAs.

The last night att 10. a clock, after I had closed this let', I receaved by Mr. Tho: Killegrew yo' Ma" comands by 2 apostiles, & am now going to Oatlands w” yo' Ma" let to y Queene, having sent that to my Lo: Keeper: Ishalbe carefulltop'formewhat yo' Ma" by that dispatch hath comaunded me. All honnest men will reioyce at y” welcome newes of yo' Ma” returne.

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1 Some notice of this Mr. Proger may be seen in the moires de Grammont, where he is spoken of as about the person of Charles the Second, and said to be “confident de ses menues plaisirs.” He is the same person who, with five other Englishmen, were concerned in the foul murder at Madrid of the Envoy from the English Parliament to Spain in 1650. Proger (or Progers) was at that time in the service of , Hyde's Spanish Embassy.

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Sir Edward Nicholas to the King.

May it please yo' most excellent Ma",

I sent a let' this morning to yo Ma" by Mr. Jo. ... Digby,' since my wrighting whereof I receaved yo' Ma” by Mr. Killegrew, & shall carefully obey yo' Ma” comaunds. This is only to conuey to yo" Royall hands a Pardon for yo 13 Bo,” p"pared by y" Bp of Lincolne, who (it seemes) thought not fitt to trust any of yo' Ma”learned Councell w”y" drawing the return. of it; his Loo sent me word that I should hasten it is..." to yo' Ma" (albeit you might be on yo' way home) cause of as I tendredy' good of yo' Ma" service, wo made ...","s me send it now, notw"standing my owne humble opinion is, that sincey” hearing of y" busines against these 13 B" was appointed to be this day, & in all likelihoode will not be put off to a day much farther, that it were better to deferre y' passing of this Pardon till it shalbe seene what wilbe determyned concerning them, for if they shalbe sentenced by y” Parliam', this pardon coming afterwards, and not But if [it] mencloning their being sentenced, will not be suffi- ...". cyent, & if they shalbe quitted it wilbe needlesse; therefori Nay if it shall not be kept very secreat, it may be to . their poiudice; but yo' Ma" com’aunding me in this date) out busines to pursue y” direcc’ons of that able & experi- |...” enced Boo, I held it my duty to obey w”out disputing: goo". If yo' Ma" shall thinke fitt to passe this pardon att this tyme, you may be pleased to signe it, as well on so I haue. y" back, that it may passe by imediat warr' as on y” fore part of it, & to send it sealed up, w" an expresse com'aund to my L9. Keeper to seale, who will other-paymno wise I beleeve make some scruple to put y' Greatio Seale to it.

1 Son to the Earl of Bristol.

* In a subsequent letter, Nicholas again refers to the case of the Bishops, and to the fact of their demurring to the impeachment before the Lords, with the exception of Godfrey Goodman, Bishop of Gloucester, who pleaded Not Guilty. This was notified to the Commons by a message from the Lords on the 12th.

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